Use this reference page for details about what HTTP headers are supported as well as the request and response limits in App Engine. To understand how App Engine receives requests and sends responses, see How Requests Are Handled.
An incoming HTTP request includes the HTTP headers sent by the client. For security purposes, some headers are sanitized or amended by intermediate proxies before they reach the application.
The following headers are removed from the request:
In addition, the header
Strict-Transport-Security is removed from requests
served to any domains other than
These headers relate to the transfer of the HTTP data between the client and
server, and are transparent to the application. For example, the server may
automatically send a gzipped response, depending on the value of the
Encoding request header. The application itself does not need to know which
content encodings the client can accept.
App Engine-specific headers
As a service to the app, App Engine adds the following headers to all requests:
- Country from which the request originated, as an ISO 3166-1
alpha-2 country code. App
Engine determines this code from the client's IP address. Note that the country
information is not derived from the WHOIS database; it's possible that an IP
address with country information in the WHOIS database will not have country
information in the
X-AppEngine-Countryheader. Your application should handle the special country code
- Name of region from which the request originated. This value only makes
sense in the context of the country in
X -AppEngine-Country. For example, if the country is "US" and the region is "ca", that "ca" means "California", not Canada. The complete list of valid region values is found in the ISO-3166-2 standard.
- Name of the city from which the request originated. For example, a request
from the city of Mountain View might have the header value
mountain view. There is no canonical list of valid values for this header.
- Latitude and longitude of the city from which the request originated. This string might look like "37.386051,-122.083851" for a request from Mountain View.
X-AppEngine-Https, with example header: "off"
X-AppEngine-User-IP, with example header: "2602:306:3429:520:501f:4a71:9d2c:be5f"
X-Cloud-Trace-Context, with example header: "18ff88cd7f38ff2bf9b79443..."
login:required handlers specified in
App Engine also provides the following set of headers:
X-AppEngine-User-Email, with example header: "firstname.lastname@example.org"
X-AppEngine-Auth-Domain,with example header: "example.com"
X-AppEngine-User-ID, with example header: "100979712376541954724"
X-AppEngine-User-Nickname, with example header: "ange"
X-AppEngine-User-Organization, with example header: "example.com"
X-AppEngine-User-Is-Admin, with example header: "1"
App Engine services may add additional request headers:
Requests from the Cron Service will also contain a HTTP header:
See Securing URLs for cron for more details.
Requests coming from other App Engine applications will include a header identifying the app making the request:
This HTTP header documentation only applies to responses to inbound HTTP requests. The response may be modified before it is returned to the client.
The following headers are ignored and removed from the response:
* May be re-added if the response is compressed by App Engine.
In addition, the header
Strict-Transport-Security is removed from responses
served from any domains other than
Headers with non-ASCII characters in either the name or value are also removed.
Headers added or replaced
The following headers are added or replaced in the response:
These headers specify caching policy to intermediate web proxies (such as Internet Service Providers) and browsers. If your script sets these headers, they will usually be unmodified, unless the response has a Set-Cookie header, or is generated for a user who is signed in using an administrator account. Static handlers will set these headers as directed by the configuration file. If you do not specify a
Cache-Control, the server may set it to
private, and add a
If you have a Set-Cookie response header, the
Cache-Controlheader will be set to
private(if it is not already more restrictive) and the
Expiresheader will be set to the current date (if it is not already in the past). Generally, this will allow browsers to cache the response, but not intermediate proxy servers. This is for security reasons, since if the response was cached publicly, another user could subsequently request the same resource, and retrieve the first user's cookie.
- Depending upon the request headers and response
Content-Type, the server may automatically compress the response body, as described above. In this case, it adds a
Content-Encoding: gzipheader to indicate that the body is compressed. See the section on response compression for more detail.
- The server always ignores the
Content-Lengthheader returned by the application. It will either set
Content-Lengthto the length of the body (after compression, if compression is applied), or delete
Content-Length, and use chunked transfer encoding (adding a
- Set to the current date and time.
- Set to
Google Frontend. The development server sets this to
Development/x, where x is the version number.
If you access your site while signed in using an administrator account, App Engine includes per-request statistics in the response headers:
- An estimate of what 1,000 requests similar to this request would cost in US dollars.
- The resources used by the request, including server-side time as a number of milliseconds.
Responses with resource usage statistics will be made uncacheable.
Response headers set in the application configuration
Custom HTTP Response headers can be set per URL for dynamic and static paths in
your application's configuration file. See the
http_headers sections in the
for more details.