Configure SAP HANA Monitoring metrics collection

This guide shows you how to configure Google Cloud's Agent for SAP to collect the SAP HANA monitoring metrics from your SAP HANA systems.

For information about this feature, see Monitoring SAP HANA using Google Cloud's Agent for SAP.

Before you begin

Set IAM roles

To allow Google Cloud's Agent for SAP collect the SAP HANA Monitoring metrics, you must ensure that the service account being used by your Compute Engine VM instance or Bare Metal Solution server includes the following roles:

To add these required roles to your service account, follow these steps:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the IAM page.

    Go to IAM

  2. Select your Google Cloud project.

  3. Identify the service account to which you want to add a role.

    • If the service account isn't already on the principals list, then it doesn't have any roles assigned to it. Click Add and enter the email address of the service account.
    • If the service account is already on the principals list, then it has existing roles. Click the Edit button for the service account that you want to edit.
  4. Select the required role from the list of available roles:

    • Compute Viewer
    • Monitoring > Monitoring Metric Writer
    • Secret Manager > Secret Manager Secret Accessor
  5. Click Add or Save to apply the roles to the service account.

Enable SAP HANA Monitoring metrics collection

To enable the collection of SAP HANA Monitoring metrics using Google Cloud's Agent for SAP, follow these steps:

  1. Establish an SSH connection with your Compute Engine VM instance or Bare Metal Solution server.

  2. Open the agent's configuration file:

    /etc/google-cloud-sap-agent/configuration.json
  3. In the hana_monitoring_configuration section, perform the following:

    • For the parameter enabled, set the value true.
    • In the hana_instances section, specify the SAP HANA instances that you want the agent to monitor.
    • Optionally, define custom queries. For information about defining custom queries and see examples, see Defining custom queries.
    • Optionally, disable the built-in or default queries. For instructions, see Disable a SQL query.

      For information about the configuration parameters, see Configuration parameters.

  4. Optionally, under the cloud_properties section, you can update the parameter values that are set automatically. To do so, add the cloud_properties section to your configuration file, and then specify the required parameters and their values.

  5. Save the configuration file.

  6. Restart the agent for the new settings to take effect:

    sudo systemctl restart google-cloud-sap-agent

Example configuration files

Compute Engine VM instance

The following example is a completed configuration file of Google Cloud's Agent for SAP running on a Compute Engine VM instance, where the collection of SAP HANA monitoring metrics is enabled. Note that the custom query included in this example, named custom_query, follows the custom query definition guidelines specified in Defining custom queries.

{
  "provide_sap_host_agent_metrics": true,
  "bare_metal": false,
  "log_level": "INFO",
  "log_to_cloud": true,
  "collection_configuration": {
    "collect_workload_validation_metrics": false,
    "collect_process_metrics": false
  },
  "cloud_properties": {
    "project_id": "my-project",
    "instance_name": "vm-instance-1",
    "image": "rhel-8"
  },
  "discovery_configuration": {
    "enable_discovery": true
  },
  "hana_monitoring_configuration": {
    "enabled": true,
    "sample_interval_sec": 60,
    "query_timeout_sec": 30,
    "execution_threads": 20,
    "hana_instances": [
      {
        "name": "local",
        "sid": "DEH",
        "host": "localhost",
        "port": "30015",
        "user": "system",
        "secret_name": "password-secret-name"
      },
      {
        "name": "remote",
        "sid": "DEH",
        "host": "10.123.0.12",
        "port": "30015",
        "user": "system",
        "secret_name": "password-secret-name"
      }
    ],
    "queries": [
      {
        "name": "custom_query",
        "enabled": true,
        "sql": "SELECT * FROM MyTable;",
        "columns": [
          {
            "name": "string",
            "metric_type": "METRIC_LABEL",
            "value_type": "VALUE_STRING"
          },
          {
            "name": "bool",
            "metric_type": "METRIC_GAUGE",
            "value_type": "VALUE_BOOL"
          },
          {
            "name": "int",
            "metric_type": "METRIC_GAUGE",
            "value_type": "VALUE_INT64"
          },
          {
            "name": "double",
            "metric_type": "METRIC_GAUGE",
            "value_type": "VALUE_DOUBLE"
          }
        ]
      },
      {
        "name": "default_host_queries",
        "enabled": false
      }
    ]
  }
}

Bare Metal Solution server

The following example is a completed configuration file of Google Cloud's Agent for SAP running on a Bare Metal Solution server, where the collection of SAP HANA monitoring metrics is enabled. Note that the custom query included in this example, named custom_query, follows the custom query definition guidelines specified in Defining custom queries.

{
  "provide_sap_host_agent_metrics": true,
  "bare_metal": true,
  "log_level": "INFO",
  "log_to_cloud": true,
  "collection_configuration": {
    "collect_workload_validation_metrics": false,
    "collect_process_metrics": false
  },
  "cloud_properties": {
    "project_id": "my-project",
    "instance_name": "bms-machine-1"
"region": "us-central1", "image": "rhel-8" }, "discovery_configuration": { "enable_discovery": true }, "hana_monitoring_configuration": { "enabled": true, "sample_interval_sec": 60, "query_timeout_sec": 30, "execution_threads": 20, "hana_instances": [ { "name": "local", "sid": "DEH", "host": "localhost", "port": "30015", "user": "system", "secret_name": "password-secret-name" }, { "name": "remote", "sid": "DEH", "host": "10.123.0.12", "port": "30015", "user": "system", "secret_name": "password-secret-name" } ], "queries": [ { "name": "custom_query", "enabled": true, "sql": "SELECT * FROM MyTable;", "columns": [ { "name": "string", "metric_type": "METRIC_LABEL", "value_type": "VALUE_STRING" }, { "name": "bool", "metric_type": "METRIC_GAUGE", "value_type": "VALUE_BOOL" }, { "name": "int", "metric_type": "METRIC_GAUGE", "value_type": "VALUE_INT64" }, { "name": "double", "metric_type": "METRIC_GAUGE", "value_type": "VALUE_DOUBLE" } ] }, { "name": "default_host_queries", "enabled": false } ] } }

Define a custom SQL query

Google Cloud's Agent for SAP collects the SAP HANA monitoring metrics by running SQL queries on your SAP HANA instances. In addition to these default queries, you can define and run custom SQL queries by completing the following steps:

  1. Establish an SSH connection with your Compute Engine VM instance or Bare Metal Solution server.

  2. Open the agent's configuration file:

    /etc/google-cloud-sap-agent/configuration.json
  3. Under the hana_monitoring_configuration.queries section, define your custom query.

    For information about defining custom queries and see examples, see Defining custom queries.

  4. To enable a custom query, set its enabled parameter to true.

  5. Save the configuration file.

  6. Restart the agent for the new settings to take effect:

    sudo systemctl restart google-cloud-sap-agent

Disable a SQL query

If you don't want to run any of the built-in SQL queries that Google Cloud's Agent for SAP provides by default, or any of the custom queries that you define, then you can disable the SQL query by completing the following steps:

  1. Establish an SSH connection with your Compute Engine VM instance or Bare Metal Solution server.

  2. Open the agent's configuration file:

    /etc/google-cloud-sap-agent/configuration.json
  3. To disable a built-in or default query, include the following under the hana_monitoring_configuration.queries section:

    {
    "name": "default_QUERY_NAME",
    "enabled": false
    }

    Replace QUERY_NAME with the name of the default query. For information about the default queries, see Default query reference.

  4. To disable a custom query, set the enabled parameter to false for that custom query.

  5. Save the configuration file.

  6. Restart the agent for the new settings to take effect:

    sudo systemctl restart google-cloud-sap-agent

Configuration parameters

The following table explains the configuration parameters of Google Cloud's Agent for SAP that are specific to the collection of the SAP HANA Monitoring metrics.

Parameters
provide_sap_host_agent_metrics

Boolean

To enable the collection of the metrics required by the SAP Host Agent, specify true. Default is true.
Don't set provide_sap_host_agent_metrics to false unless you are directed by Cloud Customer Care or SAP Support.

bare_metal

Boolean

When the agent is installed on a Bare Metal Solution server, specify true. Default is false.

log_level

String

To set the logging level of the agent, set the required value. The available log levels are as follows:

  • DEBUG
  • INFO
  • WARNING
  • ERROR

Default is INFO. Don't change the logging level unless you are directed by Cloud Customer Care.

log_to_cloud

Boolean

To redirect the agent's logs to Cloud Logging, specify true. The default is true.

cloud_properties.project_id

String

If your SAP system is running on a Bare Metal Solution server, then specify the project ID of the Google Cloud project that you are using with Bare Metal Solution.

When the agent runs on a VM instance, by default, the agent detects the project ID automatically.

cloud_properties.instance_name

String

If your SAP system is running on a Compute Engine VM instance, then specify the name that VM instance. The agent automatically detects the VM instance name upon installation.

If your SAP system is running on a Bare Metal Solution server, then specify the name of that server.

cloud_properties.region

String

If your SAP system is running on a Bare Metal Solution server, then specify the region of the Bare Metal Solution server.

When the agent runs on a VM instance, by default, the agent uses the region of the VM instance that the agent is installed on.

cloud_properties.zone

String

When the agent runs on a VM instance, by default, the agent uses the zone of the VM instance that the agent is installed on.

cloud_properties.image

String

Specify the OS image name of the instance.

When the agent runs on a VM instance, by default, the agent detects the OS image of the VM instance that the agent is installed on.

cloud_properties.numeric_project_id

String

Specify the numeric ID of the Google Cloud project that the SAP system is running in.

When the agent runs on a VM instance, by default, the agent detects the numeric project ID automatically.

discovery_configuration.enable_workload_discovery

Boolean

To let the agent collect the names and versions of the SAP products running on the host, specify true. The default value is true.

For more information, see the agent's codebase in the google-cloud-sap-agent GitHub repository under GoogleCloudPlatform/sapagent.

discovery_configuration.enable_discovery

Boolean

To send to Cloud Logging the information that the agent collects about the SAP products running on the host, specify true. The default value is true.

If you specify the value false, then the agent stores the collected information on the host and doesn't send it to Cloud Logging.

hana_monitoring_configuration.enabled

Boolean

Optional. To enable Google Cloud's Agent for SAP to collect the SAP HANA monitoring metrics, specify true. The default value is false.

The following child parameters are applicable only when you specify hana_monitoring_configuration.enabled: true.
hana_monitoring_configuration.sample_interval_sec

Int

Optional. Specify the sample interval, in seconds, which determines the frequency at which Google Cloud's Agent for SAP queries your SAP HANA instances to collect the SAP HANA monitoring metrics. The default value is 300 seconds.

For each query defined in the configuration file of Google Cloud's Agent for SAP, you can overwrite the global sample interval by specifying the required interval to the parameter sample_interval_sec. Sample intervals must be 5 seconds or longer.

hana_monitoring_configuration.query_timeout_sec

Int

Optional. Specify the timeout for each query made to the SAP HANA instances. The default value is 300 seconds.

hana_monitoring_configuration.execution_threads

Int

Optional. Specify the number of threads used to send queries to the SAP HANA instances. Each query runs on its own thread. The default value is 10.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.name

String

Specify the name identifier for your SAP HANA instance.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.sid

String

Specify the SID of your SAP HANA instance. This string is added as a label to all the metrics resulting from querying your SAP HANA instances.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.host

String

Specify the identifier for the machine, either local or remote, that hosts your SAP HANA instance. The following are the supported values:

  • If the host is a local machine, then specify the string localhost or the localhost loopback IP address, like 127.0.0.1.
  • If the host is a remote machine, then specify its internal or external IP address.
hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.port

String

Specify the port on which your SAP HANA instance accepts queries. For the first or only tenant database instance, the port is 3NN15, where NN is the instance number of the SAP HANA instance.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.user

String

Specify the user account that is used to query the SAP HANA instance.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.password

String

Optional. Specify the password, as plain text, that authenticates the user account for querying the SAP HANA instance.

To enable authentication, you must specify one of the following:

  • The plain text password to the parameter password.
  • (Recommended) If you use Secret Manager to store the password as a secret, then you must specify the corresponding secret name to the parameter secret_name.

If you use both the parameters, then the parameter password is used.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.secret_name

String

Optional. Specify the name of the secret in Secret Manager that stores the user account's password.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.enable_ssl

Boolean

Optional. Specifies whether or not SSL is enabled in your SAP HANA instance. The default value is false.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.host_name_in_certificate

String

If you specify enable_ssl: true for an SAP HANA instance, then you must specify the hostname that is set in the SSL certificate.

hana_monitoring_configuration.hana_instances.tls_root_ca_file

String

If you specify enable_ssl: true for an SAP HANA instance, then you must specify the path for your security certificate.

hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.enabled

Boolean

Optional. To enable a SQL query for all your SAP HANA instances, specify the value true for the parameter enabled for that SQL query.

hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.name

String

If you have defined custom queries in your configuration file, then you must specify a unique name for each custom query.

The query name must be unique because it is used to build the metric's default URL in Monitoring.

hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.sql

String

Specify the SQL statement that the agent issues to your SAP HANA instances.

The SQL statement must conform to the SQL syntax defined by SAP in SAP HANA SQL and System Views Reference.
hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.sample_interval_sec

Int

Optional. Specify the sample interval for the SQL query. This overrides the global sample interval. The value must be 5 seconds or longer.

hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.columns.name

String

Specify a name that uniquely identifies each column.

The column name must be unique because it is used to build the metric's default URL in Monitoring.

hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.columns.metric_type

String

For handling by Monitoring, specify one of the following metric types: METRIC_LABEL, METRIC_GAUGE, or METRIC_CUMULATIVE.

Metrics of type METRIC_LABEL are appended as labels to all the METRIC_GAUGE and METRIC_CUMULATIVE metrics that are sent to Monitoring.

hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.columns.value_type

String

For handling by Monitoring, specify a data type that is supported by the metric type.

The supported data types are as follows: VALUE_BOOL, VALUE_INT64, VALUE_STRING, or VALUE_DOUBLE. For more information, see Supported combination.

hana_monitoring_configuration.queries.columns.name_override

String

Optional. For handling by Monitoring, specify the path that you want to show in the metric URL instead of the query and column names. For example:

  • Metric's default URL: workload.googleapis.com/sap/hanamonitoring/QUERY_NAME/COLUMN_NAME
  • Metric URL using custom path: workload.googleapis.com/sap/hanamonitoring/CUSTOM_PATH

View the collected metrics

To visualize the SAP HANA Monitoring metrics that the agent collects, you can use the following custom dashboards that Google Cloud provides:

  • Agent for SAP - Detailed HANA Overview: This dashboard provides charts that display status overview for the following metrics: Instance memory, service memory used, schema estimated maximum memory, rowstore memory total size, schema read outliers, schema write outliers, schema last compressed record count outliers, system connections, alerts, CPU percentage for the top 5 VMs, memory percentage for the top 5 VMs, and the hosts by region.

    The JSON file for this dashboard is agent-for-sap-hana-detailed-overview.json.

  • Agent for SAP - HANA performance: This dashboard provides charts that display raw metric values for the following metrics: Instance memory, schema read and write outliers, schema performance, memory usage, schema record count outliers, service total memory used, rowstore memory size, system idle and running connections, connection and rowstore memory, schema total records, and the schema estimated maximum total size.

    The JSON file for this dashboard is agent-for-sap-hana-performance.json.

Install dashboards

To install a custom dashboard, complete the following steps:

Google Cloud console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Monitoring page:

    Go to Monitoring

  2. In the Monitoring navigation panel, click Dashboards.

  3. Click the Sample library tab.

    Display of the sample library tab selected.

  4. To filter the agent-specific custom dashboards, in the Filter field, type Agent for SAP.

  5. (Optional) To view details about a dashboard or to preview its contents, click Preview.

  6. Select the dashboard that you want to install.

  7. Click Import, and then click Confirm.

    The dashboard is added to the available dashboards in your Google Cloud project. To see your dashboard, follow the instructions in View the installed dashboard.

Google Cloud CLI

  1. Open the Cloud Shell:

    Open Cloud Shell

  2. In the Cloud Shell, clone or download the repository:

    git clone https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/monitoring-dashboard-samples/

  3. In the Cloud Shell, install the required dashboard using the corresponding JSON file:

    gcloud monitoring dashboards create --config-from-file=CONFIG_FROM_FILE

    Replace CONFIG_FROM_FILE with the path to the JSON file that contains the dashboard configuration. Dashboard configuration files can be located at path: monitoring-dashboard-samples/dashboards/google-cloud-agent-for-sap.

    The dashboard is added to the available dashboards in your Google Cloud project. To see your dashboard, follow the instructions in View the installed dashboard.

View the installed dashboards

To view the installed dashboards, follow these steps:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Monitoring page:

    Go to Monitoring

  2. In the Monitoring navigation panel, click Dashboards.

  3. Click the dashboard name in the list.

If you have a lot of dashboards, then you can filter for custom dashboards or for the name of the new dashboard. For information on filtering this list, see View custom dashboards.

The following image is an example that shows a part of the custom dashboard for SAP HANA metrics in Monitoring.

Screen capture shows the custom dashboard for SAP HANA metrics
in Monitoring