Delete an instance to remove the instance and the associated resources from your project. If the instance is part of an instance group, the group might try to recreate an identitcal instance to maintain a certain group size. Resize the instance group or reconfigure the autoscaler instead.
Before you begin
- If you want to use the command-line examples in this guide:
- If you want to use the API examples in this guide, set up API access.
Delete an instance
Permissions required for this task
To perform this task, you must have the following permissions:
compute.instances.deleteon the instance
Delete an instance using Cloud Console, the
gcloud command-line tool, or the
- Go to the VM Instances page in the Cloud Console.
- Check the instances you want to delete.
- Click the Delete button.
gcloud compute instances delete
command. When you delete an instance in this way, the instance shuts down
and is removed from the list of instances, and all resources attached to
the instance are released, such as persistent disks and any static IP
To delete an instance, use the following command:
gcloud compute instances delete example-instance [example-instance-2 example-instance-3..]
After you delete a VM instance, you are no longer billed for that instance unless any of the following situations apply:
- If you delete a VM that is hosted on a sole-tenant node, you continue to pay for the sole-tenant node itself instead of the individual VMs hosted on the node.
- If you have a committed use contract, you continue to pay for the resources you committed to, whether or not you use those resources.
- If you retain any resources that were attached to the VM instance, you continue to be charged for those resources until you delete them, too. For example, if you delete the VM instance but keep its persistent disk, you continue to be charged for the persistent disk.
For more details on pricing information, see VM instances pricing.
When you stop or delete an instance, Compute Engine sends the ACPI Power Off signal to the instance and waits a short period of time for your instance to shut down cleanly. If your instance is still running after this grace period, Compute Engine forcefully terminates it even if your shutdown script is still running.
The length of the shutdown period depends on the type of your instance.
- Normal instances have a shutdown period that usually lasts at least 90 seconds, but could be longer.
- Preemptible instances have a shutdown period that lasts 30 seconds, which is the same length as the shutdown period that happens during the preemption process.
If you choose to run a shutdown script during this period, your shutdown script must finish running within this time period so that the operating system has time to complete its shutdown and flush buffers to disk.
- Learn about the instance life cycle.
- Stop an instance instead of deleting it permanently.
- Suspend an instance instead of deleting it permanently.