Compute-optimized machine family

Compute-optimized virtual machine (VMs) instances are ideal for customers most performance-intensive workloads. Compute-optimized VMs are built on architecture that utilizes features like non-uniform memory access (NUMA) for optimal reliable uniform performance.

Compute-optimized VMs offer the highest consistent performance per core to support real-time application performance.

Machine Workloads
C2 machine series
  • Compute-bound workloads
  • High-performance web serving
  • Gaming (AAA game servers)
  • Ad serving
  • High-performance computing (HPC)
  • Media transcoding
  • AI/ML
C2D machine series
  • Memory-bound workloads
  • Gaming (AAA game servers)
  • High-performance computing (HPC)
  • High-performance databases
  • Electronic Design Automation (EDA)
  • Media transcoding

This machine family is built on the 2nd Generation Intel Xeon Scalable processor (Cascade Lake) offering up to 3.9 GHz sustained single-core max turbo frequency and the 3rd generation AMD EPYC Milan processor offering up to 3.5 GHz max boost frequency. This machine family offers the highest consistent performance per core to support real-time application performance.

C2 machine series

The C2 machine series provides full transparency into the architecture of the underlying server platforms, letting you fine-tune the performance. Machine types in this series offer much more computing power, and are generally more robust for compute-intensive workloads compared to N1 high-CPU machine types.

The C2 series comes in different machine types ranging from 4 to 60 vCPUs, and offers up to 240 GB of memory. You can attach up to 3TB of local storage to these VMs for applications that require higher storage performance.

The C2 series also supports 50 Gbps and 100 Gbps high-bandwidth network configurations.

This series also produces a greater than 40% performance improvement compared to the previous generation N1 machines and offer higher performance per thread and isolation for latency-sensitive workloads.

The C2 series enables the highest performance per core and the highest frequency for compute-bound workloads using Intel 3.9 GHz Cascade Lake processors. If you are looking to optimize workloads for single thread performance, particularly with respect to floating point, choose a machine type in this series to leverage AVX512 capabilities only available on Intel.

Machine types vCPUs* Memory (GB) Max number of persistent disks (PDs) Max total PD size (TB) Local SSD Default egress bandwidth (Gbps) Tier 1 egress bandwidth (Gbps)#
c2-standard-4 4 16 128 257 Yes 10 N/A
c2-standard-8 8 32 128 257 Yes 16 N/A
c2-standard-16 16 64 128 257 Yes 32 N/A
c2-standard-30 30 120 128 257 Yes 32 50
c2-standard-60 60 240 128 257 Yes 32 100

*A vCPU represents a single logical CPU thread. See CPU platforms.
Persistent disk usage is charged separately from machine type pricing.
Default egress bandwidth cannot exceed the number given. Actual egress bandwidth depends on the destination IP address and other factors. See Network bandwidth.
#Supports high-bandwidth networking for larger machine types.

C2D machine series

The C2D machine series provides the largest VM sizes and are best-suited for high-performance computing (HPC). The C2D series also has the largest available last-level cache (LLC) cache per core.

The C2D machine series comes in different machine types ranging from 2 to 112 vCPUs, and offer up to 896 GB of memory. You can attach up to 3TB of local storage to these machine types for applications that require higher storage performance.

  • C2D standard and C2D high-cpu machines serve existing compute-bound workloads including high-performance web servers, media transcoding, and gaming.
  • C2D high-memory machines serve specialized workloads such as HPC and EDA, which need more memory.

The C2D series supports these compute-bound workloads by using the third generation AMD EPYC Milan platform.

The C2D series supports Confidential VM.

C2D standard

Machine types vCPUs* Memory (GB) Max number of persistent disks (PDs) Max total PD size (TB) Local SSD Default egress bandwidth (Gbps) Tier 1 egress bandwidth (Gbps)#
c2d-standard-2 2 8 128 257 Y 10 N/A
c2d-standard-4 4 16 128 257 Y 10 N/A
c2d-standard-8 8 32 128 257 Y 16 N/A
c2d-standard-16 16 64 128 257 Y 32 N/A
c2d-standard-32 32 128 128 257 Y 32 50
c2d-standard-56 56 224 128 257 Y 32 50
c2d-standard-112 112 448 128 257 Y 32 100

*A vCPU represents a single logical CPU thread. See CPU platforms.
Persistent disk usage is charged separately from machine type pricing.
Default egress bandwidth cannot exceed the number given. Actual egress bandwidth depends on the destination IP address and other factors. See Network bandwidth.
#Supports high-bandwidth networking for larger machine types.

C2D high-cpu

Machine types vCPUs* Memory (GB) Max number of persistent disks (PDs) Max total PD size (TB) Local SSD Default egress bandwidth (Gbps) Tier 1 egress bandwidth (Gbps)#
c2d-highcpu-2 2 4 128 257 Y 10 N/A
c2d-highcpu-4 4 8 128 257 Y 10 N/A
c2d-highcpu-8 8 16 128 257 Y 16 N/A
c2d-highcpu-16 16 32 128 257 Y 32 N/A
c2d-highcpu-32 32 64 128 257 Y 32 50
c2d-highcpu-56 56 112 128 257 Y 32 50
c2d-highcpu-112 112 224 128 257 Y 32 100

*A vCPU represents a single logical CPU thread. See CPU platforms.
Persistent disk usage is charged separately from machine type pricing.
Default egress bandwidth cannot exceed the number given. Actual egress bandwidth depends on the destination IP address and other factors. See Network bandwidth.
#Supports high-bandwidth networking for larger machine types.

C2D high-mem

Machine types vCPUs* Memory (GB) Max number of persistent disks (PDs) Max total PD size (TB) Local SSD Default egress bandwidth (Gbps) Tier 1 egress bandwidth (Gbps)#
c2d-highmem-2 2 16 128 257 Y 10 N/A
c2d-highmem-4 4 32 128 257 Y 10 N/A
c2d-highmem-8 8 64 128 257 Y 16 N/A
c2d-highmem-16 16 128 128 257 Y 32 N/A
c2d-highmem-32 32 256 128 257 Y 32 50
c2d-highmem-56 56 448 128 257 Y 32 50
c2d-highmem-112 112 896 128 257 Y 32 100

*A vCPU represents a single logical CPU thread. See CPU platforms.
Persistent disk usage is charged separately from machine type pricing.
Default egress bandwidth cannot exceed the number given. Actual egress bandwidth depends on the destination IP address and other factors. See Network bandwidth.
#Supports high-bandwidth networking for larger machine types.

Limitations

The C2 and C2D machine series have the following restrictions:

  • You cannot use regional persistent disks.
  • The C2 and C2D machine series are subject to different disk limits than the general-purpose and memory-optimized machine families.
  • The C2 and C2D machine series are only available in select zones and regions on specific CPU processors.
  • The C2 and C2D machine series don't support GPUs.
  • The C2D machine series don't support sole-tenant nodes.

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