Get, List, and Delete Instance Templates

This page describes how to get, list, and delete instance templates.

Get information about an instance template

Console

  1. In the console, go to the Instance Templates page.

    Go to the Instance templates page

  2. Click the name of the instance template to see the details of the template.

gcloud

Using the Google Cloud CLI, run:

gcloud compute instance-templates describe [INSTANCE_TEMPLATE_NAME]

API

In the API, make a instanceTemplates().get request:

GET https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/[PROJECT_ID]/global/instanceTemplates/[INSTANCE_TEMPLATE]

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
)

// getInstanceTemplate retrieves an instance template, which you can use to create virtual machine
// (VM) instances and managed instance groups (MIGs).
func getInstanceTemplate(projectID, templateName string) (*computepb.InstanceTemplate, error) {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	// templateName := "your_template_name"

	ctx := context.Background()
	instanceTemplatesClient, err := compute.NewInstanceTemplatesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("NewInstanceTemplatesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instanceTemplatesClient.Close()

	req := &computepb.GetInstanceTemplateRequest{
		Project:          projectID,
		InstanceTemplate: templateName,
	}

	return instanceTemplatesClient.Get(ctx, req)
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.GetInstanceTemplateRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstanceTemplate;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstanceTemplatesClient;
import java.io.IOException;

public class GetInstanceTemplate {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    // projectId: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you use.
    // templateName: name of the template to retrieve.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String templateName = "template-name";
    getInstanceTemplate(projectId, templateName);
  }

  //  Retrieve an instance template, which you can use to create virtual machine
  //  (VM) instances and managed instance groups (MIGs).
  public static void getInstanceTemplate(String projectId, String templateName) throws IOException {
    try (InstanceTemplatesClient instanceTemplatesClient = InstanceTemplatesClient.create()) {

      GetInstanceTemplateRequest getInstanceTemplateRequest = GetInstanceTemplateRequest
          .newBuilder()
          .setProject(projectId)
          .setInstanceTemplate(templateName).build();

      InstanceTemplate instanceTemplate = instanceTemplatesClient.get(getInstanceTemplateRequest);
      System.out.println("Instance Template retrieved: " + instanceTemplate.getName());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const templateName = 'your_template_name';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// Retrieve an instance template, which you can use to create
// virtual machine (VM) instances and managed instance groups (MIGs).
async function getInstanceTemplate() {
  const instanceTemplatesClient = new compute.InstanceTemplatesClient();

  const [instance] = await instanceTemplatesClient.get({
    project: projectId,
    instanceTemplate: templateName,
  });

  console.log('Instance template:', instance);
}

getInstanceTemplate();

Python

from google.cloud import compute_v1


def get_instance_template(
    project_id: str, template_name: str
) -> compute_v1.InstanceTemplate:
    """
    Retrieve an instance template, which you can use to create virtual machine
    (VM) instances and managed instance groups (MIGs).

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you use.
        template_name: name of the template to retrieve.

    Returns:
        InstanceTemplate object that represents the retrieved template.
    """
    template_client = compute_v1.InstanceTemplatesClient()
    return template_client.get(project=project_id, instance_template=template_name)

List instance templates

To get a list of instance templates you created:

Console

The Instance Templates page lists all of the instance templates in your project.

Go to the Instance Templates page

gcloud

Using the Google Cloud CLI, run:

gcloud compute instance-templates list

API

In the API, make a instanceTemplates().list request:

GET https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/global/instanceTemplates

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
)

// listInstanceTemplates prints a list of InstanceTemplate objects available in a project.
func listInstanceTemplates(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"

	ctx := context.Background()
	instanceTemplatesClient, err := compute.NewInstanceTemplatesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstanceTemplatesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instanceTemplatesClient.Close()

	req := &computepb.ListInstanceTemplatesRequest{
		Project: projectID,
	}

	it := instanceTemplatesClient.List(ctx, req)
	for {
		instance, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "- %s %s\n", instance.GetName(), instance.GetProperties().GetMachineType())
	}

	return nil
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstanceTemplate;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstanceTemplatesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstanceTemplatesClient.ListPagedResponse;
import java.io.IOException;

public class ListInstanceTemplates {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    // projectId: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you use.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    listInstanceTemplates(projectId);
  }

  // Get a list of InstanceTemplate objects available in a project.
  public static ListPagedResponse listInstanceTemplates(String projectId) throws IOException {
    try (InstanceTemplatesClient instanceTemplatesClient = InstanceTemplatesClient.create()) {
      int count = 0;
      System.out.println("Listing instance templates...");
      ListPagedResponse templates = instanceTemplatesClient.list(projectId);
      for (InstanceTemplate instanceTemplate : templates.iterateAll()) {
        System.out.printf("%s. %s%n", ++count, instanceTemplate.getName());
      }
      return templates;
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// Print a list of instance template objects available in a project.
async function listInstanceTemplates() {
  const instanceTemplatesClient = new compute.InstanceTemplatesClient();

  const instanceTemplates = instanceTemplatesClient.listAsync({
    project: projectId,
  });

  for await (const instanceTemplate of instanceTemplates) {
    console.log(` - ${instanceTemplate.name}`);
  }
}

listInstanceTemplates();

Python

from typing import Iterable

from google.cloud import compute_v1


def list_instance_templates(project_id: str) -> Iterable[compute_v1.InstanceTemplate]:
    """
    Get a list of InstanceTemplate objects available in a project.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you use.

    Returns:
        Iterable list of InstanceTemplate objects.
    """
    template_client = compute_v1.InstanceTemplatesClient()
    return template_client.list(project=project_id)

Delete an instance template

Deleting an instance template removes it from your list of templates. You cannot delete an instance template if a managed instance group references it.

Console

  1. In the console, go to the Instance Templates page.

    Go to the Instance Templates page

  2. Select the instance templates you want to delete.
  3. Click Delete.

gcloud

Using the Google Cloud CLI, run:

gcloud compute instance-templates delete [INSTANCE_TEMPLATE_NAME]

API

In the API, make a instanceTemplates().delete request:

DELETE https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/global/instanceTemplates/[INSTANCE_TEMPLATE_NAME]

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
)

// deleteInstanceTemplate deletes an instance template.
func deleteInstanceTemplate(w io.Writer, projectID, templateName string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	// templateName := "your_template_name"

	ctx := context.Background()
	instanceTemplatesClient, err := compute.NewInstanceTemplatesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstanceTemplatesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instanceTemplatesClient.Close()

	req := &computepb.DeleteInstanceTemplateRequest{
		Project:          projectID,
		InstanceTemplate: templateName,
	}

	op, err := instanceTemplatesClient.Delete(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to delete instance template: %v", err)
	}

	if err = op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to wait for the operation: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Instance template deleted\n")

	return nil
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.DeleteInstanceTemplateRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstanceTemplatesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Operation;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class DeleteInstanceTemplate {

  public static void main(String[] args)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException, TimeoutException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    // projectId: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you use.
    // templateName: name of the new template to create.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    String templateName = "template-name";
    deleteInstanceTemplate(projectId, templateName);
  }

  // Delete an instance template.
  public static void deleteInstanceTemplate(String projectId, String templateName)
      throws IOException, ExecutionException, InterruptedException, TimeoutException {
    try (InstanceTemplatesClient instanceTemplatesClient = InstanceTemplatesClient.create()) {

      DeleteInstanceTemplateRequest deleteInstanceTemplateRequest = DeleteInstanceTemplateRequest
          .newBuilder()
          .setProject(projectId)
          .setInstanceTemplate(templateName).build();

      Operation response = instanceTemplatesClient.deleteAsync(deleteInstanceTemplateRequest)
          .get(3, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

      if (response.hasError()) {
        System.out.println("Instance template deletion failed ! ! " + response);
        return;
      }
      System.out.printf("Instance template deletion operation status for %s: %s ", templateName,
          response.getStatus());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const templateName = 'your_template_name';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// Delete an instance template.
async function deleteInstanceTemplate() {
  const instanceTemplatesClient = new compute.InstanceTemplatesClient();

  const [response] = await instanceTemplatesClient.delete({
    project: projectId,
    instanceTemplate: templateName,
  });
  let operation = response.latestResponse;
  const operationsClient = new compute.GlobalOperationsClient();

  // Wait for the create operation to complete.
  while (operation.status !== 'DONE') {
    [operation] = await operationsClient.wait({
      operation: operation.name,
      project: projectId,
    });
  }

  console.log('Instance template deleted.');
}

deleteInstanceTemplate();

Python

import sys
from typing import Any

from google.api_core.extended_operation import ExtendedOperation
from google.cloud import compute_v1


def wait_for_extended_operation(
    operation: ExtendedOperation, verbose_name: str = "operation", timeout: int = 300
) -> Any:
    """
    This method will wait for the extended (long-running) operation to
    complete. If the operation is successful, it will return its result.
    If the operation ends with an error, an exception will be raised.
    If there were any warnings during the execution of the operation
    they will be printed to sys.stderr.

    Args:
        operation: a long-running operation you want to wait on.
        verbose_name: (optional) a more verbose name of the operation,
            used only during error and warning reporting.
        timeout: how long (in seconds) to wait for operation to finish.
            If None, wait indefinitely.

    Returns:
        Whatever the operation.result() returns.

    Raises:
        This method will raise the exception received from `operation.exception()`
        or RuntimeError if there is no exception set, but there is an `error_code`
        set for the `operation`.

        In case of an operation taking longer than `timeout` seconds to complete,
        a `concurrent.futures.TimeoutError` will be raised.
    """
    result = operation.result(timeout=timeout)

    if operation.error_code:
        print(
            f"Error during {verbose_name}: [Code: {operation.error_code}]: {operation.error_message}",
            file=sys.stderr,
            flush=True,
        )
        print(f"Operation ID: {operation.name}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        raise operation.exception() or RuntimeError(operation.error_message)

    if operation.warnings:
        print(f"Warnings during {verbose_name}:\n", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        for warning in operation.warnings:
            print(f" - {warning.code}: {warning.message}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)

    return result


def delete_instance_template(project_id: str, template_name: str):
    """
    Delete an instance template.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you use.
        template_name: name of the template to delete.
    """
    template_client = compute_v1.InstanceTemplatesClient()
    operation = template_client.delete(
        project=project_id, instance_template=template_name
    )
    wait_for_extended_operation(operation, "instance template deletion")
    return

Sometimes the instances in a managed instance group can be out of sync with the rest of the group, and use a different instance template than the rest of the group. If an instance in a managed instance group uses a different template than what is specified on the group, that instance will continue to use its template for autohealing events even if that template is deleted. To update an instance to the new template, recreate that instance.