IntegrationCallout policy

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Overview

The IntegrationCallout policy lets you run an Apigee integration that has an API trigger. However, before running an integration, you must run the SetIntegrationRequest policy. The SetIntegrationRequest policy creates a request object and makes the object available to the IntegrationCallout policy as a flow variable. The request object has the integration details such as the API trigger name, integration project ID, integration name, and other details configured in the SetIntegrationRequest policy. The IntegrationCallout policy uses the flow variable of the request object to run the integration. You can configure the IntegrationCallout policy to save the integration run response in a flow variable.

The IntegrationCallout policy is helpful if you want to run integration in the middle of your proxy flow. You can also run an integration by specifying an integration endpoint as your target endpoint. For more information, see IntegrationEndpoint.

<IntegrationCallout>

Specifies the IntegrationCallout policy.

Default Value N/A
Required? Required
Type Complex type
Parent Element N/A
Child Elements <DisplayName>
<AsyncExecution>
<Request>
<Response>

The following table provides a high-level description of the child elements of <IntegrationCallout>:

Child Element Required? Description
<DisplayName> Optional A custom name for the policy.
<AsyncExecution> Optional Specifies if the integration must run in synchronous mode or asynchronous mode.
<Request> Required The flow variable having the request object created by the SetIntegrationRequest policy.
<Response> Optional The flow variable to save the integration's response.

The <IntegrationCallout> element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<IntegrationCallout continueOnError="[true|false]" enabled="[true|false]" name=POLICY_NAME>
  <DisplayName>POLICY_DISPLAY_NAME</DisplayName>
  <AsyncExecution>BOOLEAN_ASYNC_EXECUTION</AsyncExecution>
  <Request clearPayload="[true|false]">REQUEST_FLOW_VARIABLE_NAME</Request>
  <Response>RESPONSE_FLOW_VARIABLE_NAME</Response>
</IntegrationCallout>

Example

The following example shows the IntegrationCallout policy definition:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
<IntegrationCallout continueOnError="false" enabled="true" name="Integration-Callout">
  <DisplayName>Integration-Callout-1</DisplayName>
  <AsyncExecution>true</AsyncExecution>
  <Request clearPayload="true">my_request_flow_var</Request>
  <Response>my_response_flow_var</Response>
</IntegrationCallout>

This element has the following attributes that are common to all policies:

Attribute Default Required? Description
name N/A Required

The internal name of the policy. The value of the name attribute can contain letters, numbers, spaces, hyphens, underscores, and periods. This value cannot exceed 255 characters.

Optionally, use the <DisplayName> element to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, natural-language name.

continueOnError false Optional Set to false to return an error when a policy fails. This is expected behavior for most policies. Set to true to have flow execution continue even after a policy fails.
enabled true Optional Set to true to enforce the policy. Set to false to turn off the policy. The policy will not be enforced even if it remains attached to a flow.
async   false Deprecated This attribute is deprecated.

Child element reference

This section describes the child elements of <IntegrationCallout>.

<DisplayName>

Use in addition to the name attribute to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, more natural-sounding name.

The <DisplayName> element is common to all policies.

Default Value N/A
Required? Optional. If you omit <DisplayName>, the value of the policy's name attribute is used.
Type String
Parent Element <PolicyElement>
Child Elements None

The <DisplayName> element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<PolicyElement>
  <DisplayName>POLICY_DISPLAY_NAME</DisplayName>
  ...
</PolicyElement>

Example

<PolicyElement>
  <DisplayName>My Validation Policy</DisplayName>
</PolicyElement>

The <DisplayName> element has no attributes or child elements.

<AsyncExecution>

Specifies the mode to run the integration. You can run the integration either synchronously or asynchronously.

If set to true, the integration runs asynchronously. And if set to false, the integration runs synchronously.

  • Asynchronous mode: When the request to run the integration reaches the endpoint, the endpoint immediately returns the integration execution IDs, but starts the execution of integration at the time specified by the <ScheduleTime> element. If you have not set the <ScheduleTime> element, the integration runs immediately. The maximum time limit to complete the execution is 50 minutes.
  • Synchronous mode: When the request to run the integration reaches the endpoint, the endpoint immediately starts the execution of the integration and waits for the response. The maximum time limit to complete the execution is 2 minutes. After finishing the execution, the endpoint returns a response with the execution IDs and other response data.
Default Value false
Required? Optional
Type Boolean
Parent Element <IntegrationCallout>
Child Elements None

The <AsyncExecution> element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<AsyncExecution>BOOLEAN</AsyncExecution>

Example

The following example sets asynchronous execution to true:

<AsyncExecution>true</AsyncExecution>

<Request>

Specifies the flow variable having the request object created by the SetIntegrationRequest policy. The IntegrationCallout policy sends this request object to Apigee Integration for running the integration.

Default Value N/A
Required? Required
Type String
Parent Element <IntegrationCallout>
Child Elements None

The <Request> element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<Request clearPayload="true">FLOW_VARIABLE_NAME</Request>

Example

The following example specifies that the request object is available in the my_request_flow_var flow variable:

<Request clearPayload="true">my_request_flow_var</Request>

The following table describes the attributes of <Request>:

Attribute Required? Type Description
clearPayload Optional boolean

Specifies if the request object should be cleared from the memory after sending the request to run the integration.

  • If set to true, Apigee clears the request object.
  • If set to false, Apigee doesn't clear the request object.

If you don't specify this attribute, the default value is true and the request object is cleared from the memory.

<Response>

Specifies the flow variable for saving the integration's response.

If you don't specify this element, the policy saves the response in the integration.response flow variable.

Default Value integration.response
Required? Optional
Type String
Parent Element <IntegrationCallout>
Child Elements None

The <Response> element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<Response>FLOW_VARIABLE_NAME</Response>

Example

The following example saves the response of the integration run in the my_response_flow_var flow variable:

<Response>my_response_flow_var</Response>

Error codes

This section describes the fault codes, error messages, and the fault variables set by Apigee when this policy triggers an error. This information is essential if you are developing fault rules to handle faults. To learn more, see What you need to know about policy errors and Handling faults.

Runtime errors

These errors can occur when the policy executes.

Fault code HTTP status Cause
entities.UnresolvedVariable 500 This error occurs if Apigee cannot resolve the integration.project.id or the integration.name variables.
steps.integrationcallout.ExecutionFailed 500

This error can occur if the backend target service returns an HTTP error status such as 4xx or 5xx. The possible causes include:

  • The service account deployed with the proxy has the incorrect permissions to run the integration.
  • The integration or the API trigger does not exist.
  • Apigee Integrations is not enabled for your Google Cloud project.
  • You have configured the <ScheduleTime> element in your SetIntegrationRequest policy and the IntegrationCallout policy has the AsyncExecution set to false.
steps.integrationcallout.NullRequestVariable 500 This error occurs if the flow variable specified in the <Request> is null.
steps.integrationcallout.RequestVariableNotMessageType 500 This error occurs when the flow variable specified by the Request element is not of message type.
steps.integrationcallout.RequestVariableNotRequestMessageType 500 This error occurs when the flow variable specified by the Request element is not of Request message type.
messaging.adaptors.http.filter.GoogleTokenGenerationFailure 500

This error can occur because of an incorrect service account configuration. The possible causes include:

  • The service account deployed with the proxy does not exist in your project.
  • The service account deployed with the proxy is disabled.

Fault variables

Whenever there are execution errors in a policy, Apigee generates error messages. You can view these error messages in the error response. Many a time, system generated error messages might not be relevant in the context of your product. You might want to customize the error messages based on the type of error to make the messages more meaningful.

To customize the error messages, you can use either fault rules or the RaiseFault policy. For information about differences between fault rules and the RaiseFault policy, see FaultRules vs. the RaiseFault policy. You must check for conditions using the Condition element in both the fault rules and the RaiseFault policy. Apigee provides fault variables unique to each policy and the values of the fault variables are set when a policy triggers runtime errors. By using these variables, you can check for specific error conditions and take appropriate actions. For more information about checking error conditions, see Building conditions.

The following table describes the fault variables specific to this policy.

Variables Where Example
fault.name The fault.name can match to any of the faults listed in the Runtime errors table. The fault name is the last part of the fault code. fault.name Matches "UnresolvedVariable"
IntegrationCallout.POLICY_NAME.failed POLICY_NAME is the user-specified name of the policy that threw the fault. IntegrationCallout.integration-callout-1.failed = true
For more information about policy errors, see What you need to know about policy errors.

Related topics

If you want to learn more about Apigee's Integration feature, see What is Apigee Integration?