Authenticating With a Service Account Key File

Manually create and obtain service account credentials to use BigQuery when an application is deployed on-premises or to other public clouds. You can set the environment variable to load the credentials using Application Default Credentials, or you can specify the path to load the credentials manually in your application code.

This guide will show you how to load the credentials from a file.

Before you begin

Loading credentials from a file

Create credentials in your application from the service account file. Then use the credentials to create a service object with the BigQuery Client Libraries.


Before trying this sample, follow the C# setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the BigQuery C# API reference documentation .

Load the credentials from the JSON file using GoogleCredential.FromStream(Stream).

After you create a GoogleCredential, pass it to BigQueryClient.Create(String, GoogleCredential) to create the BigQuery service object.

For examples, see Setting Up Authentication for Server to Server Production Applications.


Before trying this sample, follow the Java setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the BigQuery Java API reference documentation .

Create a ServiceAccountCredentials object from a file using ServiceAccountCredentials.fromStream(InputStream). Pass the credentials to a BigQueryOptions.Builder and create the BigQuery service from those options.

public static void explicit() throws IOException {
  // Load credentials from JSON key file. If you can't set the GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS
  // environment variable, you can explicitly load the credentials file to construct the
  // credentials.
  GoogleCredentials credentials;
  File credentialsPath = new File("service_account.json");  // TODO: update to your key path.
  try (FileInputStream serviceAccountStream = new FileInputStream(credentialsPath)) {
    credentials = ServiceAccountCredentials.fromStream(serviceAccountStream);

  // Instantiate a client.
  BigQuery bigquery =

  // Use the client.
  for (Dataset dataset : bigquery.listDatasets().iterateAll()) {
    System.out.printf("%s%n", dataset.getDatasetId().getDataset());


Before trying this sample, follow the Python setup instructions in the BigQuery Quickstart Using Client Libraries . For more information, see the BigQuery Python API reference documentation .

Use google.oauth2.service_account.Credentials.from_service_account_file to authenticate with a service account key file. Create a BigQuery Client using the credentials.

from import bigquery
from google.oauth2 import service_account

# TODO(developer): Set key_path to the path to the service account key
#                  file.
# key_path = "path/to/service_account.json"

credentials = service_account.Credentials.from_service_account_file(

client = bigquery.Client(

What's next

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