Translate text with the ML.TRANSLATE function

This document describes how to use the ML.TRANSLATE function with a remote model to translate text from a BigQuery standard table.

For information about model inference in BigQuery ML, see Model inference overview.

For information about supported model types of each SQL statement and function, and all supported SQL statements and functions for each model type, read End-to-end user journey for each model.

Required permissions

  • To create a connection, you need membership in the following role:

    • roles/bigquery.connectionAdmin
  • To grant permissions to the connection's service account, you need the following permission:

    • resourcemanager.projects.setIamPolicy
  • To create the model using BigQuery ML, you need the following permissions:

    • bigquery.jobs.create
    • bigquery.models.create
    • bigquery.models.getData
    • bigquery.models.updateData
    • bigquery.models.updateMetadata
  • To run inference, you need the following permissions:

    • bigquery.tables.getData on the table
    • bigquery.models.getData on the model
    • bigquery.jobs.create

Before you begin

  1. Sign in to your Google Cloud account. If you're new to Google Cloud, create an account to evaluate how our products perform in real-world scenarios. New customers also get $300 in free credits to run, test, and deploy workloads.
  2. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  3. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  4. Enable the BigQuery, BigQuery Connection API, and Cloud Translation APIs.

    Enable the APIs

  5. In the Google Cloud console, on the project selector page, select or create a Google Cloud project.

    Go to project selector

  6. Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project.

  7. Enable the BigQuery, BigQuery Connection API, and Cloud Translation APIs.

    Enable the APIs

Create a connection

Create a cloud resource connection and get the connection's service account.

Select one of the following options:

Console

  1. Go to the BigQuery page.

    Go to BigQuery

  2. To create a connection, click Add data, and then click Connections to external data sources.

  3. In the Connection type list, select Vertex AI remote models, remote functions and BigLake (Cloud Resource).

  4. In the Connection ID field, enter a name for your connection.

  5. Click Create connection.

  6. Click Go to connection.

  7. In the Connection info pane, copy the service account ID for use in a later step.

bq

  1. In a command-line environment, create a connection:

    bq mk --connection --location=REGION --project_id=PROJECT_ID \
        --connection_type=CLOUD_RESOURCE CONNECTION_ID
    

    The --project_id parameter overrides the default project.

    Replace the following:

    • REGION: your connection region
    • PROJECT_ID: your Google Cloud project ID
    • CONNECTION_ID: an ID for your connection

    When you create a connection resource, BigQuery creates a unique system service account and associates it with the connection.

    Troubleshooting: If you get the following connection error, update the Google Cloud SDK:

    Flags parsing error: flag --connection_type=CLOUD_RESOURCE: value should be one of...
    
  2. Retrieve and copy the service account ID for use in a later step:

    bq show --connection PROJECT_ID.REGION.CONNECTION_ID
    

    The output is similar to the following:

    name                          properties
    1234.REGION.CONNECTION_ID     {"serviceAccountId": "connection-1234-9u56h9@gcp-sa-bigquery-condel.iam.gserviceaccount.com"}
    

Terraform

Append the following section into your main.tf file.

 ## This creates a cloud resource connection.
 ## Note: The cloud resource nested object has only one output only field - serviceAccountId.
 resource "google_bigquery_connection" "connection" {
    connection_id = "CONNECTION_ID"
    project = "PROJECT_ID"
    location = "REGION"
    cloud_resource {}
}        
Replace the following:

  • CONNECTION_ID: an ID for your connection
  • PROJECT_ID: your Google Cloud project ID
  • REGION: your connection region

Grant access to the service account

Select one of the following options:

Console

  1. Go to the IAM & Admin page.

    Go to IAM & Admin

  2. Click Add.

    The Add principals dialog opens.

  3. In the New principals field, enter the service account ID that you copied earlier.

  4. In the Select a role field, select Service Usage, and then select Service Usage Consumer.

  5. Click Add another role.

  6. In the Select a role field, select BigQuery, and then select BigQuery Connection User.

  7. Click Add another role.

  8. In the Select a role field, select Cloud Translation, and then select Cloud Translation API User.

  9. Click Save.

gcloud

Use the gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding command:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding 'PROJECT_NUMBER' --member='serviceAccount:MEMBER' --role='roles/serviceusage.serviceUsageConsumer' --condition=None
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding 'PROJECT_NUMBER' --member='serviceAccount:MEMBER' --role='roles/bigquery.connectionUser' --condition=None
gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding 'PROJECT_NUMBER' --member='serviceAccount:MEMBER' --role='roles/cloudtranslate.user' --condition=None

Replace the following:

  • PROJECT_NUMBER: your project number.
  • MEMBER: the service account ID that you copied earlier.

Failure to grant the permission results in an error.

Create a model

Create a remote model with a REMOTE_SERVICE_TYPE of CLOUD_AI_TRANSLATE_V3:

CREATE OR REPLACE MODEL
`PROJECT_ID.DATASET_ID.MODEL_NAME`
REMOTE WITH CONNECTION PROJECT_ID.REGION.CONNECTION_ID
OPTIONS (REMOTE_SERVICE_TYPE = 'CLOUD_AI_TRANSLATE_V3');

Replace the following:

  • PROJECT_ID: your project ID.
  • DATASET_ID: the ID of the dataset to contain the model. This dataset must be in the same location as the connection that you are using.
  • MODEL_NAME: the name of the model.
  • REGION: the region used by the connection.
  • CONNECTION_ID: the connection ID—for example, myconnection.

    When you view the connection details in the Google Cloud console, the connection ID is the value in the last section of the fully qualified connection ID that is shown in Connection ID—for example projects/myproject/locations/connection_location/connections/myconnection.

Translate text

Translate text with the ML.TRANSLATE function:

SELECT *
FROM ML.TRANSLATE(
  MODEL `PROJECT_ID.DATASET_ID.MODEL_NAME`,
  TABLE PROJECT_ID.DATASET_ID.TABLE_NAME,
  STRUCT('MODE' AS translate_mode, ['LANGUAGE' AS target_language_code])
);

Replace the following:

  • PROJECT_ID: your project ID.
  • DATASET_ID: the ID of the dataset that contains the model.
  • MODEL_NAME: the name of the model.
  • TABLE_NAME: the name of the table that contains the text to translate in a column named text_content. If the text is in a column with a different name, specify text_content as an alias for that column.
  • MODE: the name of a supported translation mode.
  • LANGUAGE: the name of a supported language code. This argument is only required when you use the TRANSLATE_TEXT translation mode.

Example 1

The following example translates the text from the table's text_content column into Hindi:

SELECT * FROM ML.TRANSLATE(
  MODEL `mydataset.mytranslatemodel`,
  TABLE mydataset.mytable,
  STRUCT('translate_text' AS translate_mode, 'hi' AS target_language_code))
);

Example 2

The following example detects the language of the text in the table's comment column:

SELECT * FROM ML.TRANSLATE(
  MODEL `mydataset.mytranslatemodel`,
  (SELECT comment AS text_content from mydataset.mytable),
  STRUCT('detect_language' AS translate_mode)
);

What's next

Try the Unstructured data analytics with BigQuery ML and Vertex AI pre-trained models notebook.