ServiceCallout policy

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What

The ServiceCallout policy lets you call to another service from your API proxy flow. You can make callouts to either an external service (such as an external RESTful service endpoint) or internal services (such as an API proxy in the same organization and environment).

  • In an external use case, you make a callout to a third-party API that's external to your proxy. The response from the third-party API is parsed and inserted in your API's response message, enriching and mashing up the data for app end users. You can also make a request using the ServiceCallout policy in the request flow, then pass the information in the response to the TargetEndpoint of the API proxy.
  • In another use case, you call a proxy that's in the same organization and environment as the one you're calling from. For example, you might find this useful when you have a proxy that offers some discrete low-level functionality that one or more other proxies will consume. For example, a proxy that exposes create/read/update/delete operations with a backend data store could be the target proxy for multiple other proxies that expose the data to clients.

The policy supports requests over HTTP and HTTPS.

Samples

Local call to an internal proxy

<LocalTargetConnection>
    <APIProxy>data-manager</APIProxy>
    <ProxyEndpoint>default</ProxyEndpoint>
</LocalTargetConnection>

This example creates a callout to a local API proxy (that is, one in the same organization and environment) called data-manager, specifying its proxy endpoint whose name is default.

URL as a variable

<HTTPTargetConnection>
    <URL>http://example.com/{request.myResourcePath}</URL>
</HTTPTargetConnection>

This example uses a variable in the URL to dynamically populate the URL of the target. The protocol portion of the URL, http://, cannot be specified by a variable. Also, you must use separate variables for the domain portion of the URL and for the rest of the URL.

Google geocoding / define request

<ServiceCallout name="ServiceCallout-GeocodingRequest1">
    <DisplayName>Inline request message</DisplayName>
    <Request variable="authenticationRequest">
      <Set>
        <QueryParams>
          <QueryParam name="address">{request.queryparam.postalcode}</QueryParam>
          <QueryParam name="region">{request.queryparam.country}</QueryParam>
          <QueryParam name="sensor">false</QueryParam>
        </QueryParams>
      </Set>
    </Request>
    <Response>GeocodingResponse</Response>
    <Timeout>30000</Timeout>
    <HTTPTargetConnection>
      <URL>http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/geocode/json</URL>
    </HTTPTargetConnection>
</ServiceCallout>
http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/geocode/json

Instead of using a policy such as the AssignMessage policy to create the request object, you can define it directly in the ServiceCallout policy. In this example, the ServiceCallout policy sets the values of three query parameters passed to the external service. You can create an entire request message in the ServiceCallout policy that specifies a payload, encoding type such as application/xml, headers, form parameters, etc.

Here's another example where the request is formed before reaching the ServiceCallout policy.

<ServiceCallout name="ServiceCallout-GeocodingRequest2">
    <Request clearPayload="false" variable="GeocodingRequest"/>
    <Response>GeocodingResponse</Response>
    <Timeout>30000</Timeout>
    <HTTPTargetConnection>
      <URL>http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/geocode/json</URL>
    </HTTPTargetConnection>
</ServiceCallout>

The content of the request message is extracted from a variable called GeocodingRequest (which could be populated, for example, by an AssignMessage policy). The response message is assigned to the variable called GeocodingResponse, where it is a available to be parsed by an ExtractVariables policy or by custom code written in JavaScript or Java. The policy waits 30 seconds for the response from the Google Geocoding API before timing out.

Call target servers

<ServiceCallout async="false" continueOnError="false" enabled="true" name="service-callout">
    <DisplayName>service-callout</DisplayName>
    <Properties/>
    <Request clearPayload="true" variable="myRequest">
        <IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>false</IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>
    </Request>
    <Response>myResponse</Response>
    <HTTPTargetConnection>
        <LoadBalancer>
            <Algorithm>RoundRobin</Algorithm>
            <Server name="httpbin"/>
            <Server name="yahoo"/>
        </LoadBalancer>
        <Path>/get</Path>
    </HTTPTargetConnection>
</ServiceCallout>

This policy uses the LoadBalancer attribute to call target servers and do load balancing across them. In this example, load is distributed across two target servers named httpbin and yahoo. For information about setting up Target Servers for your proxy and configuring load balancing, see Load balancing across backend servers.


About the ServiceCallout policy

There are many scenarios where you can use a ServiceCallout policy in your API proxy. For example, you can configure an API proxy to make calls to an external service to deliver geolocation data, customer reviews, items from a partner’s retail catalog, and so on.

A callout is typically used with two other policies: AssignMessage and ExtractVariables.

  • Request: AssignMessage populates the request message sent to the remote service.
  • Response: ExtractVariables parses the response and extracts specific content.

The typical ServiceCallout policy composition involves:

  1. AssignMessage policy: Creates a request message, populates HTTP headers, query parameters, sets the HTTP verb, etc.
  2. ServiceCallout policy: References a message created by the AssignMessage policy, defines a target URL for the external call, and defines a name for the response object that the target service returns.

    For improved performance, you can also cache ServiceCallout responses, as described in How can I store the results of the ServiceCallout policy in cache? and later, retrieve it from cache?

  3. ExtractVariables policy: Typically defines a JSONPath or XPath expression that parses the message generated by the ServiceCallout. The policy then sets variables containing the values parsed from the ServiceCallout response.

Custom error handling

Element reference

Following are elements and attributes you can configure on this policy:

<ServiceCallout async="false" continueOnError="false" enabled="true" name="Service-Callout-1">
    <DisplayName>Custom label used in UI</DisplayName>
    <Request clearPayload="true" variable="myRequest">
        <IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>false</IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>
        <Remove>
            <ReasonPhrase/>
            <StatusCode/>
            <Path/>
            <Version/>
            <Verb/>
         </Remove>
         <Copy>
            <ReasonPhrase/>
            <StatusCode/>
            <Path/>
            <Version/>
            <Verb/>
        </Copy>
        <Add>
            <Headers/>
            <QueryParams/>
            <FormParams/>
        </Add>
        <Set>
            <Headers/>
            <QueryParams/>
            <FormParams/>
            <Payload/>
            <ReasonPhrase/>
            <StatusCode/>
            <Path/>
            <Version/>
            <Verb/>
        </Set>
    </Request>
    <Response>calloutResponse</Response>
    <Timeout>30000</Timeout>
    <HTTPTargetConnection>
        <URL>http://example.com</URL>
        <LoadBalancer/>
        <SSLInfo/>
        <Properties/>
        <Authentication>
          <GoogleAccessToken>
            <Scopes>
              <Scope>https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform</Scope>
            </Scopes>
            <LifetimeInSeconds ref="{variable}">3600</LifetimeInSeconds>
          </GoogleAccessToken>
        </Authentication>
        <Authentication>
            <GoogleIDToken>
              <Audience ref="{variable}">{hostname}</Audience>
              <IncludeEmail ref="{variable}">true</IncludeEmail>
            </GoogleIDToken>
        </Authentication>
    </HTTPTargetConnection>
    <LocalTargetConnection>
        <APIProxy/>
        <ProxyEndpoint/>
        <Path/>
    </LocalTargetConnection>
</ServiceCallout>

<ServiceCallout> attributes

<ServiceCallout async="false" continueOnError="false" enabled="true" name="Service-Callout-1">

The following table describes attributes that are common to all policy parent elements:

Attribute Description Default Presence
name

The internal name of the policy. The value of the name attribute can contain letters, numbers, spaces, hyphens, underscores, and periods. This value cannot exceed 255 characters.

Optionally, use the <DisplayName> element to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, natural-language name.

N/A Required
continueOnError

Set to false to return an error when a policy fails. This is expected behavior for most policies.

Set to true to have flow execution continue even after a policy fails.

false Optional
enabled

Set to true to enforce the policy.

Set to false to turn off the policy. The policy will not be enforced even if it remains attached to a flow.

true Optional
async

This attribute is deprecated.

false Deprecated

<DisplayName> element

Use in addition to the name attribute to label the policy in the management UI proxy editor with a different, natural-language name.

<DisplayName>Policy Display Name</DisplayName>
Default

N/A

If you omit this element, the value of the policy's name attribute is used.

Presence Optional
Type String

<Request> element

Specifies the variable containing the request message that gets sent from the API proxy to the other service. The variable can be created by a previous policy in the flow, or you can create it inline in the ServiceCallout policy.

<Request clearPayload="true" variable="myRequest">
    <IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>false</IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>
    <Remove>
        <ReasonPhrase/>
        <StatusCode/>
        <Path/>
        <Version/>
        <Verb/>
    </Remove>
    <Copy>
        <ReasonPhrase/>
        <StatusCode/>
        <Path/>
        <Version/>
        <Verb/>
    </Copy>
    <Add>
        <Headers/>
        <QueryParams/>
        <FormParams/>
    </Add>
    <Set>
        <Headers/>
        <QueryParams/>
        <FormParams/>
        <Payload/>
        <ReasonPhrase/>
        <StatusCode/>
        <Path/>
        <Version/>
        <Verb/>
    </Set>
</Request>

The syntax for the <Remove>, <Copy>, <Add>, and <Set> tags is the same as for the AssignMessage policy.

The policy returns an error if the request message cannot be resolved or is of an invalid request message type.

In the simplest example, you pass a variable containing the request message that was populated earlier in the flow of the API proxy:

<Request clearPayload="true" variable="myRequest"/>

Or you can populate the request message sent to the external service in the ServiceCallout policy itself:

<Request>
  <Set>
    <Headers>
      <Header name="Accept">application/json</Header>
    </Headers>
    <Verb>POST</Verb>
    <Payload contentType="application/json">{"message":"my test message"}</Payload>
  </Set>
  <IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>false</IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>
</Request>
Default If you omit the Request element, or any of its attributes, Apigee assigns the following default values:

<Request clearPayload="true" variable="servicecallout.request"/>

Let's look at what these default values mean. First, clearPayload=true means that a new request object is created each time the ServiceCallout policy executes. This means that the request and the request URI path are never reused. Second, the default variable name, servicecallout.request, is a reserved name that is assigned to the request if you do not supply a name.

It's important to know about this default name if you are using data masking -- if you omit the variable name, you need to add servicecallout.request to your mask configuration. For example, if you wanted to mask the Authorization header so that it does not appear in Debug sessions, you would add the following to your masking configuration to capture the default name:

servicecallout.request.header.Authorization.

Presence Optional.
Type N/A

Attributes

Attribute Description Default Presence
variable

Name of the variable that will contain the request message.

servicecallout.request Optional
clearPayload

If true, the variable containing the request message is cleared after the request is sent to the HTTP target to free up the memory used by the request message.

Set the clearPayload option to false only if the request message is required after the ServiceCallout is executed.

true Optional

<Request>/<IgnoreUnresolvedVariables> element

When set to true, the policy ignores any unresolved variable error in the request.

<Request clearPayload="true" variable="myRequest">
    <IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>false</IgnoreUnresolvedVariables>
</Request> 
Default false
Presence Optional
Type Boolean

<Response> element

Include this element when the API proxy logic requires the response from the remote call for further processing.

When this element is present, it specifies the name of the variable that will contain the response message received from the external service. The response from the target is assigned to the variable only when the entire response is read successfully by the policy. If the remote call fails for any reason, the policy returns an error.

If this element is omitted, the API proxy does not wait for a response; API Proxy flow execution continues with any subsequent flow steps. Also, to state the obvious, with no Response element, the response from the target is not available for processing by subsequent steps, and there is no way for the proxy flow to detect a failure in the remote call. A common use for omitting the Response element when using ServiceCallout: to log messages to an external system.

 <Response>calloutResponse</Response> 
Default NA
Presence Optional
Type String

<Timeout> element

The time in milliseconds that the ServiceCallout policy will wait for a response from the target. You cannot set this value dynamically at runtime. If the ServiceCallout hits a timeout, an HTTP 500 is returned, the policy fails, and the API proxy goes into an error state, as described in Handling faults.

<Timeout>30000</Timeout>
Default 55000 milliseconds (55 seconds), the default HTTP timeout setting for Apigee
Presence Optional
Type Integer

<HTTPTargetConnection> element

Provides transport details such as URL, TLS/SSL, and HTTP properties. See the <TargetEndpoint> configuration reference.

<HTTPTargetConnection>
    <URL>http://example.com</URL>
    <LoadBalancer/>
    <SSLInfo/>
    <Properties/>
</HTTPTargetConnection>
Default N/A
Presence Required
Type N/A

<HTTPTargetConnection>/<Authentication> element

Generates Google OAuth 2.0 or Google-issued OpenID Connect tokens to make authenticated calls to Google services and custom services running on certain Google Cloud products, such as Cloud Functions and Cloud Run. Use of this element requires setup and deployment steps described in Using Google authentication. With proper setup, the policy creates an authentication token for you and adds it to the service request.

This element has two child elements: GoogleAccessToken and GoogleIDToken. These child elements let you configure the policy to generate either Google OAuth or OpenID Connect tokens. You need to pick one of these child elements depending on the type of service you wish to call.

The ServiceCallout policy only supports calling HTTP-based services.

Default N/A
Required? Optional.
Type Complex type
Parent Element <HTTPTargetConnection>
Child Elements <GoogleAccessToken>
<GoogleIDToken>

The Authentication element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<ServiceCallout>
...
  <Authentication>
    <GoogleAccessToken>
      <Scopes>
        <Scope>SCOPE</Scope>
        ...
      </Scopes>
      <!-- NOTE: The default value for LifetimeInSeconds is 3600. We do not recommend changing
      the default unless you want to limit the risk of leaked access tokens or improve performance. -->
      <LifetimeInSeconds ref="{variable}">INTEGER</LifetimeInSeconds>
    </GoogleAccessToken>

    --OR--

    <GoogleIDToken>
        <Audience ref="{variable}">STRING</Audience>
        <IncludeEmail ref="{variable}">BOOLEAN</IncludeEmail>
    </GoogleIDToken>
  </Authentication>
</ServiceCallout>

Example 1

The following example shows the GoogleAccessToken element:

<Authentication>
  <GoogleAccessToken>
    <Scopes>
      <Scope>https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform</Scope>
    </Scopes>
  </GoogleAccessToken>
</Authentication>

Example 2

The following example shows the GoogleIDToken element:

<Authentication>
  <GoogleIDToken>
      <Audience>https://httpserver0-bar.run.app</Audience>
      <IncludeEmail>false</IncludeEmail>
  </GoogleIDToken>
</Authentication>

Attributes

None.

GoogleAccessToken child element

Generates Google OAuth 2.0 tokens to make authenticated calls to Google services. Google OAuth tokens can be used to call many kinds of Google services, such as Cloud Logging and Secret Manager.

Default N/A
Required? Either the GoogleAccessToken or GoogleIDToken child element must be present.
Type String
Parent Element <Authentication>
Child Elements <Scopes>
<LifetimeInSeconds>

The GoogleAccessToken element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<ServiceCallout>
...
  <Authentication>
    <GoogleAccessToken>
      <Scopes>
        <Scope>SCOPE_1</Scope>
        ...
      </Scopes>
      <!-- NOTE: The default value for LifetimeInSeconds is 3600. We do not recommend changing
      the default unless you want to limit the risk of leaked access tokens or improve performance. -->
      <LifetimeInSeconds ref="FLOW_VARIABLE">INTEGER</LifetimeInSeconds>
    </GoogleAccessToken>
  </Authentication>
  ...
</ServiceCallout>

Example 1

The following example shows the GoogleAccessToken element:

<Authentication>
  <GoogleAccessToken>
    <Scopes>
      <Scope>https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform</Scope>
    </Scopes>
  </GoogleAccessToken>
</Authentication>

Scopes child element

Identifies the scopes to be included in the OAuth 2.0 access token. For more information, see OAuth 2.0 Scopes for Google APIs. You can add one or more <Scope> child elements under this element.

Default N/A
Required? Required
Type String
Parent Element <GoogleAccessToken>
Child Elements <Scope>

Scope child element

Specifies a valid Google API scope. For more information, see OAuth 2.0 Scopes for Google APIs.

Default N/A
Required? At least one value is required.
Type String
Parent Element <Scopes>
Child Elements None.

LifetimeInSeconds child element

Specifies the lifetime duration of the access token in seconds.

Default 3600
Required? Optional
Type Integer
Parent Element <GoogleAccessToken>
Child Elements None.

GoogleIDToken child element

Generates Google-issued OpenID Connect tokens to make authenticated calls to Google services.

Default N/A
Required? Either the GoogleAccessToken or GoogleIDToken child element must be present.
Type String
Parent Element <Authentication>
Child Elements <Audience>
<IncludeEmail>

The GoogleIDToken element uses the following syntax:

Syntax

<ServiceCallout>
...
  <Authentication>
    <GoogleIDToken>
        <Audience ref="{variable}">STRING</Audience>
        <IncludeEmail ref="{variable}">BOOLEAN</IncludeEmail>
    </GoogleIDToken>
  </Authentication>
</ServiceCallout>

Example 1

The following example shows the GoogleIDToken element:

<Authentication>
  <GoogleIDToken>
      <Audience>https://httpserver0-bar.run.app</Audience>
      <IncludeEmail>true</IncludeEmail>
  </GoogleIDToken>
</Authentication>

Audience child element

The audience for the generated authentication token, such as the API or account that the token grants access to. For example: https://httpserver0-bar.run.app

Default N/A
Required? Required
Type String
Parent Element <GoogleIDToken>
Child Elements None.

IncludeEmail child element

If set to true, the generated authentication token will contain the service account email and email_verified claims.

Default false
Required? Optional
Type Boolean
Parent Element <GoogleIDToken>
Child Elements None.

<HTTPTargetConnection>/<URL> element

The URL to the service being called:

<HTTPTargetConnection>
    <URL>http://example.com</URL>
</HTTPTargetConnection>

You can supply part of the URL dynamically with a variable. However, the protocol portion of the URL, http:// below, cannot be specified by a variable. In the next example, you use a variable to specify the value of a query parameter:

<URL>http://example.com/forecastrss?w=${request.header.woeid}</URL>

Or, set a portion of the URL path with a variable:

<URL>http://example.com/{request.resourcePath}?w=${request.header.woeid}</URL>

If you want to use a variable to specify the domain and port of the URL, then use one variable for the domain and port only, and a second variable for any other part of the URL:

<URL>http://{request.dom_port}/{request.resourcePath}</URL>
Default N/A
Presence Required
Type String

<HTTPTargetConnection>/<SSLInfo> element

The TLS/SSL configuration to the backend service. For help on TLS/SSL configuration, see Options for configuring TLS and "TLS/SSL TargetEndpoint Configuration" in API proxy configuration reference.

<HTTPTargetConnection>
    <URL>https://example.com</URL>
    <SSLInfo>
        <Enabled>true</Enabled>
        <ClientAuthEnabled>true</ClientAuthEnabled>
        <KeyStore>myKeystore</KeyStore>
        <KeyAlias>myKey</KeyAlias>
        <TrustStore>myTruststore</TrustStore>
        <Ciphers/>
        <Protocols/>
    </SSLInfo>
</HTTPTargetConnection>
Default N/A
Presence Optional
Type N/A

<HTTPTargetConnection>/<Properties> element

HTTP transport properties to the backend service. For more information, see Endpoint properties reference.

<HTTPTargetConnection>
    <URL>http://example.com</URL>
    <Properties>
        <Property name="allow.http10">true</Property>
        <Property name="request.retain.headers">
          User-Agent,Referer,Accept-Language
        </Property>
    </Properties>
</HTTPTargetConnection>
Default N/A
Presence Optional
Type N/A

<HTTPTargetConnection>/<LoadBalancer> element

Call one or more target servers and do load balancing on them. See the Call target servers sample in the Samples section. See also Load balancing across backend servers. See also Target Endpoint/Server callout that discusses ways to call target servers from both the ServiceCallout policy and using Route Rules.

<HTTPTargetConnection> <LoadBalancer> <Algorithm>RoundRobin</Algorithm> <Server name="httpbin"/> <Server name="yahoo"/> </LoadBalancer> <Path>/get</Path> </HTTPTargetConnection>
Default N/A
Presence Optional
Type N/A

<LocalTargetConnection> element

Specifies a local proxy -- that is, a proxy in the same organization and environment -- as the target of service callouts.

To further specify the target, use either the <APIProxy> and <ProxyEndpoint> elements, or the <Path> element.

<LocalTargetConnection>
   <APIProxy/>
   <ProxyEndpoint/>
   <Path/>
</LocalTargetConnection>
Default N/A
Presence Required
Type N/A

<LocalTargetConnection>/<APIProxy> element

The name of an API proxy that is the target of a local call. The proxy must be in the same organization and environment as the proxy making the call.

<LocalTargetConnection>
   <APIProxy>data-manager</APIProxy>
   <ProxyEndpoint>default</ProxyEndpoint>
</LocalTargetConnection>

Along with the <APIProxy> element, include the <ProxyEndpoint> element to specify the name of the proxy endpoint that should be targeted for the call.

<LocalTargetConnection>
   <APIProxy/>
   <ProxyEndpoint/>
</LocalTargetConnection> 
Default N/A
Presence Required
Type String

<LocalTargetConnection>/<ProxyEndpoint> element

The name of the proxy endpoint that should be the target of calls. This is a proxy endpoint in the API proxy specified with the <APIProxy> element.

<LocalTargetConnection>
   <APIProxy>data-manager</APIProxy>
   <ProxyEndpoint>default</ProxyEndpoint>
</LocalTargetConnection>
Default N/A
Presence Optional
Type N/A

<LocalTargetConnection>/<Path> element

A path to the endpoint that is being targeted. The endpoint must refer to a proxy in the same organization and environment as the proxy making the call.

Use this instead of a <APIProxy>/<ProxyEndpoint> pair when you don't know -- or can't rely on -- the proxy name. The path might be a reliable target.

<LocalTargetConnection>
   <Path>/data-manager</Path>
</LocalTargetConnection>
Default N/A
Presence Optional
Type N/A

Schemas

Flow variables

Flow variables enable dynamic behavior of policies and Flows at runtime, based on HTTP headers, message content, or Flow context. The following predefined Flow variables are available after a ServiceCallout policy executes. For more information about Flow variables, see Flow variables reference.

ServiceCallouts have their own request and response, and you can access that data through variables. Because the main message is using the request.* and response.* variable prefixes, use the myrequest.* and calloutResponse.* prefixes (the defaults in the ServiceCallout configuration) to get message data specific to the ServiceCallout. The first example in the following table shows how you'd get HTTP headers in the ServiceCallout.

Variable Description

Following is an example of getting ServiceCallout request and response headers similar to how you would get headers from the main request and response.

calloutResponse.header.HeaderName

myRequest.header.HeaderName

where calloutResponse is the variable name for the Response in the Service Callout, and myRequest is the variable name for the Request. For example:

calloutResponse.header.Content-Length

returns the Content-Length header of the ServiceCallout response.

Scope: From the ServiceCallout forward
Type: String
Permission: Read/Write

A message header in the ServiceCallout request or response. For example, if the API proxy target is http://example.com, and the ServiceCallout target is http://mocktarget.apigee.net, these variables are the headers for the callout to http://mocktarget.apigee.net.

servicecallout.requesturi

Scope: From the ServiceCallout request forward
Type: String
Permission: Read/Write

The TargetEndpoint URI for a ServiceCallout policy. The URI is the TargetEndpoint URL without the protocol and domain specification.

servicecallout.{policy-name}.target.url

Scope: From the ServiceCallout request forward
Type: String
Permission: Read/Write

The target URL for a the ServiceCallout.

calloutResponse.content

where calloutResponse is the <Response>variable name in the ServiceCallout configuration.

Scope: From the ServiceCallout response forward
Type: String
Permission: Read/Write

The response body from the ServiceCallout.

servicecallout.{policy-name}.expectedcn

Scope: From the ServiceCallout request forward
Type: String
Permission: Read/Write

The expected Common Name of the TargetEndpoint as referred to in a ServiceCallout policy. This is meaningful only when the TargetEndpoint refers to an TLS/SSL endpoint.

servicecallout.{policy-name}.failed

Scope: From the ServiceCallout response forward
Type: Boolean
Permission: Read/Write

Boolean indicating if the policy succeeded, false, or failed, true.

Errors

This section describes the fault codes and error messages that are returned and fault variables that are set by Apigee when this policy triggers an error. This information is important to know if you are developing fault rules to handle faults. To learn more, see What you need to know about policy errors and Handling faults.

Runtime errors

These errors can occur when the policy executes.

Fault code HTTP status Cause Fix
steps.servicecallout.ExecutionFailed 500

This error can occur when:

  • The policy is asked to handle input that is malformed or otherwise invalid.
  • The backend target service returns an error status (by default, 4xx or 5xx).
steps.servicecallout.RequestVariableNotMessageType 500 The Request variable specified in the policy is not of type Message. For example, if it's a string or other non-message type, you'll see this error.
steps.servicecallout.RequestVariableNotRequestMessageType 500 The Request variable specified in the policy is not of type RequestMessage. For example, if it's a Response type, you'll see this error.
googletoken.EmptyIDTokenAudience 500 The <GoogleIDToken> element is missing a value for the <Audience> tag either directly or through reference.
messaging.adaptors.http.filter.GoogleTokenGenerationFailure 500 This error can happen if the API proxy is configured with the <Authentication> element. Possible causes include:
  • The service account deployed with the proxy:
    • does not exist in your project
    • has been disabled
    • (Apigee hybrid only) has not granted the roles/iam.serviceAccountTokenCreator role on the apigee-runtime service account.
  • The IAMCredentials API is disabled in the source project of the apigee-runtime service account.
  • The <GoogleAccessToken> element is used and one or more invalid scopes are provided. For example, look for typos or empty scopes.
  • For Apigee hybrid only, check the runtime container's log and search for GoogleTokenGenerationFailure to find more detailed error messages that may help with debugging the problem.

    Deployment errors

    These errors can occur when you deploy a proxy containing this policy.

    Error name Cause Fix
    URLMissing The <URL> element inside <HTTPTargetConnection> is missing or empty.
    ConnectionInfoMissing This error happens if the policy does not have an <HTTPTargetConnection> or <LocalTargetConnection> element.
    InvalidTimeoutValue This error happens if the <Timeout> value is negative or zero.
    FAILED_PRECONDITION This error happens if the service account is missing when the proxy is configured with the <Authentication> tag.

    For example:

    Deployment of \"organizations/foo/apis/apiproxy/revisions/1\" requires a service
              account identity, but one was not provided with the request.
    PERMISSION_DENIED This error happens if there is a permission problem with the service account if the proxy is configured with the <Authentication> tag. Possible causes:
    • The service account does not exist.
    • The service account was not created in the same Google Cloud project as the Apigee organization.
    • The deployer does have iam.serviceAccounts.actAs permission on the service account. For details, see About service account permissions.

    Fault variables

    These variables are set when a runtime error occurs. For more information, see What you need to know about policy errors.

    Variables Where Example
    fault.name="fault_name" fault_name is the name of the fault, as listed in the Runtime errors table above. The fault name is the last part of the fault code. fault.name = "RequestVariableNotMessageType"
    servicecallout.policy_name.failed policy_name is the user-specified name of the policy that threw the fault. servicecallout.SC-GetUserData.failed = true

    Example error response

    {  
       "fault":{  
          "detail":{  
             "errorcode":"steps.servicecallout.RequestVariableNotMessageType"
          },
          "faultstring":"ServiceCallout[ServiceCalloutGetMockResponse]: 
                request variable data_str value is not of type Message"
       }
    }
    

    Example fault rule

    <faultrule name="VariableOfNonMsgType"></faultrule><FaultRule name="RequestVariableNotMessageType">
        <Step>
            <Name>AM-RequestVariableNotMessageType</Name>
        </Step>
        <Condition>(fault.name = "RequestVariableNotMessageType")</Condition>
    </FaultRule>
    

    Related topics