Annotate images with the ML.ANNOTATE_IMAGE function

This document describes how to use the ML.ANNOTATE_IMAGE function with a remote model to annotate images from an object table.

Required permissions

  • To create a connection, you need membership in the following role:

    • roles/bigquery.connectionAdmin
  • To grant permissions to the connection's service account, you need the following permission:

    • resourcemanager.projects.setIamPolicy
  • To create the model using BigQuery ML, you need the following permissions:

    • bigquery.jobs.create
    • bigquery.models.create
    • bigquery.models.getData
    • bigquery.models.updateData
    • bigquery.models.updateMetadata
  • To run inference, you need the following permissions:

    • bigquery.tables.getData on the object table
    • bigquery.models.getData on the model
    • bigquery.jobs.create

Before you begin

  1. Sign in to your Google Cloud account. If you're new to Google Cloud, create an account to evaluate how our products perform in real-world scenarios. New customers also get $300 in free credits to run, test, and deploy workloads.
  2. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  3. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  4. Enable the BigQuery, BigQuery Connection API, and Cloud Vision API APIs.

    Enable the APIs

  5. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  6. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  7. Enable the BigQuery, BigQuery Connection API, and Cloud Vision API APIs.

    Enable the APIs

Create a connection

Create a cloud resource connection and get the connection's service account.

Select one of the following options:

Console

  1. Go to the BigQuery page.

    Go to BigQuery

  2. To create a connection, click Add data, and then click Connections to external data sources.

  3. In the Connection type list, select Vertex AI remote models, remote functions and BigLake (Cloud Resource).

  4. In the Connection ID field, enter a name for your connection.

  5. Click Create connection.

  6. Click Go to connection.

  7. In the Connection info pane, copy the service account ID for use in a later step.

bq

  1. In a command-line environment, create a connection:

    bq mk --connection --location=REGION --project_id=PROJECT_ID \
        --connection_type=CLOUD_RESOURCE CONNECTION_ID
    

    The --project_id parameter overrides the default project.

    Replace the following:

    • REGION: your connection region
    • PROJECT_ID: your Google Cloud project ID
    • CONNECTION_ID: an ID for your connection

    When you create a connection resource, BigQuery creates a unique system service account and associates it with the connection.

    Troubleshooting: If you get the following connection error, update the Google Cloud SDK:

    Flags parsing error: flag --connection_type=CLOUD_RESOURCE: value should be one of...
    
  2. Retrieve and copy the service account ID for use in a later step:

    bq show --connection PROJECT_ID.REGION.CONNECTION_ID
    

    The output is similar to the following:

    name                          properties
    1234.REGION.CONNECTION_ID     {"serviceAccountId": "connection-1234-9u56h9@gcp-sa-bigquery-condel.iam.gserviceaccount.com"}
    

Terraform

Append the following section into your main.tf file.

 ## This creates a cloud resource connection.
 ## Note: The cloud resource nested object has only one output only field - serviceAccountId.
 resource "google_bigquery_connection" "connection" {
    connection_id = "CONNECTION_ID"
    project = "PROJECT_ID"
    location = "REGION"
    cloud_resource {}
}        
Replace the following:

  • CONNECTION_ID: an ID for your connection
  • PROJECT_ID: your Google Cloud project ID
  • REGION: your connection region

Grant access to the service account

Select one of the following options:

Console

  1. Go to the IAM & Admin page.

    Go to IAM & Admin

  2. Click Add.

    The Add principals dialog opens.

  3. In the New principals field, enter the service account ID that you copied earlier.

  4. In the Select a role field, select Service Usage, and then select Service Usage Consumer.

  5. Click Add another role.

  6. In the Select a role field, select BigQuery, and then select BigQuery Connection User.

  7. Click Save.

gcloud

Use the gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding command:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding 'PROJECT_NUMBER' --member='serviceAccount:MEMBER' --role='roles/serviceusage.serviceUsageConsumer' --condition=None
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding 'PROJECT_NUMBER' --member='serviceAccount:MEMBER' --role='roles/bigquery.connectionUser' --condition=None

Replace the following:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your project number.
  • MEMBER: the service account ID that you copied earlier.

Failure to grant the permission results in an error.

Create a model

Create a remote model with a REMOTE_SERVICE_TYPE of CLOUD_AI_VISION_V1:

CREATE OR REPLACE MODEL
`PROJECT_ID.DATASET_ID.MODEL_NAME`
REMOTE WITH CONNECTION PROJECT_ID.REGION.CONNECTION_ID
OPTIONS (REMOTE_SERVICE_TYPE = 'CLOUD_AI_VISION_V1');

Replace the following:

  • PROJECT_ID: your project ID.
  • DATASET_ID: the ID of the dataset to contain the model. This dataset must be in the same location as the connection that you are using.
  • MODEL_NAME: the name of the model.
  • REGION: the region used by the connection.
  • CONNECTION_ID: the connection ID—for example, myconnection.

    When you view the connection details in the Google Cloud console, the connection ID is the value in the last section of the fully qualified connection ID that is shown in Connection ID—for example projects/myproject/locations/connection_location/connections/myconnection.

Annotate images

Annotate images with the ML.ANNOTATE_IMAGE function:

SELECT *
FROM ML.ANNOTATE_IMAGE(
  MODEL `PROJECT_ID.DATASET_ID.MODEL_NAME`,
  TABLE PROJECT_ID.DATASET_ID.OBJECT_TABLE_NAME,
  STRUCT(['FEATURE_NAME' [,...]] AS vision_features)
);

Replace the following:

  • PROJECT_ID: your project ID.
  • DATASET_ID: the ID of the dataset that contains the model.
  • MODEL_NAME: the name of the model.
  • OBJECT_TABLE_NAME: the name of the object table that contains the URIs of the images to annotate.
  • FEATURE_NAME: the name of a supported Cloud Vision API feature.

Example 1

The following example labels the items shown in the images:

SELECT *
FROM ML.ANNOTATE_IMAGE(
  MODEL `myproject.mydataset.myvisionmodel`,
  TABLE myproject.mydataset.image_table,
  STRUCT(['label_detection'] AS vision_features)
);

Example 2

The following example detects any faces shown in the images, and also returns image attributes, like dominant colors:

SELECT *
FROM ML.ANNOTATE_IMAGE(
  MODEL `myproject.mydataset.myvisionmodel`,
  TABLE myproject.mydataset.image_table,
  STRUCT(['face_detection', 'image_properties'] AS vision_features)
);

What's next