Operating system details

Some operating system images are customized specifically to run on Compute Engine and have notable differences from the standard images that come directly from the operating system vendors.

The following sections provide more information about these differences.

CentOS

CentOS Linux is a free operating system that is derived from Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL).

CentOS Stream is a distribution that is continuously delivered and tracks just ahead of RHEL development. CentOS Stream is positioned as a midstream development platform between Fedora Linux and RHEL.

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to install security updates by using the RHEL yum-cron or dnf-automatic tool. The updates have the following behaviors:

  • The yum-cron or dnf-automatic does not upgrade VMs between major versions of the operating system.
  • For CentOS 7, CentOS 8, and CentOS Stream, the upgrade tool is configured to only apply updates marked by the vendor as security updates.
  • Some updates require reboots to take effect. These reboots do not happen automatically.
Notable differences from standard CentOS images

The CentOS and CentOS Stream images that are provided by Compute Engine, have the following differences in configuration from standard CentOS images:

Package system and repository configuration

  • Google Cloud repositories are enabled to install packages for the Compute Engine guest environment and the Cloud SDK.
  • Repositories are set to use the CentOS default mirror network.
    • For CentOS 8 and CentOS Stream 8, the PowerTools repository is enabled.
    • For CentOS 7, EPEL is enabled.
  • Automatic updates are configured as follows:
    • For CentOS 7, automatic updates are enabled by using yum-cron.
    • For CentOS 8 and CentOS Stream 8, automatic updates are enabled by using dnf automatic.
    • For all versions, the update_cmd property is set to security .However, by default CentOS does not offer security tagged repositories.
    • IPv6 endpoints are disabled in the yum or dnf config files for all versions.

Network configuration

  • IPv6 is enabled.
  • The DHCP client is set to retry every 10 seconds instead of every 5 minutes. The client is also set to persistent mode instead of oneshot.
  • The SSH server configuration is set up as follows:
    • Password authentication is disabled.
    • To prevent SSH disconnections, ServerAliveInterval and ClientAliveInterval are set to 7 minutes.
    • Root login is disabled.
  • /etc/udev/rules.d/75-persistent-net-generator.rules is disabled.
  • To prevent MAC addresses from persisting, /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules is removed.
  • By default, all traffic is allowed through the guest firewall because the VPC firewall rules overrides the guest firewall rules. The guest firewall rules remains enabled and can be configured through normal CentOS methods.
  • VMs based on Google-provided Linux images get their interface MTU from the attached VPC MTU. VMs based on custom images or older Linux images may have their MTU's hardcoded. In these cases, you have to change the setting yourself if you want to connect the interface to a network with an MTU other than 1460. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.

Bootloader configuration

  • To force faster boot times, the boot timeout in the grub configuration is set to 0.
  • The I/O scheduler is set to noop.

Additional configuration

  • By default, images are 20 GB. This is the recommended minimum size.
  • The partition table is GPT, and there is an EFI partition to support booting on UEFI.
  • There are no local users configured with passwords.
  • The NTP server is set to use the Compute Engine metadata server.
  • The floppy module is disabled because there is no floppy disk controller on Compute Engine .
Support

This operating system is supported by an open source project or community.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
CentOS Stream 8 centos-cloud centos-stream-8 Google GA May 2024 Free
CentOS 8 centos-cloud centos-8 Google GA Dec 2021 Free
CentOS 7 centos-cloud centos-7 Google GA June 30, 2024 Free
CentOS 6 N/A N/A N/A EOL November 30, 2020 N/A
CentOS 5 N/A N/A N/A EOL N/A N/A

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
CentOS Stream 8
CentOS 8
CentOS 7
CentOS 6
CentOS 5

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
CentOS Stream 8
CentOS 8
CentOS 7
CentOS 6
CentOS 5

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
CentOS Stream 8
CentOS 8
CentOS 7
CentOS 6
CentOS 5

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
CentOS Stream 8
CentOS 8
CentOS 7
CentOS 6
CentOS 5

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
CentOS Stream 8
CentOS 8
CentOS 7
CentOS 6
CentOS 5

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
CentOS Stream 8
CentOS 8
CentOS 7
CentOS 6
CentOS 5

Container-Optimized OS (COS)

Container-Optimized OS from Google is an operating system image for your Compute Engine instances that is optimized for running Docker containers.

For more information about Container-Optimized OS, see the Container-Optimized OS overview.

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to install security updates by using Automatic updates. The updates have the following behaviors:

  • These automatic updates from the operating system vendor do not upgrade instances between major versions of the operating system.
  • Some updates require reboots to take effect. These reboots do not happen automatically.
Notable differences from standard Container-Optimized OS images

Network configuration

  • VMs based on Google-provided Linux images get their interface MTU from the attached VPC MTU. VMs based on custom images or older Linux images may have their MTU's hardcoded. In these cases, you have to change the setting yourself if you want to connect the interface to a network with an MTU other than 1460. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.
Support

This operating system has premium support available for purchase. For information about purchasing and using premium support, see the Google Cloud support page.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
COS 89 LTS cos-cloud cos-89-lts Google GA March 2023 Free
COS 85 LTS cos-cloud cos-85-lts Google GA December 2021 Free
COS 81 LTS cos-cloud cos-81-lts Google GA June 2021 Free
COS 77 LTS cos-cloud cos-77-lts Google GA April 2021 Free
COS 73 LTS EOL EOL Google EOL June 2020 Free
COS 69 LTS EOL EOL Google EOL December 2019 Free

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
COS 89 LTS
COS 85 LTS
COS 81 LTS
COS 77 LTS
COS 73 LTS
COS 69 LTS

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
cos 89 LTS
cos 85 LTS
cos 81 LTS
cos 77 LTS
cos 73 LTS
cos 69 LTS

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
cos 89 LTS
cos 85 LTS
cos 81 LTS
cos 77 LTS
cos 73 LTS
cos 69 LTS

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
cos 89 LTS
cos 85 LTS
cos 81 LTS
cos 77 LTS
cos 73 LTS
cos 69 LTS

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
cos 89 LTS
cos 85 LTS
cos 81 LTS
cos 77 LTS
cos 73 LTS
cos 69 LTS

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
COS 89 LTS
COS 85 LTS
COS 81 LTS
COS 77 LTS
COS 73 LTS
COS 69 LTS

Debian

Debian is a free operating system offered by the Debian community.

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to install security updates by using the Debian UnattendedUpgrades tool. The updates have the following behaviors:

  • The UnattendedUpgrades tool does not upgrade VMs between major versions of the operating system.
  • The UnattendedUpgrades tool is configured to only automatically apply updates obtained from the Debian security repository.
  • Some updates require reboots to take effect. These reboots do not happen automatically.
Notable differences from standard Debian images

The Debian image build configuration is available in an open source GitHub repository.

Debian images are always built with the latest Debian packages which reflect the most recent Debian point release.

The Debian images that are provided by Compute Engine, have the following differences in configuration from standard Debian images:

Package system and repository configuration

  • Google Cloud repositories are enabled to install packages for the Compute Engine guest environment and the Cloud SDK. The guest environment packages and the Cloud SDK packages are installed and enabled by default.
  • The APT sources are set to use the Debian CDN.
  • The Unattended-upgrades package is installed and configured to download and install Debian security updates daily. This can be configured or disabled by changing the values in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades and /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/02periodic.
  • For Debian 10, the cloud-initramfs-growroot package is removed and replaced with the Google supported gce-disk-expand package.
  • Debian 10+ includes the following:
    • The linux-image-cloud-amd64 kernel instead of the generic Debian kernel.
    • The haveged package to provide entropy.

Network configuration

  • IPv6 is enabled.
  • The SSH server configuration is set up as follows:
    • Password authentication is disabled.
    • Root login is disabled.
  • To prevent MAC addresses from persisting, /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules is removed.
  • Debian 9 does not use predictive network interface naming. In the grub kernel command-line arguments, net.ifnames=0 is set. Therefore, network interfaces still use the traditional ethN naming, with the default interface always being eth0.
  • VMs based on Google-provided Linux images get their interface MTU from the attached VPC MTU. VMs based on custom images or older Linux images may have their MTU's hardcoded. In these cases, you have to change the setting yourself if you want to connect the interface to a network with an MTU other than 1460. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.

Bootloader configuration

  • To force faster boot times, the boot timeout in the grub configuration is set to 0.
  • The I/O scheduler is set to noop.
  • To allow SCSI block multi-queue usage, scsi_mod.use_blk_mq is enabled.

Additional Configuration

  • Images are 10 GB by default.
  • The partition table is GPT, and there is an EFI partition to support booting on UEFI. There is also an MBR boot block to support BIOS.
  • There are no local users configured with passwords.
  • The NTP server is set to use the Compute Engine metadata server.
  • The floppy module is disabled because there is no floppy disk controller on Compute Engine.
Support

This operating system is supported by an open source project or community.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
Debian 10 debian-cloud debian-10 Google GA TBD Free
Debian 9 debian-cloud debian-9 Google LTS1 June 2022 Free
Debian 8 debian-cloud N/A Google EOL June 2018 Free
Debian 7 debian-cloud N/A Google EOL April 2016 Free

1Debian LTS: Debian is supporting this release with Debian LTS. Critical security updates are provided via the Debian LTS project for the duration of the LTS lifecycle.

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
Debian 10
Debian 9
Debian 8
Debian 7

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
Debian 10
Debian 9
Debian 8
Debian 7

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
Debian 10
Debian 9
Debian 8
Debian 7

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
Debian 10
Debian 9
Debian 8
Debian 7

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
Debian 10
Debian 9
Debian 8
Debian 7

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
Debian 10
Debian 9
Debian 8
Debian 7

Fedora CoreOS

Fedora CoreOS is a distribution that provides features that are needed to run modern infrastructure stacks. Fedora CoreOS uses Linux containers to manage your services at a higher level of abstraction. Compute Engine provides Fedora CoreOS images built and supported by Fedora.

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to install security updates by using the FedoraCoreOS automatic update tool. The updates have the following behaviors:

  • These automatic updates from the operating system vendor do not upgrade instances between major versions of the operating system.
  • Some updates require reboots to take effect. These reboots do not happen automatically.
Notable differences from standard Fedora CoreOS images

Network configuration

  • VMs based on Google-provided Linux images get their interface MTU from the attached VPC MTU. VMs based on custom images or older Linux images may have their MTU's hardcoded. In these cases, you have to change the setting yourself if you want to connect the interface to a network with an MTU other than 1460. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.
Support

This operating system is supported by an open source project or community.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
Fedora CoreOS Stable fedora-coreos-cloud fedora-coreos-stable Fedora GA TBD Free
Fedora CoreOS Testing fedora-coreos-cloud fedora-coreos-testing Fedora GA TBD Free
Fedora CoreOS Next fedora-coreos-cloud fedora-coreos-next Fedora GA TBD Free

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
Fedora CoreOS Stable
Fedora CoreOS Testing
Fedora CoreOS Next

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
Fedora CoreOS Stable
Fedora CoreOS Testing
Fedora CoreOS Next

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
Fedora CoreOS Stable
Fedora CoreOS Testing
Fedora CoreOS Next

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
Fedora CoreOS Stable
Fedora CoreOS Testing
Fedora CoreOS Next

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
Fedora CoreOS Stable
Fedora CoreOS Testing
Fedora CoreOS Next

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
Fedora CoreOS Stable
Fedora CoreOS Testing
Fedora CoreOS Next

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)

Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) is an open-source Linux operating system that provides both server and desktop operating systems.

RHEL images are premium resources that incur additional fees to use. A Compute Engine RHEL image has an on-demand license and does not require a RHEL subscription. If you want to use an existing RHEL subscription, you can use the Red Hat Cloud Access feature.

To view a list of frequently asked questions when running RHEL on Compute Engine, see Red Hat Enterprise Linux FAQ.

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to install security updates by using the RHEL yum-cron tool. The updates have the following behaviors:

  • These automatic updates from the operating system vendor do not upgrade instances between major versions of the operating system.
  • For RHEL 7 and RHEL 8, the operating system is also configured to only apply updates marked by the vendor as security updates.
  • Some updates require reboots to take effect. These reboots do not happen automatically.
Notable differences from standard RHEL images

The RHEL image build configuration is available in an open source GitHub repository.

RHEL images are always built with the latest RHEL packages, which reflect the most recent point release. Currently, you cannot pin a VM to a point release.

RHEL for SAP images are tagged to the specific point release they are built for as supported by Red Hat.

The RHEL images that are provided by Compute Engine, have the following differences in configuration from standard RHEL images:

Package and repository configuration

  • Google Cloud repositories are enabled to install packages for the Compute Engine guest environment and the Cloud SDK.
  • For RHEL 7, EPEL is enabled.
  • RHEL for SAP yum vars are set to peg the client to the supported RHEL for SAP point release.
  • RHEL content comes from the Compute Engine Red Hat Update Infrastructure (RHUI) servers.
  • The Google RHUI client package, which contains the configuration needed to access RHEL content, is installed.
  • The Red Hat subscription-manager package is removed because it is not used for RHUI.
  • Automatic updates are enabled as follows:
    • For RHEL 7, by using yum-cron .
    • For RHEL 8+, by using dnf automatic.
    • For all versions, the update_cmd property is set to security .
    • IPv6 endpoints are disabled in the yum or dnf config files.

Network Configuration

  • IPv6 is enabled.
  • The DHCP client is set to retry every 10 seconds instead of every 5 minutes. The client is also set to persistent mode instead of oneshot.
  • The SSH server configuration is set up as follows:
    • Password authentication is disabled.
    • To prevent SSH disconnections, ServerAliveInterval and ClientAliveInterval are set to 7 minutes.
    • Root login is disabled.
  • /etc/udev/rules.d/75-persistent-net-generator.rules is disabled.
  • To prevent MAC addresses from persisting, /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules is removed.
  • By default, all traffic is allowed through the guest firewall because the VPC firewall rules overrides the guest firewall rules. The guest firewall rules remains enabled and can be configured through normal RHEL methods.
  • VMs based on Google-provided Linux images get their interface MTU from the attached VPC MTU. VMs based on custom images or older Linux images may have their MTU's hardcoded. In these cases, you have to change the setting yourself if you want to connect the interface to a network with an MTU other than 1460. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.

Bootloader configuration

  • To force faster boot times, the boot timeout in the grub configuration is set to 0.
  • The I/O scheduler is set to noop.

Additional configuration

  • By default, images are 20 GB. This is the recommended minimum size.
  • The partition table is GPT, and there is an EFI partition to support booting on UEFI.
  • There are no local users configured with passwords.
  • The NTP server is set to use the Compute Engine metadata server.
  • The floppy module is disabled because there is no floppy disk controller on Compute Engine.
Support

Google partners with RedHat to provide support for RHEL images.

For questions specific to using this operating system on Google Cloud, complete one of the following steps:

Google Cloud will file issues to the operating system vendor on your behalf if the issue is with the operating system.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
RHEL 8 rhel-cloud rhel-8 Google GA May 2029 On demand/BYOS1,2
RHEL 7 rhel-cloud rhel-7 Google GA June 2024 On demand/BYOS1,2
RHEL 6 N/A N/A N/A EOS November 30, 2020 BYOS2
RHEL 5 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A BYOS2
RHEL 8.2 for SAP rhel-sap-cloud rhel-8-2-sap-ha Google GA April 2024 On demand/BYOS1,2
RHEL 8.1 for SAP rhel-sap-cloud rhel-8-1-sap-ha Google GA November 2023 On demand/BYOS1,2
RHEL 7.7 for SAP rhel-sap-cloud rhel-7-7-sap-ha Google GA August 2023 On demand/BYOS1,2
RHEL 7.6 for SAP rhel-sap-cloud rhel-7-6-sap-ha Google GA October 2022 On demand/BYOS1,2
RHEL 7.4 for SAP rhel-sap-cloud rhel-7-4-sap Google GA August 2021 On demand/BYOS1,2

1On demand: This OS is available from Google Cloud with an on-demand license.

2BYOS: You can apply your existing subscription or license from the OS vendor to the Google provided OS image. The image that is provided by Google Cloud contains enhancements that might not be included if you bring your own OS image.

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
RHEL 8
RHEL 7
RHEL 6
RHEL 5
RHEL 8.2 for SAP
RHEL 8.1 for SAP
RHEL 7.7 for SAP
RHEL 7.6 for SAP
RHEL 7.4 for SAP

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
RHEL 8
RHEL 7
RHEL 6
RHEL 5
RHEL 8.2 for SAP
RHEL 8.1 for SAP
RHEL 7.7 for SAP
RHEL 7.6 for SAP
RHEL 7.4 for SAP

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
RHEL 8
RHEL 7
RHEL 6
RHEL 5
RHEL 8.2 for SAP
RHEL 8.1 for SAP
RHEL 7.7 for SAP
RHEL 7.6 for SAP
RHEL 7.4 for SAP

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
RHEL 8
RHEL 7
RHEL 6
RHEL 5
RHEL 8.2 for SAP
RHEL 8.1 for SAP
RHEL 7.7 for SAP
RHEL 7.6 for SAP
RHEL 7.4 for SAP

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
RHEL 8
RHEL 7
RHEL 6
RHEL 5
RHEL 8.2 for SAP
RHEL 8.1 for SAP
RHEL 7.7 for SAP
RHEL 7.6 for SAP
RHEL 7.4 for SAP

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
RHEL 8
RHEL 7
RHEL 6
RHEL 5
RHEL 8.2 for SAP
RHEL 8.1 for SAP
RHEL 7.7 for SAP
RHEL 7.6 for SAP
RHEL 7.4 for SAP

SQL Server

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to "Auto download and schedule the install" for Microsoft updates. To configure Windows Server automatic updates, see Configure Automatic Updates.

Notable differences from standard SQL Server images
Support

Google partners with Microsoft to provide support for SQL Server images. If you have questions about using SQL Server images and have a support plan with Google Cloud, contact Google Cloud support. Otherwise, use the gce-discussion forum. If your issue is with the SQL Server image, Google Cloud reports the issue to Microsoft on your behalf.

Version support

Version Image project Image family Enterprise Standard Web Express
SQL Server 2019 windows-sql-cloud sql-web-2019-win-2019
sql-std-2019-win-2019
sql-ent-2019-win-2019
SQL Server 2017 windows-sql-cloud sql-web-2017-win-2019
sql-web-2017-win-2016
sql-std-2017-win-2019
sql-std-2017-win-2016
sql-exp-2017-win-2019
sql-exp-2017-win-2016
sql-exp-2017-win-2012-r2
sql-ent-2017-win-2019
sql-ent-2017-win-2016
SQL Server 2016 windows-sql-cloud sql-web-2016-win-2019
sql-web-2016-win-2016
sql-web-2016-win-2012-r2
sql-std-2016-win-2019
sql-std-2016-win-2016
sql-std-2016-win-2012-r2
sql-ent-2016-win-2019
sql-ent-2016-win-2016
sql-ent-2016-win-2012-r2
SQL Server 2014 windows-sql-cloud sql-web-2014-win-2012-r2
sql-std-2014-win-2012-r2
sql-ent-2014-win-2016
sql-ent-2014-win-2012-r2
SQL Server 2012 windows-sql-cloud sql-web-2012-win-2012-r2
sql-std-2012-win-2012-r2
sql-ent-2012-win-2012-r2

Windows Server version support

Version Windows 2012 R2 Windows 2016 Windows 2019
SQL Server 2019 Enterprise
SQL Server 2019 Standard
SQL Server 2019 Web
SQL Server 2017 Enterprise
SQL Server 2017 Standard
SQL Server 2017 Web
SQL Server 2017 Express
SQL Server 2016 Enterprise
SQL Server 2016 Standard
SQL Server 2016 Web
SQL Server 2014 Enterprise
SQL Server 2014 Standard
SQL Server 2014 Web
SQL Server 2012 Enterprise
SQL Server 2012 Standard
SQL Server 2012 Web

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES)

SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES), a versatile server operating system for deploying highly available enterprise-class IT services in mixed IT environments with improved performance and reduced risk.

SUSE images are premium resources that incur additional fees to use.

Automatic updates

This operating system is not configured to install updates by default. For more information about configuring automatic updates for SLES, see SUSE documentation.

Notable differences from standard SUSE images
Notable differences from standard SUSE images

SLES and SLES for SAP images are built and maintained by SUSE. SLES images are built with the latest SLES packages reflected in their release.

The SUSE images that are provided by Compute Engine, have the following differences in configuration from standard SUSE images:

Package system and repository configuration

  • The guest environment for Compute Engine packages are installed from the packages that are supplied by SUSE.
  • SLES instances register with a SUSE run SMT service for Compute Engine and are configured to use SUSE regional mirrors in Compute Engine.

Network configuration

  • IPv6 is enabled.
  • The SSH server configuration is set to disable password authentication.
  • SLES does not use predictive network interface naming. In the grub kernel command-line arguments, net.ifnames=0 is set. Therefore, network interfaces use the traditional ethN naming, with the default interface always being eth0.
  • VMs based on Google-provided Linux images get their interface MTU from the attached VPC MTU. VMs based on custom images or older Linux images may have their MTU's hardcoded. In these cases, you have to change the setting yourself if you want to connect the interface to a network with an MTU other than 1460. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.

Additional configuration

  • Images are 10 GB by default.
  • The partition table is GPT, and there is an EFI partition to support booting on UEFI. There is also an MBR boot block to support BIOS.
  • There are no local users configured with passwords.
  • The NTP server is set to use the Compute Engine metadata server.
  • The floppy module is disabled because there is no floppy disk controller on Compute Engine.
Support

Google partners with SUSE to provide support for SUSE images.

For questions specific to using this operating system on Google Cloud, complete one of the following steps:

Google Cloud will file issues to the operating system vendor on your behalf if the issue is with the operating system.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
SLES 15 SP2 suse-cloud sles-15 SUSE GA TBD On demand/BYOS1,2
SLES 15 SP1 suse-byos-cloud N/A SUSE GA Jan 2024 BYOS2
SLES 15 suse-byos-cloud N/A SUSE GA Dec 2022 BYOS2
SLES 12 SP5 suse-cloud sles-12 SUSE GA Oct 2027 On demand/BYOS1,2
SLES 12 SP4 suse-byos-cloud N/A SUSE GA June 2023 BYOS2
SLES 12 SP3 suse-byos-cloud N/A SUSE GA June 2022 BYOS2
SLES 12 SP2 N/A N/A SUSE EOL March 2021 EOL
SLES 12 SP1 N/A N/A SUSE EOL May 2020 EOL
SLES 11 SP4 suse-byos-cloud sles-11-byos SUSE LTSS3 March 2022 BYOS2 with LTSS3
SLES 15 SP2 for SAP suse-sap-cloud sles-15-sp2-sap SUSE GA TBD On demand/BYOS
SLES 15 SP1 for SAP suse-sap-cloud sles-15-sp1-sap SUSE GA Jan 2024 On demand/BYOS
SLES 15 for SAP suse-sap-cloud sles-15-sap SUSE GA Dec 2022 On demand/BYOS1,2
SLES 12 SP5 for SAP suse-sap-cloud sles-12-sp5-sap SUSE GA Oct 2027 On demand/BYOS1,2
SLES 12 SP4 for SAP suse-sap-cloud sles-12-sp4-sap SUSE GA June 2023 On demand/BYOS
SLES 12 SP3 for SAP suse-sap-cloud sles-12-sp3-sap SUSE GA June 2022 On demand/BYOS1,2
SLES 12 SP2 for SAP suse-sap-cloud sles-12-sp2-sap SUSE GA March 2021 On demand/BYOS1,2
SLES 12 SP1 for SAP N/A N/A SUSE EOL May 2020 EOL

1On demand: This OS is available from Google Cloud with an on-demand license.

2BYOS: You can apply your existing subscription from SUSE using the BYOS OS image from the suse-byos-cloud project. The image that is provided by SUSE for BYOS contains enhancements that might not be included if you bring your own OS image.

3LTSS: Support for this operating system is only offered through the Long Term Service Pack Support (LTSS) that is available when using BYOS licenses from SUSE.

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
SLES 15 SP2
SLES 15 SP1
SLES 15
SLES 12 SP5
SLES 12 SP4
SLES 12 SP3
SLES 12 SP2
SLES 12 SP1
SLES 11 SP4
SLES 15 SP2 for SAP
SLES 15 SP1 for SAP
SLES 15 for SAP
SLES 12 SP5 for SAP
SLES 12 SP4 for SAP
SLES 12 SP3 for SAP
SLES 12 SP2 for SAP
SLES 12 SP1 for SAP

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
SLES 15 SP2
SLES 15 SP1
SLES 15
SLES 12 SP5
SLES 12 SP4
SLES 12 SP3
SLES 12 SP2
SLES 12 SP1
SLES 11 SP4
SLES 15 SP2 for SAP
SLES 15 SP1 for SAP
SLES 15 for SAP
SLES 12 SP5 for SAP
SLES 12 SP4 for SAP
SLES 12 SP3 for SAP
SLES 12 SP2 for SAP
SLES 12 SP1 for SAP

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
SLES 15 SP2
SLES 15 SP1
SLES 15
SLES 12 SP5
SLES 12 SP4
SLES 12 SP3
SLES 12 SP2
SLES 12 SP1
SLES 11 SP4
SLES 15 SP2 for SAP
SLES 15 SP1 for SAP
SLES 15 for SAP
SLES 12 SP5 for SAP
SLES 12 SP4 for SAP
SLES 12 SP3 for SAP
SLES 12 SP2 for SAP
SLES 12 SP1 for SAP

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
SLES 15 SP2
SLES 15 SP1
SLES 15
SLES 12 SP5
SLES 12 SP4
SLES 12 SP3
SLES 12 SP2
SLES 12 SP1
SLES 11 SP4
SLES 15 SP2 for SAP
SLES 15 SP1 for SAP
SLES 15 for SAP
SLES 12 SP5 for SAP
SLES 12 SP4 for SAP
SLES 12 SP3 for SAP
SLES 12 SP2 for SAP
SLES 12 SP1 for SAP

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
SLES 15 SP2
SLES 15 SP1
SLES 15
SLES 12 SP5
SLES 12 SP4
SLES 12 SP3
SLES 12 SP2
SLES 12 SP1
SLES 11 SP4
SLES 15 SP2 for SAP
SLES 15 SP1 for SAP
SLES 15 for SAP
SLES 12 SP5 for SAP
SLES 12 SP4 for SAP
SLES 12 SP3 for SAP
SLES 12 SP2 for SAP
SLES 12 SP1 for SAP

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
SLES 15 SP2
SLES 15 SP1
SLES 15
SLES 12 SP5
SLES 12 SP4
SLES 12 SP3
SLES 12 SP2
SLES 12 SP1
SLES 11 SP4
SLES 15 SP2 for SAP
SLES 15 SP1 for SAP
SLES 15 for SAP
SLES 12 SP5 for SAP
SLES 12 SP4 for SAP
SLES 12 SP3 for SAP
SLES 12 SP2 for SAP
SLES 12 SP1 for SAP

Ubuntu LTS

Ubuntu is a free operating system developed and supported by Canonical.

Ubuntu Long Term Support (LTS) images receive bug fixes and security updates for five years after their release date. LTS images can run on your instances for several years without having to upgrade to a newer release.

Ubuntu Minimal images are supported the same as Ubuntu LTS images.

Regular (non LTS) Ubuntu images are supported for 9 months from their release date. To continue to use a regular Ubuntu image, you will have to upgrade to the next regular Ubuntu release or LTS release after the support cycle ends to receive fixes and updates. Compute Engine recommends using Ubuntu LTS images unless you require features or software packages that are not yet included in an LTS release. If your instances run Ubuntu releases that are no longer supported, upgrade to a supported Ubuntu release.

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to install security updates by using the Ubuntu AutomaticSecurityUpdates tool. The updates have the following behaviors:

  • The AutomaticSecurityUpdates tool does not upgrade VMs between major versions of the operating system.
  • The AutomaticSecurityUpdates tool is configured to only automatically apply updates obtained from the Ubuntu security repository.
  • Some updates require reboots to take effect. These reboots do not happen automatically.
Notable differences from standard Ubuntu images

Ubuntu images are built and maintained by Canonical. Ubuntu images are always built with the latest Ubuntu packages which reflect the most recent Ubuntu point release.

The Ubuntu images that are provided by Compute Engine, have the following differences in configuration from standard Ubuntu images:

Package system and repository configuration

  • The guest environment for Compute Engine packages are installed from the Ubuntu supplied packages.
  • For Ubuntu 18.04+, the Cloud SDK is installed and maintained as a snap package.
  • The APT sources are set to use the Ubuntu Compute Engine mirrors via cloud-init.
  • The Unattended-upgrades package is installed and configured to download and install Debian security updates daily. This can be configured or disabled by changing the values in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades and /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/02periodic.
  • The linux-image-gcp kernel is used instead of the generic Ubuntu kernel. The Google Cloud kernel reflects the latest rolling HWE kernel for Ubuntu LTS.

Network Configuration

  • IPv6 is enabled.
  • The SSH server configuration is set to disable password authentication.
  • To prevent MAC addresses from persisting, /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules is removed.

Bootloader configuration

  • To force faster boot times, the boot timeout in the grub configuration is set to 0.
  • To allow SCSI block multi-queue usage, scsi_mod.use_blk_mq is enabled.

Additional configuration

  • Images are 10 GB by default.
  • The partition table is GPT, and there is an EFI partition to support booting on UEFI. There is also an MBR boot block to support BIOS.
  • Ubuntu uses cloud-init to do some boot time initialization. The cloud.cfg file is configured for Compute Engine and enables only the cloud-init modules that are used.
  • There are no local users configured with passwords.
  • The NTP server is set to use the Compute Engine metadata server.
  • The floppy module is disabled because there is no floppy disk controller on Compute Engine.
Support

This operating system is supported by an open source project or community.

This operating system also has premium support available for purchase from Ubuntu. For information about purchasing and using premium support, see the Ubuntu documentation.

General information

For information about non LTS Ubuntu releases, see Ubuntu release wiki.

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS ubuntu-os-cloud ubuntu-2004-lts Canonical GA April 2025 (ESM April 2030) Free
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS ubuntu-os-cloud ubuntu-1804-lts Canonical GA April 2023 (ESM April 2028) Free
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS ubuntu-os-cloud ubuntu-1604-lts Canonical GA April 2021 (ESM April 2024) Free
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS ubuntu-os-cloud ubuntu-1404-lts Canonical Ubuntu ESM April 2022 Ubuntu ESM1
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS ubuntu-os-cloud ubuntu-1204-lts Canonical EOL April 2017 EOL

1Ubuntu ESM: You can apply your existing ESM subscription to the Google provided OS image. The image that is provided by Google Cloud contains enhancements that might not be included if you bring your own OS image.

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu 16.04 LTS
Ubuntu 14.04 LTS
Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Ubuntu Pro

Ubuntu Pro is a premium operating system developed and supported by Canonical.

Ubuntu Pro images running on Compute Engine receive bug fixes and security updates for 10 years after their release date, along with access to Ubuntu ESM. For Ubuntu 16.04, security updates and ESM are available for 8 years.

Ubuntu Pro images are premium resources that incur additional fees to use. For information about Ubuntu Pro license cost, see the Ubuntu Pro pricing page. An Ubuntu Pro image running on Compute Engine has an on-demand license and does not require an additional Ubuntu Pro subscription.

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to install security updates by using the Ubuntu AutomaticSecurityUpdates tool. The updates have the following behaviors:

  • The AutomaticSecurityUpdates tool does not upgrade VMs between major versions of the operating system.
  • The AutomaticSecurityUpdates tool is configured to only automatically apply updates obtained from the Ubuntu security repository.
  • Some updates require reboots to take effect. These reboots do not happen automatically.
Notable differences from standard Ubuntu images

Ubuntu Pro images are built and maintained by Canonical. Ubuntu Pro images are always built with the latest Ubuntu packages which reflect the most recent Ubuntu point release.

The Ubuntu Pro images that are provided by Compute Engine, have the following differences in configuration from standard Ubuntu images:

Package system and repository configuration

  • The guest environment for Compute Engine packages are installed from the Ubuntu supplied packages.
  • The Cloud SDK is installed and maintained as a snap package.
  • The APT sources are set to use the Ubuntu Compute Engine mirrors via cloud-init.
  • The Unattended-upgrades package is installed and configured to download and install Debian security updates daily. This can be configured or disabled by changing the values in /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/50unattended-upgrades and /etc/apt/apt.conf.d/02periodic.
  • The linux-image-gcp kernel is used instead of the generic Ubuntu kernel. The Google Cloud kernel reflects the latest rolling HWE kernel for Ubuntu LTS.

Network Configuration

  • IPv6 is enabled.
  • The SSH server configuration is set to disable password authentication.
  • To prevent MAC addresses from persisting, /etc/udev/rules.d/70-persistent-net.rules is removed.

Bootloader configuration

  • To force faster boot times, the boot timeout in the grub configuration is set to 0.
  • To allow SCSI block multi-queue usage, scsi_mod.use_blk_mq is enabled.

Additional configuration

  • Images are 10 GB by default.
  • The partition table is GPT, and there is an EFI partition to support booting on UEFI. There is also an MBR boot block to support BIOS.
  • Ubuntu uses cloud-init to do some boot time initialization. The cloud.cfg file is configured for Compute Engine and enables only the cloud-init modules that are used.
  • There are no local users configured with passwords.
  • The NTP server is set to use the Compute Engine metadata server.
  • The floppy module is disabled because there is no floppy disk controller on Compute Engine.
Support

This operating system has premium support available for purchase from Ubuntu. For information about purchasing and using premium support, see the Ubuntu documentation.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage EOL and image deprecation date License model
Ubuntu Pro 20.04 LTS ubuntu-os-pro-cloud ubuntu-pro-2004-lts Canonical GA April 2030 On Demand
Ubuntu Pro 18.04 LTS ubuntu-os-pro-cloud ubuntu-pro-1804-lts Canonical GA April 2028 On Demand
Ubuntu Pro 16.04 LTS ubuntu-os-pro-cloud ubuntu-pro-1604-lts Canonical GA April 2024 On Demand

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
Ubuntu Pro 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 16.04 LTS

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
Ubuntu Pro 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 16.04 LTS

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
Ubuntu Pro 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 16.04 LTS

Compute optimization

OS version GPU supported
Ubuntu Pro 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 16.04 LTS

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
Ubuntu Pro 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 16.04 LTS

Import

For operating system support information on migrating VMs using Migrate for Compute Engine, see supported operating systems.

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image
Ubuntu Pro 20.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 18.04 LTS
Ubuntu Pro 16.04 LTS

Windows client

Automatic updates

The Windows client update settings determine how versions of Windows client use Windows Updates. To configure Windows automatic updates, see Configure Automatic Updates.

Notable differences from standard Windows client images

Network configuration

  • Windows images provided by Google have a hardcoded MTU. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.
Support

Although Google supports bringing your own licenses, but not the image, with Windows client, Google does not provide support for the Windows client image. For licensing support, which is included in your BYOL contract, please contact Microsoft Support. For questions about tools related to BYOL, please contact Google Cloud support.

General information

OS version Built by Support stage1 License model
Windows 10 x64 N/A Via migration BYOL
Windows 10 x86 N/A Via migration BYOL
Windows 8.1 x64 N/A Via migration BYOL
Windows 8.1 x86 N/A Via migration BYOL
Windows 7 x642 N/A Via migration; EOL BYOL
Windows 7 x862 N/A Via migration; EOL BYOL

1Google Support typically coincides with Extended Support End Date. For information about the end of support (EOS) date for each of the operating systems in the table below, see the Microsoft Lifecycle Policy.
2For information about Extended Security Updates (ESU) for Windows 7, see Microsoft's Extended Security Updates Lifecycle FAQ.

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
Windows 10 x64
Windows 10 x86
Windows 8.1 x64
Windows 8.1 x86
Windows 7 x64
Windows 7 x86

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
Windows 10 x64 N/A N/A N/A
Windows 10 x86 N/A N/A N/A
Windows 8.1 x64 N/A N/A N/A
Windows 8.1 x86 N/A N/A N/A
Windows 7 x64 N/A N/A N/A
Windows 7 x86 N/A N/A N/A

Compute optimization

NVIDIA® A100 GPUs are not supported on Windows operating systems.

OS version GPUs supported
Windows 10 x64
Windows 10 x86
Windows 8.1 x64
Windows 8.1 x86
Windows 7 x64 1
Windows 7 x86 1

1v100 GPUs not supported.

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
Windows 10 x64
Windows 10 x86
Windows 8.1 x64
Windows 8.1 x86
Windows 7 x64
Windows 7 x86

Storage

OS version NVMe supported1 VSS agent2
Windows 10 x64
Windows 10 x86
Windows 8.1 x64
Windows 8.1 x86
Windows 7 x64
Windows 7 x86

1Google provides NVMe drivers for 64-bit Windows images, but not for 32-bit Windows images. Google tests a limited number of Windows client versions. For images that require Secure Boot, Google provides signed NVMe drivers for Windows 8.1 64-bit, which you can also use on Windows 10.
2Google does not test the VSS agent on any client images.

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
Windows 10 x64
Windows 10 x86
Windows 8.1 x64
Windows 8.1 x86
Windows 7 x64
Windows 7 x86

Windows Server

Automatic updates

By default, this operating system is configured to "Auto download and schedule the install" for Microsoft updates. To configure Windows Server automatic updates, see Configure Automatic Updates.

Notable differences from standard Windows Server images

Windows Server images are built with the latest updates, but have the following differences in configuration from standard Windows Server images:

Account configuration

  • The Administrator account is disabled.
  • User passwords must be at least eight characters long.
  • The LocalAccountTokenFilterPolicy property is enabled to grant access to administrative file shares.

Activation configuration

  • Windows Server images cannot activate without a network connection to kms.windows.googlecloud.com, and stop functioning if they do not authenticate within 30 days. Make sure to allow access in your VPC network.
  • A KMS client key is installed and the KMS client is set to activate by using the Compute Engine KMS servers.

Bootloader configuration

  • BootStatusPolicy is set to IgnoreAllFailures.
  • Emergency Management Services (EMS) redirection is enabled on the COM2 port. For more information, see bootcfg ems.

Network configuration

  • The Compute Engine metadata server is added to the hosts file, which is typically in the %WinDir%\System32\drivers\etc directory.
  • The Windows firewall is open to allow communication with the Compute Engine metadata server.
  • TCP KeepAliveTime is set to 5 minutes.
  • Web Proxy Auto Discovery (WPAD) is disabled.
  • The NetKVM adapter is set to use DHCP.
  • Remote Desktop (RDP) is enabled and the associated Windows firewall ports opened.
  • WinRM over HTTPS is configured using a self signed certificate and the associated Windows firewall ports are open.
  • Windows images provided by Google have a hardcoded MTU. For more information about network and interface MTU, see Maximum transmission unit.

Package system and Windows Update

  • Windows Server images update automatically according to the default update schedule for Windows Server.
  • To install packages for the guest environment, Google Cloud repositories are enabled.
  • To manage Compute Engine component packages for Windows, GooGet is installed, which you can configure to update packages automatically.
  • The Cloud SDK is installed with its own Python 2.7 environment. Cloud SDK works with project service accounts, instance scopes, and works in PowerShell and the standard command-line environment.
  • To boot Windows on Compute Engine, Compute Engine drivers are installed.
  • PowerShell v5 and v7 are installed.

Power configuration

  • Power settings are changed to never turn off the monitor.

Storage configuration

  • The partition table is GPT, and there is an EFI partition to support booting on UEFI.
  • The paging file is set to a static size of 1 GB.
  • The EnableQueryAccessAlignment property is enabled for the VioSCSI driver.

Time configuration

  • The RealTimeIsUniversal registry key is set. The BIOS is a UTC clock, and is not set to the local time.
  • The time zone is set to UTC (Coordinated Universal Time).
  • NTP is set to sync to the Compute Engine metadata server.
Support

Google partners with Microsoft to provide support for Windows Server images. If you have questions about using Windows Server images and have a support plan with Google Cloud, contact Google Cloud support. Otherwise, use the gce-discussion forum. If your issue is with the Windows Server image, Google Cloud reports the issue to Microsoft on your behalf. For more information about the support policy for OS images, see Support policy for OS images.

General information

OS version Image project Image family Built by Support stage1 License model
Windows Server 2019 windows-cloud windows-2019
windows-2019-for-containers
windows-2019-core
windows-2019-core-for-containers
Google GA On-demand / BYOL
Windows Server 2016 windows-cloud windows-2016
windows-2016-core
Google GA On-demand / BYOL
Windows Server 2012 R2 windows-cloud windows-2012-r2
windows-2012-r2-core
Google GA On-demand / BYOL
Windows Server 2012 N/A N/A N/A Via migration BYOL
Windows Server 2008 R22 (SP1 required) N/A N/A N/A Via migration; EOL On-demand / BYOL
Windows Server 2008 N/A N/A N/A Via migration; EOL BYOL
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required) N/A N/A N/A Via migration; EOL BYOL
Windows Server 20h2 windows-cloud windows-20h2-core Google GA On-demand / BYOL
Windows Server 2004 windows-cloud windows-2004-core Google GA On-demand / BYOL
Windows Server 1909 windows-cloud windows-1909-core
windows-1909-core-for-containers
Google GA On-demand / BYOL
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 N/A N/A N/A EOL EOL

1Google Support typically coincides with Extended Support End Date. For information about the end of support (EOS) date for each of the operating systems in the table below, see the Microsoft Lifecycle Policy.
2For information about Extended Security Updates (ESU) for Windows 2008 R2, see Microsoft's Extended Security Updates Lifecycle FAQ.

Upstream support stage

OS version Servicing channel1 Support ends
Windows Server 2019 LTSC TBD
Windows Server 2019 for Containers LTSC TBD
Windows Server 2019 Core LTSC TBD
Windows Server 2019 Core for Containers LTSC TBD
Windows Server 2016 LTSC TBD
Windows Server 2016 Core LTSC TBD
Windows Server 2012 R2 LTSC October 10, 2023
Windows Server 2012 R2 Core LTSC October 10, 2023
Windows Server 2008 R2 SP2 LTSC January 14, 2020
Windows Server 20h2 Core SAC May 10, 2022
Windows Server 2004 Core SAC December 14, 2021
Windows Server 1909 Core SAC May 11, 2021
Windows Server 1909 Core for Containers SAC May 11, 2021
Windows Server 1903 Core SAC December 8, 2020
Windows Server 1903 Core for Containers SAC December 8, 2020
Windows Server 1809 Core SAC May 12, 2020
Windows Server 1809 Core for Containers SAC May 12, 2020
Windows Server 1803 Core SAC November 12, 2019
Windows Server 1803 Core for Containers SAC November 12, 2019

1LTSC refers to the Long-Term Servicing Channel, and SAC refers to the Semi-Annual Channel. For more information, see Windows Server servicing channels: LTSC and SAC.

Security features

OS version Shielded VM support
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP1 required)
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required)
Windows Server 20h2
Windows Server 2004
Windows Server 1909
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 EOL

User space features

OS version Guest environment installed gcloud CLI installed OS Login supported
Windows Server 2019 N/A
Windows Server 2016 N/A
Windows Server 2012 R2 N/A
Windows Server 2012 N/A
Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP1 required) N/A
Windows Server 2008 EOL N/A
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required) EOL N/A
Windows Server 20h2 N/A
Windows Server 2004 N/A
Windows Server 1909 N/A
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 EOL N/A

Compute optimization

NVIDIA® A100 GPUs are not supported on Windows operating systems.

OS version GPUs supported
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP1 required) 1
Windows Server 2008 1
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required) 1
Windows Server 20h2
Windows Server 2004
Windows Server 1909
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 EOL

1v100 GPUs not supported.

Import

OS version Import disk Import virtual appliance Import machine image Migrate for Compute Engine
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012 1
Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP1 required) 2
Windows Server 2008 3
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required) 4 4 4 5
Windows Server 20h2 6
Windows Server 2004 6
Windows Server 1909 6
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 EOL EOL EOL EOL

1VSS not supported.
2Supported with deprecated Python agent.
364-bit supported, 32 bit only supported for offline migration with manual adaptations.
4Self-import is available.
5Only supported for offline migration with manual adaptions.
6Not tested by Google.

Networking

OS version Google Virtual NIC (gVNIC) supported Multiple network interfaces supported
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP1 required)
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required)
Windows Server 20h2
Windows Server 2004
Windows Server 1909
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 EOL EOL

Storage

OS version NVMe supported1 VSS agent
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP1 required)
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required)
Windows Server 20h2
Windows Server 2004
Windows Server 1909
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 EOL EOL

1Google provides NVMe drivers for 64-bit Windows images, but not for 32-bit Windows images.
2Image is past its end of support (EOS) date.

VM Manager

OS version OS Config agent installed OS inventory supported OS configuration supported OS patch supported
Windows Server 2019
Windows Server 2016
Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows Server 2012
Windows Server 2008 R2 (SP1 required)
Windows Server 2008
Windows Server 2003 (R2 optional, SP2 required)
Windows Server 20h2
Windows Server 2004
Windows Server 1909
Windows Server 1709, 1803, 1809, 1903 EOL EOL EOL EOL