Creating an API proxy from an OpenAPI Specification

What you'll learn

In this tutorial, you'll learn to:

  • Create an Apigee API proxy from an OpenAPI Specification.
  • Call the API proxy using cURL.
  • Add a policy to a conditional flow.
  • Test the policy invocation using cURL.

You'll learn how to create an Apigee API proxy from an OpenAPI Specification using the Apigee UI. When you call the API proxy with an HTTP client, such as cURL, the API proxy sends the request to the Apigee mock target service.

About the Open API Initiative

Open API Initiative

"The Open API Initiative (OAI) is focused on creating, evolving and promoting a vendor neutral API Description Format based on the Swagger Specification." For more information about the Open API Initiative, see The OpenAPI Specification.

An OpenAPI Specification uses a standard format to describe a RESTful API. Written in either JSON or YAML format, an OpenAPI Specification is machine readable, but is also easy for humans to read and understand. The specification describes such elements of an API as its base path, paths and verbs, headers, query parameters, operations, content types, response descriptions, and more. In addition, an OpenAPI Specification is commonly used to generate API documentation.

About the Apigee mock target service

The Apigee mock target service used in this tutorial is hosted at Apigee and returns simple data. It requires no API key or access token. In fact, you can access it in a web browser. Try it out by clicking the following:

http://mocktarget.apigee.net

The target service returns the greeting Hello, guest!

For information about the full set of APIs the mock target service supports, see Apigee Sample APIs

What you'll need

  • Before you begin, you must complete the steps in Overview and prerequisites.
  • An OpenAPI Specification. In this tutorial, you'll use the mocktarget.yaml OpenAPI Specification which describes Apigee's mock target service, http://mocktarget.apigee.net. For more information, see apigee/api-platform-samples.
  • cURL installed on your machine to make API calls from the command line; or a web browser.

Create the API proxy

To create the API proxy from an OpenAPI Specification:

  1. Sign in to Apigee UI.
  2. Click API Proxies in the main window.

    Alternatively, you can select Develop > API Proxies in the left navigation bar.

    Click API Proxies on landing page

  3. Click + Proxy.

    Add API proxy
  4. In the Create Proxy wizard, click Use OpenAPI Spec for the Reverse proxy (most common) template.

    Build a Proxy type
  5. Click URL and enter the following information:

    OpenAPI Spec URL: Path to the raw content on GitHub for the OpenAPI Specification in the URL field:

    https://raw.githubusercontent.com/apigee/api-platform-samples/master/default-proxies/helloworld/openapi/mocktarget3.0.yaml
  6. Click Select.

    The Proxy details page in the Create Proxy wizard displays. The fields are pre-populated using values defined in the OpenAPI Specification as shown in the following figure:

    The following table describes the default values that are pre-populated using the OpenAPI Specification:

    Field Description Default
    Name Name of the API proxy. For example: Mock-Target-API. title property from the OpenAPI Specification with spaces replaced by dashes
    Base path Path component that uniquely identifies this API proxy within the organization. The public-facing URL of this API proxy is comprised of your external or internal domain name and this base path. For example: http://apitest.acme.com/mock-target-api Name field content converted to all lower case
    Description Description of the API proxy. description property from the OpenAPI Specification
    Target (Existing API) Target URL invoked on behalf of this API proxy. Any URL that is accessible over the open Internet can be used. For example: http://mocktarget.apigee.net servers property from the OpenAPI Specification

    The following provides an excerpt from the OpenAPI Specification showing the properties that are used to pre-populate the fields.

    openapi: 3.0.0
    info:
      description: OpenAPI Specification for the Apigee mock target service endpoint.
      version: 1.0.0
      title: Mock Target API
    paths:
      /:
        get:
          summary: View personalized greeting
          operationId: View a personalized greeting
          description: View a personalized greeting for the specified or guest user.
          parameters:
            - name: user
              in: query
              description: Your user name.
              required: false
              schema:
                type: string
          responses:
            "200":
              description: Success
    ...
    servers:
      - url: http://mocktarget.apigee.net
      - url: https://mocktarget.apigee.net
    ...
    
  7. In the Proxy details page, edit the Description field as follows:
    API proxy for the Apigee mock target service endpoint.
  8. Click Next.
  9. On the Common policies page, under Security: Authorization ensure that Pass through (no authorization) is selected, and click Next:

    Pass through (no authorization) selected on the Common policies page

  10. On the Flows page, make sure all operations are selected. Build a Proxy Flows
  11. Click Next.
  12. On the Summary page, make sure an environment is selected under Optional Deployment and click Create and deploy:

    Apigee creates your new API proxy and deploys it to your environment:

  13. Click Edit proxy to display the Overview page for the API proxy.

Test the API proxy

You can test your Mock-Target-API API using cURL or a web browser.

curl -v -k https://$EXTERNAL_IP/mock-target-api

Where $EXTERNAL_IP is the IP address of the external load balancer. This IP address is exposed to the internet. For more information, see Configure routing.

For example:

curl -v -k https://apitest.acme.com/myproxy

Response

You should see the following response:

Hello, Guest!

Add an XML to JSON policy

Next, you'll add the XML to JSON policy to the View XML Response conditional flow that was generated automatically when you created the API proxy from the OpenAPI Specification. The policy will convert the target's XML response to a JSON response.

First, call the API so that you can compare the results with those received after you add the policy. In a terminal window execute the following cURL command. You're calling the target service's /xml resource, which natively returns a simple block of XML.

curl -v -k https://$EXTERNAL_IP/mock-target-api/xml

Response

You should see the following response:

<root> 
  <city>San Jose</city> 
  <firstName>John</firstName> 
  <lastName>Doe</lastName> 
  <state>CA</state> 
</root>

Now let's do something that converts the XML response to JSON. Add the XML to JSON policy to the View XML Response conditional flow in the API proxy.

  1. Click the Develop tab in the Mock-Target-API Overview page in the Apigee UI.

    Developer tab
  2. In the left Navigator pane, under Proxy Endpoints > default, click the View XML Response conditional flow.

    Select View XML Response
  3. Click the bottom +Step button, corresponding to the Response for the flow.

    Select +Step

    The Add Step dialog opens to display a categorized list of all the policies that you can add.

  4. Scroll to the Mediation category and select XML to JSON.

    Add Step dialog
  5. Keep the default values for Display Name and Name.
  6. Click Add. The XML to JSON policy is applied to the response.

    XML to JSON policy in flow
  7. Click Save.

Now that you've added the policy, call the API again using cURL. Notice that you're still calling the same /xml resource. The target service still returns its block of XML, but now the policy in the API proxy will convert the response to JSON. Make this call:

curl -v -k https://$EXTERNAL_IP/mock-target-api/xml

Note that the XML response is converted to JSON:

{"root":{"city":"San Jose","firstName":"John","lastName":"Doe","state":"CA"}}