GPU instances cannot be live migrated. You must set your GPU instances to terminate for host maintenance events. If needed, you can set your terminated instances to automatically restart after the maintenance event completes. These maintenance events typically occur once per month, but can occur more frequently when necessary.
To minimize disruptions to your workloads during a maintenance event, you can monitor the maintenance schedule for your instance, and prepare your workloads to transition through the system restart.
To receive advanced notice of host maintenance events, monitor the
/computeMetadata/v1/instance/maintenance-event metadata value.
If the request to the metadata server returns
NONE, the instance isn't
scheduled to terminate. For example, run the following command from within
curl http://metadata.google.internal/computeMetadata/v1/instance/maintenance-event -H "Metadata-Flavor: Google" NONE
If the metadata server returns
TERMINATE_ON_HOST_MAINTENANCE, then your
instance is scheduled for termination. Compute Engine gives GPU
instances a 1-hour termination notice, while normal instances receive only
a 60-second notice. Configure your application to transition through the
maintenance event. For example, you might use one of the following techniques:
Configure your application to temporarily move work in progress to a Cloud Storage bucket, then retrieve that data after the instance restarts.
Write data to a secondary persistent disk. When the instance automatically restarts, the persistent disk can be reattached and your application can resume work.
You can also receive notification of changes in this metadata value without polling. For examples of how to receive advanced notice of host maintenance events without polling, read getting live migration notices.