An environment provides an isolated context or "sandbox" for running API proxies. In a single organization, you can create multiple environments.
The following code shows an example override configuration where multiple environments are defined.
namespace: my-namespace org: my-organization ... envs: - name: test serviceAccountPaths: synchronizer: "your_keypath/synchronizer-manager-service-account.json udca: "your_keypath/analytic-agent-service-account.json - name: prod serviceAccountPaths: synchronizer: "your_keypath/synchronizer-manager-service-account.json udca: "your_keypath/analytic-agent-service-account.json ...
Suppose a proxy with the base path
/foo1 is deployed to environment
test. You could call the proxy like this:
curl -k https://api.example.com/foo1
When this call hits the ingress, the ingress knows to send it to the message processor
associated with the
test environment, which handles the request.
foo1 is also deployed to the
you could make a proxy
request like this, to the host alias
curl -k https://apiprod.example.com/foo1
And the call is routed by the ingress to the MP associated with that host.
Antipattern: Deploy all of your proxies to one hybrid environment.
Best practice: Create multiple environments and deploy a limited number of proxies to each one.
Limit the number of proxy deployments
For hybrid, the fact that many environments can share the same virtual hosts as defined in environment groups means that you must think carefully about how you manage your proxy deployments to any given environment. In hybrid, the best practice is to create multiple environments and deploy a limited number of proxies to each one.
How many proxies should you deploy to an environment? There is not a set answer to this question; however, the following table provides general guidance on why it's a good idea to limit the number of proxies deployed to each environment and what you need to think about when managing proxy deployments:
|Issue to consider||Description|
|Message processor boot-up time||There is a direct correlation between the amount of time a message processor (MP) takes to boot up and the number of proxies deployed to that MP. In an auto-scaling Kubernetes environment, an increase in boot time might be a problem. The more proxies that are deployed to the MP, the longer it will take for that MP to come up if it needs to be scaled or recreated.|
|Scaling performance||If you have several proxies deployed to an environment, and one of the proxies gets a lot of traffic so that it frequently auto-scales, all of the proxies in that environment will scale with it. The performance effect of scaling multiple proxies with a single high-traffic proxy might be a problem.|
|Noisy neighbor||If you have several proxies deployed to the same environment, and one proxy crashes, then all of the proxies in the environment will be taken down while the MPs restart. By limiting the number of proxies deployed to an environment, you minimize the impact of a single proxy crashing.|
Environment groups and virtualhosts
Environment groups allow you to group environments together. Environments within each group share the same hostnames. You can group environments by function, by hostname address, by region if you are implementing a multi-region hybrid installation, or by any other metric you choose.
Because routing is managed by the combination of environment group hostnames, API proxy base paths, and environments, each virtual host only needs to list the name of the environment group and any appropriate certs.
The following code shows an example override configuration where multiple virtualhosts are defined. Note that name of the virtualhosts must be the names of the environment groups.
gcp: region: us-central1 projectID: hybrid-example k8sCluster: name: apigee-hybrid region: us-central1 org: hybrid-example instanceID: "my_hybrid_example" virtualhosts: - name: group-1 # the name of an environment group sslCertPath: ./certs/keystore.pem sslKeyPath: ./certs/keystore.key virtualhosts: - name: group-2 sslCertPath: ./certs/keystore.pem sslKeyPath: ./certs/keystore.key ...
- About environments and environment groups
- Managing environments
- Managing environment groups
- Configuration property reference
- Configure virtual hosts