This document describes how to connect to Linux virtual machine (VM) instances using the Google Cloud console and the Google Cloud CLI. For information about how SSH connections work in Compute Engine, including SSH key configuration and storage, see SSH connections to Linux VMs.
For other ways to connect to Linux VMs, such as using third-party tools including PuTTY, see Connect to Linux VMs using third-party tools.
Before you begin
- If you want to use the command-line examples in this guide, do the following:
Supported operating systems
Connect to VMs
To connect to Linux instances through the Google Cloud console or the Google Cloud CLI, complete the steps in one of the following tabs.
- In the Google Cloud console, go to the VM instances page.
In the list of virtual machine instances, click SSH in the row of
the instance that you want to connect to.
In the Google Cloud console, activate Cloud Shell.
At the bottom of the Google Cloud console, a Cloud Shell session starts and displays a command-line prompt. Cloud Shell is a shell environment with the Google Cloud CLI already installed and with values already set for your current project. It can take a few seconds for the session to initialize.
In your development environment, run the
gcloud compute sshcommand to connect to instances that you have permission to access:
gcloud compute ssh --project=PROJECT_ID --zone=ZONE VM_NAME
Replace the following:
PROJECT_ID: the ID of the project that contains the instance
ZONE: the name of the zone in which the instance is located
VM_NAME: the name of the instance
If you have set default properties for the Google Cloud CLI, you can omit the
--zoneflags from this command. For example:
gcloud compute ssh VM_NAME
After you connect, use the terminal to run commands on your Linux instance.
When you have finished, disconnect from the instance by using the
To find methods for diagnosing and resolving failed SSH connections, see Troubleshooting SSH.
- Learn how to connect to Windows VMs.
- Learn how to manage access to instances.
- Learn how to connect to Linux VMs using third-party tools.
- Learn how to connect to Linux VMs using advanced methods.
- Learn how to transfer files to instances.
- Learn how SSH connections to Linux VMs work on Compute Engine.
- Learn more about SSH-in-browser.