Cost Controls

Controlling costs using billing alerts

You can set project-wide billing alerts to help you keep track of your costs and avoid surprises on your bills. Once you’ve set an alert on your account, the Billing Alerts feature will send email notifications to billing administrators when the charges for the current month exceed the threshold you’ve set. For more details, see Google Cloud Platform Billing Alerts.

Controlling query costs using BigQuery custom quotas

For some customers, especially those in large organizations with multiple projects and users, the BigQuery custom quotas feature provides a more granular query cost control mechanism.

BigQuery custom quotas enable you to specify a limit on the number of bytes processed per day, in 10 TB increments. You can set limits at the project level or across all users.

  • The project-level limit applies to the aggregate usage in that project.

  • The project's user-level limit is separately applied to each user or service account within a project individually.

For current query pricing per TB processed, see the pricing page.

To enable custom quotas, see How to set or modify custom quotas.

How custom quotas are enforced

After you enable the custom quotas feature, BigQuery enforces your quotas by returning an error when you exceed a quota that you have set.

If you exceed a project-level custom quota, BigQuery returns the following quotaExceeded error:

Custom quota exceeded: Your project exceeded the custom quota for query
bytes scanned, which is set by your administrator. For more information,

If a user exceeds a user-level custom quota, BigQuery returns a quotaExceeded error with a different error message:

Custom quota exceeded: Your project_user exceeded the custom quota for query bytes
scanned per user, which is set by your administrator. For more information,

If you use the _PARTITIONTIME or _TABLE_SUFFIX filter in your query, you might get an unexpected quotaExceeded error. When BigQuery checks your query to see whether you would exceed your custom quota, it currently ignores any _PARTITIONTIME or _TABLE_SUFFIX filters in the query. To get an accurate preview of a query's cost and limit the number of bytes billed, consider using the maximumBytesBilled property. Setting maximumBytesBilled creates a per-query limit on bytes billed, but adds some latency to the query's run time.


Suppose you set the following custom quotas for a project with 10 users, one of which is a service account:

  • Project-level: 50TB per day
  • User-level: 10TB per day

The following table describes the remaining quota as the 10 users run queries thoughout the day.

Usage Remaining Quota
Each of the 10 users queries 4 TBs Project-level: 10 TBs remain.
User-level: 6 TBs per user remain, but only up to 10 TBs total.
The service account queries another 6 TBs Project-level: 4 TBs remain.
User-level: The service account can no longer use BigQuery. 6 TBs per user remain for the other users, but only up to 4 TBs total.
One user queries another 4 TBs Project-level: 0 TBs remain.
User-level: Various TBs remain, but no one can use BigQuery because the project-level quota has been exceeded.

With no remaining quota, BigQuery stops working for everyone in that project.

How to set or modify custom quotas

To enable the custom quotas feature or modify an existing custom quota, complete the BigQuery Custom Quota Request form and click Submit. You will usually receive a response within 2 to 3 business days. You must be the project owner to request a custom quota.


Can customers self-provision custom quotas?

No, you must use the BigQuery Custom Quota Request form.

How will I know what my custom quota levels are?

After you submit the form, you will receive an email confirmation that verifies your custom quota preferences.

When is my custom quota refilled?

Daily quotas are replenished at regular intervals throughout the day, reflecting their intent to guide rate limiting behaviors. Intermittent refresh is also done to avoid long disruptions when quota is exhausted. More quota is typically made available within minutes rather than globally replenished once daily.

What if I exceeded my custom quota, but I want to reset it?

You can run your query from another project that has access to your datasets and that doesn't have a custom quota or hasn't yet exceeded it. Alternatively, you can wait approximately 15 minutes when your quota is partially refilled.

Is custom quota proactive or reactive, or in other words, can I run an 11TB query if I have a 10TB quota?

Custom quota is proactive, so you won't be able to run an 11TB query if you have a 10TB quota.

Monitor your resources on the go

Get the Google Cloud Console app to help you manage your projects.

Send feedback about...