Créer des registres et des appareils

Cette page explique comment créer, modifier et supprimer des registres d'appareils et les appareils qu'ils contiennent.

Un appareil est une unité de traitement capable de se connecter à Internet (directement ou indirectement) et d'échanger des données avec le cloud. Un registre d'appareils est un conteneur d'appareils ayant des propriétés partagées. Pour en savoir plus sur les appareils et les registres, consultez la section Appareils.

Si vous ne l'avez pas encore fait, suivez la procédure Premiers pas avant de continuer.

Création d'un registre d'appareils

Pour utiliser Cloud IoT Core, vous devez créer au moins un registre d'appareils. Vous pouvez créer un registre à l'aide de la console, de l'API ou de gcloud.

Console

  1. Accédez à la page Registres de la console.

    Accéder à la page Registres

  2. En haut de la page, cliquez sur Créer un registre.

  3. Saisissez un ID de registre et sélectionnez une région cloud. Pour en savoir plus sur les exigences concernant la taille et l'attribution d'un nom au registre, consultez Exigences relatives aux caractères et à la taille autorisés.

  4. Sélectionnez les protocoles que les appareils de ce registre utiliseront pour se connecter à Cloud IoT Core : MQTT, HTTP ou les deux.

  5. Sélectionnez un télémétrie par défaut ou créez-en un.

    Le sujet par défaut est utilisé pour les événements de télémétrie publiés qui n'ont pas de sous-dossier ou si le sous-dossier utilisé n'a pas de sujet Cloud Pub/Sub correspondant.

  6. (Facultatif) Si vous souhaitez publier des flux de données distincts depuis un appareil, ajoutez d'autres sujets de télémétrie.

    Chaque sujet est mappé à un sous-dossier spécifié dans le chemin d'accès du sujet MQTT ou dans la requête HTTP lors de la publication des données.

    Pour créer des sujets de télémétrie supplémentaires, procédez comme suit :

    a. Cliquez sur Ajouter d'autres sujets de télémétrie, puis sur Ajouter un sujet et un sous-dossier.

    b. Sélectionnez un sujet Pub/Sub ou créez-en un.

    c. Saisissez un nom de sous-dossier descriptif.

    Pour en savoir plus sur les règles de dénomination et de taille des sous-dossiers, consultez la section Caractères et taille autorisés.

  7. (Facultatif) Sélectionnez un thème d'état de l'appareil ou créez-en un. Ce sujet peut être identique à un sujet de télémétrie, ou ne peut être utilisé que pour des données d'état.

    Les données d'état sont publiées dans Cloud Pub/Sub dans la mesure du possible. Si la publication sur le sujet échoue, elle ne fera pas l'objet de nouvelles tentatives. Si aucun sujet n'est défini, les mises à jour d'état des appareils sont toujours conservées en interne par Cloud IoT Core, mais seuls les 10 derniers états sont conservés.

    Pour en savoir plus, consultez Obtenir l'état de l'appareil.

  8. Cliquez sur Create (Créer) pour continuer.

gcloud

Pour créer un registre, exécutez la commande gcloud iot registries create :

gcloud iot registries create REGISTRY_ID \
    --project=PROJECT_ID \
    --region=REGION \
    [--event-notification-config=topic=TOPIC,[subfolder=SUBFOLDER] [--event-notification-config=...]]
    [--state-pubsub-topic=STATE_PUBSUB_TOPIC]

Dans la version actuelle de Cloud IoT Core, les régions disponibles sont us-central1, europe-west1 et asia-east1.

Vous pouvez utiliser les indicateurs --enable-http-config et --enable-mqtt-config pour activer et désactiver des protocoles pour le registre. Par défaut, les deux protocoles sont activés.

Vous pouvez spécifier plusieurs sujets Pub/Sub et leurs sous-dossiers correspondants en répétant l'indicateur --event-notification-config. Si vous spécifiez plusieurs sujets Pub/Sub, vous devez sélectionner un sujet par défaut sans sous-dossier. Ce sujet par défaut sera utilisé pour les événements de télémétrie publiés qui n'ont pas de sous-dossier ou si le sous-dossier utilisé n'a pas de sujet Pub/Sub correspondant. Si vous ne sélectionnez aucun sujet par défaut, ces événements de télémétrie seront perdus.

API

Utilisez la méthode create de DeviceRegistry pour créer un registre :

C#

Pour obtenir un exemple de CreateAuthorizedClient, consultez la section Authentification des applications.
public static object CreateRegistry(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string pubsubTopic)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}";

    Console.WriteLine(parent);

    try
    {
        Console.WriteLine($"Creating {registryId}");

        DeviceRegistry body = new DeviceRegistry()
        {
            Id = registryId,
        };
        body.EventNotificationConfigs = new List<EventNotificationConfig>();
        var toAdd = new EventNotificationConfig()
        {
            PubsubTopicName = pubsubTopic.StartsWith("projects/") ?
                pubsubTopic : $"projects/{projectId}/topics/{pubsubTopic}",
        };
        body.EventNotificationConfigs.Add(toAdd);
        var registry = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Create(body, parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Registry: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{registry.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {registry.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tHTTP Enabled: {registry.HttpConfig.HttpEnabledState}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tMQTT Enabled: {registry.MqttConfig.MqttEnabledState}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// createRegistry creates a IoT Core device registry associated with a PubSub topic
func createRegistry(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, topicName string) (*cloudiot.DeviceRegistry, error) {
	client, err := getClient()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	registry := cloudiot.DeviceRegistry{
		Id: registryID,
		EventNotificationConfigs: []*cloudiot.EventNotificationConfig{
			{
				PubsubTopicName: topicName,
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s", projectID, region)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Create(parent, &registry).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Created registry:")
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tID: %s\n", response.Id)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tHTTP: %s\n", response.HttpConfig.HttpEnabledState)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tMQTT: %s\n", response.MqttConfig.MqttEnabledState)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tName: %s\n", response.Name)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Create a registry for Cloud IoT. */
protected static void createRegistry(
    String cloudRegion, String projectId, String registryName, String pubsubTopicPath)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String projectPath = "projects/" + projectId + "/locations/" + cloudRegion;
  final String fullPubsubPath = "projects/" + projectId + "/topics/" + pubsubTopicPath;

  DeviceRegistry registry = new DeviceRegistry();
  EventNotificationConfig notificationConfig = new EventNotificationConfig();
  notificationConfig.setPubsubTopicName(fullPubsubPath);
  List<EventNotificationConfig> notificationConfigs = new ArrayList<EventNotificationConfig>();
  notificationConfigs.add(notificationConfig);
  registry.setEventNotificationConfigs(notificationConfigs);
  registry.setId(registryName);

  DeviceRegistry reg =
      service.projects().locations().registries().create(projectPath, registry).execute();
  System.out.println("Created registry: " + reg.getName());
}

Node.js

Pour obtenir un exemple de getClient, consultez la section Authentification des applications.
// Client retrieved in callback
// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
// function errCb = lookupRegistry; // Lookup registry if already exists.
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

// Lookup the pubsub topic
const topicPath = `projects/${projectId}/topics/${pubsubTopicId}`;

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function createDeviceRegistry() {
  // Construct request
  const newParent = iotClient.locationPath(projectId, cloudRegion);
  const deviceRegistry = {
    eventNotificationConfigs: [
      {
        pubsubTopicName: topicPath,
      },
    ],
    id: registryId,
  };
  const request = {
    parent: newParent,
    deviceRegistry: deviceRegistry,
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.createDeviceRegistry(request);

  console.log('Successfully created registry');
  console.log(response);
}

createDeviceRegistry();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceRegistry;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\EventNotificationConfig;

/**
 * Creates a registry if it doesn't exist and prints the result.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $pubsubTopic PubSub topic name for the new registry's event change notification.
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function create_registry(
    $registryId,
    $pubsubTopic,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Creating Registry' . PHP_EOL);

    // The Google Cloud Client Library automatically checks the environment
    // variable GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS for the Service Account
    // credentials, and defaults scopes to [
    //    'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform',
    //    'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloudiot'
    // ].
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $locationName = $deviceManager->locationName($projectId, $location);

    $pubsubTopicPath = sprintf('projects/%s/topics/%s', $projectId, $pubsubTopic);
    $eventNotificationConfig = (new EventNotificationConfig)
        ->setPubsubTopicName($pubsubTopicPath);

    $registry = (new DeviceRegistry)
        ->setId($registryId)
        ->setEventNotificationConfigs([$eventNotificationConfig]);

    $registry = $deviceManager->createDeviceRegistry($locationName, $registry);

    printf('Id: %s, Name: %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $registry->getId(),
        $registry->getName());
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python. Pour obtenir un exemple de get client, consultez la section Authentification des applications.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# pubsub_topic = 'your-pubsub-topic'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
parent = f"projects/{project_id}/locations/{cloud_region}"

if not pubsub_topic.startswith("projects/"):
    pubsub_topic = "projects/{}/topics/{}".format(project_id, pubsub_topic)

body = {
    "event_notification_configs": [{"pubsub_topic_name": pubsub_topic}],
    "id": registry_id,
}

try:
    response = client.create_device_registry(
        request={"parent": parent, "device_registry": body}
    )
    print("Created registry")
    return response
except HttpError:
    print("Error, registry not created")
    raise
except AlreadyExists:
    print("Error, registry already exists")
    raise

Ruby

# project_id   = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id  = "The Cloud region that you created the registry in"
# registry_id  = "The Google Cloud IoT Core device registry identifier"
# pubsub_topic = "The Google Cloud PubSub topic to use for this registry"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The project / location where the registry is created.
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"

registry = Cloudiot::DeviceRegistry.new
registry.id = registry_id
registry.event_notification_configs = [Cloudiot::EventNotificationConfig.new]
registry.event_notification_configs[0].pubsub_topic_name = pubsub_topic

registry = iot_client.create_project_location_registry(
  parent, registry
)

puts "Created registry: #{registry.name}"

Rôle IAM pour la publication Pub/Sub

La première fois que vous activez l'API Cloud IoT Core pour un projet, un nouveau compte de service se voit automatiquement attribuer un rôle (cloudiot.serviceAgent), qui autorise la publication sur tous les sujets Pub/Sub définis dans les registres du projet. Si vous supprimez ultérieurement ce rôle par défaut du compte de service du projet concerné, vous risquez de rencontrer des erreurs. Pour plus de détails, consultez Dépannage.

Créer un registre d'appareils avec plusieurs sujets Pub/Sub

Comme indiqué dans la section Créer un registre d'appareils, vous devez créer au moins un registre d'appareils pour utiliser Cloud IoT Core. Un registre peut comporter un ou plusieurs sujets Pub/Sub dans lesquels les appareils du registre peuvent publier des données.

Vous pouvez combiner des sujets Pub/Sub avec des sous-dossiers MQTT/HTTP pour publier des événements de télémétrie dans des sujets distincts. Chaque sujet est mappé à un sous-dossier. Ainsi, lorsque vous publiez des données dans ce sous-dossier, il est transféré vers celui-ci. Par exemple, un appareil peut publier plusieurs types de données, telles que la température, l'humidité et les données de journalisation. En redirigeant ces flux de données vers leurs propres sujets, vous pouvez éviter de séparer les données dans différentes catégories après la publication.

Vous pouvez mapper un seul sujet Pub/Sub sur plusieurs sous-dossiers, mais l'inverse n'est pas vrai. Chaque sous-dossier doit être unique et un seul sous-dossier ne peut pas être mappé vers des sujets différents.

Pour en savoir plus sur la publication dans des sujets Pub/Sub distincts, consultez les sections Utiliser le pont MQTT et Utiliser le pont HTTP.

Créer des paires de clés d'appareil

Avant de créer un appareil, créez une paire de clés publique/privée pour celui-ci. Lors de la connexion à Cloud IoT Core, chaque appareil crée un jeton Web JSON (JWT) signé avec sa clé privée, que Cloud IoT Core authentifie à l'aide de la clé publique de l'appareil.

Créer ou modifier un appareil

Vous pouvez créer un appareil ou en modifier un existant à l'aide de la console, de l'API ou de gcloud. Assurez-vous d'avoir créé un registre et une paire de clés avant de suivre la procédure décrite dans cette section.

Console

  1. Accédez à la page Registres de la console.

    Accéder à la page Registres

  2. Cliquez sur l'ID du registre de l'appareil.

  3. Dans le menu de registre, à gauche, cliquez sur Appareils.

  4. Cliquez sur Créer un appareil.

    Pour modifier un appareil, cliquez sur son ID sur la page Appareils, puis sur Modifier l'appareil en haut de la page.

  5. Saisissez un ID d'appareil qui décrit brièvement l'appareil ou vous permet de l'identifier. (Vous ne pourrez pas modifier ce champ ultérieurement.) Pour en savoir plus sur les noms et les exigences de taille des appareils, consultez Caractères et dimensions autorisés.

  6. Dans la section Communication avec l'appareil, sélectionnez Autoriser ou Bloquer. Cette option vous permet de bloquer la communication si nécessaire, par exemple lorsque l'appareil ne fonctionne pas correctement. Dans la plupart des cas, vous souhaiterez autoriser la communication lors de la création de l'appareil.

  7. Si vous créez un appareil, sélectionnez la Méthode d'entrée que vous souhaitez utiliser pour saisir la clé publique :

    • Manuel : copiez et collez la clé publique dans le champ Valeur de la clé publique.
    • Importer : dans le champ Valeur de la clé publique, cliquez sur Parcourir pour sélectionner un fichier sur votre ordinateur.
  8. Sélectionnez le format de clé publique correspondant à la paire de clés pour cet appareil. Collez le certificat ou la clé dans le champ Valeur de la clé publique. Vous pouvez également définir une date d'expiration pour la clé.

    Pour ajouter une clé à un appareil existant, cliquez sur Ajouter une clé publique sur la page Détails de l'appareil.

  9. Utilisez les champs Clé et Valeur pour ajouter des métadonnées d'appareil facultatives, telles qu'un numéro de série. Pour en savoir plus sur les exigences concernant la taille et le nom des clés-valeurs de métadonnées, consultez Exigences relatives aux caractères et à la taille autorisés.

  10. Sélectionnez un niveau Cloud Logging pour déterminer les événements d'appareil qui sont envoyés à Cloud Logging.

  11. Cliquez sur Créer pour créer l'appareil ou sur Mettre à jour pour enregistrer les modifications apportées à un appareil existant.

gcloud

Pour créer un appareil, exécutez la commande gcloud iot devices create.

Pour créer un appareil avec une clé publique RSA, exécutez la commande suivante :

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=rsa_public.pem,type=rsa-pem

Pour créer un appareil avec un certificat de clé publique RSA, exécutez la commande suivante :

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=rsa_public.pem,type=rsa-x509-pem

Pour créer un appareil avec une clé publique ES256, exécutez la commande suivante :

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=ec_public.pem,type=es256-pem

Pour créer un appareil avec un certificat de clé publique ES256, exécutez la commande suivante :

gcloud iot devices create DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --public-key path=ec_public.pem,type=es256-x509-pem

Pour modifier un appareil, exécutez la commande gcloud iot devices update :

gcloud iot devices update DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \

API

Utilisez les méthodes suivantes pour créer ou modifier des appareils :

Lors de la création d'un appareil, les clés publiques sont spécifiées dans le champ credentials de la ressource Device de l'API Cloud IoT Core. Vous pouvez également ajouter ou modifier ce champ lorsque vous mettez à jour la ressource de l'appareil. Si un ou plusieurs certificats au niveau du registre sont présents lors de l'ajout d'un identifiant d'appareil (que ce soit par création ou modification), l'identifiant de clé publique doit être signé par l'un des certificats enregistrés au niveau du registre. Pour en savoir plus, consultez DeviceCredential dans la ressource "Appareil".

Pour les ARR, le champ Device.credentials[i].public_key.key doit être défini sur le contenu de rsa_cert.pem (y compris l'en-tête et le pied de page). Le champ Device.credentials[i].public_key.format doit être défini sur RSA_PEM ou RSA_X509_PEM.

Pour ES256, le champ Device.credentials[i].public_key.key doit être défini sur le contenu de ec_public.pem (y compris l'en-tête et le pied de page). Le champ Device.credentials[i].public_key.format doit être défini sur ES256_PEM ou ES256_X509_PEM.

L'exemple suivant montre comment créer un appareil avec des identifiants RSA :

C#

public static object CreateRsaDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId, string keyPath)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";

    try
    {
        String keyText = File.ReadAllText(keyPath);
        Device body = new Device()
        {
            Id = deviceId
        };
        body.Credentials = new List<DeviceCredential>();
        body.Credentials.Add(new DeviceCredential()
        {
            PublicKey = new PublicKeyCredential()
            {
                Key = keyText,
                Format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
            },
        });

        var device = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(body, parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device created: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// createRSA creates a device in a registry given RSA X.509 credentials.
func createRSA(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string, keyPath string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	keyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyPath)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	device := cloudiot.Device{
		Id: deviceID,
		Credentials: []*cloudiot.DeviceCredential{
			{
				PublicKey: &cloudiot.PublicKeyCredential{
					Format: "RSA_X509_PEM",
					Key:    string(keyBytes),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(parent, &device).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Successfully created RSA256 X.509 device: %s", deviceID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Create a device that is authenticated using RS256. */
protected static void createDeviceWithRs256(
    String deviceId,
    String certificateFilePath,
    String projectId,
    String cloudRegion,
    String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  PublicKeyCredential publicKeyCredential = new PublicKeyCredential();
  String key = Files.toString(new File(certificateFilePath), Charsets.UTF_8);
  publicKeyCredential.setKey(key);
  publicKeyCredential.setFormat("RSA_X509_PEM");

  DeviceCredential devCredential = new DeviceCredential();
  devCredential.setPublicKey(publicKeyCredential);

  System.out.println("Creating device with id: " + deviceId);
  Device device = new Device();
  device.setId(deviceId);
  device.setCredentials(Collections.singletonList(devCredential));
  Device createdDevice =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .create(registryPath, device)
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Created device: " + createdDevice.toPrettyString());
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-rsa-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function createDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const regPath = iotClient.registryPath(projectId, cloudRegion, registryId);
  const device = {
    id: deviceId,
    credentials: [
      {
        publicKey: {
          format: 'RSA_X509_PEM',
          key: readFileSync(rsaCertificateFile).toString(),
        },
      },
    ],
  };

  const request = {
    parent: regPath,
    device,
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.createDevice(request);
  console.log('Created device', response);
}

createDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\Device;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;

/**
 * Create a new device with the given id, using RS256 for
 * authentication.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $certificateFile Path to RS256 certificate file.
 * @param string $projectId (optional) Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function create_rsa_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $certificateFile,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Creating new RS256 Device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    $publicKey = (new PublicKeyCredential())
        ->setFormat(PublicKeyFormat::RSA_X509_PEM)
        ->setKey(file_get_contents($certificateFile));

    $credential = (new DeviceCredential())
        ->setPublicKey($publicKey);

    $device = (new Device())
        ->setId($deviceId)
        ->setCredentials([$credential]);

    $device = $deviceManager->createDevice($registryName, $device);

    printf('Device: %s : %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $device->getNumId(),
        $device->getId());
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
# certificate_file = 'path/to/certificate.pem'

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()

parent = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

with io.open(certificate_file) as f:
    certificate = f.read()

# Note: You can have multiple credentials associated with a device.
device_template = {
    "id": device_id,
    "credentials": [
        {
            "public_key": {
                "format": iot_v1.PublicKeyFormat.RSA_X509_PEM,
                "key": certificate,
            }
        }
    ],
}

return client.create_device(request={"parent": parent, "device": device_template})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to create"
# cert_path   = "The path to the RSA certificate"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

credential = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::DeviceCredential.new
credential.public_key = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::PublicKeyCredential.new
credential.public_key.format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
credential.public_key.key = File.read cert_path

device = Cloudiot::Device.new
device.id = device_id
device.credentials = [credential]

# Create the device
device = iot_client.create_project_location_registry_device parent, device

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"

L'exemple suivant montre comment créer un appareil avec des identifiants à courbe elliptique (EC) :

C#

public static object CreateEsDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId, string keyPath)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";

    try
    {
        String keyText = File.ReadAllText(keyPath);
        Device body = new Device()
        {
            Id = deviceId
        };
        body.Credentials = new List<DeviceCredential>();
        body.Credentials.Add(new DeviceCredential()
        {
            PublicKey = new PublicKeyCredential()
            {
                Key = keyText,
                Format = "ES256_PEM"
            },
        });

        var device = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(body, parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device created: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// createES creates a device in a registry with ES256 credentials.
func createES(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string, keyPath string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	keyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyPath)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	device := cloudiot.Device{
		Id: deviceID,
		Credentials: []*cloudiot.DeviceCredential{
			{
				PublicKey: &cloudiot.PublicKeyCredential{
					Format: "ES256_PEM",
					Key:    string(keyBytes),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Create(parent, &device).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Successfully created ES256 device: %s\n", deviceID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Create a device that is authenticated using ES256. */
protected static void createDeviceWithEs256(
    String deviceId,
    String publicKeyFilePath,
    String projectId,
    String cloudRegion,
    String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  PublicKeyCredential publicKeyCredential = new PublicKeyCredential();
  final String key = Files.toString(new File(publicKeyFilePath), Charsets.UTF_8);
  publicKeyCredential.setKey(key);
  publicKeyCredential.setFormat("ES256_PEM");

  DeviceCredential devCredential = new DeviceCredential();
  devCredential.setPublicKey(publicKeyCredential);

  System.out.println("Creating device with id: " + deviceId);
  Device device = new Device();
  device.setId(deviceId);
  device.setCredentials(Collections.singletonList(devCredential));

  Device createdDevice =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .create(registryPath, device)
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Created device: " + createdDevice.toPrettyString());
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-es-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function createDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const regPath = iotClient.registryPath(projectId, cloudRegion, registryId);
  const device = {
    id: deviceId,
    credentials: [
      {
        publicKey: {
          format: 'ES256_PEM',
          key: readFileSync(esCertificateFile).toString(),
        },
      },
    ],
  };
  const request = {
    parent: regPath,
    device,
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.createDevice(request);
  console.log('Created device', response);
}

createDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\Device;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;

/**
 * Create a new device with the given id, using ES256 for
 * authentication.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $publicKeyFile Path to public ES256 key file.
 * @param string $projectId (optional) Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function create_es_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $publicKeyFile,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Creating new ES256 Device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    $publicKey = (new PublicKeyCredential())
        ->setFormat(PublicKeyFormat::ES256_PEM)
        ->setKey(file_get_contents($publicKeyFile));

    $credential = (new DeviceCredential())
        ->setPublicKey($publicKey);

    $device = (new Device())
        ->setId($deviceId)
        ->setCredentials([$credential]);

    $device = $deviceManager->createDevice($registryName, $device);

    printf('Device: %s : %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $device->getNumId(),
        $device->getId());
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
# public_key_file = 'path/to/certificate.pem'

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()

parent = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

with io.open(public_key_file) as f:
    public_key = f.read()

# Note: You can have multiple credentials associated with a device.
device_template = {
    "id": device_id,
    "credentials": [
        {
            "public_key": {
                "format": iot_v1.PublicKeyFormat.ES256_PEM,
                "key": public_key,
            }
        }
    ],
}

return client.create_device(request={"parent": parent, "device": device_template})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to create"
# cert_path   = "The path to the EC certificate"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

device = Cloudiot::Device.new
device.id = device_id

pubkey = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::PublicKeyCredential.new
pubkey.key = File.read cert_path
pubkey.format = "ES256_PEM"

cred = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::DeviceCredential.new
cred.public_key = pubkey

device.credentials = [cred]

# Create the device
device = iot_client.create_project_location_registry_device parent, device

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"

L'exemple suivant montre comment appliquer des correctifs aux identifiants RSA :

C#

public static object PatchRsaDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId, string keyPath)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        String keyText = File.ReadAllText(keyPath);
        Device body = new Device();
        body.Credentials = new List<DeviceCredential>();
        body.Credentials.Add(new DeviceCredential()
        {
            PublicKey = new PublicKeyCredential()
            {
                Key = keyText,
                Format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
            },
        });

        var req = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Patch(body, name);
        req.UpdateMask = "credentials";
        var device = req.Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device patched: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// patchDeviceRSA patches a device to use RSA256 X.509 credentials.
func patchDeviceRSA(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string, keyPath string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	keyBytes, err := ioutil.ReadFile(keyPath)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	device := cloudiot.Device{
		Id: deviceID,
		Credentials: []*cloudiot.DeviceCredential{
			{
				PublicKey: &cloudiot.PublicKeyCredential{
					Format: "RSA_X509_PEM",
					Key:    string(keyBytes),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, deviceID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.
		Patch(parent, &device).UpdateMask("credentials").Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Successfully patched device with RSA256 X.509 credentials")

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Patch the device to add an RSA256 key for authentication. */
protected static void patchRsa256ForAuth(
    String deviceId,
    String publicKeyFilePath,
    String projectId,
    String cloudRegion,
    String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  PublicKeyCredential publicKeyCredential = new PublicKeyCredential();
  String key = Files.toString(new File(publicKeyFilePath), Charsets.UTF_8);
  publicKeyCredential.setKey(key);
  publicKeyCredential.setFormat("RSA_X509_PEM");

  DeviceCredential devCredential = new DeviceCredential();
  devCredential.setPublicKey(publicKeyCredential);

  Device device = new Device();
  device.setCredentials(Collections.singletonList(devCredential));

  Device patchedDevice =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .patch(devicePath, device)
          .setUpdateMask("credentials")
          .execute();

  System.out.println("Patched device is " + patchedDevice.toPrettyString());
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-rsa-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function updateDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const devPath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  const device = {
    name: devPath,
    credentials: [
      {
        publicKey: {
          format: 'RSA_X509_PEM',
          key: readFileSync(rsaPublicKeyFile).toString(),
        },
      },
    ],
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.updateDevice({
    device: device,
    updateMask: {paths: ['credentials']},
  });

  console.log('Patched device:', deviceId);
  console.log('Response', response);
}

updateDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\Device;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyCredential;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;
use Google\Protobuf\FieldMask;

/**
 * Patch the device to add an RSA256 public key to the device.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $certificateFile Path to RS256 certificate file.
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function patch_rsa(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $certificateFile,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Patch device with RSA256 certificate' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $publicKey = (new PublicKeyCredential())
        ->setFormat(PublicKeyFormat::RSA_X509_PEM)
        ->setKey(file_get_contents($certificateFile));

    $credential = (new DeviceCredential())
        ->setPublicKey($publicKey);

    $device = (new Device())
        ->setName($deviceName)
        ->setCredentials([$credential]);

    $updateMask = (new FieldMask())
        ->setPaths(['credentials']);

    $device = $deviceManager->updateDevice($device, $updateMask);
    printf('Updated device %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getName());
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
# public_key_file = 'path/to/certificate.pem'
print("Patch device with RSA256 certificate")

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

public_key_bytes = ""
with io.open(public_key_file) as f:
    public_key_bytes = f.read()

key = iot_v1.PublicKeyCredential(
    format=iot_v1.PublicKeyFormat.RSA_X509_PEM, key=public_key_bytes
)

cred = iot_v1.DeviceCredential(public_key=key)
device = client.get_device(request={"name": device_path})

device.id = b""
device.num_id = 0
device.credentials.append(cred)

mask = gp_field_mask.FieldMask()
mask.paths.append("credentials")

return client.update_device(request={"device": device, "update_mask": mask})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to patch"
# cert_path   = "The path to the RSA certificate"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"
path   = "#{parent}/devices/#{device_id}"

credential = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::DeviceCredential.new
credential.public_key = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1::PublicKeyCredential.new
credential.public_key.format = "RSA_X509_PEM"
credential.public_key.key = File.read cert_path

device = Cloudiot::Device.new
device.credentials = [credential]

# Create the device
device = iot_client.patch_project_location_registry_device(
  path, device, update_mask: "credentials"
)

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"
puts "\tCertificate formats:"
if device.credentials
  device.credentials.each { |cert| puts "\t\t#{cert.public_key.format}" }
else
  puts "\t\tNo certificates for device"
end

Consultez les exemples de gestion des appareils pour plus d'exemples de code.

Dates d'expiration des identifiants et des certificats

Lorsque vous créez un appareil et que vous ajoutez une clé publique, vous pouvez définir une date d'expiration pour la clé. Si la clé a été générée avec un certificat X.509 autosigné, celui-ci a également une date d'expiration. Toutefois, ces deux dates d'expiration sont distinctes.

Si la clé expire ou si le certificat X.509 autosigné y est arrivé, l'appareil ne pourra pas se connecter à Cloud IoT Core. De plus, si vous essayez de créer ou de mettre à jour un appareil avec un certificat X.509 arrivé à expiration, Cloud IoT Core affiche une erreur.

Récupération des détails de l'appareil...

Vous pouvez obtenir des informations sur un ou plusieurs appareils à l'aide de la console, de l'API ou de gcloud.

Console

  1. Accédez à la page Registres de la console.

    Accéder à la page Registres

  2. Cliquez sur l'ID du registre de l'appareil.

  3. Dans le menu de gauche, cliquez sur Appareils.

  4. Cliquez sur l'ID de l'appareil pour accéder à la page Détails de l'appareil. Cette page récapitule l'activité récente sur les appareils, y compris la date et l'heure de la dernière publication d'un message. Cette page affiche également l'identifiant numérique de l'appareil.

  5. Cliquez sur l'onglet Configuration et historique pour voir les versions de configuration et les heures de mise à jour récentes de l'appareil.

Les champs de la dernière pulsation et de la dernière confirmation de configuration sont liés au pont MQTT. Le pont HTTP n'est pas compatible avec les accusés de réception beatbox ou explicites.

gcloud

Pour répertorier les appareils d'un registre, exécutez la commande gcloud iot devices list :

gcloud iot devices list \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --region=REGION

Pour afficher les détails d'un appareil, exécutez la commande gcloud iot devices describe :

gcloud iot devices describe DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --region=REGION

API

Utilisez les méthodes suivantes pour obtenir des détails sur les appareils :

L'exemple suivant montre comment répertorier les appareils d'un registre :

C#

public static object ListDevices(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var parent = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";
    try
    {
        var result = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.List(parent).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Devices: ");
        result.Devices.ToList().ForEach(response =>
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"{response.Id}");
            Console.WriteLine($"\t{response.Config}");
            Console.WriteLine($"\t{response.Name}");
        });
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        return e.Error.Code;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// listDevices gets the identifiers of devices for a specific registry.
func listDevices(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string) ([]*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	parent := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.List(parent).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Devices:")
	for _, device := range response.Devices {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t%s\n", device.Id)
	}

	return response.Devices, nil
}

Java

/** Print all of the devices in this registry to standard out. */
protected static void listDevices(String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  List<Device> devices =
      service
          .projects()
          .locations()
          .registries()
          .devices()
          .list(registryPath)
          .execute()
          .getDevices();

  if (devices != null) {
    System.out.println("Found " + devices.size() + " devices");
    for (Device d : devices) {
      System.out.println("Id: " + d.getId());
      if (d.getConfig() != null) {
        // Note that this will show the device config in Base64 encoded format.
        System.out.println("Config: " + d.getConfig().toPrettyString());
      }
      System.out.println();
    }
  } else {
    System.out.println("Registry has no devices.");
  }
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function listDevices() {
  // Construct request
  const parentName = iotClient.registryPath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId
  );

  // See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
  // Warning! Use snake_case field names.
  const fieldMask = {
    paths: [
      'id',
      'name',
      'num_id',
      'credentials',
      'last_heartbeat_time',
      'last_event_time',
      'last_state_time',
      'last_config_ack_time',
      'last_config_send_time',
      'blocked',
      'last_error_time',
      'last_error_status',
      'config',
      'state',
      'log_level',
      'metadata',
      'gateway_config',
    ],
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.listDevices({
    parent: parentName,
    fieldMask,
  });
  const devices = response;

  if (devices.length > 0) {
    console.log('Current devices in registry:');
  } else {
    console.log('No devices in registry.');
  }

  for (let i = 0; i < devices.length; i++) {
    const device = devices[i];
    console.log(`Device ${i}: `, device);
  }
}

listDevices();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * List all devices in the registry.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function list_devices(
    $registryId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Listing devices' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();

    // Format the full registry path
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    // Call the API
    $devices = $deviceManager->listDevices($registryName);

    // Print the result
    foreach ($devices->iterateAllElements() as $device) {
        printf('Device: %s : %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $device->getNumId(),
            $device->getId());
    }
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
print("Listing devices")

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
registry_path = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

# See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
# Warning! Use snake_case field names.
field_mask = gp_field_mask.FieldMask(
    paths=[
        "id",
        "name",
        "num_id",
        "credentials",
        "last_heartbeat_time",
        "last_event_time",
        "last_state_time",
        "last_config_ack_time",
        "last_config_send_time",
        "blocked",
        "last_error_time",
        "last_error_status",
        "config",
        "state",
        "log_level",
        "metadata",
        "gateway_config",
    ]
)

devices = list(
    client.list_devices(request={"parent": registry_path, "field_mask": field_mask})
)
for device in devices:
    print(device)

return devices

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to list devices from"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
resource = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

# List the devices in the provided region
response = iot_client.list_project_location_registry_devices(
  resource
)

puts "Devices:"
if response.devices && response.devices.any?
  response.devices.each { |device| puts "\t#{device.id}" }
else
  puts "\tNo device registries found in this region for your project."
end

L'exemple suivant montre comment récupérer un appareil et ses métadonnées à partir d'un registre d'appareils :

C#

public static object GetDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        var device = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Get(name).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine("Device: ");
        Console.WriteLine($"{device.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tBlocked: {device.Blocked == true}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tConfig version: {device.Config.Version}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tFirst Credential Expiry: {device.Credentials.First().ExpirationTime}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tLast State Time:{device.LastStateTime}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tName: {device.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"\tState:{device.State}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// getDevice retrieves a specific device and prints its details.
func getDevice(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, device string) (*cloudiot.Device, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	path := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, device)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Get(path).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tId: %s\n", response.Id)
	for _, credential := range response.Credentials {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\tCredential Expire: %s\n", credential.ExpirationTime)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t\tCredential Type: %s\n", credential.PublicKey.Format)
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "\t\t--------")
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Config Ack: %s\n", response.LastConfigAckTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Config Send: %s\n", response.LastConfigSendTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Event Time: %s\n", response.LastEventTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast Heartbeat Time: %s\n", response.LastHeartbeatTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tLast State Time: %s\n", response.LastStateTime)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tNumId: %d\n", response.NumId)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Retrieves device metadata from a registry. * */
protected static Device getDevice(
    String deviceId, String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  System.out.println("Retrieving device " + devicePath);
  return service.projects().locations().registries().devices().get(devicePath).execute();
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function getDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const devicePath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  // See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
  // Warning! Use snake_case field names.
  const fieldMask = {
    paths: [
      'id',
      'name',
      'num_id',
      'credentials',
      'last_heartbeat_time',
      'last_event_time',
      'last_state_time',
      'last_config_ack_time',
      'last_config_send_time',
      'blocked',
      'last_error_time',
      'last_error_status',
      'config',
      'state',
      'log_level',
      'metadata',
      'gateway_config',
    ],
  };

  const [response] = await iotClient.getDevice({
    name: devicePath,
    fieldMask,
  });
  const data = response;

  console.log('Found device:', deviceId, data);
}

getDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;
use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\PublicKeyFormat;

/**
 * Retrieve the device with the given id.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function get_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Getting device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $device = $deviceManager->getDevice($deviceName);

    $formats = [
        PublicKeyFormat::UNSPECIFIED_PUBLIC_KEY_FORMAT => 'unspecified',
        PublicKeyFormat::RSA_X509_PEM => 'RSA_X509_PEM',
        PublicKeyFormat::ES256_PEM => 'ES256_PEM',
        PublicKeyFormat::RSA_PEM => 'RSA_PEM',
        PublicKeyFormat::ES256_X509_PEM => 'ES256_X509_PEM',
    ];

    printf('ID: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getId());
    printf('Name: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getName());
    foreach ($device->getCredentials() as $credential) {
        print('Certificate:' . PHP_EOL);
        printf('    Format: %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $formats[$credential->getPublicKey()->getFormat()]);
        printf('    Expiration: %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $credential->getExpirationTime()->toDateTime()->format('Y-m-d H:i:s'));
    }
    printf('Data: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getConfig()->getBinaryData());
    printf('Version: %s' . PHP_EOL, $device->getConfig()->getVersion());
    printf('Update Time: %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $device->getConfig()->getCloudUpdateTime()->toDateTime()->format('Y-m-d H:i:s'));
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
print("Getting device")
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

# See full list of device fields: https://cloud.google.com/iot/docs/reference/cloudiot/rest/v1/projects.locations.registries.devices
# Warning! Use snake_case field names.
field_mask = gp_field_mask.FieldMask(
    paths=[
        "id",
        "name",
        "num_id",
        "credentials",
        "last_heartbeat_time",
        "last_event_time",
        "last_state_time",
        "last_config_ack_time",
        "last_config_send_time",
        "blocked",
        "last_error_time",
        "last_error_status",
        "config",
        "state",
        "log_level",
        "metadata",
        "gateway_config",
    ]
)

device = client.get_device(request={"name": device_path, "field_mask": field_mask})

print("Id : {}".format(device.id))
print("Name : {}".format(device.name))
print("Credentials:")

if device.credentials is not None:
    for credential in device.credentials:
        keyinfo = credential.public_key
        print("\tcertificate: \n{}".format(keyinfo.key))

        if keyinfo.format == 4:
            keyformat = "ES256_X509_PEM"
        elif keyinfo.format == 3:
            keyformat = "RSA_PEM"
        elif keyinfo.format == 2:
            keyformat = "ES256_PEM"
        elif keyinfo.format == 1:
            keyformat = "RSA_X509_PEM"
        else:
            keyformat = "UNSPECIFIED_PUBLIC_KEY_FORMAT"
        print("\tformat : {}".format(keyformat))
        print("\texpiration: {}".format(credential.expiration_time))

print("Config:")
print("\tdata: {}".format(device.config.binary_data))
print("\tversion: {}".format(device.config.version))
print("\tcloudUpdateTime: {}".format(device.config.cloud_update_time))

return device

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to get a device from"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to get"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"
resource = "#{parent}/registries/#{registry_id}/devices/#{device_id}"

# List the devices in the provided region
device = iot_client.get_project_location_registry_device(
  resource
)

puts "Device: #{device.id}"
puts "\tBlocked: #{device.blocked}"
puts "\tLast Event Time: #{device.last_event_time}"
puts "\tLast State Time: #{device.last_state_time}"
puts "\tName: #{device.name}"
puts "\tCertificate formats:"
if device.credentials
  device.credentials.each { |cert| puts "\t\t#{cert.public_key.format}" }
else
  puts "\t\tNo certificates for device"
end

L'exemple suivant montre comment récupérer l'état d'un appareil à partir d'un registre d'appareils :

C#

public static object GetDeviceStates(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();

    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        Console.WriteLine("States: ");
        var res = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.States.List(name).Execute();
        res.DeviceStates.ToList().ForEach(state =>
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"\t{state.UpdateTime}: {state.BinaryData}");
        });
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// getDeviceStates retrieves and lists device states.
func getDeviceStates(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, device string) ([]*cloudiot.DeviceState, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	path := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, device)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.States.List(path).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintln(w, "Successfully retrieved device states!")

	for _, state := range response.DeviceStates {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s : %s\n", state.UpdateTime, state.BinaryData)
	}

	return response.DeviceStates, nil
}

Java

/** Retrieves device metadata from a registry. * */
protected static List<DeviceState> getDeviceStates(
    String deviceId, String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  System.out.println("Retrieving device states " + devicePath);

  ListDeviceStatesResponse resp =
      service.projects().locations().registries().devices().states().list(devicePath).execute();

  return resp.getDeviceStates();
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const deviceId = 'my-device';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');
const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function listDeviceStates() {
  const devicePath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  const [response] = await iotClient.listDeviceStates({name: devicePath});
  const states = response.deviceStates;
  if (states.length === 0) {
    console.log(`No States for device: ${deviceId}`);
  } else {
    console.log(`States for device: ${deviceId}`);
  }

  for (let i = 0; i < states.length; i++) {
    const state = states[i];
    console.log(
      'State:',
      state,
      '\nData:\n',
      state.binaryData.toString('utf8')
    );
  }
}

listDeviceStates();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * Retrieve a device's state blobs.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function get_device_state(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Getting device state' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $response = $deviceManager->listDeviceStates($deviceName);

    foreach ($response->getDeviceStates() as $state) {
        print('State:' . PHP_EOL);
        printf('    Data: %s' . PHP_EOL, $state->getBinaryData());
        printf('    Update Time: %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $state->getUpdateTime()->toDateTime()->format('Y-m-d H:i:s'));
    }
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

device = client.get_device(request={"name": device_path})
print("Last state: {}".format(device.state))

print("State history")
states = client.list_device_states(request={"name": device_path}).device_states
for state in states:
    print("State: {}".format(state))

return states

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to get device states from"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to get states for"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent   = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"
resource = "#{parent}/registries/#{registry_id}/devices/#{device_id}"

# List the configurations for the provided device
result = iot_client.list_project_location_registry_device_states(
  resource
)
if result.device_states
  result.device_states.each do |state|
    puts "#{state.update_time}: #{state.binary_data}"
  end
else
  puts "No state messages"
end

Consultez les exemples de gestion des appareils pour plus d'exemples de code.

Supprimer des appareils et des registres

Vous pouvez supprimer des appareils et des registres à l'aide de la console, de l'API ou de gcloud. Pour supprimer un registre, commencez par supprimer tous les appareils qu'il contient.

Console

Vous pouvez supprimer un ou plusieurs appareils de la liste des appareils de registre.

Pour supprimer des appareils :

  1. Accédez à la page Registres de la console.

    Accéder à la page Registres

  2. Cliquez sur l'ID du registre de l'appareil.

  3. Dans le menu de gauche, cliquez sur Appareils.

  4. Sélectionnez chaque appareil à supprimer, puis cliquez sur Supprimer.

  5. Confirmez que vous souhaitez supprimer les appareils sélectionnés, puis cliquez sur Supprimer.

gcloud

Pour supprimer un appareil, exécutez la commande gcloud iot devices delete :

gcloud iot devices delete DEVICE_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --registry=REGISTRY_ID \
  --region=REGION

Pour supprimer un registre, exécutez la commande gcloud iot registries delete :

gcloud iot registries delete REGISTRY_ID \
  --project=PROJECT_ID \
  --region=REGION

API

Utilisez les méthodes suivantes pour supprimer des appareils et des registres :

L'exemple suivant montre comment supprimer un appareil d'un registre :

C#

public static object DeleteDevice(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId, string deviceId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}/devices/{deviceId}";

    try
    {
        var res = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Delete(name).Execute();
        Console.WriteLine($"Removed device: {deviceId}");
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// deleteDevice deletes a device from a registry.
func deleteDevice(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string, deviceID string) (*cloudiot.Empty, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	path := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s", projectID, region, registryID, deviceID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Devices.Delete(path).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted device: %s\n", deviceID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Delete the given device from the registry. */
protected static void deleteDevice(
    String deviceId, String projectId, String cloudRegion, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String devicePath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s/devices/%s",
          projectId, cloudRegion, registryName, deviceId);

  System.out.println("Deleting device " + devicePath);
  service.projects().locations().registries().devices().delete(devicePath).execute();
}

Node.js

// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';
const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function deleteDevice() {
  // Construct request
  const devPath = iotClient.devicePath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId,
    deviceId
  );

  const [responses] = await iotClient.deleteDevice({name: devPath});
  console.log('Successfully deleted device', responses);
}

deleteDevice();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * Delete the device with the given id.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $deviceId IOT Device ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function delete_device(
    $registryId,
    $deviceId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    print('Deleting Device' . PHP_EOL);

    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();
    $deviceName = $deviceManager->deviceName($projectId, $location, $registryId, $deviceId);

    $response = $deviceManager->deleteDevice($deviceName);

    printf('Deleted %s' . PHP_EOL, $deviceName);
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
# device_id = 'your-device-id'
print("Delete device")
client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()

device_path = client.device_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id, device_id)

return client.delete_device(request={"name": device_path})

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region the registry is located in"
# registry_id = "The registry to create a device in"
# device_id   = "The identifier of the device to delete"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
parent = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}"
device_path = "#{parent}/registries/#{registry_id}/devices/#{device_id}"

# Delete the device
result = iot_client.delete_project_location_registry_device(
  device_path
)

puts "Deleted device."

L'exemple suivant montre comment supprimer un registre :

C#

public static object DeleteRegistry(string projectId, string cloudRegion, string registryId)
{
    var cloudIot = CreateAuthorizedClient();
    // The resource name of the location associated with the key rings.
    var name = $"projects/{projectId}/locations/{cloudRegion}/registries/{registryId}";

    try
    {
        var registry = cloudIot.Projects.Locations.Registries.Delete(name).Execute();
    }
    catch (Google.GoogleApiException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        if (e.Error != null) return e.Error.Code;
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

Go


// deleteRegistry deletes a device registry if it is empty.
func deleteRegistry(w io.Writer, projectID string, region string, registryID string) (*cloudiot.Empty, error) {
	// Authorize the client using Application Default Credentials.
	// See https://g.co/dv/identity/protocols/application-default-credentials
	ctx := context.Background()
	httpClient, err := google.DefaultClient(ctx, cloudiot.CloudPlatformScope)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	client, err := cloudiot.New(httpClient)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	name := fmt.Sprintf("projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectID, region, registryID)
	response, err := client.Projects.Locations.Registries.Delete(name).Do()
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Deleted registry: %s\n", registryID)

	return response, nil
}

Java

/** Delete this registry from Cloud IoT. */
protected static void deleteRegistry(String cloudRegion, String projectId, String registryName)
    throws GeneralSecurityException, IOException {
  GoogleCredentials credential =
      GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault().createScoped(CloudIotScopes.all());
  JsonFactory jsonFactory = JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance();
  HttpRequestInitializer init = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(credential);
  final CloudIot service =
      new CloudIot.Builder(GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(), jsonFactory, init)
          .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
          .build();

  final String registryPath =
      String.format(
          "projects/%s/locations/%s/registries/%s", projectId, cloudRegion, registryName);

  System.out.println("Deleting: " + registryPath);
  service.projects().locations().registries().delete(registryPath).execute();
}

Node.js

// Client retrieved in callback
// const cloudRegion = 'us-central1';
// const projectId = 'adjective-noun-123';
// const registryId = 'my-registry';

const iot = require('@google-cloud/iot');

const iotClient = new iot.v1.DeviceManagerClient({
  // optional auth parameters.
});

async function deleteDeviceRegistry() {
  // Construct request
  const registryName = iotClient.registryPath(
    projectId,
    cloudRegion,
    registryId
  );

  const [response] = await iotClient.deleteDeviceRegistry({
    name: registryName,
  });
  console.log(response);
  console.log('Successfully deleted registry');
}

deleteDeviceRegistry();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Iot\V1\DeviceManagerClient;

/**
 * Deletes the specified registry.
 *
 * @param string $registryId IOT Device Registry ID
 * @param string $projectId Google Cloud project ID
 * @param string $location (Optional) Google Cloud region
 */
function delete_registry(
    $registryId,
    $projectId,
    $location = 'us-central1'
) {
    // Instantiate a client.
    $deviceManager = new DeviceManagerClient();

    // Format the full registry path
    $registryName = $deviceManager->registryName($projectId, $location, $registryId);

    $deviceManager->deleteDeviceRegistry($registryName);

    printf('Deleted Registry %s' . PHP_EOL, $registryId);
}

Python

Cet exemple utilise la bibliothèque cliente des API Google pour Python.
# project_id = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID'
# cloud_region = 'us-central1'
# registry_id = 'your-registry-id'
print("Delete registry")

client = iot_v1.DeviceManagerClient()
registry_path = client.registry_path(project_id, cloud_region, registry_id)

try:
    client.delete_device_registry(request={"name": registry_path})
    print("Deleted registry")
    return "Registry deleted"
except HttpError:
    print("Error, registry not deleted")
    raise

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# location_id = "The Cloud region that you created the registry in"
# registry_id = "The Google Cloud IoT Core device registry identifier"

require "google/apis/cloudiot_v1"

# Initialize the client and authenticate with the specified scope
Cloudiot   = Google::Apis::CloudiotV1
iot_client = Cloudiot::CloudIotService.new
iot_client.authorization = Google::Auth.get_application_default(
  "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform"
)

# The resource name of the location associated with the project
resource = "projects/#{project_id}/locations/#{location_id}/registries/#{registry_id}"

result = iot_client.delete_project_location_registry resource
puts "Deleted registry: #{registry_id}"

Pour obtenir plus d'exemples de codes, consultez les exemples de gestion du registre et les exemples de gestion des appareils.

Étapes suivantes