Formatting data values with LookML

Stay organized with collections Save and categorize content based on your preferences.

This page provides an overview of the LookML parameters that modify the appearance and behavior of the data values that are displayed in data tables and visualizations. For example, you can specify currency formatting so that a data value such as 1234 renders as $1,234.00 in data tables and visualizations. You can also specify clickable behaviors for fields so that users can click the fields to trigger actions or follow links.

Modifying formatting for data values

This section describes LookML parameters that change how data values appear to users.

Parameter Description Example
value_format Use value_format to format the output of a type: number field using Excel-style options.

Note that value_format has no effect on fields that are not type: number.
measure: total_order_amount {
  type: sum
  sql: ${order_amount} ;;
  value_format: "$#,##0.00"
}
value_format_name Use value_format to format the output of a type: number field using a built-in or custom named_value_format.

Note that value_format and value_format_name have no effect on fields that are not type: number.
measure: total_order_amount {
  type: sum
  sql: ${order_amount} ;;
  value_format_name: usd
}
style Use the style parameter to change the formatting of fields of type: tier.

Note that style is the only LookML parameter that affects the formatting of type: tier fields.
dimension: age_tier {
  type: tier
  tiers: [0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80]
  style: classic
  sql: ${age} ;;
}
html Use the html parameter to apply HTML formatting to your field. For example, you can change the font, font size, font weight, or font color. The example in this table shows how to add emoji to a field based on its value. dimension: status {
  sql: ${TABLE}.status ;;
  html: {% if value == 'Shipped' or value == 'Complete' %}
    <p>✅ {{ value }}</p>
  {% elsif value == 'Processing' %}
    <p>⏳ {{ value }}</p>
  {% else %}
    <p>❌ {{ value }}</p>
  {% endif %}
  ;;
}
sql Use the sql parameter to change your data values using SQL. Use any SQL transformations allowed by your database. The example in this table shows how to add emoji to a field based on its value. dimension: status {
  sql: CASE WHEN (${TABLE}.status = 'Shipped' OR ${TABLE}.status = 'Complete') ;;
    THEN CONCAT('✅ ', ${TABLE}.status)
  WHEN ${TABLE}.status = 'Processing'
    THEN CONCAT('⏳ ', ${TABLE}.status)
  ELSE
    CONCAT('❌ ', ${TABLE}.status)
  END
  ;;
}

Modifying clickable actions for data values

This section describes LookML parameters that determine a field's behavior when clicking on data values in the data table or visualization.

Parameter Description Example
drill_fields Use drill_fields to specify which fields are displayed when the user drills into the data. Note that dimensions and measures have different drilling behavior.

For advanced options for building out a custom drill path, see More powerful data drilling.
dimension: country {
  sql: ${TABLE}.country ;;
  drill_fields: [state, city]
}
action Use action to create a data action on a field, which lets users perform tasks in other tools directly from Looker.

When a field has one or more actions defined, then ellipses (...) will appear next to the field in data tables. Clicking on the field or the ellipses will bring up a menu from which users can select an action or drill into the data.
dimension: action_example {
  action: {
    label: "Send a Thing"
    url: "https://example.com/ping/{{ value }}"
    form_url: "https://example.com/ping/{{ value }}/form.json"
  }
}
link Use link to create a link on a field.

When a field has one or more links defined, then ellipses (...) will appear next to the field in data tables. Clicking on the field or the ellipses will bring up a menu from which users can select a link or drill into the data.
dimension: artist_name {
  link: {
    label: "Google"
    url: "http://www.google.com/search?q={{ value }}"
    icon_url: "http://google.com/favicon.ico"
  }
}
html Use html to write custom HTML formatting for a field. With HTML tags such as the <a> tag, you can specify one or more hyperlinks in your field.

If a field has one or more actions or links defined, then ellipses (...) will appear next to the field in data tables, regardless of the html definition. Clicking on the field or the ellipses will bring up a menu from which users can select any available links or actions.
dimension: artist_name {
  html: <p>{{value}} (<a href="#drillmenu">Drill menu</a>, <a href="http://www.google.com/search?q={{ value }}">Google search</a></p>;;
  sql: ${TABLE}.artist_name ;;
  type: string
}