Introduction to connections
BigQuery lets you query data that's stored outside of BigQuery in Google Cloud services like Cloud Storage or Cloud Spanner, or in third-party sources like AWS or Azure. These external connections use the BigQuery Connection API.
For example, suppose that you store details about customer orders in Cloud SQL and data about sales in BigQuery, and you want to join the two tables in a single query. You can create a Cloud SQL connection to the external database by using the BigQuery Connection API. With connections, you never send database credentials as cleartext.
A connection is encrypted and securely stored in the BigQuery connection service. You can give users access to connections by granting them BigQuery connection Identity and Access Management (IAM) roles.
BigQuery provides connections for the following external data sources:
BigLake tables: BigLake connections help to connect the following external data sources while retaining fine-grained BigQuery access control and security:
- Structured data in Cloud Storage
- Unstructured data in Cloud Storage
- Amazon S3 with BigQuery Omni
- Azure Storage with BigQuery Omni
For more information, see Introduction to BigLake tables.
Federated queries: Federated connections establish connections to the following databases before you send the query. Connections handle database credentials for federated queries.
For more information, see Introduction to federated queries.
Remote functions: BigQuery remote functions let you implement functions with any supported languages in Cloud Functions or Cloud Run. A BigQuery connection lets you connect with Cloud Functions or Cloud Run and run these functions.
Apache Spark: Stored procedures for Apache Spark let you run stored procedures written in Python using BigQuery. A Spark connection lets you connect to Dataproc Serverless and run the stored procedures for Apache Spark.
For more information, see Work with stored procedures for Apache Spark.
BigQuery logs usage and management requests about connections. For more information, see BigQuery audit logs overview.
- Learn how to query stored data:
- Query data stored in AWS.
- Query data stored in Azure.
- Query structured data stored in Cloud Storage.
- Query unstructured data stored in Cloud Storage.
- Query data stored in Spanner.
- Query data stored in Cloud SQL.
- Query data using remote functions.
- Query unstructured data using remote functions.
- Query data using stored procedures for Apache Spark.
- Learn how to manage connections.
- Learn about external tables.