Creazione di registry e dispositivi

Questa pagina spiega come creare, modificare ed eliminare i registri dispositivi e i dispositivi al loro interno.

Un dispositivo è un'unità di elaborazione in grado di connettersi a Internet (direttamente o indirettamente) e di scambiare dati con il cloud. Un registro dispositivi è un contenitore di dispositivi con proprietà condivise. Per maggiori dettagli su dispositivi e registry, vedi Dispositivi.

Se non lo hai ancora fatto, completa i passaggi Come iniziare prima di procedere.

Creazione di un registro dispositivi

Per utilizzare Cloud IoT Core, devi creare almeno un registro dispositivi. Puoi creare un registro utilizzando la console, l'API o gcloud.

console

  1. Vai alla pagina Registry della console.

    Vai alla pagina Registry

  2. Nella parte superiore della pagina, fai clic su Crea un registro.

  3. Inserisci un ID registro e seleziona un'area geografica cloud. Per informazioni sulla denominazione dei registry e sui requisiti relativi alle dimensioni, consulta i requisiti consentiti per i caratteri e le dimensioni.

  4. Seleziona i Protocolli che i dispositivi in questo registro utilizzeranno per connettersi a Cloud IoT Core: MQTT, HTTP o entrambi.

  5. Seleziona un argomento di telemetria predefinito o creane uno nuovo.

    L'argomento predefinito viene utilizzato per gli eventi di telemetria pubblicati che non hanno una sottocartella o se la sottocartella utilizzata non ha un argomento Cloud Pub/Sub corrispondente.

  6. (Facoltativo) Se vuoi pubblicare stream di dati separati da un dispositivo, aggiungi altri argomenti di telemetria.

    Ogni argomento viene mappato a una sottocartella specificata nel percorso dell'argomento MQTT o nella richiesta HTTP quando i dati vengono pubblicati.

    Per creare altri argomenti di telemetria:

    a. Fai clic su Aggiungi altri argomenti di telemetria, poi su Aggiungi argomento e sottocartella.

    b. Seleziona un argomento Pub/Sub o creane uno nuovo.

    c. Inserisci un nome descrittivo per la sottocartella.

    Per informazioni sui nomi delle sottocartelle e sui requisiti delle dimensioni, consulta i requisiti consentiti per i caratteri e le dimensioni.

  7. (Facoltativo) Seleziona un argomento Stato dispositivo o creane uno nuovo. Questo argomento può essere uguale a un argomento di telemetria o può essere utilizzato solo per dati statali.

    I dati relativi allo stato vengono pubblicati su Cloud Pub/Sub secondo il criterio migliore: se la pubblicazione nell'argomento non va a buon fine, non verrà eseguito un nuovo tentativo. Se non viene definito alcun argomento, gli aggiornamenti dello stato del dispositivo vengono mantenuti in modo interno da Cloud IoT Core, ma vengono conservati solo gli ultimi dieci stati.

    Per saperne di più, vedi Recuperare lo stato del dispositivo.

  8. Fai clic su Crea per continuare.

gcloud

Per creare un registro, esegui il comando gcloud iot registries create:

gcloud iot registries create REGISTRY_ID \
    --project=PROJECT_ID \
    --region=REGION \
    [--event-notification-config=topic=TOPIC,[subfolder=SUBFOLDER] [--event-notification-config=...]]
    [--state-pubsub-topic=STATE_PUBSUB_TOPIC]

Nell'attuale release di Cloud IoT Core, le aree geografiche disponibili sono us-central1, europe-west1 e asia-east1.

Puoi utilizzare i flag --enable-http-config e --enable-mqtt-config per attivare e disattivare i protocolli per il Registro di sistema. Per impostazione predefinita, entrambi i protocolli sono abilitati.

Puoi specificare più argomenti Pub/Sub e le relative sottocartelle ripetendo il flag --event-notification-config. Se specifichi più argomenti Pub/Sub, devi selezionare un argomento predefinito senza sottocartella. Questo argomento predefinito verrà utilizzato per gli eventi di telemetria pubblicati che non hanno una sottocartella o se la sottocartella utilizzata non ha un argomento Pub/Sub corrispondente. Se non selezioni un argomento predefinito, questi eventi di telemetria andranno persi.

Server

Utilizza il metodo create DeviceRegistry per creare un registro:

C#

Per un esempio di CreateAuthorizedClient, consulta la sezione Autenticazione delle applicazioni.
public static object CreateRegistry(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string pubsubTopic)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}";

    Console.WriteLine(parent);

    try
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"Creating {registryId}");

        DeviceRegistry body = new DeviceRegistry()
        {
            Id = registryId,
        };
        body.EventNotificationConfigs = new List<EventNotificationConfig>();
        var toAdd = new EventNotificationConfig()
        {
            PubsubTopicName = pubsubTopic.StartsWith("projects/") ?
                pubsubTopic : $"projects/{projectId}/topics/{pubsubTopic}",
        };
        body.EventNotificationConfigs.Add(toAdd);
        var registry = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Create(body, parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Registry: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{registry.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {registry.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tHTTP Enabled: {registry.HttpConfig.HttpEnabledState}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tMQTT Enabled: {registry.MqttConfig.MqttEnabledState}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// createRegistry creates a IoT Core device registry associated with a PubSub topic
func createRegistry(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, topicName string) (*cloudiot.DeviceRegistry, error) {
	client, err := getClient()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	registry := cloudiot.DeviceRegistry{
		Id: registryID,
		EventNotificationConfigs: []*cloudiot.EventNotificationConfig{
			{
				PubsubTopicName: topicName,
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, region)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Create(parent, &registry).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Created registry:")
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tID: %s\n", response.Id)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tHTTP: %s\n", response.HttpConfig.HttpEnabledState)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tMQTT: %s\n", response.MqttConfig.MqttEnabledState)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tName: %s\n", response.Name)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Create a registry for Cloud IoT. */
protected static void createRegistry(
    String cloudRegion, String projectId, String registryName, String pubsubTopicPath)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String projectPath = "projects/" + projectId + "/locations/" + cloudRegion;
  final String fullPubsubPath = "projects/" + projectId + "/topics/" + pubsubTopicPath;

  DeviceRegistry registry = new DeviceRegistry();
  EventNotificationConfig notificationConfig = new EventNotificationConfig();
  notificationConfig.setPubsubTopicName(fullPubsubPath);
  List<EventNotificationConfig> notificationConfigs = new ArrayList<EventNotificationConfig>();
  notificationConfigs.add(notificationConfig);
  registry.setEventNotificationConfigs(notificationConfigs);
  registry.setId(registryName);

  DeviceRegistry reg =
      service.projects().locations().registries().create(projectPath, registry).execute();
  System.out.println("Created registry: " + reg.getName());
}

Node.js

Per un esempio di getClient, consulta la sezione Autenticazione delle applicazioni.
// Client retrieved in callback
// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
// function errCb = lookupRegistry; // Lookup registry if already exists.
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

// Lookup the pubsub topic
const topicPath = `projects/${projectId}/topics/${pubsubTopicId}`;

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function createDeviceRegistry() {
  // Construct request
  const newParent = iotClient.locationPath(projectId, cloudRegion);
  const deviceRegistry = {
    eventNotificationConfigs: [
      {
        pubsubTopicName: topicPath,
      },
    ],
    id: registryId,
  };
  const request = {
    parent: newParent,
    deviceRegistry: deviceRegistry,
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.createDeviceRegistry(request);

  console.log('Successfully created registry');
  console.log(response);
}

createDeviceRegistry();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceRegistry;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\EventNotificationConfig;

/**
 * Creates a registry if it doesn't exist and prints the result.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $pubsubTopic PubSub topic name for the new registry's event change notification.
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function create_registry(
    $registryId,
    $pubsubTopic,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Creating Registry' . PHP_EOL);

    // The Google Cloud Client Library automatically checks the environment
    // variable GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS for the Service Account
    // credentials, and defaults scopes to [
    //    'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform',
    //    'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloudiot'
    // ].
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $locationName = $deviceManager->locationName($projectId, $location);

    $pubsubTopicPath = sprintf('projects/%s/topics/%s', $projectId, $pubsubTopic);
    $eventNotificationConfig = (new EventNotificationConfig)
        ->setPubsubTopicName($pubsubTopicPath);

    $registry = (new DeviceRegistry)
        ->setId($registryId)
        ->setEventNotificationConfigs([$eventNotificationConfig]);

    $registry = $deviceManager->createDeviceRegistry($locationName, $registry);

    printf('Id: %s, Name: %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $registry->getId(),
        $registry->getName());
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python. Per un esempio di get client, consulta la sezione Autenticazione delle applicazioni.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# pubsub_topic = 'your-pubsub-topic'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
parent = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{cloud_region}"

if not pubsub_topic.startswith("projects/"):
    pubsub_topic = "projects/{}/topics/{}".format(project_id, pubsub_topic)

body = {
    "event_notification_configs": [{"pubsub_topic_name": pubsub_topic}],
    "id": registry_id,
}

try:
    response = client.create_device_registry(
        request={"parent": parent, "device_registry": body}
    )
    print("Created registry")
    return response
except HttpError:
    print("Error, registry not created")
    raise
except AlreadyExists:
    print("Error, registry already exists")
    raise

Ruby

# project_id   = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id  = "The Cloud region that you created the registry in"
# registry_id  = "The Google Cloud IoT Core device registry identifier"
# pubsub_topic = "The Google Cloud PubSub topic to use for this registry"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The project / location where the registry is created.
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"

registry = Cloudiot::DeviceRegistry.new
registry.id = registry_id
registry.event_notification_configs = [Cloudiot::EventNotificationConfig.new]
registry.event_notification_configs[0].pubsub_topic_name = pubsub_topic

registry = iot_client.create_project_location_registry(
  parent, registry
)

puts "Created registry: #{registry.name}"

Ruolo IAM per la pubblicazione Pub/Sub

Quando abiliti l'API Cloud IoT Core per un progetto per la prima volta, a un nuovo account di servizio per il progetto viene assegnato automaticamente un ruolo (cloudiot.serviceAgent) che consente la pubblicazione per tutti gli argomenti Pub/Sub definiti nei registry all'interno del progetto. Se in seguito rimuovi questo ruolo predefinito dall'account di servizio del progetto pertinente, potrebbero verificarsi errori. Per maggiori dettagli, consulta la sezione Risoluzione dei problemi.

Creazione di un registro dispositivi con più argomenti Pub/Sub

Come indicato in Creazione di un registro dispositivi, per utilizzare Cloud IoT Core è necessario creare almeno un registro dispositivi. Un registro può avere uno o più argomenti Pub/Sub in cui i dispositivi possono pubblicare dati.

Puoi combinare argomenti Pub/Sub con sottocartelle MQTT/HTTP per pubblicare eventi di telemetria in argomenti distinti. Ogni argomento viene mappato a una sottocartella, quindi, quando pubblichi dati nella sottocartella, viene inoltrato all'argomento. Ad esempio, potresti avere un dispositivo che pubblica più tipi di dati, come dati di temperatura, umidità e logging. Puntando questi stream di dati ai loro singoli argomenti, puoi eliminare la necessità di separare i dati in diverse categorie dopo la pubblicazione.

Puoi mappare un singolo argomento Pub/Sub a più sottocartelle, ma il contrario non è vero; ogni sottocartella deve essere unica e non può essere mappata per argomenti diversi.

Per informazioni dettagliate sulla pubblicazione per argomenti Pub/Sub separati, consulta le sezioni Utilizzo del bridge MQTT e utilizzo del bridge HTTP.

Creazione di coppie di chiavi per dispositivo in corso...

Prima di creare un dispositivo, crea una coppia di chiavi pubblica/privata. Quando ti connetti a Cloud IoT Core, ogni dispositivo crea un JSON Web Token (JWT) firmato con la sua chiave privata, che Cloud IoT Core autentica utilizzando la chiave pubblica del dispositivo.

Creazione o modifica di un dispositivo

Puoi creare un dispositivo o modificarne uno esistente utilizzando la console, l'API o gcloud. Assicurati di aver creato un registro e una coppia di chiavi prima di completare i passaggi di questa sezione.

console

  1. Vai alla pagina Registry della console.

    Vai alla pagina Registry

  2. Fai clic sull'ID del registry del dispositivo.

  3. Nel menu del Registro di sistema a sinistra, fai clic su Dispositivi.

  4. Fai clic su Crea un dispositivo.

    Per modificare un dispositivo esistente, fai clic sul suo ID nella pagina Dispositivi, quindi fai clic su Modifica dispositivo nella parte superiore della pagina.

  5. Inserisci un ID dispositivo che descriva brevemente il dispositivo o ti aiuti a identificarlo in altro modo. Questo campo non può essere modificato in un secondo momento. Per informazioni sui nomi dei dispositivi e sui requisiti relativi alle dimensioni, consulta i requisiti consentiti per i caratteri e le dimensioni.

  6. In Comunicazione del dispositivo, seleziona Consenti o Blocca. Questa opzione consente di bloccare la comunicazione quando necessario, ad esempio quando un dispositivo non funziona correttamente. Nella maggior parte dei casi, è consigliabile consentire la comunicazione durante la creazione iniziale del dispositivo.

  7. Se stai creando un nuovo dispositivo, seleziona il metodo di immissione che vuoi utilizzare per inserire la chiave pubblica:

    • Manuale:copia e incolla la chiave pubblica nel campo Valore chiave pubblica.
    • Caricamento: nel campo Valore chiave pubblica, fai clic su Sfoglia per selezionare un file sul computer.
  8. Seleziona il formato chiave pubblica corrispondente alla coppia di chiavi per questo dispositivo. Incolla il certificato o la chiave nel campo Valore chiave pubblica. Puoi anche impostare una data di scadenza per la chiave.

    Per aggiungere una chiave a un dispositivo esistente, fai clic su Aggiungi chiave pubblica nella pagina Dettagli dispositivo.

  9. Utilizza i campi Chiave e Valore per aggiungere metadati del dispositivo facoltativi, ad esempio un numero di serie. Per informazioni sui nomi delle coppie chiave-valore e sulle dimensioni dei metadati, consulta i requisiti consentiti per le dimensioni e i caratteri.

  10. Seleziona un livello Cloud Logging per determinare quali eventi del dispositivo vengono inviati a Cloud Logging.

  11. Fai clic su Crea per creare il dispositivo o su Aggiorna per salvare le modifiche su un dispositivo esistente.

gcloud

Per creare un dispositivo, esegui il comando gcloud iot devices create.

Per creare un dispositivo con una chiave pubblica RSA, esegui il comando seguente:

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=rsa_public.pem,type=rsa-pem

Per creare un dispositivo con un certificato di chiave pubblica RSA, esegui il comando seguente:

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=rsa_public.pem,type=rsa-x509-pem

Per creare un dispositivo con una chiave pubblica ES256, esegui il comando seguente:

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=ec_public.pem,type=es256-pem

Per creare un dispositivo con un certificato per la chiave pubblica ES256, esegui il comando seguente:

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=ec_public.pem,type=es256-x509-pem

Per modificare un dispositivo, esegui il comando gcloud iot devices update:

gcloud iot devices update DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \

Server

Utilizza i seguenti metodi per creare o modificare i dispositivi:

Quando crei un dispositivo, le chiavi pubbliche vengono specificate nel campo credentials della risorsa Device nell'API Cloud IoT Core. Puoi anche aggiungere o modificare questo campo quando aggiorni la risorsa del dispositivo. Se sono presenti uno o più certificati a livello di registro durante l'aggiunta di una nuova credenziale del dispositivo (tramite la creazione o la modifica di dispositivi), la credenziale della chiave pubblica deve essere firmata da uno dei certificati a livello di registro. Per ulteriori informazioni, consulta DeviceCredential nella risorsa Dispositivo.

Per RSA, il campoDevice.credentials[i].public_key.key deve essere impostato sui contenuti di rsa_cert.pem (inclusi l'intestazione e il piè di pagina). Il campo Device.credentials[i].public_key.format deve essere impostato su RSA_PEM o RSA_X509_PEM.

Per ES256, il campo Device.credentials[i].public_key.key deve essere impostato sui contenuti di ec_public.pem (incluse l'intestazione e il piè di pagina). Il campo Device.credentials[i].public_key.format deve essere impostato su ES256_PEM o ES256_X509_PEM.

L'esempio seguente mostra come creare un dispositivo con credenziali RSA:

C#

public static object CreateRsaDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId, string keyPath)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";

    try
    {
        String keyText = File.ReadAllText(keyPath);
        Device body = new Device()
        {
            Id = deviceId
        };
        body.Credentials = new List<DeviceCredential>();
        body.Credentials.Add(new DeviceCredential()
        {
            PublicKey = new PublicKeyCredential()
            {
                Key = keyText,
                Format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
            },
        });

        var device = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(body, parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device created: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// createRSA creates a device in a registry given RSA X.509 credentials.
func createRSA(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string, keyPath string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	keyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyPath)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	device := cloudiot.Device{
		Id: deviceID,
		Credentials: []*cloudiot.DeviceCredential{
			{
				PublicKey: &cloudiot.PublicKeyCredential{
					Format: "RSA_X509_PEM",
					Key:    string(keyBytes),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(parent, &device).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Successfully created RSA256 X.509 device: %s", deviceID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Create a device that is authenticated using RS256. */
protected static void createDeviceWithRs256(
    String deviceId,
    String certificateFilePath,
    String projectId,
    String cloudRegion,
    String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  PublicKeyCredential publicKeyCredential = new PublicKeyCredential();
  String key = Files.toString(new File(certificateFilePath), Charsets.UTF_8);
  publicKeyCredential.setKey(key);
  publicKeyCredential.setFormat("RSA_X509_PEM");

  DeviceCredential devCredential = new DeviceCredential();
  devCredential.setPublicKey(publicKeyCredential);

  System.out.println("Creating device with id: " + deviceId);
  Device device = new Device();
  device.setId(deviceId);
  device.setCredentials(Collections.singletonList(devCredential));
  Device createdDevice =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .create(registryPath, device)
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Created device: " + createdDevice.toPrettyString());
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-rsa-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function createDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const regPath = iotClient.registryPath(projectId, cloudRegion, registryId);
  const device = {
    id: deviceId,
    credentials: [
      {
        publicKey: {
          format: 'RSA_X509_PEM',
          key: readFileSync(rsaCertificateFile).toString(),
        },
      },
    ],
  };

  const request = {
    parent: regPath,
    device,
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.createDevice(request);
  console.log('Created device', response);
}

createDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\Device;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;

/**
 * Create a new device with the given id, using RS256 for
 * authentication.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $certificateFile Path to RS256 certificate file.
 * @param string $projectId (optional) Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function create_rsa_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $certificateFile,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Creating new RS256 Device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    $publicKey = (new PublicKeyCredential())
        ->setFormat(PublicKeyFormat::RSA_X509_PEM)
        ->setKey(file_get_contents($certificateFile));

    $credential = (new DeviceCredential())
        ->setPublicKey($publicKey);

    $device = (new Device())
        ->setId($deviceId)
        ->setCredentials([$credential]);

    $device = $deviceManager->createDevice($registryName, $device);

    printf('Device: %s : %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $device->getNumId(),
        $device->getId());
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
# certificate_file = 'path/to/certificate.pem'

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()

parent = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

with io.open(certificate_file) as f:
    certificate = f.read()

# Note: You can have multiple credentials associated with a device.
device_template = {
    "id": device_id,
    "credentials": [
        {
            "public_key": {
                "format": iot_v1.PublicKeyFormat.RSA_X509_PEM,
                "key": certificate,
            }
        }
    ],
}

return client.create_device(request={"parent": parent, "device": device_template})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to create"
# cert_path   = "The path to the RSA certificate"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

credential = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::DeviceCredential.new
credential.public_key = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::PublicKeyCredential.new
credential.public_key.format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
credential.public_key.key = File.read cert_path

device = Cloudiot::Device.new
device.id = device_id
device.credentials = [credential]

# Create the device
device = iot_client.create_project_location_registry_device parent, device

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"

L'esempio seguente mostra come creare un dispositivo con credenziali dell'ellittica (EC):

C#

public static object CreateEsDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId, string keyPath)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";

    try
    {
        String keyText = File.ReadAllText(keyPath);
        Device body = new Device()
        {
            Id = deviceId
        };
        body.Credentials = new List<DeviceCredential>();
        body.Credentials.Add(new DeviceCredential()
        {
            PublicKey = new PublicKeyCredential()
            {
                Key = keyText,
                Format = "ES256_PEM"
            },
        });

        var device = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(body, parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device created: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// createES creates a device in a registry with ES256 credentials.
func createES(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string, keyPath string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	keyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyPath)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	device := cloudiot.Device{
		Id: deviceID,
		Credentials: []*cloudiot.DeviceCredential{
			{
				PublicKey: &cloudiot.PublicKeyCredential{
					Format: "ES256_PEM",
					Key:    string(keyBytes),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(parent, &device).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Successfully created ES256 device: %s\n", deviceID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Create a device that is authenticated using ES256. */
protected static void createDeviceWithEs256(
    String deviceId,
    String publicKeyFilePath,
    String projectId,
    String cloudRegion,
    String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  PublicKeyCredential publicKeyCredential = new PublicKeyCredential();
  final String key = Files.toString(new File(publicKeyFilePath), Charsets.UTF_8);
  publicKeyCredential.setKey(key);
  publicKeyCredential.setFormat("ES256_PEM");

  DeviceCredential devCredential = new DeviceCredential();
  devCredential.setPublicKey(publicKeyCredential);

  System.out.println("Creating device with id: " + deviceId);
  Device device = new Device();
  device.setId(deviceId);
  device.setCredentials(Collections.singletonList(devCredential));

  Device createdDevice =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .create(registryPath, device)
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Created device: " + createdDevice.toPrettyString());
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-es-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function createDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const regPath = iotClient.registryPath(projectId, cloudRegion, registryId);
  const device = {
    id: deviceId,
    credentials: [
      {
        publicKey: {
          format: 'ES256_PEM',
          key: readFileSync(esCertificateFile).toString(),
        },
      },
    ],
  };
  const request = {
    parent: regPath,
    device,
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.createDevice(request);
  console.log('Created device', response);
}

createDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\Device;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;

/**
 * Create a new device with the given id, using ES256 for
 * authentication.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $publicKeyFile Path to public ES256 key file.
 * @param string $projectId (optional) Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function create_es_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $publicKeyFile,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Creating new ES256 Device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    $publicKey = (new PublicKeyCredential())
        ->setFormat(PublicKeyFormat::ES256_PEM)
        ->setKey(file_get_contents($publicKeyFile));

    $credential = (new DeviceCredential())
        ->setPublicKey($publicKey);

    $device = (new Device())
        ->setId($deviceId)
        ->setCredentials([$credential]);

    $device = $deviceManager->createDevice($registryName, $device);

    printf('Device: %s : %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $device->getNumId(),
        $device->getId());
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
# public_key_file = 'path/to/certificate.pem'

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()

parent = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

with io.open(public_key_file) as f:
    public_key = f.read()

# Note: You can have multiple credentials associated with a device.
device_template = {
    "id": device_id,
    "credentials": [
        {
            "public_key": {
                "format": iot_v1.PublicKeyFormat.ES256_PEM,
                "key": public_key,
            }
        }
    ],
}

return client.create_device(request={"parent": parent, "device": device_template})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to create"
# cert_path   = "The path to the EC certificate"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

device = Cloudiot::Device.new
device.id = device_id

pubkey = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::PublicKeyCredential.new
pubkey.key = File.read cert_path
pubkey.format = "ES256_PEM"

cred = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::DeviceCredential.new
cred.public_key = pubkey

device.credentials = [cred]

# Create the device
device = iot_client.create_project_location_registry_device parent, device

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"

L'esempio seguente mostra come applicare patch a un dispositivo con le credenziali RSA:

C#

public static object PatchRsaDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId, string keyPath)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        String keyText = File.ReadAllText(keyPath);
        Device body = new Device();
        body.Credentials = new List<DeviceCredential>();
        body.Credentials.Add(new DeviceCredential()
        {
            PublicKey = new PublicKeyCredential()
            {
                Key = keyText,
                Format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
            },
        });

        var req = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Patch(body, name);
        req.UpdateMask = "credentials";
        var device = req.Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device patched: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// patchDeviceRSA patches a device to use RSA256 X.509 credentials.
func patchDeviceRSA(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string, keyPath string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	keyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyPath)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	device := cloudiot.Device{
		Id: deviceID,
		Credentials: []*cloudiot.DeviceCredential{
			{
				PublicKey: &cloudiot.PublicKeyCredential{
					Format: "RSA_X509_PEM",
					Key:    string(keyBytes),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, deviceID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.
		Patch(parent, &device).UpdateMask("credentials").Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Successfully patched device with RSA256 X.509 credentials")

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Patch the device to add an RSA256 key for authentication. */
protected static void patchRsa256ForAuth(
    String deviceId,
    String publicKeyFilePath,
    String projectId,
    String cloudRegion,
    String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  PublicKeyCredential publicKeyCredential = new PublicKeyCredential();
  String key = Files.toString(new File(publicKeyFilePath), Charsets.UTF_8);
  publicKeyCredential.setKey(key);
  publicKeyCredential.setFormat("RSA_X509_PEM");

  DeviceCredential devCredential = new DeviceCredential();
  devCredential.setPublicKey(publicKeyCredential);

  Device device = new Device();
  device.setCredentials(Collections.singletonList(devCredential));

  Device patchedDevice =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .patch(devicePath, device)
          .setUpdateMask("credentials")
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Patched device is " + patchedDevice.toPrettyString());
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-rsa-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function updateDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const devPath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  const device = {
    name: devPath,
    credentials: [
      {
        publicKey: {
          format: 'RSA_X509_PEM',
          key: readFileSync(rsaPublicKeyFile).toString(),
        },
      },
    ],
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.updateDevice({
    device: device,
    updateMask: {paths: ['credentials']},
  });

  console.log('Patched device:', deviceId);
  console.log('Response', response);
}

updateDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\Device;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;
use Google\Protobuf\FieldMask;

/**
 * Patch the device to add an RSA256 public key to the device.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $certificateFile Path to RS256 certificate file.
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function patch_rsa(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $certificateFile,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Patch device with RSA256 certificate' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $publicKey = (new PublicKeyCredential())
        ->setFormat(PublicKeyFormat::RSA_X509_PEM)
        ->setKey(file_get_contents($certificateFile));

    $credential = (new DeviceCredential())
        ->setPublicKey($publicKey);

    $device = (new Device())
        ->setName($deviceName)
        ->setCredentials([$credential]);

    $updateMask = (new FieldMask())
        ->setPaths(['credentials']);

    $device = $deviceManager->updateDevice($device, $updateMask);
    printf('Updated device %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getName());
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
# public_key_file = 'path/to/certificate.pem'
print("Patch device with RSA256 certificate")

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

public_key_bytes = ""
with io.open(public_key_file) as f:
    public_key_bytes = f.read()

key = iot_v1.PublicKeyCredential(
    format=iot_v1.PublicKeyFormat.RSA_X509_PEM, key=public_key_bytes
)

cred = iot_v1.DeviceCredential(public_key=key)
device = client.get_device(request={"name": device_path})

device.id = b""
device.num_id = 0
device.credentials.append(cred)

mask = gp_field_mask.FieldMask()
mask.paths.append("credentials")

return client.update_device(request={"device": device, "update_mask": mask})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to patch"
# cert_path   = "The path to the RSA certificate"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"
path   = "#{parent}/devices/#{device_id}"

credential = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::DeviceCredential.new
credential.public_key = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::PublicKeyCredential.new
credential.public_key.format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
credential.public_key.key = File.read cert_path

device = Cloudiot::Device.new
device.credentials = [credential]

# Create the device
device = iot_client.patch_project_location_registry_device(
  path, device, update_mask: "credentials"
)

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"
puts "\tCertificate formats:"
if device.credentials
  device.credentials.each { |cert| puts "\t\t#{cert.public_key.format}" }
else
  puts "\t\tNo certificates for device"
end

Per ulteriori esempi di codice, consulta Esempi di gestione dei dispositivi.

Date di scadenza di credenziali e certificati

Quando crei un dispositivo e aggiungi una chiave pubblica, puoi impostare una data di scadenza per la chiave. Se la chiave è stata generata con un certificato X.509 autofirmato, anche il certificato ha una data di scadenza. Tuttavia, queste due date di scadenza sono separate.

Se la chiave scade o il certificato X.509 autofirmato sulla chiave scade, il dispositivo non potrà connettersi a Cloud IoT Core. Inoltre, se provi a creare o aggiornare un dispositivo con un certificato X.509 scaduto, Cloud IoT Core restituisce un errore.

Recupero dei dettagli del dispositivo in corso...

Per visualizzare i dettagli di uno o più dispositivi, puoi utilizzare la console, l'API o gcloud.

console

  1. Vai alla pagina Registry della console.

    Vai alla pagina Registry

  2. Fai clic sull'ID del registry del dispositivo.

  3. Nel menu a sinistra, fai clic su Dispositivi.

  4. Fai clic sull'ID del dispositivo per andare alla pagina Dettagli dispositivo. In questa pagina vengono riepilogate le attività recenti del dispositivo, inclusa l'ultima pubblicazione di un messaggio e l'ora dell'errore più recente. In questa pagina viene mostrato anche l'ID numerico del dispositivo.

  5. Fai clic sulla scheda Configurazione &cronologia dello stato per visualizzare le versioni recenti della configurazione e i tempi di aggiornamento del dispositivo.

I campi relativi all'ultimo battito cardiaco e all'ultima volta che una configurazione è stata compromessa sono inclusi solo per il bridge MQTT. Il bridge HTTP non supporta ACK heartbeat o ACK espliciti.

gcloud

Per elencare i dispositivi in un registro, esegui il comando gcloud iot devices list:

gcloud iot devices list \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --region=REGION

Per ricevere dettagli su un dispositivo, esegui il comando gcloud iot devices describe:

gcloud iot devices describe DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --region=REGION

Server

Utilizza i seguenti metodi per ottenere informazioni dettagliate sui dispositivi:

L'esempio seguente mostra come elencare i dispositivi in un registro:

C#

public static object ListDevices(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";
    try
    {
        var result = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.List(parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Devices: ");
        result.Devices.ToList().ForEach(response =>
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"{response.Id}");
            Console.WriteLine($"\t{response.Config}");
            Console.WriteLine($"\t{response.Name}");
        });
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        return e.Error.Code;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// listDevices gets the identifiers of devices for a specific registry.
func listDevices(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string) ([]*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.List(parent).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Devices:")
	for _, device := range response.Devices {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t%s\n", device.Id)
	}

	return response.Devices, nil
}

Java

/** Print all of the devices in this registry to standard out. */
protected static void listDevices(String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  List<Device> devices =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .list(registryPath)
          .execute()
          .getDevices();

  if (devices != null) {
    System.out.println("Found " + devices.size() + " devices");
    for (Device d : devices) {
      System.out.println("Id: " + d.getId());
      if (d.getConfig() != null) {
        // Note that this will show the device config in Base64 encoded format.
        System.out.println("Config: " + d.getConfig().toPrettyString());
      }
      System.out.println();
    }
  } else {
    System.out.println("Registry has no devices.");
  }
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function listDevices() {
  // Construct request
  const parentName = iotClient.registryPath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId
  );

  // See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
  // Warning! Use snake_case field names.
  const fieldMask = {
    paths: [
      'id',
      'name',
      'num_id',
      'credentials',
      'last_heartbeat_time',
      'last_event_time',
      'last_state_time',
      'last_config_ack_time',
      'last_config_send_time',
      'blocked',
      'last_error_time',
      'last_error_status',
      'config',
      'state',
      'log_level',
      'metadata',
      'gateway_config',
    ],
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.listDevices({
    parent: parentName,
    fieldMask,
  });
  const devices = response;

  if (devices.length > 0) {
    console.log('Current devices in registry:');
  } else {
    console.log('No devices in registry.');
  }

  for (let i = 0; i < devices.length; i++) {
    const device = devices[i];
    console.log(`Device ${i}: `, device);
  }
}

listDevices();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * List all devices in the registry.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function list_devices(
    $registryId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Listing devices' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();

    // Format the full registry path
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    // Call the API
    $devices = $deviceManager->listDevices($registryName);

    // Print the result
    foreach ($devices->iterateAllElements() as $device) {
        printf('Device: %s : %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $device->getNumId(),
            $device->getId());
    }
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
print("Listing devices")

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
registry_path = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

# See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
# Warning! Use snake_case field names.
field_mask = gp_field_mask.FieldMask(
    paths=[
        "id",
        "name",
        "num_id",
        "credentials",
        "last_heartbeat_time",
        "last_event_time",
        "last_state_time",
        "last_config_ack_time",
        "last_config_send_time",
        "blocked",
        "last_error_time",
        "last_error_status",
        "config",
        "state",
        "log_level",
        "metadata",
        "gateway_config",
    ]
)

devices = list(
    client.list_devices(request={"parent": registry_path, "field_mask": field_mask})
)
for device in devices:
    print(device)

return devices

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to list devices from"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
resource = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

# List the devices in the provided region
response = iot_client.list_project_location_registry_devices(
  resource
)

puts "Devices:"
if response.devices && response.devices.any?
  response.devices.each { |device| puts "\t#{device.id}" }
else
  puts "\tNo device registries found in this region for your project."
end

L'esempio seguente mostra come recuperare un dispositivo e i relativi metadati da un registro dispositivi:

C#

public static object GetDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        var device = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Get(name).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tFirst Credential Expiry: {device.Credentials.First().ExpirationTime}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tLast State Time:{device.LastStateTime}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// getDevice retrieves a specific device and prints its details.
func getDevice(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, device string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	path := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, device)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Get(path).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tId: %s\n", response.Id)
	for _, credential := range response.Credentials {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\tCredential Expire: %s\n", credential.ExpirationTime)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\tCredential Type: %s\n", credential.PublicKey.Format)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "\t\t--------")
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Config Ack: %s\n", response.LastConfigAckTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Config Send: %s\n", response.LastConfigSendTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Event Time: %s\n", response.LastEventTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Heartbeat Time: %s\n", response.LastHeartbeatTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast State Time: %s\n", response.LastStateTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tNumId: %d\n", response.NumId)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Retrieves device metadata from a registry. * */
protected static Device getDevice(
    String deviceId, String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  System.out.println("Retrieving device " + devicePath);
  return service.projects().locations().registries().devices().get(devicePath).execute();
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function getDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const devicePath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  // See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
  // Warning! Use snake_case field names.
  const fieldMask = {
    paths: [
      'id',
      'name',
      'num_id',
      'credentials',
      'last_heartbeat_time',
      'last_event_time',
      'last_state_time',
      'last_config_ack_time',
      'last_config_send_time',
      'blocked',
      'last_error_time',
      'last_error_status',
      'config',
      'state',
      'log_level',
      'metadata',
      'gateway_config',
    ],
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.getDevice({
    name: devicePath,
    fieldMask,
  });
  const data = response;

  console.log('Found device:', deviceId, data);
}

getDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;

/**
 * Retrieve the device with the given id.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function get_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Getting device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $device = $deviceManager->getDevice($deviceName);

    $formats = [
        PublicKeyFormat::UNSPECIFIED_PUBLIC_KEY_FORMAT => 'unspecified',
        PublicKeyFormat::RSA_X509_PEM => 'RSA_X509_PEM',
        PublicKeyFormat::ES256_PEM => 'ES256_PEM',
        PublicKeyFormat::RSA_PEM => 'RSA_PEM',
        PublicKeyFormat::ES256_X509_PEM => 'ES256_X509_PEM',
    ];

    printf('ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getId());
    printf('Name: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getName());
    foreach ($device->getCredentials() as $credential) {
        print('Certificate:' . PHP_EOL);
        printf('    Format: %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $formats[$credential->getPublicKey()->getFormat()]);
        printf('    Expiration: %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $credential->getExpirationTime()->toDateTime()->format('Y-m-d H:i:s'));
    }
    printf('Data: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getConfig()->getBinaryData());
    printf('Version: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getConfig()->getVersion());
    printf('Update Time: %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $device->getConfig()->getCloudUpdateTime()->toDateTime()->format('Y-m-d H:i:s'));
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
print("Getting device")
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

# See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
# Warning! Use snake_case field names.
field_mask = gp_field_mask.FieldMask(
    paths=[
        "id",
        "name",
        "num_id",
        "credentials",
        "last_heartbeat_time",
        "last_event_time",
        "last_state_time",
        "last_config_ack_time",
        "last_config_send_time",
        "blocked",
        "last_error_time",
        "last_error_status",
        "config",
        "state",
        "log_level",
        "metadata",
        "gateway_config",
    ]
)

device = client.get_device(request={"name": device_path, "field_mask": field_mask})

print("Id : {}".format(device.id))
print("Name : {}".format(device.name))
print("Credentials:")

if device.credentials is not None:
    for credential in device.credentials:
        keyinfo = credential.public_key
        print("\tcertificate: \n{}".format(keyinfo.key))

        if keyinfo.format == 4:
            keyformat = "ES256_X509_PEM"
        elif keyinfo.format == 3:
            keyformat = "RSA_PEM"
        elif keyinfo.format == 2:
            keyformat = "ES256_PEM"
        elif keyinfo.format == 1:
            keyformat = "RSA_X509_PEM"
        else:
            keyformat = "UNSPECIFIED_PUBLIC_KEY_FORMAT"
        print("\tformat : {}".format(keyformat))
        print("\texpiration: {}".format(credential.expiration_time))

print("Config:")
print("\tdata: {}".format(device.config.binary_data))
print("\tversion: {}".format(device.config.version))
print("\tcloudUpdateTime: {}".format(device.config.cloud_update_time))

return device

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to get a device from"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to get"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"
resource = "#{parent}/registries/#{registry_id}/devices/#{device_id}"

# List the devices in the provided region
device = iot_client.get_project_location_registry_device(
  resource
)

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"
puts "\tCertificate formats:"
if device.credentials
  device.credentials.each { |cert| puts "\t\t#{cert.public_key.format}" }
else
  puts "\t\tNo certificates for device"
end

L'esempio seguente mostra come recuperare lo stato del dispositivo da un registro dispositivi:

C#

public static object GetDeviceStates(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();

    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        Console.WriteLine("States: ");
        var res = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.States.List(name).Execute();
        res.DeviceStates.ToList().ForEach(state =>
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"\t{state.UpdateTime}: {state.BinaryData}");
        });
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// getDeviceStates retrieves and lists device states.
func getDeviceStates(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, device string) ([]*cloudiot.DeviceState, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	path := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, device)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.States.List(path).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Successfully retrieved device states!")

	for _, state := range response.DeviceStates {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s : %s\n", state.UpdateTime, state.BinaryData)
	}

	return response.DeviceStates, nil
}

Java

/** Retrieves device metadata from a registry. * */
protected static List<DeviceState> getDeviceStates(
    String deviceId, String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  System.out.println("Retrieving device states " + devicePath);

  ListDeviceStatesResponse resp =
      service.projects().locations().registries().devices().states().list(devicePath).execute();

  return resp.getDeviceStates();
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function listDeviceStates() {
  const devicePath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  const [response] = await iotClient.listDeviceStates({name: devicePath});
  const states = response.deviceStates;
  if (states.length === 0) {
    console.log(`No States for device: ${deviceId}`);
  } else {
    console.log(`States for device: ${deviceId}`);
  }

  for (let i = 0; i < states.length; i++) {
    const state = states[i];
    console.log(
      'State:',
      state,
      '\nData:\n',
      state.binaryData.toString('utf8')
    );
  }
}

listDeviceStates();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * Retrieve a device's state blobs.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function get_device_state(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Getting device state' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $response = $deviceManager->listDeviceStates($deviceName);

    foreach ($response->getDeviceStates() as $state) {
        print('State:' . PHP_EOL);
        printf('    Data: %s' . PHP_EOL, $state->getBinaryData());
        printf('    Update Time: %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $state->getUpdateTime()->toDateTime()->format('Y-m-d H:i:s'));
    }
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

device = client.get_device(request={"name": device_path})
print("Last state: {}".format(device.state))

print("State history")
states = client.list_device_states(request={"name": device_path}).device_states
for state in states:
    print("State: {}".format(state))

return states

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to get device states from"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to get states for"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent   = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"
resource = "#{parent}/registries/#{registry_id}/devices/#{device_id}"

# List the configurations for the provided device
result = iot_client.list_project_location_registry_device_states(
  resource
)
if result.device_states
  result.device_states.each do |state|
    puts "#{state.update_time}: #{state.binary_data}"
  end
else
  puts "No state messages"
end

Per ulteriori esempi di codice, consulta Esempi di gestione dei dispositivi.

Eliminazione di dispositivi e registry

Puoi eliminare dispositivi e registry utilizzando la console, l'API o gcloud. Per eliminare un registro, devi prima eliminare tutti i dispositivi che contiene.

console

Puoi eliminare uno o più dispositivi dall'elenco dei dispositivi del Registro di sistema.

Per eliminare dispositivi:

  1. Vai alla pagina Registry della console.

    Vai alla pagina Registry

  2. Fai clic sull'ID del registry del dispositivo.

  3. Nel menu a sinistra, fai clic su Dispositivi.

  4. Seleziona i dispositivi da eliminare, quindi fai clic su Elimina.

  5. Conferma di voler eliminare i dispositivi selezionati, quindi fai clic su Elimina.

gcloud

Per eliminare un dispositivo, esegui il comando gcloud iot devices delete:

gcloud iot devices delete DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --region=REGION

Per eliminare un registro, esegui il comando gcloud iot registries delete:

gcloud iot registries delete REGISTRY_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION

Server

Utilizza i seguenti metodi per eliminare dispositivi e registry:

L'esempio seguente mostra come eliminare un dispositivo da un registro:

C#

public static object DeleteDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        var res = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Delete(name).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine($"Removed device: {deviceId}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// deleteDevice deletes a device from a registry.
func deleteDevice(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string) (*cloudiot.Empty, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	path := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, deviceID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Delete(path).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted device: %s\n", deviceID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Delete the given device from the registry. */
protected static void deleteDevice(
    String deviceId, String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  System.out.println("Deleting device " + devicePath);
  service.projects().locations().registries().devices().delete(devicePath).execute();
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function deleteDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const devPath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  const [responses] = await iotClient.deleteDevice({name: devPath});
  console.log('Successfully deleted device', responses);
}

deleteDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * Delete the device with the given id.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function delete_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Deleting Device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $response = $deviceManager->deleteDevice($deviceName);

    printf('Deleted %s' . PHP_EOL, $deviceName);
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
print("Delete device")
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()

device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

return client.delete_device(request={"name": device_path})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to delete"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"
device_path = "#{parent}/registries/#{registry_id}/devices/#{device_id}"

# Delete the device
result = iot_client.delete_project_location_registry_device(
  device_path
)

puts "Deleted device."

L'esempio seguente mostra come eliminare un registro:

C#

public static object DeleteRegistry(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";

    try
    {
        var registry = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Delete(name).Execute();
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Vai


// deleteRegistry deletes a device registry if it is empty.
func deleteRegistry(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string) (*cloudiot.Empty, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	name := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Delete(name).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted registry: %s\n", registryID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Delete this registry from Cloud IoT. */
protected static void deleteRegistry(String cloudRegion, String projectId, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  System.out.println("Deleting: " + registryPath);
  service.projects().locations().registries().delete(registryPath).execute();
}

Node.js

// Client retrieved in callback
// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';

const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function deleteDeviceRegistry() {
  // Construct request
  const registryName = iotClient.registryPath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId
  );

  const [response] = await iotClient.deleteDeviceRegistry({
    name: registryName,
  });
  console.log(response);
  console.log('Successfully deleted registry');
}

deleteDeviceRegistry();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * Deletes the specified registry.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function delete_registry(
    $registryId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();

    // Format the full registry path
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    $deviceManager->deleteDeviceRegistry($registryName);

    printf('Deleted Registry %s' . PHP_EOL, $registryId);
}

Python

Questo esempio utilizza la libreria client delle API di Google per Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
print("Delete registry")

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
registry_path = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

try:
    client.delete_device_registry(request={"name": registry_path})
    print("Deleted registry")
    return "Registry deleted"
except HttpError:
    print("Error, registry not deleted")
    raise

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region that you created the registry in"
# registry_id = "The Google Cloud IoT Core device registry identifier"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
resource = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

result = iot_client.delete_project_location_registry resource
puts "Deleted registry: #{registry_id}"

Per altri esempi di codice, consulta gli esempi di gestione del Registro di sistema e gli esempi di gestione dei dispositivi.

Passaggi successivi