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This section describes environments and environment groups.
An environment is a runtime execution context for the API proxies and shared flows in an organization. You must deploy an API proxy to an environment before it can be accessed. You can deploy an API proxy to a single environment or to multiple environments.
Each environment is limited to 50 deployed API proxies plus shared flows (combined).
An environment group (sometimes called an envgroup in the Apigee APIs) is the basic mechanism for defining the way requests are routed to individual environments. You define hostnames on your environment groups (not on individual environments), and Apigee routes requests to the environments within a group by using those hostname definitions.
An environment must be a member of at least one environment group before you can access resources defined within it. In other words, you must assign an environment to a group before you can use it.
The logical grouping of environments by environment group provides the following benefits:
- Centralized hostname management: Environment groups provide a centralized place to manage hostnames.
- Aggregate insights: With groups, you can analyze errors by looking at reports for an entire environment group at once rather than individual environments.
- Conflict avoidance: By grouping environments, you can ensure that the base paths for your environments don't exist under the same hostname.
Number of environments you can create
The number of environments you can create in a region depends on the number of IP addresses allocated for your VPC network (the CIDR range):
|Allocated IP Address Range||Size||# of Supported Environments||Description|
|65,536 IP addresses (216)||Up to 75 environments, although the number of environments you can create depends on your contract||(Recommended) Allows for robust scaling and flexibility.|
||4,096 IP addresses (212)||Up to 14 environments (this can be +/- 1, depending on conditions)||Suitable for users who do not have large scaling requirements (such as in non-production environments) or do not have sufficient IP addresses in a given region.|
The following table lists important points to remember about environments, organizations, and environment groups:
For information on how many environment groups per organization, and how many environments per environment group you can have, see limits.
The following sections show common ways in which environments are structured within environment groups.
One environment group and one environment
The simplest structure is a single environment group with a single environment in it. This is common for organizations that are currently evaluating the product or have not yet set up testing or analytics infrastructure, nor have any proxies deployed in production.
Multiple environments in a single group
An organization can contain multiple environment groups. For example, you might define the
prod environment groups in an organization, and map each of those to a single
hostname (or IP address). Within each group, there might be one or more environments:
Environment groups aligned with access
Because you can assign the same environment to more than one group, you can organize your environments by access. For example, you can make your production environments accessible on a single internal environment group, but limit access to some of those environments on a public group, which would be open to the internet:
Environment groups aligned with business units
With a larger, more mature set of actively deployed proxies, it is common to align environment groups with business units. For example, you might have environment groups for your testing, production, and development teams:
Ready to create a group?
To learn more about environments:
To learn more about environment groups:
Routing and base paths
In a simple configuration, a request to a deployed API proxy is made up of a hostname, base path, and the name of an API resource; for example:
https://www.example.com/shopping/cart/addItem |_____________| |___________| |_____| | | | hostname basepath resource
You define hostnames on the environment group so that multiple environments can share them. Basepaths and API resources are defined on the API proxy.
For more information about base paths and API resources, start with Understanding routes. In addition, check out the Flow configuration reference and Flow variables reference to gain a greater understanding of how these pieces fit together.
When you create an environment group, you attach one or more hostnames to that group. For example, you might have the following environment groups, each with its own hostnames:
|Environment Group Name
You define base paths on the proxy when you create it.
When you deploy a proxy to an environment within the group, the hostname plus the base path and the resource name together define the endpoint of an API request to that proxy.
You can define more than one hostname on an environment group. They can all be used to call any
proxy deployed to any environment in the group. For example,
payment.example.com/proxy1 will both call the
proxy1 resource if
payment.example.com are defined on
the same environment group.
To support multiple hostnames on a single environment group that is shared by multiple environments, Apigee routes API requests to different proxies in different ways.
prod-groupenvironment group contains the following environments:
prod-grouphas the following hostnames defined on it:
The following proxies are deployed to these environments:
catalog-prodwith a base path of
cart-prodwith a base path of
pymnt-prodwith a base path of
This creates the following endpoints:
catalog.example.com/catalogroutes to the
catalogproxy in the
catalog.example.com/catalog/cartroutes to the
cartproxy in the
payment.example.com/paymentroutes to the
paymentproxy in the
The following example shows that the requests are routed to different proxies that are deployed to environments within the group, depending on the hostname and the base path:
Shared environments and routing
Environments can belong to multiple environment groups. However hostnames must be unique to only one environment group. Therefore, belonging to multiple groups provides multiple addresses for proxies deployed on that environment. This is useful if a customer has wildcard certificates (like *.example.com) for multiple partners.
shared-envbelongs to two environment groups:
partner-1with host alias
partner-2with host alias
foois deployed to
shared-envwith a base path
shared-envis shared by both environment groups,
foohas two addresses:
In this case, both of the hostnames route to the same environment. This is a case where an enterprise exposes different hostnames for each partner, effectively giving each one a personalized domain name. For Apigee hybrid, this scenario can use mTLS with a different certificate for each partner.
About environment scope
The organization provides scope for some Apigee capabilities. For example, key-value-map (KVM) data can be made available at the organization level, meaning that API proxies deployed to any environment within that organization can access the same KVM data.
Similarly, some capabilities can be scoped to environments or environment groups within the organization. For example, Apigee analytics data is partitioned by a combination of organization, environment, and (eventually) environment group.
Every deployment to an environment has the potential to affect the routing of traffic for every environment group to which that environment is attached. When new basepaths are added, they may start capturing entirely new traffic, or they may start capturing a subset of existing traffic already being handled by an existing deployment.
Similarly, when basepaths are removed, they may correspond to endpoints that no longer receive any traffic, or they may cause existing traffic to be rerouted to a different proxy. When traffic is rerouted, it may be to some proxy in the same environment, or when multiple environments share a single environment group, it may be to a proxy in a different environment.
The following information describes how to manage your environments and environment groups:
With the Apigee UI:
With the Apigee API: