Last modified: 25 May 2018 | Previous Versions
The partner agreeing to these terms ("Partner"), and Google LLC (formerly known as Google Inc.),
Google Ireland Limited, Google Asia Pacific Pte. Ltd., or any other entity that directly or
indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with Google LLC
(as applicable, "Google"), have entered into an agreement under which Google has agreed to
provide Google Cloud Platform (as described at https://cloud.google.com/terms/services) and
related technical support to Partner as a reseller or supplier of Google Cloud Platform under
the Program (as amended from time to time, the "Agreement").
These Data Processing and Security Terms, including their appendices (the "Terms") will be
effective and replace any previously applicable data processing and security terms as from the
Terms Effective Date (as defined below). These Terms supplement the Agreement.
These Terms reflect the parties' agreement with respect to the terms governing the
processing and security of Partner Data under the Agreement.
2.1 Capitalized terms used but not defined in these Terms have the meanings set out in
the Agreement. In these Terms, unless stated otherwise:
- Additional Security Controls means security resources, features, functionality
and/or controls that Partner may use at its option and/or as it determines,
including the Admin Console and other features and/or functionality of the
Services such as encryption, logging and monitoring, identity and access
management, security scanning, and firewalls.
- Agreed Liability Cap means the maximum monetary or payment-based amount at
which a party's liability is capped under the Agreement, either per annual period
or event giving rise to liability, as applicable.
- Alternative Transfer Solution means a solution, other than the Model Contract
Clauses, that enables the lawful transfer of personal data to a third country in
accordance with Article 45 or 46 of the GDPR (for example, the EU-U.S. Privacy
- Audited Services means the Services indicated as being in-scope for the relevant
certification or report at https://cloud.google.com/security/compliance/services-in-scope,
as may be updated by Google from time to time, provided that Google
may only remove a Deprecation Policy Service from such URL if that Service has
been discontinued in accordance with the Deprecation Policy.
- Data Incident means a breach of Google's security leading to the accidental or
unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorized disclosure of, or access to,
Partner Data on systems managed by or otherwise controlled by Google. "Data
Incidents" will not include unsuccessful attempts or activities that do not
compromise the security of Partner Data, including unsuccessful log-in attempts,
pings, port scans, denial of service attacks, and other network attacks on
firewalls or networked systems.
- Deprecation Policy Service means a Service identified at
- EEA means the European Economic Area.
- European Data Protection Legislation means, as applicable: (a) the GDPR; and/or
(b) the Federal Data Protection Act of 19 June 1992 (Switzerland).
- GDPR means Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the
Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the
processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and
repealing Directive 95/46/EC.
- Google's Third Party Auditor means a Google-appointed, qualified and
independent third party auditor, whose then-current identity Google will disclose
- ISO 27001 Certification means an ISO/IEC 27001:2013 certification or a
comparable certification for the Audited Services.
- ISO 27017 Certification means an ISO/IEC 27017:2015 certification or a
comparable certification for the Audited Services.
- ISO 27018 Certification means an ISO/IEC 27018:2014 certification or a
comparable certification for the Audited Services.
- Model Contract Clauses or MCCs mean the standard data protection clauses for
the transfer of personal data to processors established in third countries which
do not ensure an adequate level of data protection, as described in Article 46 of
- Non-European Data Protection Legislation means data protection or privacy
legislation in force outside the European Economic Area and Switzerland.
- Notification Email Address means the email address(es) designated by Partner
in the Admin Console, to receive certain notifications from Google.
- Partner Personal Data means the personal data contained within the Partner
- Security Documentation means all documents and information made available by
Google under Section 7.5.1 (Reviews of Security Documentation).
- Security Measures has the meaning given in Section 7.1.1 (Google's Security
- SOC 2 Report means a confidential Service Organization Control (SOC) 2 report
(or a comparable report) on Google's systems examining logical security
controls, physical security controls, and system availability, as produced by
Google's Third Party Auditor in relation to the Audited Services.
- SOC 3 Report means a Service Organization Control (SOC) 3 report (or a
comparable report), as produced by Google's Third Party Auditor in relation to the
- Subprocessors means third parties authorized under these Terms to have logical
access to and process Partner Data in order to provide parts of the Services and TSS.
- Term means the period from the Terms Effective Date until the end of Google's
provision of the Services, including, if applicable, any period during which
provision of the Services may be suspended and any post-termination period
during which Google may continue providing the Services for transitional
- Terms Effective Date means the date on which Partner
accepted, or the parties otherwise agreed to, these Terms.
2.2 The terms "personal data", "data subject", "processing", "controller", "processor" and
"supervisory authority" as used in these Terms have the meanings given in the GDPR,
and the terms "data importer" and "data exporter" have the meanings given in the Model
Contract Clauses, in each case irrespective of whether the European Data Protection
Legislation or Non-European Data Protection Legislation applies.
3. Duration of these Terms
These Terms will take effect on the Terms Effective Date and, notwithstanding expiry of
the Term, will remain in effect until, and automatically expire upon, deletion of all
Partner Data by Google as described in these Terms.
4. Scope of Data Protection Legislation
4.1 Application of European Legislation. The parties acknowledge and agree that the
European Data Protection Legislation will apply to the processing of Partner Personal
Data if, for example:
- the processing is carried out in the context of the activities of an establishment
of Partner or Customers in the territory of the EEA; and/or
- the Partner Personal Data is personal data relating to data subjects who are in
the EEA and the processing relates to the offering to them of goods or services in
the EEA or the monitoring of their behaviour in the EEA.
4.2 Application of Non-European Legislation. The parties acknowledge and agree that
Non-European Data Protection Legislation may also apply to the processing of Partner
4.3 Application of Terms. Except to the extent these Terms state otherwise, these
Terms will apply irrespective of whether the European Data Protection Legislation or
Non-European Data Protection Legislation applies to the processing of Partner Personal
5. Processing of Data
5.1 Roles and Regulatory Compliance; Authorization.
5.1.1 Processor and Controller Responsibilities. If the European Data Protection
Legislation applies to the processing of Partner Personal Data, the parties acknowledge
and agree that:
- the subject matter and details of the processing are described in Appendix 1;
- Google is a processor of that Partner Personal Data under the European Data Protection Legislation;
- Partner is a controller or processor, as applicable, of that Partner Personal Data under European Data Protection Legislation; and
- each party will comply with the obligations applicable to it under the European Data Protection Legislation with respect to the processing of that Partner Personal Data.
5.1.2 Authorization by Third Party Controller. If the European Data Protection Legislation
applies to the processing of Partner Personal Data and Partner is a processor, Partner
warrants to Google that Partner's instructions and actions with respect to that Partner
Personal Data, including its appointment of Google as another processor, have been
authorized by the relevant controller.
5.1.3 Responsibilities under Non-European Legislation. If Non-European Data Protection
Legislation applies to either party's processing of Partner Personal Data, the parties
acknowledge and agree that the relevant party will comply with any obligations
applicable to it under that legislation with respect to the processing of that Partner
5.2 Scope of Processing.
5.2.1 Partner's Instructions. By entering into these Terms, Partner instructs Google to
process Partner Personal Data only in accordance with applicable law: (a) to provide the
Services and TSS; (b) as further specified via Partner's use of the Services (including the Admin
Console and other functionality of the Services) and TSS; (c) as documented in the form of the
Agreement, including these Terms; and (d) as further documented in any other written
instructions given by Partner (acting on behalf of itself and its Customers) and
acknowledged by Google as constituting instructions for purposes of these Terms.
5.2.2 Google's Compliance with Instructions. Google will comply with the instructions
described in Section 5.2.1 (Partner's Instructions) (including with regard to data
transfers) unless EU or EU Member State law to which Google is subject requires other
processing of Partner Personal Data by Google, in which case Google will inform
Partner (unless that law prohibits Google from doing so on important grounds of public
interest) via the Notification Email Address.
6. Data Deletion
6.1 Deletion by Partner. Google will enable Partner to delete Partner Data during the
Term in a manner consistent with the functionality of the Services. If Partner uses the
Services to delete any Partner Data during the Term and that Partner Data cannot be
recovered by Partner, this use will constitute an instruction to Google to delete the
relevant Partner Data from Google's systems in accordance with applicable law. Google
will comply with this instruction as soon as reasonably practicable and within a
maximum period of 180 days, unless EU or EU Member State law requires storage.
6.2 Deletion on Termination. On expiry of the Term, Partner instructs Google to delete all
Partner Data (including existing copies) from Google's systems in accordance with
applicable law. Google will, after a recovery period of up to 30 days following such
expiry, comply with this instruction as soon as reasonably practicable and within a
maximum period of 180 days, unless EU or EU Member State law requires storage.
Without prejudice to Section 9.1 (Access; Rectification; Restricted Processing;
Portability), Partner acknowledges and agrees that Partner will be responsible for
exporting, before the Term expires, any Partner Data it wishes to retain afterwards.
7. Data Security
7.1 Google's Security Measures, Controls and Assistance.
7.1.1 Google's Security Measures. Google will implement and maintain technical and
organizational measures to protect Partner Data against accidental or unlawful
destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorized disclosure or access as described in
Appendix 2 (the "Security Measures"). As described in Appendix 2, the Security
Measures include measures to encrypt personal data; to help ensure ongoing
confidentiality, integrity, availability and resilience of Google's systems and services; to
help restore timely access to personal data following an incident; and for regular testing
of effectiveness. Google may update or modify the Security Measures from time to time
provided that such updates and modifications do not result in the degradation of the
overall security of the Services.
7.1.2 Security Compliance by Google Staff. Google will take appropriate steps to ensure
compliance with the Security Measures by its employees, contractors and
Subprocessors to the extent applicable to their scope of performance, including
ensuring that all persons authorized to process Partner Personal Data have committed
themselves to confidentiality or are under an appropriate statutory obligation of
7.1.3 Additional Security Controls. In addition to the Security Measures, Google will
make the Additional Security Controls available to: (a) allow Partner to take steps to
secure Partner Data; and (b) provide Partner with information about securing, accessing
and using Partner Data.
7.1.4 Google's Security Assistance. Partner agrees that Google will (taking into account
the nature of the processing of Partner Personal Data and the information available to
Google) assist Partner in ensuring compliance with any of Partner's obligations in
respect of security of personal data and personal data breaches, including if applicable
Partner's obligations pursuant to Articles 32 to 34 (inclusive) of the GDPR, by:
- implementing and maintaining the Security Measures in accordance with Section 7.1.1 (Google's Security Measures);
- making the Additional Security Controls available to Partner in accordance with Section 7.1.3 (Additional Security Controls);
- complying with the terms of Section 7.2 (Data Incidents); and
- providing Partner with the Security Documentation in accordance with Section 7.5.1 (Reviews of Security Documentation) and the information contained in the Agreement including these Terms.
7.2 Data Incidents
7.2.1 Incident Notification. If Google becomes aware of a Data Incident, Google will: (a)
notify Partner of the Data Incident promptly and without undue delay after becoming
aware of the Data Incident; and (b) promptly take reasonable steps to minimize harm
and secure Partner Data.
7.2.2 Details of Data Incident. Notifications made pursuant to this section will describe,
to the extent possible, details of the Data Incident, including steps taken to mitigate the
potential risks and steps Google recommends Partner take to address the Data
7.2.3 Delivery of Notification. Notification(s) of any Data Incident(s) will be delivered to
the Notification Email Address or, at Google's discretion, by direct communication (for
example, by phone call or an in-person meeting). Partner is solely responsible for
ensuring that the Notification Email Address is current and valid.
7.2.4 No Assessment of Partner Data by Google. Google will not assess the contents of
Partner Data in order to identify information subject to any specific legal requirements.
7.2.5 Notification of Third Parties. Partner is solely responsible for: (a) complying with
incident notification laws applicable to Partner and fulfilling any third party notification
obligations related to any Data Incident(s); and (b) notifying each Customer affected by
a Data Incident without undue delay.
7.2.6 No Acknowledgement of Fault by Google. Google's notification of or response to a
Data Incident under this Section 7.2 (Data Incidents) will not be construed as an
acknowledgement by Google of any fault or liability with respect to the Data Incident.
7.3 Partner's Security Responsibilities and Assessment.
7.3.1 Partner's Security Responsibilities. Partner agrees that, without prejudice to
Google's obligations under Section 7.1 (Google's Security Measures, Controls and
Assistance) and Section 7.2 (Data Incidents) as between Partner and Google:
- Partner is solely responsible for its and its Customers' use of the Services, including:
- making appropriate use of the Services and the Additional Security Controls to ensure a level of security appropriate to the risk in respect of the Partner Data;
- securing the account authentication credentials, systems and devices Partner and its Customers uses to access the Services;
- backing up its Partner Data as appropriate; and
- Google has no obligation to protect copies of Partner Data that Partner or its Customers
elect to store or transfer outside of Google's and its Subprocessors' systems (for
example, offline or on-premise storage), or to protect Partner Data by
implementing or maintaining Additional Security Controls except to the extent
Partner has opted to use them.
7.3.2 Partner's Security Assessment.
- Partner is solely responsible for reviewing the Security Documentation and
evaluating for itself whether the Services, the Security Measures, the Additional
Security Controls and Google's commitments under this Section 7 (Data Security)
will meet Partner's needs, including with respect to any security obligations of
Partner under the European Data Protection Legislation and/or Non-European
Data Protection Legislation, as applicable.
- Partner acknowledges and agrees that (taking into account the state of the art,
the costs of implementation and the nature, scope, context and purposes of the
processing of Partner Personal Data as well as the risks to individuals) the
Security Measures implemented and maintained by Google as set out in Section
7.1.1 (Google's Security Measures) provide a level of security appropriate to the
risk in respect of the Partner Data.
7.4 Security Certifications and Reports. Google will do the following to evaluate and help
ensure the continued effectiveness of the Security Measures:
- maintain the ISO 27001 Certification, ISO 27017 Certification and ISO 27018
- update the SOC 2 Report and SOC 3 Report at least once every 18 months.
7.5 Reviews and Audits of Compliance
7.5.1 Reviews of Security Documentation. In addition to the information contained in the
Agreement (including these Terms), Google will make available for review by Partner the
following documents and information to demonstrate compliance by Google with its
obligations under these Terms:
- the certificates issued in relation to the ISO 27001 Certification, the ISO 27017
Certification and the ISO 27018 Certification;
- the then-current SOC 3 Report; and
- the then-current SOC 2 Report, following a request by Partner in accordance with
7.5.2 Partner's Audit Rights.
- If the European Data Protection Legislation applies to the processing of Partner
Personal Data, Google will allow Partner or an independent auditor appointed by
Partner to conduct audits (including inspections) to verify Google's compliance
with its obligations under these Terms in accordance with Section 7.5.3
(Additional Business Terms for Reviews and Audits). Google will contribute to
such audits as described in Section 7.4 (Security Certifications and Reports) and
this Section 7.5 (Reviews and Audits of Compliance).
- If Partner has entered into Model Contract Clauses as described in Section 10.2
(Transfers of Data Out of the EEA), Google will, without prejudice to any audit
rights of a supervisory authority under such Model Contract Clauses, allow
Partner or an independent auditor appointed by Partner to conduct audits as
described in the Model Contract Clauses in accordance with Section 7.5.3
(Additional Business Terms for Reviews and Audits).
- Partner may also conduct an audit to verify Google's compliance with its
obligations under these Terms by reviewing the Security Documentation (which
reflects the outcome of audits conducted by Google's Third Party Auditor).
7.5.3 Additional Business Terms for Reviews and Audits.
- Partner must send any requests for reviews of the SOC 2 Report under Section
7.5.1(c) or audits under Section 7.5.2(a) or 7.5.2(b) to Google's Cloud Data
Protection Team as described in Section 12 (Cloud Data Protection Team;
- Following receipt by Google of a request under Section 7.5.3(a), Google and
Partner will discuss and agree in advance on: (i) the reasonable date(s) of and
security and confidentiality controls applicable to any review of the SOC 2 Report
under Section 7.5.1(c); and (ii) the reasonable start date, scope and duration of
and security and confidentiality controls applicable to any audit under Section
7.5.2(a) or 7.5.2(b).
- Google may charge a fee (based on Google's reasonable costs) for any review of
the SOC 2 Report under Section 7.5.1(c) and/or audit under Section 7.5.2(a) or
7.5.2(b). Google will provide Partner with further details of any applicable fee,
and the basis of its calculation, in advance of any such review or audit. Partner
will be responsible for any fees charged by any auditor appointed by Partner to
execute any such audit.
- Google may object in writing to an auditor appointed by Partner to conduct any
audit under Section 7.5.2(a) or 7.5.2(b) if the auditor is, in Google's reasonable
opinion, not suitably qualified or independent, a competitor of Google, or
otherwise manifestly unsuitable. Any such objection by Google will require
Partner to appoint another auditor or conduct the audit itself.
7.5.4 No Modification of MCCs. Nothing in this Section 7.5 (Reviews and Audits of
Compliance) varies or modifies any rights or obligations of Partner or Google LLC under
any Model Contract Clauses entered into as described in Section 10.2 (Transfers of
Data Out of the EEA).
8. Impact Assessments and Consultations
Partner agrees that Google will (taking into account the nature of the processing and
the information available to Google) assist Partner in ensuring compliance with any
obligations of Partner in respect of data protection impact assessments and prior
consultation, including if applicable Partner's obligations pursuant to Articles 35 and 36
of the GDPR, by:
- providing the Additional Security Controls in accordance with Section 7.1.3
(Additional Security Controls) and the Security Documentation in accordance
with Section 7.5.1 (Reviews of Security Documentation); and
- providing the information contained in the Agreement including these Terms.
9. Data Subject Rights; Data Export
9.1 Access; Rectification; Restricted Processing; Portability. During the Term, Google
will, in a manner consistent with the functionality of the Services, enable Partner to
access, rectify and restrict processing of Partner Data, including via the deletion
functionality provided by Google as described in Section 6.1 (Deletion by Partner), and
to export Partner Data.
9.2 Data Subject Requests
9.2.1 Partner's Responsibility for Requests. During the Term, if Google receives any
request from a data subject in relation to Partner Personal Data, Google will advise the
data subject to submit their request to Partner and Partner will be responsible for
responding to any such request including, where necessary, by using the functionality of
9.2.2 Google's Data Subject Request Assistance. Partner agrees that Google will (taking
into account the nature of the processing of Partner Personal Data) assist Partner in
fulfilling any obligation to respond to requests by data subjects, including if applicable
Partner's obligation to respond to requests for exercising the data subject's rights laid
down in Chapter III of the GDPR, by:
- providing the Additional Security Controls in accordance with Section 7.1.3 (Additional Security Controls); and
- complying with the commitments set out in Section 9.1 (Access; Rectification; Restricted Processing; Portability) and Section 9.2.1 (Partner's Responsibility for Requests).
10. Data Transfers
10.1 Data Storage and Processing Facilities Partner may select where certain Partner
Data will be stored (the "Data Location Selection"), and Google will store it there in
accordance with the Service Specific Terms. If a Data Location Selection is not covered
by the Service Specific Terms (or a Data Location Selection is not made by Partner in
respect of any Partner Data), Google may, subject to Section 10.2 (Transfers of Data Out
of the EEA), store and process the relevant Partner Data anywhere Google or its
Subprocessors maintains facilities.
10.2 Transfers of Data Out of the EEA.
10.2.1 Google's Transfer Obligations. If the storage and/or processing of Partner
Personal Data involves transfers of Partner Personal Data out of the EEA, and the European
Data Protection Legislation applies to the transfers of such data ("Transferred Personal
Data"), Google will:
- if requested to do so by Partner, ensure that Google LLC as the data importer of
the Transferred Personal Data enters into Model Contract Clauses with Partner
as the data exporter of such data, and that the transfers are made in accordance
with such Model Contract Clauses; and/or
- offer an Alternative Transfer Solution, ensure that the transfers are made in
accordance with such Alternative Transfer Solution, and make information
available to Partner about such Alternative Transfer Solution.
10.2.2 Partner's Transfer Obligations. In respect of Transferred Personal Data, Partner agrees that:
- if under the European Data Protection Legislation Google reasonably requires
Partner to enter into Model Contract Clauses in respect of such transfers, Partner
will do so; and
- if under the European Data Protection Legislation Google reasonably requires
Partner to use an Alternative Transfer Solution offered by Google, and reasonably
requests that Partner take any action (which may include execution of
documents) strictly required to give full effect to such solution, Partner will do so.
10.3 Data Center Information. Information about the locations of Google data centers is
available at: https://www.google.com/about/datacenters/inside/locations/index.html
(as may be updated by Google from time to time).
10.4 Disclosure of Confidential Information Containing Personal Data. If Partner has
entered into Model Contract Clauses as described in Section 10.2 (Transfers of Data
Out of the EEA), Google will, notwithstanding any term to the contrary in the Agreement,
ensure that any disclosure of Partner's Confidential Information containing personal
data, and any notifications relating to any such disclosures, will be made in accordance
with such Model Contract Clauses.
11.1 Consent to Subprocessor Engagement. Partner specifically authorizes the
engagement as Subprocessors of: (a) those entities listed as of the Terms Effective Date at the
URL specified in Section 11.2 (Information about Subprocessors); and (b) all other Google
Affiliates from time to time. In addition, Partner generally authorizes the engagement as Subprocessors of any
other third parties ("New Third Party Subprocessors"). If Partner has entered into Model
Contract Clauses as described in Section 10.2 (Transfers of Data Out of the EEA), the above
authorizations will constitute Partner's prior written consent to the subcontracting by Google
LLC of the processing of Partner Data if such consent is required under the Model Contract
11.2 Information about Subprocessors. Information about Subprocessors, including
their functions and locations, is available at: https://cloud.google.com/terms/third-party-suppliers
(as may be updated by Google from time to time in accordance with
11.3 Requirements for Subprocessor Engagement. When engaging any Subprocessor, Google will:
- ensure via a written contract that:
- the Subprocessor only accesses and uses Partner Data to the extent
required to perform the obligations subcontracted to it, and does so in
accordance with the Agreement (including these Terms) and any Model
Contract Clauses entered into or Alternative Transfer Solution adopted by
Google as described in Section 10.2 (Transfers of Data Out of the EEA);
- if the GDPR applies to the processing of Partner Personal Data, the data
protection obligations set out in Article 28(3) of the GDPR, as described in
these Terms, are imposed on the Subprocessor; and
- remain fully liable for all obligations subcontracted to, and all acts and omissions of, the Subprocessor.
11.4 Opportunity to Object to Subprocessor Changes.
- When any New Third Party Subprocessor is engaged during the Term, Google will,
at least 30 days before the New Third Party Subprocessor processes any Partner
Data, inform Partner of the engagement (including the name and location of the
relevant subprocessor and the activities it will perform) by sending an
email to the Notification Email Address.
- Partner may object to any New Third Party Subprocessor by terminating the
Agreement immediately upon written notice to Google, on condition that Partner
provides such notice within 90 days of being informed of the engagement of the
subprocessor as described in Section 11.4(a). This termination right is Partner's
sole and exclusive remedy if Partner objects to any New Third Party
12. Cloud Data Protection Team; Processing Records
12.1 Google's Cloud Data Protection Team. Google's Cloud Data Protection Team can
be contacted at https://support.google.com/cloud/contact/dpo (and/or via such other
means as Google may provide from time to time).
12.2 Google's Processing Records. Partner acknowledges that Google is required under
the GDPR to: (a) collect and maintain records of certain information, including the name
and contact details of each processor and/or controller on behalf of which Google is
acting and, where applicable, of such processor's or controller's local representative and
data protection officer; and (b) make such information available to the supervisory
authorities. Accordingly, if the GDPR applies to the processing of Partner Personal Data,
Partner will, where requested, provide such information to Google via the Admin
Console or other means provided by Google, and will use the Admin Console or such
other means to ensure that all information provided is kept accurate and up-to-date.
13.1 Liability Cap. If Model Contract Clauses have been entered into as described in
Section 10.2 (Transfers of Data Out of the EEA), the total combined liability of either
party and its Affiliates towards the other party and its Affiliates under or in connection
with the Agreement and such Model Contract Clauses combined will be limited to the
Agreed Liability Cap for the relevant party, subject to Section 13.2 (Liability Cap
13.2 Liability Cap Exclusions. Nothing in Section 13.1 (Liability Cap) will affect the
remaining terms of the Agreement relating to liability (including any specific exclusions
from any limitation of liability).
14. Third Party Beneficiary
14.1 Google LLC. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Agreement, where
Google LLC is not a party to the Agreement, Google LLC will be a third party beneficiary
of Section 7.5 (Reviews and Audits of Compliance), Section 11.1 (Consent to
Subprocessor Engagement) and Section 13 (Liability) of these Terms.
14.2 Other Third Parties. Except as expressly provided herein and subject to Section
14.1, no one other than a party to the Agreement shall have any right to enforce any of
these Terms. For the avoidance of doubt, this includes Customers, who shall not have
any right to enforce these Terms.
15. Effect of These Terms
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Agreement, to the extent of any conflict
or inconsistency between these Terms and the remaining terms of the Agreement,
these Terms will govern.
Appendix 1: Subject Matter and Details of the Data Processing
Google's provision of the Services and TSS to Partner.
Duration of the Processing
The Term plus the period from the expiry of the Term until deletion of all Partner Data by Google in accordance with the Terms.
Nature and Purpose of the Processing
Google will process Partner Personal Data for the purposes of providing the Services and TSS
to Partner in accordance with the Terms.
Categories of Data
Data relating to individuals provided to Google via the Services, by (or at the direction
of) Partner, Customers or Partner End Users.
Data subjects include the individuals about whom data is provided to Google via the
Services by (or at the direction of) Partner, Customers or by Partner End Users.
Appendix 2: Security Measures
As from the Terms Effective Date, Google will implement and maintain the Security
Measures set out in this Appendix 2. Google may update or modify such Security
Measures from time to time provided that such updates and modifications do not result
in the degradation of the overall security of the Services.
1. Data Center and Network Security
(a) Data Centers.
Infrastructure. Google maintains geographically distributed data centers. Google stores
all production data in physically secure data centers.
Redundancy. Infrastructure systems have been designed to eliminate single points of
failure and minimize the impact of anticipated environmental risks. Dual circuits,
switches, networks or other necessary devices help provide this redundancy. The
Services are designed to allow Google to perform certain types of preventative and
corrective maintenance without interruption. All environmental equipment and facilities
have documented preventative maintenance procedures that detail the process for and
frequency of performance in accordance with the manufacturer's or internal
specifications. Preventative and corrective maintenance of the data center equipment is
scheduled through a standard change process according to documented procedures.
Power. The data center electrical power systems are designed to be redundant and
maintainable without impact to continuous operations, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. In
most cases, a primary as well as an alternate power source, each with equal capacity, is
provided for critical infrastructure components in the data center. Backup power is
provided by various mechanisms such as uninterruptible power supplies (UPS)
batteries, which supply consistently reliable power protection during utility brownouts,
blackouts, over voltage, under voltage, and out-of-tolerance frequency conditions. If
utility power is interrupted, backup power is designed to provide transitory power to the
data center, at full capacity, for up to 10 minutes until the diesel generator systems take
over. The diesel generators are capable of automatically starting up within seconds to
provide enough emergency electrical power to run the data center at full capacity
typically for a period of days.
Server Operating Systems. Google servers use a Linux based implementation
customized for the application environment. Data is stored using proprietary algorithms
to augment data security and redundancy. Google employs a code review process to
increase the security of the code used to provide the Services and enhance the security
products in production environments.
Businesses Continuity. Google replicates data over multiple systems to help to protect
against accidental destruction or loss. Google has designed and regularly plans and
tests its business continuity planning/disaster recovery programs.
(b) Networks and Transmission.
Data Transmission. Data centers are typically connected via high-speed private links to
provide secure and fast data transfer between data centers. This is designed to prevent
data from being read, copied, altered or removed without authorization during electronic
transfer or transport or while being recorded onto data storage media. Google transfers
data via Internet standard protocols.
External Attack Surface. Google employs multiple layers of network devices and
intrusion detection to protect its external attack surface. Google considers potential
attack vectors and incorporates appropriate purpose built technologies into external
Intrusion Detection. Intrusion detection is intended to provide insight into ongoing
attack activities and provide adequate information to respond to incidents. Google's
intrusion detection involves:
- tightly controlling the size and make-up of Google's attack surface through preventative measures;
- employing intelligent detection controls at data entry points; and
- employing technologies that automatically remedy certain dangerous situations.
Incident Response. Google monitors a variety of communication channels for security
incidents, and Google's security personnel will react promptly to known incidents.
Encryption Technologies. Google makes HTTPS encryption (also referred to as SSL or
TLS connection) available. Google servers support ephemeral elliptic curve Diffie-
Hellman cryptographic key exchange signed with RSA and ECDSA. These perfect
forward secrecy (PFS) methods help protect traffic and minimize the impact of a
compromised key, or a cryptographic breakthrough.
2. Access and Site Controls
(a) Site Controls.
On-site Data Center Security Operation. Google's data centers maintain an on-site
security operation responsible for all physical data center security functions 24 hours a
day, 7 days a week. The on-site security operation personnel monitor closed circuit TV
(CCTV) cameras and all alarm systems. On-site security operation personnel perform
internal and external patrols of the data center regularly.
Data Center Access Procedures. Google maintains formal access procedures for
allowing physical access to the data centers. The data centers are housed in facilities
that require electronic card key access, with alarms that are linked to the on-site
security operation. All entrants to the data center are required to identify themselves as
well as show proof of identity to on-site security operations. Only authorized employees,
contractors and visitors are allowed entry to the data centers. Only authorized
employees and contractors are permitted to request electronic card key access to these
facilities. Data center electronic card key access requests must be made through e-mail,
and require the approval of the requestor's manager and the data center director. All
other entrants requiring temporary data center access must: (i) obtain approval in
advance from the data center managers for the specific data center and internal areas
they wish to visit; (ii) sign in at on-site security operations; and (iii) reference an
approved data center access record identifying the individual as approved.
On-site Data Center Security Devices. Google's data centers employ an electronic card
key and biometric access control system that is linked to a system alarm. The access
control system monitors and records each individual's electronic card key and when
they access perimeter doors, shipping and receiving, and other critical areas.
Unauthorized activity and failed access attempts are logged by the access control
system and investigated, as appropriate. Authorized access throughout the business
operations and data centers is restricted based on zones and the individual's job
responsibilities. The fire doors at the data centers are alarmed. CCTV cameras are in
operation both inside and outside the data centers. The positioning of the cameras has
been designed to cover strategic areas including, among others, the perimeter, doors to
the data center building, and shipping/receiving. On-site security operations personnel
manage the CCTV monitoring, recording and control equipment. Secure cables
throughout the data centers connect the CCTV equipment. Cameras record on site via
digital video recorders 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The surveillance records are
retained for up to 30 days based on activity.
(b) Access Control.
Infrastructure Security Personnel. Google has, and maintains, a security policy for its
personnel, and requires security training as part of the training package for its
personnel. Google's infrastructure security personnel are responsible for the ongoing
monitoring of Google's security infrastructure, the review of the Services, and
responding to security incidents.
Access Control and Privilege Management. Partner's administrators must authenticate
themselves via a central authentication system or via a single sign on system in order to
administer the Services.
Internal Data Access Processes and Policies – Access Policy. Google's internal data
access processes and policies are designed to prevent unauthorized persons and/or
systems from gaining access to systems used to process personal data. Google
designs its systems to (i) only allow authorized persons to access data they are
authorized to access; and (ii) ensure that personal data cannot be read, copied, altered
or removed without authorization during processing, use and after recording. The
systems are designed to detect any inappropriate access. Google employs a centralized
access management system to control personnel access to production servers, and
only provides access to a limited number of authorized personnel. LDAP, Kerberos and
a proprietary system utilizing SSH certificates are designed to provide Google with
secure and flexible access mechanisms. These mechanisms are designed to grant only
approved access rights to site hosts, logs, data and configuration information. Google
requires the use of unique user IDs, strong passwords, two factor authentication and
carefully monitored access lists to minimize the potential for unauthorized account use.
The granting or modification of access rights is based on: the authorized personnel's
job responsibilities; job duty requirements necessary to perform authorized tasks; and a
need to know basis. The granting or modification of access rights must also be in
accordance with Google's internal data access policies and training. Approvals are
managed by workflow tools that maintain audit records of all changes. Access to
systems is logged to create an audit trail for accountability. Where passwords are
employed for authentication (e.g., login to workstations), password policies that follow
at least industry standard practices are implemented. These standards include restrictions on password reuse and sufficient password strength. For
access to extremely sensitive information (e.g. credit card data), Google uses hardware
(a) Data Storage, Isolation and Logging. Google stores data in a multi-tenant
environment on Google-owned servers. The data and file system architecture are
replicated between multiple geographically dispersed data centers. Google also
logically isolates the Partner's data. Partner will be given control over specific data
sharing policies. Those policies, in accordance with the functionality of the Services, will
enable Partner to determine the product sharing settings applicable to Partner End
Users for specific purposes. Partner may choose to make use of certain logging
capability that Google may make available via the Services.
(b) Decommissioned Disks and Disk Erase Policy. Disks containing data may
experience performance issues, errors or hardware failure that lead them to be
decommissioned ("Decommissioned Disk"). Every Decommissioned Disk is subject to a
series of data destruction processes (the "Disk Erase Policy") before leaving Google's
premises either for reuse or destruction. Decommissioned Disks are erased in a multistep
process and verified complete by at least two independent validators. The erase
results are logged by the Decommissioned Disk's serial number for tracking. Finally, the
erased Decommissioned Disk is released to inventory for reuse and redeployment. If,
due to hardware failure, the Decommissioned Disk cannot be erased, it is securely
stored until it can be destroyed. Each facility is audited regularly to monitor compliance
with the Disk Erase Policy.
4. Personnel Security
Google personnel are required to conduct themselves in a manner consistent with the
company's guidelines regarding confidentiality, business ethics, appropriate usage, and
professional standards. Google conducts reasonably appropriate backgrounds checks
to the extent legally permissible and in accordance with applicable local labor law and
Personnel are required to execute a confidentiality agreement and must acknowledge
receipt of, and compliance with, Google's confidentiality and privacy policies. Personnel
are provided with security training. Personnel handling Partner Data are required to
complete additional requirements appropriate to their role (eg., certifications). Google's
personnel will not process Partner Data without authorization.
5. Subprocessor Security
Before onboarding Subprocessors, Google conducts an audit of the security and privacy
practices of Subprocessors to ensure Subprocessors provide a level of security and
privacy appropriate to their access to data and the scope of the services they are
engaged to provide. Once Google has assessed the risks presented by the
Subprocessor, then subject to the requirements set out in Section 11.3 (Requirements
for Subprocessor Engagement) of these Terms, the Subprocessor is required to enter
into appropriate security, confidentiality and privacy contract terms.