VM 인스턴스 만들기 및 시작

이 문서에서는 부팅 디스크 이미지, 부팅 디스크 스냅샷 또는 컨테이너 이미지를 사용하여 가상 머신(VM) 인스턴스를 만드는 방법을 설명합니다. 일부 이미지보안 VM 기능을 지원하며, 보안 VM 기능은 UEFI 규격 펌웨어, 보안 부팅, vTPM 보호가 적용된 신중한 부팅과 같은 보안 기능을 제공합니다. 보안 VM에서 vTPM 및 무결성 모니터링은 기본적으로 사용 설정되어 있습니다.

VM을 생성하는 동안 VM에 대해 하나 이상의 디스크를 만들 수 있습니다. 이미 만들어진 VM에 디스크를 추가할 수도 있습니다. VM 인스턴스를 만들면 Compute Engine에서 이 인스턴스를 자동으로 시작합니다.

VM을 만드는 동안 네트워크 인터페이스를 여러 개 추가할 수도 있습니다. VM이 인터넷에 대한 위협에 노출되지 않도록 하려면 인스턴스에 네트워크 인터페이스를 추가할 때 외부 IP 주소를 생략하면 됩니다. 이러한 경우 Cloud NAT를 구성하지 않는 한 동일한 VPC 네트워크 또는 연결된 네트워크의 다른 VM에서만 VM에 액세스할 수 있습니다.

VM을 처음 만드는 경우 빠른 시작: Linux VM 사용 또는 빠른 시작: Windows Server VM 사용을 참조하세요.

더 구체적이거나 복잡한 VM 구성에 대해서는 다음 리소스를 참조하세요.

기존 라이선스를 가져 오는 경우 단독 테넌트 노드로 사용자 라이선스 사용하기를 참조하세요.

시작하기 전에

이미지에서 VM 인스턴스 만들기

이 섹션에서는 공개 OS 이미지 또는 커스텀 이미지에서 VM을 만드는 방법을 설명합니다. VM은 부트로더, 부트 파일 시스템, OS 이미지를 포함합니다.

Compute Engine에서 사용 가능한 공개 이미지 목록 보기

공개 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만들기 전에 Compute Engine에서 사용할 수 있는 공개 이미지 목록을 살펴보세요.

각 공개 이미지에서 사용할 수 있는 기능에 대한 자세한 내용은 운영체제별 기능 지원을 참조하세요.

콘솔

  1. Google Cloud 콘솔에서 이미지 페이지로 이동합니다.

    이미지로 이동

gcloud

  1. 다음 명령어를 실행합니다.

    gcloud compute images list
  2. 이미지 이름 또는 이미지 계열과 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트의 이름을 기록해 둡니다.

  3. 선택사항: 이미지에서 보안 VM 기능을 지원하는지 확인하려면 다음 명령어를 실행합니다.

    gcloud compute images describe IMAGE_NAME \
        --project=IMAGE_PROJECT
    

    다음을 바꿉니다.

    • IMAGE_NAME: 보안 VM 기능 지원을 확인할 이미지의 이름
    • IMAGE_PROJECT: 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트

    이미지가 보안 VM 기능을 지원하는 경우 출력에 type: UEFI_COMPATIBLE 행이 표시됩니다.

API

  1. 다음 명령어를 실행합니다.

    GET https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/
    
  2. 이미지 이름 또는 이미지 계열과 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트의 이름을 기록해 둡니다.

  3. 선택사항: 이미지에서 보안 VM 기능을 지원하는지 확인하려면 다음 명령어를 실행합니다.

    GET https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/IMAGE_NAME
    

    다음을 바꿉니다.

    • IMAGE_PROJECT: 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트
    • IMAGE_NAME: 보안 VM 기능 지원을 확인할 이미지의 이름

    이미지가 보안 VM 기능을 지원하는 경우 출력에 type: UEFI_COMPATIBLE 행이 표시됩니다.

C#


using Google.Cloud.Compute.V1;
using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class ListImagesAsyncSample
{
    public async Task ListImagesAsync(
        // TODO(developer): Set your own default values for these parameters or pass different values when calling this method.
        string projectId = "your-project-id")
    {
        // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
        // once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
        ImagesClient client = await ImagesClient.CreateAsync();

        // Make the request to list all non-deprecated images in a project.
        ListImagesRequest request = new ListImagesRequest
        {
            Project = projectId,
            // Listing only non-deprecated images to reduce the size of the reply.
            Filter = "deprecated.state != DEPRECATED",
            // MaxResults indicates the maximum number of items that will be returned per page.
            MaxResults = 100
        };

        // Although the MaxResults parameter is specified in the request, the sequence returned
        // by the ListAsync() method hides the pagination mechanic. The library makes multiple
        // requests to the API for you, so you can simply iterate over all the images.
        await foreach (var image in client.ListAsync(request))
        {
            // The result is an Image collection.
            Console.WriteLine($"Image: {image.Name}");
        }
    }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

// printImagesList prints a list of all non-deprecated image names available in given project.
func printImagesList(w io.Writer, projectID string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	ctx := context.Background()
	imagesClient, err := compute.NewImagesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewImagesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer imagesClient.Close()

	// Listing only non-deprecated images to reduce the size of the reply.
	req := &computepb.ListImagesRequest{
		Project:    projectID,
		MaxResults: proto.Uint32(3),
		Filter:     proto.String("deprecated.state != DEPRECATED"),
	}

	// Although the `MaxResults` parameter is specified in the request, the iterator returned
	// by the `list()` method hides the pagination mechanic. The library makes multiple
	// requests to the API for you, so you can simply iterate over all the images.
	it := imagesClient.List(ctx, req)
	for {
		image, err := it.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "- %s\n", image.GetName())
	}
	return nil
}

자바


import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Image;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.ImagesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.ImagesClient.ListPage;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.ListImagesRequest;
import java.io.IOException;
  // Prints a list of all non-deprecated image names available in given project.
  public static void listImages(String project) throws IOException {
    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the `instancesClient.close()` method on the client to
    // safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (ImagesClient imagesClient = ImagesClient.create()) {

      // Listing only non-deprecated images to reduce the size of the reply.
      ListImagesRequest imagesRequest = ListImagesRequest.newBuilder()
          .setProject(project)
          .setMaxResults(100)
          .setFilter("deprecated.state != DEPRECATED")
          .build();

      // Although the `setMaxResults` parameter is specified in the request, the iterable returned
      // by the `list()` method hides the pagination mechanic. The library makes multiple
      // requests to the API for you, so you can simply iterate over all the images.
      int imageCount = 0;
      for (Image image : imagesClient.list(imagesRequest).iterateAll()) {
        imageCount++;
        System.out.println(image.getName());
      }
      System.out.printf("Image count in %s is: %s", project, imageCount);
    }
  }

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

async function listImages() {
  const imagesClient = new compute.ImagesClient();

  // Listing only non-deprecated images to reduce the size of the reply.
  const images = imagesClient.listAsync({
    project: projectId,
    maxResults: 3,
    filter: 'deprecated.state != DEPRECATED',
  });

  // Although the `maxResults` parameter is specified in the request, the iterable returned
  // by the `listAsync()` method hides the pagination mechanic. The library makes multiple
  // requests to the API for you, so you can simply iterate over all the images.
  for await (const image of images) {
    console.log(` - ${image.name}`);
  }
}

listImages();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\ImagesClient;

/**
 * Prints a list of all non-deprecated image names available in given project.
 *
 * @param string $projectId Project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to list images from.
 *
 * @throws \Google\ApiCore\ApiException if the remote call fails.
 */
function list_all_images(string $projectId)
{
    $imagesClient = new ImagesClient();
    // Listing only non-deprecated images to reduce the size of the reply.
    $optionalArgs = ['maxResults' => 100, 'filter' => 'deprecated.state != DEPRECATED'];

    /**
     * Although the maxResults parameter is specified in the request, the iterateAllElements() method
     * hides the pagination mechanic. The library makes multiple requests to the API for you,
     * so you can simply iterate over all the images.
     */
    $pagedResponse = $imagesClient->list($projectId, $optionalArgs);
    print('=================== Flat list of images ===================' . PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($pagedResponse->iterateAllElements() as $element) {
        printf(' - %s' . PHP_EOL, $element->getName());
    }
}

Python

import google.cloud.compute_v1 as compute_v1

def print_images_list(project: str) -> str:
    """
    Prints a list of all non-deprecated image names available in given project.

    Args:
        project: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to list images from.

    Returns:
        The output as a string.
    """
    images_client = compute_v1.ImagesClient()
    # Listing only non-deprecated images to reduce the size of the reply.
    images_list_request = compute_v1.ListImagesRequest(
        project=project, max_results=100, filter="deprecated.state != DEPRECATED"
    )
    output = []

    # Although the `max_results` parameter is specified in the request, the iterable returned
    # by the `list()` method hides the pagination mechanic. The library makes multiple
    # requests to the API for you, so you can simply iterate over all the images.
    for img in images_client.list(request=images_list_request):
        print(f" -  {img.name}")
        output.append(f" -  {img.name}")
    return "\n".join(output)

Ruby


require "google/cloud/compute/v1"

# Prints a list of all non-deprecated image names available in given project.
#
# @param [String] project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to list images from.
def print_images_list project:
  client = ::Google::Cloud::Compute::V1::Images::Rest::Client.new

  # Make the request to list all non-deprecated images in a project.
  request = {
    project: project,
    # max_results indicates the maximum number of items that will be returned per page.
    max_results: 100,
    # Listing only non-deprecated images to reduce the size of the reply.
    filter: "deprecated.state != DEPRECATED"
  }

  # Although the `max_results` parameter is specified in the request, the iterable returned
  # by the `list` method hides the pagination mechanic. The library makes multiple
  # requests to the API for you, so you can simply iterate over all the images.
  client.list(request).each do |image|
    puts " - #{image.name}"
  end
end

공개 이미지에서 VM 인스턴스 만들기

Google, 오픈소스 커뮤니티, 타사 공급업체는 공개 OS 이미지를 제공하고 유지보수합니다. 기본적으로 모든 Google Cloud 프로젝트는 공개 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만들 수 있습니다. 그러나 Cloud 프로젝트에신뢰할 수 있는 이미지 목록이 정의된 경우에는 해당 목록의 이미지만 사용하여 VM을 만들 수 있습니다.

로컬 SSD보안 VM 이미지를 만들면 무결성 모니터링 또는 vTPM(virtual Trusted Platform Module)으로 데이터를 보호할 수 없습니다.

콘솔

  1. Google Cloud 콘솔에서 VM 인스턴스 페이지로 이동합니다.

    VM 인스턴스로 이동

  2. 프로젝트를 선택하고 계속을 클릭합니다.

  3. 인스턴스 만들기를 클릭합니다.

  4. VM의 이름을 지정합니다. 자세한 내용은 리소스 이름 지정 규칙을 참조하세요.

  5. 선택사항: 이 VM의 영역을 변경합니다. Compute Engine은 각 리전 내의 영역 목록의 순서를 무작위로 지정하여 여러 영역에서 사용하도록 권장합니다.

  6. VM의 머신 구성을 선택합니다.

  7. 부팅 디스크 섹션에서 변경을 클릭한 후 다음을 수행합니다.

    1. 공개 이미지 탭에서 다음을 선택합니다.
      • 운영체제
      • OS 버전
      • 부팅 디스크 유형
      • 부팅 디스크 크기
    2. 선택사항: 고급 구성 옵션의 경우 고급 구성 표시를 클릭합니다.
    3. 부팅 디스크 옵션을 확인하려면 선택을 클릭합니다.
  8. 방화벽 섹션에서 VM에 대한 HTTP 또는 HTTPS 트래픽을 허용하려면 HTTP 트래픽 허용 또는 HTTPS 트래픽 허용을 선택합니다. 이 중 하나를 선택하면 Compute Engine에서 VM에 네트워크 태그를 추가합니다. 방화벽 규칙과 VM이 연결됩니다. 그런 다음 Compute Engine은 tcp:80(HTTP) 또는 tcp:443(HTTPS)에서 들어오는 모든 트래픽을 허용하는 인그레스 방화벽 규칙을 만듭니다.

  9. 선택사항: 보안 VM 기능을 지원하는 OS 이미지를 선택한 경우 다음과 같이 보안 VM 설정을 수정할 수 있습니다. 보안 VM 설정을 수정하려면 네트워킹, 디스크, 보안, 관리, 단독 테넌시 섹션에서 보안 섹션을 펼치고 필요에 따라 다음을 수행합니다.

  10. 만들기를 클릭하여 VM을 만들고 시작합니다.

gcloud

  1. 공개 이미지를 선택합니다. 이미지 이름 또는 이미지 계열과 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트의 이름을 기록해 둡니다.
  2. gcloud compute instances create 명령어를 사용하여 이미지 계열 또는 특정 버전의 OS 이미지로 VM을 만듭니다.

    선택적 --shielded-secure-boot 플래그를 지정하면 Compute Engine에서 세 가지 보안 VM 기능을 모두 사용 설정하여 VM을 만듭니다.

    Compute Engine에서 VM을 시작한 후 보안 VM 옵션을 수정하려면 VM을 중지해야 합니다.

    gcloud compute instances create VM_NAME \
        [--image=IMAGE | --image-family=IMAGE_FAMILY] \
        --image-project=IMAGE_PROJECT
        --machine-type=MACHINE_TYPE

    다음을 바꿉니다.

    • VM_NAME: 새 VM의 이름입니다.
    • IMAGE 또는 IMAGE_FAMILY: 다음 중 하나를 지정합니다.

      • IMAGE: 공개 이미지의 특정 버전.

        예를 들면 --image=debian-10-buster-v20200309입니다.

      • IMAGE_FAMILY: 이미지 계열.

        이렇게 하면 지원 중단되지 않은 최신 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM이 생성됩니다. 예를 들어 --image-family=debian-10을 지정하면 Compute Engine이 Debian 10 이미지 계열에서 최신 버전의 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만듭니다.

    • IMAGE_PROJECT: 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트

    • MACHINE_TYPE: 새 VM의 머신 유형(사전 정의 또는 커스텀)

      영역에서 사용 가능한 머신 유형 목록을 보려면 --zones 플래그와 함께 gcloud compute machine-types list 명령어를 사용합니다.

  3. Compute Engine에서 VM을 만들었는지 확인합니다.

    gcloud compute instances describe VM_NAME
    

    VM_NAME을 VM의 이름으로 바꿉니다.

API

  1. 공개 이미지를 선택합니다. 이미지 이름 또는 이미지 계열과 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트의 이름을 기록해 둡니다.
  2. instances.insert 메서드를 사용하여 이미지 계열 또는 특정 버전의 OS 이미지로 VM을 만듭니다.

    POST https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/PROJECT_ID/zones/ZONE/instances
    
    {
     "machineType": "zones/MACHINE_TYPE_ZONE/machineTypes/MACHINE_TYPE",
     "name": "VM_NAME",
     "disks": [
       {
         "initializeParams": {
           "sourceImage": "projects/IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/IMAGE"
         },
         "boot": true
       }
     ],
     "shieldedInstanceConfig": {
       "enableSecureBoot": ENABLE_SECURE_BOOT
     }
    }
    

    다음을 바꿉니다.

    • PROJECT_ID: VM을 만들 프로젝트의 ID
    • ZONE: VM을 만들 영역
    • MACHINE_TYPE_ZONE: 새 VM에 사용할 머신 유형이 포함된 영역
    • MACHINE_TYPE: 새 VM의 머신 유형(사전 정의 또는 커스텀)
    • VM_NAME: 새 VM의 이름
    • IMAGE_PROJECT: 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트

      예를 들어 debian-10을 이미지 계열로 지정하면 debian-cloud를 이미지 프로젝트로 지정합니다.

    • IMAGE 또는 IMAGE_FAMILY: 다음 중 하나를 지정합니다.

      • IMAGE: 공개 이미지의 특정 버전.

        예를 들면 "sourceImage": "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/debian-10-buster-v20200309"입니다.

      • IMAGE_FAMILY: 이미지 계열.

        이렇게 하면 지원 중단되지 않은 최신 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM이 생성됩니다. 예를 들어 "sourceImage": "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10"을 지정하면 Compute Engine이 Debian 10 이미지 계열에서 최신 버전의 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만듭니다.

    • ENABLE_SECURE_BOOT: 선택사항: 보안 VM을 지원하는 이미지를 선택한 경우 기본적으로 Compute Engine은 vTPM(Virtual Trusted Platform Module)무결성 모니터링을 사용 설정합니다. Compute Engine은 기본적으로 보안 부팅을 사용 설정하지 않습니다.

      enableSecureBoottrue를 지정하면 Compute Engine은 보안 VM 기능 3가지를 모두 사용 설정하여 VM을 만듭니다. Compute Engine에서 VM을 시작한 후 보안 VM 옵션을 수정하려면 VM을 중지해야 합니다.

C#


using Google.Cloud.Compute.V1;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class CreateInstanceAsyncSample
{
    public async Task CreateInstanceAsync(
        // TODO(developer): Set your own default values for these parameters or pass different values when calling this method.
        string projectId = "your-project-id",
        string zone = "us-central1-a",
        string machineName = "test-machine",
        string machineType = "n1-standard-1",
        string diskImage = "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10",
        long diskSizeGb = 10,
        string networkName = "default")
    {
        Instance instance = new Instance
        {
            Name = machineName,
            // See https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/machine-types for more information on machine types.
            MachineType = $"zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{machineType}",
            // Instance creation requires at least one persistent disk.
            Disks =
            {
                new AttachedDisk
                {
                    AutoDelete = true,
                    Boot = true,
                    Type = ComputeEnumConstants.AttachedDisk.Type.Persistent,
                    InitializeParams = new AttachedDiskInitializeParams
                    {
                        // See https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images for more information on available images.
                        SourceImage = diskImage,
                        DiskSizeGb = diskSizeGb
                    }
                }
            },
            NetworkInterfaces = { new NetworkInterface { Name = networkName } }
        };

        // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
        // once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
        InstancesClient client = await InstancesClient.CreateAsync();

        // Insert the instance in the specified project and zone.
        var instanceCreation = await client.InsertAsync(projectId, zone, instance);

        // Wait for the operation to complete using client-side polling.
        // The server-side operation is not affected by polling,
        // and might finish successfully even if polling times out.
        await instanceCreation.PollUntilCompletedAsync();
    }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

// createInstance sends an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and waits for it to complete.
func createInstance(w io.Writer, projectID, zone, instanceName, machineType, sourceImage, networkName string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	// zone := "europe-central2-b"
	// instanceName := "your_instance_name"
	// machineType := "n1-standard-1"
	// sourceImage := "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10"
	// networkName := "global/networks/default"

	ctx := context.Background()
	instancesClient, err := compute.NewInstancesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstancesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instancesClient.Close()

	req := &computepb.InsertInstanceRequest{
		Project: projectID,
		Zone:    zone,
		InstanceResource: &computepb.Instance{
			Name: proto.String(instanceName),
			Disks: []*computepb.AttachedDisk{
				{
					InitializeParams: &computepb.AttachedDiskInitializeParams{
						DiskSizeGb:  proto.Int64(10),
						SourceImage: proto.String(sourceImage),
					},
					AutoDelete: proto.Bool(true),
					Boot:       proto.Bool(true),
					Type:       proto.String(computepb.AttachedDisk_PERSISTENT.String()),
				},
			},
			MachineType: proto.String(fmt.Sprintf("zones/%s/machineTypes/%s", zone, machineType)),
			NetworkInterfaces: []*computepb.NetworkInterface{
				{
					Name: proto.String(networkName),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	op, err := instancesClient.Insert(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to create instance: %v", err)
	}

	if err = op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to wait for the operation: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Instance created\n")

	return nil
}

자바


import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk.Type;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InsertInstanceRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Instance;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.NetworkInterface;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Operation;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class CreateInstance {

  public static void main(String[] args)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String project = "your-project-id";
    String zone = "zone-name";
    String instanceName = "instance-name";
    createInstance(project, zone, instanceName);
  }

  // Create a new instance with the provided "instanceName" value in the specified project and zone.
  public static void createInstance(String project, String zone, String instanceName)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException {
    // Below are sample values that can be replaced.
    // machineType: machine type of the VM being created.
    // *   This value uses the format zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}.
    // *   For a list of machine types, see https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/machine-types
    // sourceImage: path to the operating system image to mount.
    // *   For details about images you can mount, see https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images
    // diskSizeGb: storage size of the boot disk to attach to the instance.
    // networkName: network interface to associate with the instance.
    String machineType = String.format("zones/%s/machineTypes/n1-standard-1", zone);
    String sourceImage = String
        .format("projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/%s", "debian-11");
    long diskSizeGb = 10L;
    String networkName = "default";

    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the `instancesClient.close()` method on the client to safely
    // clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (InstancesClient instancesClient = InstancesClient.create()) {
      // Instance creation requires at least one persistent disk and one network interface.
      AttachedDisk disk =
          AttachedDisk.newBuilder()
              .setBoot(true)
              .setAutoDelete(true)
              .setType(Type.PERSISTENT.toString())
              .setDeviceName("disk-1")
              .setInitializeParams(
                  AttachedDiskInitializeParams.newBuilder()
                      .setSourceImage(sourceImage)
                      .setDiskSizeGb(diskSizeGb)
                      .build())
              .build();

      // Use the network interface provided in the networkName argument.
      NetworkInterface networkInterface = NetworkInterface.newBuilder()
          .setName(networkName)
          .build();

      // Bind `instanceName`, `machineType`, `disk`, and `networkInterface` to an instance.
      Instance instanceResource =
          Instance.newBuilder()
              .setName(instanceName)
              .setMachineType(machineType)
              .addDisks(disk)
              .addNetworkInterfaces(networkInterface)
              .build();

      System.out.printf("Creating instance: %s at %s %n", instanceName, zone);

      // Insert the instance in the specified project and zone.
      InsertInstanceRequest insertInstanceRequest = InsertInstanceRequest.newBuilder()
          .setProject(project)
          .setZone(zone)
          .setInstanceResource(instanceResource)
          .build();

      OperationFuture<Operation, Operation> operation = instancesClient.insertAsync(
          insertInstanceRequest);

      // Wait for the operation to complete.
      Operation response = operation.get(3, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

      if (response.hasError()) {
        System.out.println("Instance creation failed ! ! " + response);
        return;
      }
      System.out.println("Operation Status: " + response.getStatus());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const zone = 'europe-central2-b'
// const instanceName = 'YOUR_INSTANCE_NAME'
// const machineType = 'n1-standard-1';
// const sourceImage = 'projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10';
// const networkName = 'global/networks/default';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// Create a new instance with the values provided above in the specified project and zone.
async function createInstance() {
  const instancesClient = new compute.InstancesClient();

  console.log(`Creating the ${instanceName} instance in ${zone}...`);

  const [response] = await instancesClient.insert({
    instanceResource: {
      name: instanceName,
      disks: [
        {
          // Describe the size and source image of the boot disk to attach to the instance.
          initializeParams: {
            diskSizeGb: '10',
            sourceImage,
          },
          autoDelete: true,
          boot: true,
          type: 'PERSISTENT',
        },
      ],
      machineType: `zones/${zone}/machineTypes/${machineType}`,
      networkInterfaces: [
        {
          // Use the network interface provided in the networkName argument.
          name: networkName,
        },
      ],
    },
    project: projectId,
    zone,
  });
  let operation = response.latestResponse;
  const operationsClient = new compute.ZoneOperationsClient();

  // Wait for the create operation to complete.
  while (operation.status !== 'DONE') {
    [operation] = await operationsClient.wait({
      operation: operation.name,
      project: projectId,
      zone: operation.zone.split('/').pop(),
    });
  }

  console.log('Instance created.');
}

createInstance();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\InstancesClient;
use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\AttachedDisk;
use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\AttachedDiskInitializeParams;
use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\Instance;
use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\NetworkInterface;

/**
 * To correctly handle string enums in Cloud Compute library
 * use constants defined in the Enums subfolder.
 */
use Google\Cloud\Compute\V1\Enums\AttachedDisk\Type;

/**
 * Creates an instance in the specified project and zone.
 *
 * @param string $projectId Project ID of the Cloud project to create the instance in.
 * @param string $zone Zone to create the instance in (like "us-central1-a").
 * @param string $instanceName Unique name for this Compute Engine instance.
 * @param string $machineType Machine type of the instance being created.
 * @param string $sourceImage Boot disk image name or family.
 * @param string $networkName Network interface to associate with the instance.
 *
 * @throws \Google\ApiCore\ApiException if the remote call fails.
 * @throws \Google\ApiCore\ValidationException if local error occurs before remote call.
 */
function create_instance(
    string $projectId,
    string $zone,
    string $instanceName,
    string $machineType = 'n1-standard-1',
    string $sourceImage = 'projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-11',
    string $networkName = 'global/networks/default'
) {
    // Set the machine type using the specified zone.
    $machineTypeFullName = sprintf('zones/%s/machineTypes/%s', $zone, $machineType);

    // Describe the source image of the boot disk to attach to the instance.
    $diskInitializeParams = (new AttachedDiskInitializeParams())
        ->setSourceImage($sourceImage);
    $disk = (new AttachedDisk())
        ->setBoot(true)
        ->setAutoDelete(true)
        ->setType(Type::PERSISTENT)
        ->setInitializeParams($diskInitializeParams);

    // Use the network interface provided in the $networkName argument.
    $network = (new NetworkInterface())
        ->setName($networkName);

    // Create the Instance object.
    $instance = (new Instance())
        ->setName($instanceName)
        ->setDisks([$disk])
        ->setMachineType($machineTypeFullName)
        ->setNetworkInterfaces([$network]);

    // Insert the new Compute Engine instance using InstancesClient.
    $instancesClient = new InstancesClient();
    $operation = $instancesClient->insert($instance, $projectId, $zone);

    // Wait for the operation to complete.
    $operation->pollUntilComplete();
    if ($operation->operationSucceeded()) {
        printf('Created instance %s' . PHP_EOL, $instanceName);
    } else {
        $error = $operation->getError();
        printf('Instance creation failed: %s' . PHP_EOL, $error->getMessage());
    }
}

Python

import re
import sys
from typing import Any, List
import warnings

from google.api_core.extended_operation import ExtendedOperation
from google.cloud import compute_v1

def get_image_from_family(project: str, family: str) -> compute_v1.Image:
    """
    Retrieve the newest image that is part of a given family in a project.

    Args:
        project: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to get image from.
        family: name of the image family you want to get image from.

    Returns:
        An Image object.
    """
    image_client = compute_v1.ImagesClient()
    # List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details
    newest_image = image_client.get_from_family(project=project, family=family)
    return newest_image

def disk_from_image(
    disk_type: str,
    disk_size_gb: int,
    boot: bool,
    source_image: str,
    auto_delete: bool = True,
) -> compute_v1.AttachedDisk:
    """
    Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. Uses an image as the
    source for the new disk.

    Args:
         disk_type: the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
            "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)".
            For example: "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
        disk_size_gb: size of the new disk in gigabytes
        boot: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an instance
        source_image: source image to use when creating this disk. You must have read access to this disk. This can be one
            of the publicly available images or an image from one of your projects.
            This value uses the following format: "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
        auto_delete: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be deleted with the VM that uses it

    Returns:
        AttachedDisk object configured to be created using the specified image.
    """
    boot_disk = compute_v1.AttachedDisk()
    initialize_params = compute_v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams()
    initialize_params.source_image = source_image
    initialize_params.disk_size_gb = disk_size_gb
    initialize_params.disk_type = disk_type
    boot_disk.initialize_params = initialize_params
    # Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when you delete
    # your VM instance.
    boot_disk.auto_delete = auto_delete
    boot_disk.boot = boot
    return boot_disk

def wait_for_extended_operation(
    operation: ExtendedOperation, verbose_name: str = "operation", timeout: int = 300
) -> Any:
    """
    This method will wait for the extended (long-running) operation to
    complete. If the operation is successful, it will return its result.
    If the operation ends with an error, an exception will be raised.
    If there were any warnings during the execution of the operation
    they will be printed to sys.stderr.

    Args:
        operation: a long-running operation you want to wait on.
        verbose_name: (optional) a more verbose name of the operation,
            used only during error and warning reporting.
        timeout: how long (in seconds) to wait for operation to finish.
            If None, wait indefinitely.

    Returns:
        Whatever the operation.result() returns.

    Raises:
        This method will raise the exception received from `operation.exception()`
        or RuntimeError if there is no exception set, but there is an `error_code`
        set for the `operation`.

        In case of an operation taking longer than `timeout` seconds to complete,
        a `concurrent.futures.TimeoutError` will be raised.
    """
    result = operation.result(timeout=timeout)

    if operation.error_code:
        print(
            f"Error during {verbose_name}: [Code: {operation.error_code}]: {operation.error_message}",
            file=sys.stderr,
            flush=True,
        )
        print(f"Operation ID: {operation.name}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        raise operation.exception() or RuntimeError(operation.error_message)

    if operation.warnings:
        print(f"Warnings during {verbose_name}:\n", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        for warning in operation.warnings:
            print(f" - {warning.code}: {warning.message}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)

    return result

def create_instance(
    project_id: str,
    zone: str,
    instance_name: str,
    disks: List[compute_v1.AttachedDisk],
    machine_type: str = "n1-standard-1",
    network_link: str = "global/networks/default",
    subnetwork_link: str = None,
    internal_ip: str = None,
    external_access: bool = False,
    external_ipv4: str = None,
    accelerators: List[compute_v1.AcceleratorConfig] = None,
    preemptible: bool = False,
    spot: bool = False,
    instance_termination_action: str = "STOP",
    custom_hostname: str = None,
    delete_protection: bool = False,
) -> compute_v1.Instance:
    """
    Send an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and wait for it to complete.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        zone: name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
        instance_name: name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
        disks: a list of compute_v1.AttachedDisk objects describing the disks
            you want to attach to your new instance.
        machine_type: machine type of the VM being created. This value uses the
            following format: "zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}".
            For example: "zones/europe-west3-c/machineTypes/f1-micro"
        network_link: name of the network you want the new instance to use.
            For example: "global/networks/default" represents the network
            named "default", which is created automatically for each project.
        subnetwork_link: name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use.
            This value uses the following format:
            "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"
        internal_ip: internal IP address you want to assign to the new instance.
            By default, a free address from the pool of available internal IP addresses of
            used subnet will be used.
        external_access: boolean flag indicating if the instance should have an external IPv4
            address assigned.
        external_ipv4: external IPv4 address to be assigned to this instance. If you specify
            an external IP address, it must live in the same region as the zone of the instance.
            This setting requires `external_access` to be set to True to work.
        accelerators: a list of AcceleratorConfig objects describing the accelerators that will
            be attached to the new instance.
        preemptible: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be preemptible
            or not. Preemptible VMs have been deprecated and you should now use Spot VMs.
        spot: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be a Spot VM or not.
        instance_termination_action: What action should be taken once a Spot VM is terminated.
            Possible values: "STOP", "DELETE"
        custom_hostname: Custom hostname of the new VM instance.
            Custom hostnames must conform to RFC 1035 requirements for valid hostnames.
        delete_protection: boolean value indicating if the new virtual machine should be
            protected against deletion or not.
    Returns:
        Instance object.
    """
    instance_client = compute_v1.InstancesClient()

    # Use the network interface provided in the network_link argument.
    network_interface = compute_v1.NetworkInterface()
    network_interface.name = network_link
    if subnetwork_link:
        network_interface.subnetwork = subnetwork_link

    if internal_ip:
        network_interface.network_i_p = internal_ip

    if external_access:
        access = compute_v1.AccessConfig()
        access.type_ = compute_v1.AccessConfig.Type.ONE_TO_ONE_NAT.name
        access.name = "External NAT"
        access.network_tier = access.NetworkTier.PREMIUM.name
        if external_ipv4:
            access.nat_i_p = external_ipv4
        network_interface.access_configs = [access]

    # Collect information into the Instance object.
    instance = compute_v1.Instance()
    instance.network_interfaces = [network_interface]
    instance.name = instance_name
    instance.disks = disks
    if re.match(r"^zones/[a-z\d\-]+/machineTypes/[a-z\d\-]+$", machine_type):
        instance.machine_type = machine_type
    else:
        instance.machine_type = f"zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{machine_type}"

    if accelerators:
        instance.guest_accelerators = accelerators

    if preemptible:
        # Set the preemptible setting
        warnings.warn(
            "Preemptible VMs are being replaced by Spot VMs.", DeprecationWarning
        )
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.preemptible = True

    if spot:
        # Set the Spot VM setting
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.provisioning_model = (
            compute_v1.Scheduling.ProvisioningModel.SPOT.name
        )
        instance.scheduling.instance_termination_action = instance_termination_action

    if custom_hostname is not None:
        # Set the custom hostname for the instance
        instance.hostname = custom_hostname

    if delete_protection:
        # Set the delete protection bit
        instance.deletion_protection = True

    # Prepare the request to insert an instance.
    request = compute_v1.InsertInstanceRequest()
    request.zone = zone
    request.project = project_id
    request.instance_resource = instance

    # Wait for the create operation to complete.
    print(f"Creating the {instance_name} instance in {zone}...")

    operation = instance_client.insert(request=request)

    wait_for_extended_operation(operation, "instance creation")

    print(f"Instance {instance_name} created.")
    return instance_client.get(project=project_id, zone=zone, instance=instance_name)

Ruby


require "google/cloud/compute/v1"

# Sends an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and waits for it to complete.
#
# @param [String] project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
# @param [String] zone name of the zone you want to use. For example: "us-west3-b"
# @param [String] instance_name name of the new virtual machine.
# @param [String] machine_type machine type of the VM being created. For example: "e2-standard-2"
#         See https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/machine-types for more information
#         on machine types.
# @param [String] source_image path to the operating system image to mount on your boot
#         disk. This can be one of the public images
#         (like "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10")
#         or a private image you have access to.
#         See https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images for more information on available images.
# @param [String] network_name name of the network you want the new instance to use.
#         For example: "global/networks/default" represents the `default`
#         network interface, which is created automatically for each project.
def create_instance project:, zone:, instance_name:,
                    machine_type: "n2-standard-2",
                    source_image: "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10",
                    network_name: "global/networks/default"
  # Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  # once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
  client = ::Google::Cloud::Compute::V1::Instances::Rest::Client.new

  # Construct the instance object.
  # It can be either a hash or ::Google::Cloud::Compute::V1::Instance instance.
  instance = {
    name: instance_name,
    machine_type: "zones/#{zone}/machineTypes/#{machine_type}",
    # Instance creation requires at least one persistent disk.
    disks: [{
      auto_delete: true,
      boot: true,
      type: :PERSISTENT,
      initialize_params: {
        source_image: source_image,
        disk_size_gb: 10
      }
    }],
    network_interfaces: [{ name: network_name }]
  }

  # Prepare a request to create the instance in the specified project and zone.
  request = { project: project, zone: zone, instance_resource: instance }

  puts "Creating the #{instance_name} instance in #{zone}..."
  begin
    # Send the insert request.
    operation = client.insert request
    # Wait for the create operation to complete.
    operation = wait_until_done operation: operation

    if operation.error?
      warn "Error during creation:", operation.error
    else
      compute_operation = operation.operation
      warn "Warning during creation:", compute_operation.warnings unless compute_operation.warnings.empty?
      puts "Instance #{instance_name} created."
    end
  rescue ::Google::Cloud::Error => e
    warn "Exception during creation:", e
  end
end

커스텀 이미지를 사용하여 VM 만들기

커스텀 이미지는 사용자 프로젝트에만 속합니다. 커스텀 이미지로 VM을 만들려면 먼저 커스텀 이미지를 만들어야 합니다(아직 없는 경우).

콘솔

  1. Google Cloud 콘솔에서 VM 인스턴스 페이지로 이동합니다.

    VM 인스턴스로 이동

  2. 프로젝트를 선택하고 계속을 클릭합니다.

  3. 인스턴스 만들기를 클릭합니다.

  4. VM의 이름을 지정합니다. 자세한 내용은 리소스 이름 지정 규칙을 참조하세요.

  5. 선택사항: 이 VM의 영역을 변경합니다. Compute Engine은 각 리전 내의 영역 목록의 순서를 무작위로 지정하여 여러 영역에서 사용하도록 권장합니다.

  6. VM의 머신 구성을 선택합니다.

  7. 부팅 디스크 섹션에서 변경을 클릭한 후 다음을 수행합니다.

    1. 커스텀 이미지 탭을 선택합니다.
    2. 이미지 프로젝트를 선택하려면 프로젝트 선택을 클릭한 후 다음을 수행합니다.
      1. 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트를 선택합니다.
      2. 열기를 클릭합니다.
    3. 이미지 목록에서 가져올 이미지를 클릭합니다.
    4. 부팅 디스크의 유형과 크기를 선택합니다.
    5. 선택사항: 고급 구성 옵션의 경우 고급 구성 표시를 클릭합니다.
    6. 부팅 디스크 옵션을 확인하려면 선택을 클릭합니다.
  8. 방화벽 섹션에서 VM에 대한 HTTP 또는 HTTPS 트래픽을 허용하려면 HTTP 트래픽 허용 또는 HTTPS 트래픽 허용을 선택합니다.

    콘솔은 VM에 네트워크 태그를 추가하고 tcp:80(HTTP) 또는 tcp:443(HTTPS)에서 들어오는 모든 트래픽을 허용하는 인그레스 방화벽 규칙을 만듭니다. 네트워크 태그는 방화벽 규칙을 VM과 연결합니다. 자세한 내용은 Virtual Private Cloud 문서의 방화벽 규칙 개요를 참조하세요.

  9. 만들기를 클릭하여 VM을 만들고 시작합니다.

gcloud

gcloud compute instances create 명령어를 실행하여 커스텀 이미지로 VM을 만듭니다.

gcloud compute instances create VM_NAME \
    --image-project IMAGE_PROJECT \
    [--image IMAGE | --image-family IMAGE_FAMILY]
    --subnet SUBNET

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • VM_NAME: VM 이름
  • IMAGE_PROJECT: 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트의 이름
  • IMAGE 또는 IMAGE_FAMILY: 다음 중 하나를 지정합니다.
    • IMAGE: 커스텀 이미지의 이름.

      예를 들면 --image=my-debian-image-v2입니다.

    • IMAGE_FAMILY: 커스텀 이미지 계열의 일부로 커스텀 이미지를 만든 경우 해당 커스텀 이미지 계열을 지정합니다.

      이렇게 하면 커스텀 이미지 계열에서 지원 중단되지 않은 최신 OS 이미지와 OS 버전에서 VM이 생성됩니다. 예를 들어 --image-family=my-debian-family를 지정하면 Compute Engine이 커스텀 my-debian-family 이미지 계열에서 최신 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만듭니다.

  • SUBNET: 서브넷과 인스턴스가 동일한 프로젝트에 있으면 SUBNET을 인스턴스와 동일한 리전에 있는 서브넷의 이름으로 바꿉니다.

API

API에서 커스텀 이미지로 VM을 만드는 프로세스는 공개적으로 사용 가능한 이미지로 VM을 만드는 프로세스와 동일합니다.

커스텀 이미지에서 VM을 만들려면 instances.insert 메서드를 사용합니다.

POST https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/PROJECT_ID/zones/ZONE/instances

{
 "machineType": "zones/MACHINE_TYPE_ZONE/machineTypes/MACHINE_TYPE",
 "name": "VM_NAME",
 "disks": [
   {
     "initializeParams": {
       "sourceImage": "projects/IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/IMAGE"
     },
     "boot": true
   }
 ],
 .....
}

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • PROJECT_ID: VM을 만들 프로젝트의 ID
  • ZONE: VM을 만들 영역
  • MACHINE_TYPE_ZONE: 새 VM에 사용할 머신 유형이 포함된 영역
  • MACHINE_TYPE: 새 VM의 머신 유형(사전 정의 또는 커스텀)
  • VM_NAME: 새 VM의 이름
  • IMAGE_PROJECT: 커스텀 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트의 이름
  • IMAGE 또는 IMAGE_FAMILY: 다음 중 하나를 지정합니다.

    • IMAGE: 커스텀 이미지의 이름.

      예를 들면 "sourceImage": "projects/my-project-1234/global/images/my-debian-image-v2"입니다.

    • IMAGE_FAMILY: 커스텀 이미지 계열의 일부로 커스텀 이미지를 만든 경우 해당 커스텀 이미지 계열을 지정합니다.

      이렇게 하면 커스텀 이미지 계열에서 지원 중단되지 않은 최신 OS 이미지로 VM이 생성됩니다. 예를 들어 "sourceImage": "projects/my-project-1234/global/images/family/my-debian-family"를 지정하면 Compute Engine이 커스텀 my-debian-family 이미지 계열에서 최신 버전의 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만듭니다.

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

// createInstance sends an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and waits for it to complete.
func createInstance(w io.Writer, projectID, zone, instanceName, machineType, sourceImage, networkName string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	// zone := "europe-central2-b"
	// instanceName := "your_instance_name"
	// machineType := "n1-standard-1"
	// sourceImage := "projects/debian-cloud/global/images/family/debian-10"
	// networkName := "global/networks/default"

	ctx := context.Background()
	instancesClient, err := compute.NewInstancesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstancesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instancesClient.Close()

	req := &computepb.InsertInstanceRequest{
		Project: projectID,
		Zone:    zone,
		InstanceResource: &computepb.Instance{
			Name: proto.String(instanceName),
			Disks: []*computepb.AttachedDisk{
				{
					InitializeParams: &computepb.AttachedDiskInitializeParams{
						DiskSizeGb:  proto.Int64(10),
						SourceImage: proto.String(sourceImage),
					},
					AutoDelete: proto.Bool(true),
					Boot:       proto.Bool(true),
					Type:       proto.String(computepb.AttachedDisk_PERSISTENT.String()),
				},
			},
			MachineType: proto.String(fmt.Sprintf("zones/%s/machineTypes/%s", zone, machineType)),
			NetworkInterfaces: []*computepb.NetworkInterface{
				{
					Name: proto.String(networkName),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	op, err := instancesClient.Insert(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to create instance: %v", err)
	}

	if err = op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to wait for the operation: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Instance created\n")

	return nil
}

자바


import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk.Type;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Image;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.ImagesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InsertInstanceRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Instance;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.NetworkInterface;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Operation;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Vector;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class CreateInstancesAdvanced {

  /**
   * Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. Uses an image as the source
   * for the new disk.
   *
   * @param diskType the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
   * "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)". For example:
   * "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
   * @param diskSizeGb size of the new disk in gigabytes
   * @param boot boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an
   * instance
   * @param sourceImage source image to use when creating this disk. You must have read access to
   * this disk. This can be one of the publicly available images or an image from one of your
   * projects. This value uses the following format:
   * "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
   * @return AttachedDisk object configured to be created using the specified image.
   */
  private static AttachedDisk diskFromImage(String diskType, int diskSizeGb, boolean boot,
      String sourceImage) {
    AttachedDisk disk =
        AttachedDisk.newBuilder()
            .setBoot(boot)
            // Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when
            // you delete your VM instance.
            .setAutoDelete(true)
            .setType(Type.PERSISTENT.toString())
            .setInitializeParams(
                AttachedDiskInitializeParams.newBuilder()
                    .setSourceImage(sourceImage)
                    .setDiskSizeGb(diskSizeGb)
                    .setDiskType(diskType)
                    .build())
            .build();
    return disk;
  }

  /**
   * Send an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and wait for it to complete.
   *
   * @param project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
   * @param zone name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
   * @param instanceName name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
   * @param disks a list of compute_v1.AttachedDisk objects describing the disks you want to attach
   * to your new instance.
   * @param machineType machine type of the VM being created. This value uses the following format:
   * "zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}".
   * For example: "zones/europe-west3-c/machineTypes/f1-micro"
   * @param network name of the network you want the new instance to use. For example:
   * "global/networks/default" represents the network named "default", which is created
   * automatically for each project.
   * @param subnetwork name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use. This value uses the
   * following format: "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"
   * @return Instance object.
   */
  private static Instance createWithDisks(String project, String zone, String instanceName,
      Vector<AttachedDisk> disks, String machineType, String network, String subnetwork)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException {
    try (InstancesClient instancesClient = InstancesClient.create()) {
      // Use the network interface provided in the networkName argument.
      NetworkInterface networkInterface;
      if (subnetwork != null) {
        networkInterface = NetworkInterface.newBuilder()
            .setName(network).setSubnetwork(subnetwork)
            .build();
      } else {
        networkInterface = NetworkInterface.newBuilder()
            .setName(network).build();
      }

      machineType = String.format("zones/%s/machineTypes/%s", zone, machineType);

      // Bind `instanceName`, `machineType`, `disk`, and `networkInterface` to an instance.
      Instance instanceResource =
          Instance.newBuilder()
              .setName(instanceName)
              .setMachineType(machineType)
              .addAllDisks(disks)
              .addNetworkInterfaces(networkInterface)
              .build();

      System.out.printf("Creating instance: %s at %s ", instanceName, zone);

      // Insert the instance in the specified project and zone.
      InsertInstanceRequest insertInstanceRequest = InsertInstanceRequest.newBuilder()
          .setProject(project)
          .setZone(zone)
          .setInstanceResource(instanceResource).build();

      OperationFuture<Operation, Operation> operation = instancesClient.insertAsync(
          insertInstanceRequest);

      // Wait for the operation to complete.
      Operation response = operation.get(3, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

      if (response.hasError()) {
        System.out.println("Instance creation failed ! ! " + response);
        return null;
      }
      System.out.println("Operation Status: " + response.getStatus());

      return instancesClient.get(project, zone, instanceName);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Create a new VM instance with custom image used as its boot disk.
   *
   * @param project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
   * @param zone name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
   * @param instanceName name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
   * @param customImage link to the custom image you want to use in the form of:
   * "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
   * @return Instance object.
   */
  public static Instance createFromCustomImage(String project, String zone, String instanceName,
      String customImage)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException {
    String diskType = String.format("zones/%s/diskTypes/pd-standard", zone);
    Vector<AttachedDisk> disks = new Vector<>();
    disks.add(diskFromImage(diskType, 10, true, customImage));
    return createWithDisks(project, zone, instanceName, disks, "n1-standard-1",
        "global/networks/default", null);
  }

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const zone = 'europe-central2-b';
// const instanceName = 'YOUR_INSTANCE_NAME';
// const customImageLink = 'projects/YOUR_PROJECT/global/images/YOUR_IMAGE_NAME';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// Creates a new VM instance with custom image used as its boot disk.
async function createInstanceFromCustomImage() {
  const instancesClient = new compute.InstancesClient();

  const [response] = await instancesClient.insert({
    project: projectId,
    zone,
    instanceResource: {
      name: instanceName,
      disks: [
        {
          initializeParams: {
            diskSizeGb: '10',
            sourceImage: customImageLink,
            diskType: `zones/${zone}/diskTypes/pd-standard`,
          },
          autoDelete: true,
          boot: true,
          type: 'PERSISTENT',
        },
      ],
      machineType: `zones/${zone}/machineTypes/n1-standard-1`,
      networkInterfaces: [
        {
          name: 'global/networks/default',
        },
      ],
    },
  });
  let operation = response.latestResponse;
  const operationsClient = new compute.ZoneOperationsClient();

  // Wait for the create operation to complete.
  while (operation.status !== 'DONE') {
    [operation] = await operationsClient.wait({
      operation: operation.name,
      project: projectId,
      zone: operation.zone.split('/').pop(),
    });
  }

  console.log('Instance created.');
}

createInstanceFromCustomImage();

Python

import re
import sys
from typing import Any, List
import warnings

from google.api_core.extended_operation import ExtendedOperation
from google.cloud import compute_v1

def get_image_from_family(project: str, family: str) -> compute_v1.Image:
    """
    Retrieve the newest image that is part of a given family in a project.

    Args:
        project: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to get image from.
        family: name of the image family you want to get image from.

    Returns:
        An Image object.
    """
    image_client = compute_v1.ImagesClient()
    # List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details
    newest_image = image_client.get_from_family(project=project, family=family)
    return newest_image

def disk_from_image(
    disk_type: str,
    disk_size_gb: int,
    boot: bool,
    source_image: str,
    auto_delete: bool = True,
) -> compute_v1.AttachedDisk:
    """
    Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. Uses an image as the
    source for the new disk.

    Args:
         disk_type: the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
            "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)".
            For example: "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
        disk_size_gb: size of the new disk in gigabytes
        boot: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an instance
        source_image: source image to use when creating this disk. You must have read access to this disk. This can be one
            of the publicly available images or an image from one of your projects.
            This value uses the following format: "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
        auto_delete: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be deleted with the VM that uses it

    Returns:
        AttachedDisk object configured to be created using the specified image.
    """
    boot_disk = compute_v1.AttachedDisk()
    initialize_params = compute_v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams()
    initialize_params.source_image = source_image
    initialize_params.disk_size_gb = disk_size_gb
    initialize_params.disk_type = disk_type
    boot_disk.initialize_params = initialize_params
    # Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when you delete
    # your VM instance.
    boot_disk.auto_delete = auto_delete
    boot_disk.boot = boot
    return boot_disk

def wait_for_extended_operation(
    operation: ExtendedOperation, verbose_name: str = "operation", timeout: int = 300
) -> Any:
    """
    This method will wait for the extended (long-running) operation to
    complete. If the operation is successful, it will return its result.
    If the operation ends with an error, an exception will be raised.
    If there were any warnings during the execution of the operation
    they will be printed to sys.stderr.

    Args:
        operation: a long-running operation you want to wait on.
        verbose_name: (optional) a more verbose name of the operation,
            used only during error and warning reporting.
        timeout: how long (in seconds) to wait for operation to finish.
            If None, wait indefinitely.

    Returns:
        Whatever the operation.result() returns.

    Raises:
        This method will raise the exception received from `operation.exception()`
        or RuntimeError if there is no exception set, but there is an `error_code`
        set for the `operation`.

        In case of an operation taking longer than `timeout` seconds to complete,
        a `concurrent.futures.TimeoutError` will be raised.
    """
    result = operation.result(timeout=timeout)

    if operation.error_code:
        print(
            f"Error during {verbose_name}: [Code: {operation.error_code}]: {operation.error_message}",
            file=sys.stderr,
            flush=True,
        )
        print(f"Operation ID: {operation.name}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        raise operation.exception() or RuntimeError(operation.error_message)

    if operation.warnings:
        print(f"Warnings during {verbose_name}:\n", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        for warning in operation.warnings:
            print(f" - {warning.code}: {warning.message}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)

    return result

def create_instance(
    project_id: str,
    zone: str,
    instance_name: str,
    disks: List[compute_v1.AttachedDisk],
    machine_type: str = "n1-standard-1",
    network_link: str = "global/networks/default",
    subnetwork_link: str = None,
    internal_ip: str = None,
    external_access: bool = False,
    external_ipv4: str = None,
    accelerators: List[compute_v1.AcceleratorConfig] = None,
    preemptible: bool = False,
    spot: bool = False,
    instance_termination_action: str = "STOP",
    custom_hostname: str = None,
    delete_protection: bool = False,
) -> compute_v1.Instance:
    """
    Send an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and wait for it to complete.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        zone: name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
        instance_name: name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
        disks: a list of compute_v1.AttachedDisk objects describing the disks
            you want to attach to your new instance.
        machine_type: machine type of the VM being created. This value uses the
            following format: "zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}".
            For example: "zones/europe-west3-c/machineTypes/f1-micro"
        network_link: name of the network you want the new instance to use.
            For example: "global/networks/default" represents the network
            named "default", which is created automatically for each project.
        subnetwork_link: name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use.
            This value uses the following format:
            "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"
        internal_ip: internal IP address you want to assign to the new instance.
            By default, a free address from the pool of available internal IP addresses of
            used subnet will be used.
        external_access: boolean flag indicating if the instance should have an external IPv4
            address assigned.
        external_ipv4: external IPv4 address to be assigned to this instance. If you specify
            an external IP address, it must live in the same region as the zone of the instance.
            This setting requires `external_access` to be set to True to work.
        accelerators: a list of AcceleratorConfig objects describing the accelerators that will
            be attached to the new instance.
        preemptible: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be preemptible
            or not. Preemptible VMs have been deprecated and you should now use Spot VMs.
        spot: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be a Spot VM or not.
        instance_termination_action: What action should be taken once a Spot VM is terminated.
            Possible values: "STOP", "DELETE"
        custom_hostname: Custom hostname of the new VM instance.
            Custom hostnames must conform to RFC 1035 requirements for valid hostnames.
        delete_protection: boolean value indicating if the new virtual machine should be
            protected against deletion or not.
    Returns:
        Instance object.
    """
    instance_client = compute_v1.InstancesClient()

    # Use the network interface provided in the network_link argument.
    network_interface = compute_v1.NetworkInterface()
    network_interface.name = network_link
    if subnetwork_link:
        network_interface.subnetwork = subnetwork_link

    if internal_ip:
        network_interface.network_i_p = internal_ip

    if external_access:
        access = compute_v1.AccessConfig()
        access.type_ = compute_v1.AccessConfig.Type.ONE_TO_ONE_NAT.name
        access.name = "External NAT"
        access.network_tier = access.NetworkTier.PREMIUM.name
        if external_ipv4:
            access.nat_i_p = external_ipv4
        network_interface.access_configs = [access]

    # Collect information into the Instance object.
    instance = compute_v1.Instance()
    instance.network_interfaces = [network_interface]
    instance.name = instance_name
    instance.disks = disks
    if re.match(r"^zones/[a-z\d\-]+/machineTypes/[a-z\d\-]+$", machine_type):
        instance.machine_type = machine_type
    else:
        instance.machine_type = f"zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{machine_type}"

    if accelerators:
        instance.guest_accelerators = accelerators

    if preemptible:
        # Set the preemptible setting
        warnings.warn(
            "Preemptible VMs are being replaced by Spot VMs.", DeprecationWarning
        )
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.preemptible = True

    if spot:
        # Set the Spot VM setting
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.provisioning_model = (
            compute_v1.Scheduling.ProvisioningModel.SPOT.name
        )
        instance.scheduling.instance_termination_action = instance_termination_action

    if custom_hostname is not None:
        # Set the custom hostname for the instance
        instance.hostname = custom_hostname

    if delete_protection:
        # Set the delete protection bit
        instance.deletion_protection = True

    # Prepare the request to insert an instance.
    request = compute_v1.InsertInstanceRequest()
    request.zone = zone
    request.project = project_id
    request.instance_resource = instance

    # Wait for the create operation to complete.
    print(f"Creating the {instance_name} instance in {zone}...")

    operation = instance_client.insert(request=request)

    wait_for_extended_operation(operation, "instance creation")

    print(f"Instance {instance_name} created.")
    return instance_client.get(project=project_id, zone=zone, instance=instance_name)

def create_from_custom_image(
    project_id: str, zone: str, instance_name: str, custom_image_link: str
) -> compute_v1.Instance:
    """
    Create a new VM instance with custom image used as its boot disk.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        zone: name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
        instance_name: name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
        custom_image_link: link to the custom image you want to use in the form of:
            "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"

    Returns:
        Instance object.
    """
    disk_type = f"zones/{zone}/diskTypes/pd-standard"
    disks = [disk_from_image(disk_type, 10, True, custom_image_link, True)]
    instance = create_instance(project_id, zone, instance_name, disks)
    return instance

추가 비부팅 디스크가 포함된 VM 인스턴스 만들기

콘솔

  1. Google Cloud 콘솔에서 VM 인스턴스 페이지로 이동합니다.

    VM 인스턴스로 이동

  2. 프로젝트를 선택하고 계속을 클릭합니다.

  3. 인스턴스 만들기를 클릭합니다.

  4. VM의 이름을 지정합니다. 자세한 내용은 리소스 이름 지정 규칙을 참조하세요.

  5. 선택사항: 이 VM의 영역을 변경합니다. Compute Engine은 각 리전 내의 영역 목록의 순서를 무작위로 지정하여 여러 영역에서 사용하도록 권장합니다.

  6. VM의 머신 구성을 선택합니다.

  7. 부팅 디스크 섹션에서 변경을 클릭한 후 다음을 수행합니다.

    1. 공개 이미지 탭에서 다음을 선택합니다.
      • 운영체제
      • OS 버전
      • 부팅 디스크 유형
      • 부팅 디스크 크기
    2. 선택사항: 고급 구성 옵션의 경우 고급 구성 표시를 클릭합니다.
    3. 부팅 디스크 옵션을 확인하려면 선택을 클릭합니다.
  8. 방화벽 섹션에서 VM에 대한 HTTP 또는 HTTPS 트래픽을 허용하려면 HTTP 트래픽 허용 또는 HTTPS 트래픽 허용을 선택합니다. 이 중 하나를 선택하면 Compute Engine에서 VM에 네트워크 태그를 추가합니다. 방화벽 규칙과 VM이 연결됩니다. 그런 다음 Compute Engine은 tcp:80(HTTP) 또는 tcp:443(HTTPS)에서 들어오는 모든 트래픽을 허용하는 인그레스 방화벽 규칙을 만듭니다.

  9. 비부팅 디스크를 VM에 추가하려면 네트워킹, 디스크, 보안, 관리, 단독 테넌시 섹션을 펼친 후 다음을 수행합니다.

    1. 디스크 섹션을 펼칩니다.
    2. 새 디스크 추가를 클릭한 후 다음을 수행합니다.
      1. 디스크의 이름, 유형, 소스 유형, 크기를 지정합니다.
      2. 연결 설정 섹션에서 디스크의 연결 모드삭제 규칙을 선택합니다. 새 디스크 추가에 대한 자세한 내용은 VM에 영구 디스크 추가를 참조하세요.
      3. 저장을 클릭합니다.
  10. 만들기를 클릭하여 VM을 만들고 시작합니다.

gcloud

gcloud compute instances create 명령어를 실행하여 추가 비부팅 디스크가 포함된 VM을 만듭니다.

VM을 만드는 동안 비부팅 디스크를 최대 128개까지 추가할 수 있습니다. 만든 각 비부팅 디스크마다 --create-disk 플래그를 지정합니다.

공개 또는 스톡 이미지에서 비부팅 디스크를 만들려면 --create-disk 플래그에 image 또는 image-familyimage-project 속성을 지정합니다. 빈 디스크를 만들려면 이러한 속성을 포함하지 마세요. 필요할 경우 디스크 sizetype에 속성을 포함할 수 있습니다.

gcloud compute instances create VM_NAME \
    [--image=IMAGE | --image-family=IMAGE_FAMILY] \
    --image-project=IMAGE_PROJECT \
    --create-disk [image=DISK_IMAGE | image-family=DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY ],image-project=DISK_IMAGE_PROJECT,size=SIZE_GB,type=DISK_TYPE

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • VM_NAME: 새 VM의 이름.
  • IMAGE 또는 IMAGE_FAMILY입니다. 다음 중 하나를 지정하세요.

    • IMAGE: 공개 이미지의 특정 버전.

      예를 들면 --image=debian-10-buster-v20200309입니다.

    • IMAGE_FAMILY: 이미지 계열.

      이렇게 하면 지원 중단되지 않은 최신 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM이 생성됩니다. 예를 들어 --image-family=debian-10을 지정하면 Compute Engine이 Debian 10 이미지 계열에서 최신 버전의 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만듭니다.

  • IMAGE_PROJECT: 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트

  • 추가 디스크의 경우 다음을 바꿉니다.

    • DISK_IMAGE 또는 DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY: 다음 중 하나를 지정합니다.
      • DISK_IMAGE: 비부팅 디스크로 사용할 이미지의 이름
      • DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY: 비부팅 디스크로 사용할 이미지 계열
    • DISK_IMAGE_PROJECT: 디스크 이미지가 속한 이미지 프로젝트
    • SIZE_GB: 선택사항: 비부팅 디스크의 크기
    • DISK_TYPE: 선택사항: 영구 디스크 유형의 전체 또는 부분 URL.

      예를 들면 https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/PROJECT_ID/zones/ZONE/diskTypes/pd-ssd입니다. 사용 가능한 디스크 유형을 보려면 gcloud compute disk-types list 명령어를 실행합니다.

    빈 디스크의 경우 DISK_IMAGE, DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY 또는 DISK_IMAGE_PROJECT 매개변수를 지정하지 마세요.

API

각 추가 디스크에 initializeParams 속성을 사용하여 VM을 만들 때 비부팅 디스크를 최대 128개까지 만들 수 있습니다. 공개 또는 비공개 이미지를 사용하여 추가 디스크를 만듭니다. 빈 디스크를 추가하려면 sourceImage 값 없이 initializeParams 항목을 정의합니다.

POST https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/PROJECT_ID/zones/ZONE/instances

{
 "machineType": "zones/MACHINE_TYPE_ZONE/machineTypes/MACHINE_TYPE",
 "name": "VM_NAME",
 "disks": [
   {
     "initializeParams": {
       "sourceImage": "projects/IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/IMAGE"
     },
     "boot": true
   },
   {
     "initializeParams": {
       "diskSizeGb": "SIZE_GB",
       "sourceImage": "projects/DISK_IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/DISK_IMAGE",
       "diskType": "DISK_TYPE"
   },
   {
     "initializeParams": {
     "diskSizeGb": "SIZE_GB",
     "diskType": "DISK_TYPE"
   }
    }...]

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • PROJECT_ID: VM을 만들 프로젝트의 ID
  • ZONE: VM을 만들 영역
  • MACHINE_TYPE_ZONE: 새 VM에 사용할 머신 유형이 포함된 영역
  • MACHINE_TYPE: 새 VM의 머신 유형(사전 정의 또는 커스텀)
  • VM_NAME: 새 VM의 이름
  • IMAGE_PROJECT: 커스텀 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트의 이름.
  • IMAGE 또는 IMAGE_FAMILY: 다음 중 하나를 지정합니다.

    • IMAGE: 커스텀 이미지의 이름.

      예를 들면 "sourceImage": "projects/my-project-1234/global/images/my-debian-image-v2"입니다.

    • IMAGE_FAMILY: 커스텀 이미지 계열의 일부로 커스텀 이미지를 만든 경우 해당 커스텀 이미지 계열을 지정합니다.

      이렇게 하면 커스텀 이미지 계열에서 지원 중단되지 않은 최신 OS 이미지 OS 버전으로 VM이 생성됩니다. 예를 들어 "sourceImage": "projects/my-project-1234/global/images/family/my-debian-family"를 지정하면 Compute Engine이 커스텀 my-debian-family 이미지 계열에서 최신 버전의 OS 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만듭니다.

  • 추가 디스크의 경우 다음을 바꿉니다.

    • SIZE_GB: 디스크 크기
    • DISK_IMAGE 또는 DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY: 비부팅 디스크의 소스 이미지 또는 이미지 계열을 지정합니다.

      • DISK_IMAGE: 비부팅 디스크로 사용할 이미지의 이름

        예를 들면 "sourceImage": "projects/DISK_IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/DISK_IMAGE"입니다.

      • DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY: 비부팅 디스크로 사용할 이미지 계열

        예를 들면 "sourceImage": "projects/DISK_IMAGE_PROJECT/global/images/family/DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY"입니다.

    • DISK_TYPE: 영구 디스크 유형의 전체 또는 부분 URL

    예를 들면 https://www.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/PROJECT_ID/zones/ZONE/diskTypes/pd-ssd입니다.

    빈 디스크의 경우 DISK_IMAGE, DISK_IMAGE_FAMILY 또는 DISK_IMAGE_PROJECT 매개변수를 지정하지 마세요.

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

// createWithAdditionalDisk create a new VM instance with Debian 10 operating system and a 11 GB additional empty disk.
func createWithAdditionalDisk(w io.Writer, projectID, zone, instanceName string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	// zone := "europe-central2-b"
	// instanceName := "your_instance_name"

	ctx := context.Background()
	instancesClient, err := compute.NewInstancesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstancesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instancesClient.Close()

	imagesClient, err := compute.NewImagesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewImagesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer imagesClient.Close()

	// List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details.
	newestDebianReq := &computepb.GetFromFamilyImageRequest{
		Project: "debian-cloud",
		Family:  "debian-10",
	}
	newestDebian, err := imagesClient.GetFromFamily(ctx, newestDebianReq)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to get image from family: %v", err)
	}

	req := &computepb.InsertInstanceRequest{
		Project: projectID,
		Zone:    zone,
		InstanceResource: &computepb.Instance{
			Name: proto.String(instanceName),
			Disks: []*computepb.AttachedDisk{
				{
					InitializeParams: &computepb.AttachedDiskInitializeParams{
						DiskSizeGb:  proto.Int64(10),
						SourceImage: newestDebian.SelfLink,
						DiskType:    proto.String(fmt.Sprintf("zones/%s/diskTypes/pd-standard", zone)),
					},
					AutoDelete: proto.Bool(true),
					Boot:       proto.Bool(true),
					Type:       proto.String(computepb.AttachedDisk_PERSISTENT.String()),
				},
				{
					InitializeParams: &computepb.AttachedDiskInitializeParams{
						DiskSizeGb: proto.Int64(11),
						DiskType:   proto.String(fmt.Sprintf("zones/%s/diskTypes/pd-standard", zone)),
					},
					AutoDelete: proto.Bool(true),
					Boot:       proto.Bool(false),
					Type:       proto.String(computepb.AttachedDisk_PERSISTENT.String()),
				},
			},
			MachineType: proto.String(fmt.Sprintf("zones/%s/machineTypes/n1-standard-1", zone)),
			NetworkInterfaces: []*computepb.NetworkInterface{
				{
					Name: proto.String("global/networks/default"),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	op, err := instancesClient.Insert(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to create instance: %v", err)
	}

	if err = op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to wait for the operation: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Instance created\n")

	return nil
}

자바


import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk.Type;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Image;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.ImagesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InsertInstanceRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Instance;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.NetworkInterface;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Operation;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Vector;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class CreateInstancesAdvanced {

  /**
   * Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. Uses an image as the source
   * for the new disk.
   *
   * @param diskType the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
   * "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)". For example:
   * "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
   * @param diskSizeGb size of the new disk in gigabytes
   * @param boot boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an
   * instance
   * @param sourceImage source image to use when creating this disk. You must have read access to
   * this disk. This can be one of the publicly available images or an image from one of your
   * projects. This value uses the following format:
   * "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
   * @return AttachedDisk object configured to be created using the specified image.
   */
  private static AttachedDisk diskFromImage(String diskType, int diskSizeGb, boolean boot,
      String sourceImage) {
    AttachedDisk disk =
        AttachedDisk.newBuilder()
            .setBoot(boot)
            // Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when
            // you delete your VM instance.
            .setAutoDelete(true)
            .setType(Type.PERSISTENT.toString())
            .setInitializeParams(
                AttachedDiskInitializeParams.newBuilder()
                    .setSourceImage(sourceImage)
                    .setDiskSizeGb(diskSizeGb)
                    .setDiskType(diskType)
                    .build())
            .build();
    return disk;
  }

  /**
   * Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. The created disk contains no
   * data and requires formatting before it can be used.
   *
   * @param diskType the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
   * "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)". For example:
   * "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
   * @param diskSizeGb size of the new disk in gigabytes
   * @return AttachedDisk object configured to be created as an empty disk.
   */
  private static AttachedDisk emptyDisk(String diskType, int diskSizeGb) {
    AttachedDisk disk =
        AttachedDisk.newBuilder()
            .setBoot(false)
            // Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when
            // you delete your VM instance.
            .setAutoDelete(true)
            .setType(Type.PERSISTENT.toString())
            .setInitializeParams(
                AttachedDiskInitializeParams.newBuilder()
                    .setDiskSizeGb(diskSizeGb)
                    .setDiskType(diskType)
                    .build())
            .build();
    return disk;
  }

  /**
   * Send an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and wait for it to complete.
   *
   * @param project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
   * @param zone name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
   * @param instanceName name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
   * @param disks a list of compute_v1.AttachedDisk objects describing the disks you want to attach
   * to your new instance.
   * @param machineType machine type of the VM being created. This value uses the following format:
   * "zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}".
   * For example: "zones/europe-west3-c/machineTypes/f1-micro"
   * @param network name of the network you want the new instance to use. For example:
   * "global/networks/default" represents the network named "default", which is created
   * automatically for each project.
   * @param subnetwork name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use. This value uses the
   * following format: "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"
   * @return Instance object.
   */
  private static Instance createWithDisks(String project, String zone, String instanceName,
      Vector<AttachedDisk> disks, String machineType, String network, String subnetwork)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException {
    try (InstancesClient instancesClient = InstancesClient.create()) {
      // Use the network interface provided in the networkName argument.
      NetworkInterface networkInterface;
      if (subnetwork != null) {
        networkInterface = NetworkInterface.newBuilder()
            .setName(network).setSubnetwork(subnetwork)
            .build();
      } else {
        networkInterface = NetworkInterface.newBuilder()
            .setName(network).build();
      }

      machineType = String.format("zones/%s/machineTypes/%s", zone, machineType);

      // Bind `instanceName`, `machineType`, `disk`, and `networkInterface` to an instance.
      Instance instanceResource =
          Instance.newBuilder()
              .setName(instanceName)
              .setMachineType(machineType)
              .addAllDisks(disks)
              .addNetworkInterfaces(networkInterface)
              .build();

      System.out.printf("Creating instance: %s at %s ", instanceName, zone);

      // Insert the instance in the specified project and zone.
      InsertInstanceRequest insertInstanceRequest = InsertInstanceRequest.newBuilder()
          .setProject(project)
          .setZone(zone)
          .setInstanceResource(instanceResource).build();

      OperationFuture<Operation, Operation> operation = instancesClient.insertAsync(
          insertInstanceRequest);

      // Wait for the operation to complete.
      Operation response = operation.get(3, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

      if (response.hasError()) {
        System.out.println("Instance creation failed ! ! " + response);
        return null;
      }
      System.out.println("Operation Status: " + response.getStatus());

      return instancesClient.get(project, zone, instanceName);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Create a new VM instance with Debian 10 operating system and a 11 GB additional empty disk.
   *
   * @param project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
   * @param zone name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
   * @param instanceName name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
   * @return Instance object.
   */
  public static Instance createWithAdditionalDisk(String project, String zone, String instanceName)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException {
    try (ImagesClient imagesClient = ImagesClient.create()) {
      // List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details
      Image image = imagesClient.getFromFamily("debian-cloud", "debian-10");
      String diskType = String.format("zones/%s/diskTypes/pd-standard", zone);
      Vector<AttachedDisk> disks = new Vector<>();
      disks.add(diskFromImage(diskType, 10, true, image.getSelfLink()));
      disks.add(emptyDisk(diskType, 11));
      return createWithDisks(project, zone, instanceName, disks, "n1-standard-1",
          "global/networks/default", null);
    }
  }

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const zone = 'europe-central2-b';
// const instanceName = 'YOUR_INSTANCE_NAME';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// Create a new VM instance with Debian 10 operating system and a 11 GB additional empty disk.
async function createWithAdditionalDisk() {
  const instancesClient = new compute.InstancesClient();
  const imagesClient = new compute.ImagesClient();

  // List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details.
  const [newestDebian] = await imagesClient.getFromFamily({
    project: 'debian-cloud',
    family: 'debian-10',
  });

  const [response] = await instancesClient.insert({
    project: projectId,
    zone,
    instanceResource: {
      name: instanceName,
      disks: [
        {
          initializeParams: {
            diskSizeGb: '10',
            sourceImage: newestDebian.selfLink,
            diskType: `zones/${zone}/diskTypes/pd-standard`,
          },
          autoDelete: true,
          boot: true,
          type: 'PERSISTENT',
        },
        {
          initializeParams: {
            diskSizeGb: '11',
            diskType: `zones/${zone}/diskTypes/pd-standard`,
          },
          autoDelete: true,
          boot: false,
          type: 'PERSISTENT',
        },
      ],
      machineType: `zones/${zone}/machineTypes/n1-standard-1`,
      networkInterfaces: [
        {
          name: 'global/networks/default',
        },
      ],
    },
  });
  let operation = response.latestResponse;
  const operationsClient = new compute.ZoneOperationsClient();

  // Wait for the create operation to complete.
  while (operation.status !== 'DONE') {
    [operation] = await operationsClient.wait({
      operation: operation.name,
      project: projectId,
      zone: operation.zone.split('/').pop(),
    });
  }

  console.log('Instance created.');
}

createWithAdditionalDisk();

Python

import re
import sys
from typing import Any, List
import warnings

from google.api_core.extended_operation import ExtendedOperation
from google.cloud import compute_v1

def get_image_from_family(project: str, family: str) -> compute_v1.Image:
    """
    Retrieve the newest image that is part of a given family in a project.

    Args:
        project: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to get image from.
        family: name of the image family you want to get image from.

    Returns:
        An Image object.
    """
    image_client = compute_v1.ImagesClient()
    # List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details
    newest_image = image_client.get_from_family(project=project, family=family)
    return newest_image

def disk_from_image(
    disk_type: str,
    disk_size_gb: int,
    boot: bool,
    source_image: str,
    auto_delete: bool = True,
) -> compute_v1.AttachedDisk:
    """
    Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. Uses an image as the
    source for the new disk.

    Args:
         disk_type: the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
            "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)".
            For example: "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
        disk_size_gb: size of the new disk in gigabytes
        boot: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an instance
        source_image: source image to use when creating this disk. You must have read access to this disk. This can be one
            of the publicly available images or an image from one of your projects.
            This value uses the following format: "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
        auto_delete: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be deleted with the VM that uses it

    Returns:
        AttachedDisk object configured to be created using the specified image.
    """
    boot_disk = compute_v1.AttachedDisk()
    initialize_params = compute_v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams()
    initialize_params.source_image = source_image
    initialize_params.disk_size_gb = disk_size_gb
    initialize_params.disk_type = disk_type
    boot_disk.initialize_params = initialize_params
    # Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when you delete
    # your VM instance.
    boot_disk.auto_delete = auto_delete
    boot_disk.boot = boot
    return boot_disk

def empty_disk(
    disk_type: str, disk_size_gb: int, boot: bool = False, auto_delete: bool = True
) -> compute_v1.AttachedDisk():
    """
    Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. The created disk contains
    no data and requires formatting before it can be used.

    Args:
         disk_type: the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
            "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)".
            For example: "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
        disk_size_gb: size of the new disk in gigabytes
        boot: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an instance
        auto_delete: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be deleted with the VM that uses it

    Returns:
        AttachedDisk object configured to be created as an empty disk.
    """
    disk = compute_v1.AttachedDisk()
    initialize_params = compute_v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams()
    initialize_params.disk_type = disk_type
    initialize_params.disk_size_gb = disk_size_gb
    disk.initialize_params = initialize_params
    # Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when you delete
    # your VM instance.
    disk.auto_delete = auto_delete
    disk.boot = boot
    return disk

def wait_for_extended_operation(
    operation: ExtendedOperation, verbose_name: str = "operation", timeout: int = 300
) -> Any:
    """
    This method will wait for the extended (long-running) operation to
    complete. If the operation is successful, it will return its result.
    If the operation ends with an error, an exception will be raised.
    If there were any warnings during the execution of the operation
    they will be printed to sys.stderr.

    Args:
        operation: a long-running operation you want to wait on.
        verbose_name: (optional) a more verbose name of the operation,
            used only during error and warning reporting.
        timeout: how long (in seconds) to wait for operation to finish.
            If None, wait indefinitely.

    Returns:
        Whatever the operation.result() returns.

    Raises:
        This method will raise the exception received from `operation.exception()`
        or RuntimeError if there is no exception set, but there is an `error_code`
        set for the `operation`.

        In case of an operation taking longer than `timeout` seconds to complete,
        a `concurrent.futures.TimeoutError` will be raised.
    """
    result = operation.result(timeout=timeout)

    if operation.error_code:
        print(
            f"Error during {verbose_name}: [Code: {operation.error_code}]: {operation.error_message}",
            file=sys.stderr,
            flush=True,
        )
        print(f"Operation ID: {operation.name}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        raise operation.exception() or RuntimeError(operation.error_message)

    if operation.warnings:
        print(f"Warnings during {verbose_name}:\n", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        for warning in operation.warnings:
            print(f" - {warning.code}: {warning.message}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)

    return result

def create_instance(
    project_id: str,
    zone: str,
    instance_name: str,
    disks: List[compute_v1.AttachedDisk],
    machine_type: str = "n1-standard-1",
    network_link: str = "global/networks/default",
    subnetwork_link: str = None,
    internal_ip: str = None,
    external_access: bool = False,
    external_ipv4: str = None,
    accelerators: List[compute_v1.AcceleratorConfig] = None,
    preemptible: bool = False,
    spot: bool = False,
    instance_termination_action: str = "STOP",
    custom_hostname: str = None,
    delete_protection: bool = False,
) -> compute_v1.Instance:
    """
    Send an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and wait for it to complete.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        zone: name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
        instance_name: name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
        disks: a list of compute_v1.AttachedDisk objects describing the disks
            you want to attach to your new instance.
        machine_type: machine type of the VM being created. This value uses the
            following format: "zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}".
            For example: "zones/europe-west3-c/machineTypes/f1-micro"
        network_link: name of the network you want the new instance to use.
            For example: "global/networks/default" represents the network
            named "default", which is created automatically for each project.
        subnetwork_link: name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use.
            This value uses the following format:
            "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"
        internal_ip: internal IP address you want to assign to the new instance.
            By default, a free address from the pool of available internal IP addresses of
            used subnet will be used.
        external_access: boolean flag indicating if the instance should have an external IPv4
            address assigned.
        external_ipv4: external IPv4 address to be assigned to this instance. If you specify
            an external IP address, it must live in the same region as the zone of the instance.
            This setting requires `external_access` to be set to True to work.
        accelerators: a list of AcceleratorConfig objects describing the accelerators that will
            be attached to the new instance.
        preemptible: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be preemptible
            or not. Preemptible VMs have been deprecated and you should now use Spot VMs.
        spot: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be a Spot VM or not.
        instance_termination_action: What action should be taken once a Spot VM is terminated.
            Possible values: "STOP", "DELETE"
        custom_hostname: Custom hostname of the new VM instance.
            Custom hostnames must conform to RFC 1035 requirements for valid hostnames.
        delete_protection: boolean value indicating if the new virtual machine should be
            protected against deletion or not.
    Returns:
        Instance object.
    """
    instance_client = compute_v1.InstancesClient()

    # Use the network interface provided in the network_link argument.
    network_interface = compute_v1.NetworkInterface()
    network_interface.name = network_link
    if subnetwork_link:
        network_interface.subnetwork = subnetwork_link

    if internal_ip:
        network_interface.network_i_p = internal_ip

    if external_access:
        access = compute_v1.AccessConfig()
        access.type_ = compute_v1.AccessConfig.Type.ONE_TO_ONE_NAT.name
        access.name = "External NAT"
        access.network_tier = access.NetworkTier.PREMIUM.name
        if external_ipv4:
            access.nat_i_p = external_ipv4
        network_interface.access_configs = [access]

    # Collect information into the Instance object.
    instance = compute_v1.Instance()
    instance.network_interfaces = [network_interface]
    instance.name = instance_name
    instance.disks = disks
    if re.match(r"^zones/[a-z\d\-]+/machineTypes/[a-z\d\-]+$", machine_type):
        instance.machine_type = machine_type
    else:
        instance.machine_type = f"zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{machine_type}"

    if accelerators:
        instance.guest_accelerators = accelerators

    if preemptible:
        # Set the preemptible setting
        warnings.warn(
            "Preemptible VMs are being replaced by Spot VMs.", DeprecationWarning
        )
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.preemptible = True

    if spot:
        # Set the Spot VM setting
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.provisioning_model = (
            compute_v1.Scheduling.ProvisioningModel.SPOT.name
        )
        instance.scheduling.instance_termination_action = instance_termination_action

    if custom_hostname is not None:
        # Set the custom hostname for the instance
        instance.hostname = custom_hostname

    if delete_protection:
        # Set the delete protection bit
        instance.deletion_protection = True

    # Prepare the request to insert an instance.
    request = compute_v1.InsertInstanceRequest()
    request.zone = zone
    request.project = project_id
    request.instance_resource = instance

    # Wait for the create operation to complete.
    print(f"Creating the {instance_name} instance in {zone}...")

    operation = instance_client.insert(request=request)

    wait_for_extended_operation(operation, "instance creation")

    print(f"Instance {instance_name} created.")
    return instance_client.get(project=project_id, zone=zone, instance=instance_name)

def create_with_additional_disk(
    project_id: str, zone: str, instance_name: str
) -> compute_v1.Instance:
    """
    Create a new VM instance with Debian 10 operating system on a 20 GB disk
    and a 25 GB additional empty disk.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        zone: name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
        instance_name: name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.

    Returns:
        Instance object.
    """
    newest_debian = get_image_from_family(project="debian-cloud", family="debian-10")
    disk_type = f"zones/{zone}/diskTypes/pd-standard"
    disks = [
        disk_from_image(disk_type, 20, True, newest_debian.self_link),
        empty_disk(disk_type, 25),
    ]
    instance = create_instance(project_id, zone, instance_name, disks)
    return instance

디스크를 사용하기 전에 먼저 디스크를 포맷하고 마운트하세요.

공유 이미지를 사용하여 VM 인스턴스 만들기

다른 사용자가 나와 이미지를 공유한 경우 이미지를 사용하여 VM을 만들 수 있습니다.

콘솔

  1. Google Cloud 콘솔에서 인스턴스 만들기 페이지로 이동합니다.

    인스턴스 만들기로 이동

  2. VM의 이름을 지정합니다. 자세한 내용은 리소스 이름 지정 규칙을 참조하세요.
  3. 선택사항: 이 VM의 영역을 변경합니다. Compute Engine은 각 리전 내의 영역 목록 순서를 무작위로 지정하여 여러 영역에서 사용하도록 권장합니다.
  4. VM의 머신 구성을 선택합니다.
  5. 부팅 디스크 섹션에서 변경을 클릭하여 부팅 디스크를 구성한 후 다음을 수행합니다.
    1. 커스텀 이미지 탭을 선택합니다.
    2. 이미지 프로젝트를 선택하려면 프로젝트 선택을 클릭한 후 다음을 수행합니다.
      1. 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트를 선택합니다.
      2. 열기를 클릭합니다.
    3. 이미지 목록에서 가져올 이미지를 클릭합니다.
    4. 부팅 디스크의 유형과 크기를 선택합니다.
    5. 부팅 디스크 옵션을 확인하려면 선택을 클릭합니다.
  6. VM에 HTTP 또는 HTTPS 트래픽을 허용하려면 방화벽 섹션에서 HTTP 트래픽 허용이나 HTTPS 트래픽 허용을 선택합니다.

    콘솔은 VM에 네트워크 태그를 추가하고 tcp:80(HTTP) 또는 tcp:443(HTTPS)에서 들어오는 모든 트래픽을 허용하는 해당 인그레스 방화벽 규칙을 만듭니다. 네트워크 태그는 방화벽 규칙을 VM과 연결합니다. 자세한 내용은 Virtual Private Cloud 문서의 방화벽 규칙 개요를 참조하세요.

  7. VM을 시작하고 만들려면 만들기를 클릭합니다.

gcloud

gcloud compute instances create command를 사용하여 VM을 만들고 --image--image-project 플래그를 사용하여 이미지 이름과 이미지가 상주하는 프로젝트를 지정합니다.

 gcloud compute instances create VM_NAME \
        --image=IMAGE \
        --image-project=IMAGE_PROJECT
    

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • VM_NAME: 새 VM의 이름입니다.
  • IMAGE: 이미지의 이름입니다.
  • IMAGE_PROJECT: 이미지가 속한 프로젝트입니다.

명령어가 정상적으로 실행되면 gcloud에서 새 VM의 속성으로 응답합니다.

    Created [https://compute.googleapis.com/compute/v1/projects/myproject/zones/us-central1-b/instances/example-instance].
    NAME                 ZONE           MACHINE_TYPE   PREEMPTIBLE  INTERNAL_IP  EXTERNAL_IP    STATUS
    example-instance     us-central1-b  e2-standard-2               10.240.0.4   104.198.53.60  RUNNING

API

API 안내를 따라 공개 이미지에서 VM을 만들고 요청 본문에 image 필드를 지정합니다. 빈 디스크를 추가하려면 이미지 소스를 지정하지 마세요. 필요한 경우 diskSizeGb, diskType, labels 속성을 지정할 수 있습니다.

    [...
    image: "projects/PROJECT_ID/global/images/IMAGE_NAME
    {
     "initializeParams": {
        "diskSizeGb": "SIZE_GB",
        "sourceImage": "IMAGE"
           }
     }
     ...]

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • PROJECT_ID: 이미지가 포함된 프로젝트
  • IMAGE_NAME: 소스 이미지
  • SIZE_GB: 디스크 크기
  • IMAGE: 비부팅 디스크의 소스 이미지
  • 빈 디스크의 경우 이미지 소스를 지정하지 마세요.

스냅샷에서 VM 만들기

다음 방법으로 스냅샷에서 새 VM을 만들 수 있습니다.

동일한 부팅 디스크로 VM을 두 개 이상 빠르게 만들려면 커스텀 이미지를 만들고 스냅샷을 사용하는 대신 해당 이미지에서 VM을 만듭니다.

컨테이너 이미지를 사용하여 VM 인스턴스 만들기

Compute Engine VM에서 컨테이너를 배포 및 실행하려면 VM을 만들 때 컨테이너 이미지 이름과 선택적 구성 매개변수를 지정합니다. Compute Engine에서 Docker가 설치된 Container-optimized OS 공개 이미지의 최신 버전을 사용하여 VM을 만듭니다. 그런 다음 VM이 시작될 때 컨테이너를 시작합니다. 자세한 내용은 VM에 컨테이너 배포를 참조하세요.

컨테이너 이미지에서 VM을 만들려면 콘솔 또는 gcloud를 사용해야 합니다.

콘솔

  1. Google Cloud 콘솔에서 VM 인스턴스 페이지로 이동합니다.

    VM 인스턴스로 이동

  2. 프로젝트를 선택하고 계속을 클릭합니다.

  3. 인스턴스 만들기를 클릭합니다.

  4. VM의 이름을 지정합니다. 자세한 내용은 리소스 이름 지정 규칙을 참조하세요.

  5. 컨테이너 섹션에서 컨테이너 배포를 클릭합니다.

    1. 사용할 컨테이너 이미지를 지정합니다. 예를 들면 다음과 같습니다.

      • Cloud Launcher에서 NGINX 1.12 컨테이너 이미지를 선택하려면 다음 명령어를 사용합니다.

        gcr.io/cloud-marketplace/google/nginx1:1.12

      • Docker Hub의 Apache 컨테이너 이미지를 배포하려면 항상 Docker 이미지 전체 이름을 지정합니다.

        docker.io/httpd:2.4

    2. 선택사항: 고급 컨테이너 옵션을 클릭합니다. 자세한 내용은 컨테이너 실행을 위한 옵션 구성을 참조하세요.

  6. VM을 만들고, VM을 부팅하고, 컨테이너를 시작하려면 만들기를 클릭합니다.

gcloud

gcloud compute instances create-with-container 명령어를 실행합니다.

gcloud compute instances create-with-container VM_NAME \
    --container-image=CONTAINER_IMAGE

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • VM_NAME: 새 VM의 이름입니다.
  • CONTAINER_IMAGE: 컨테이너 이미지의 이름입니다.

예를 들어 다음 명령어는 컨테이너 이미지를 시작하고 실행하는 nginx-vm이라는 VM을 만듭니다.

gcr.io/cloud-marketplace/google/nginx1:1.12

gcloud compute instances create-with-container nginx-vm \
    --container-image=gcr.io/cloud-marketplace/google/nginx1:1.12

Docker Hub의 Apache 컨테이너 이미지를 배포하려면 항상 Docker 이미지 전체 이름을 지정합니다.

docker.io/httpd:2.4.

다른 Google Cloud 서비스에 대한 액세스 권한이 있는 VM 인스턴스 만들기

다른 Google Cloud 서비스에 액세스해야 하는 VM에서 애플리케이션을 실행하려는 경우 VM을 만들기 전에 서비스 계정을 만든 후 VM을 서비스 계정으로 실행되도록 설정합니다. 서비스 계정은 사용자 인증 정보를 다른 Google Cloud 서비스에 액세스하기 위해 애플리케이션 코드에서 사용할 수 있는 특수한 계정입니다.

자세한 내용은 서비스 계정을 참조하세요.

특정 서브넷에 VM 인스턴스 만들기

기본적으로 Google Cloud는 프로젝트마다 default라는 자동 모드 VPC 네트워크를 만듭니다. 자동 모드 또는 커스텀 모드 VPC 네트워크에서 수동으로 만든 다른 네트워크나 서브넷을 사용하려면 VM을 만들 때 서브넷을 지정해야 합니다.

서브넷에서 VM을 만드는 동안 다음 규칙을 고려하세요.

  • 네트워크나 서브넷을 지정하지 않으면 Compute Engine은 기본 VPC 네트워크 및 VM과 동일한 리전에 있는 자동 서브넷을 사용합니다.
  • 네트워크를 지정하지 않으면 Compute Engine은 지정된 서브넷에서 네트워크를 추론합니다.
  • 네트워크를 지정하는 경우 서브넷을 지정해야 하며 서브넷은 동일한 네트워크에 속해야 합니다. 그렇지 않으면 VM을 만들 수 없습니다.

콘솔

  1. Google Cloud 콘솔에서 VM 인스턴스 페이지로 이동합니다.

    VM 인스턴스로 이동

  2. 프로젝트를 선택하고 계속을 클릭합니다.

  3. 인스턴스 만들기를 클릭합니다.

  4. VM의 이름을 지정합니다. 자세한 내용은 리소스 이름 지정 규칙을 참조하세요.

  5. 선택사항: 이 VM의 영역을 변경합니다. Compute Engine은 각 리전 내의 영역 목록의 순서를 무작위로 지정하여 여러 영역에서 사용하도록 권장합니다.

  6. 방화벽 섹션에서 VM에 대한 HTTP 또는 HTTPS 트래픽을 허용하려면 HTTP 트래픽 허용 또는 HTTPS 트래픽 허용을 선택합니다.

    콘솔은 VM에 네트워크 태그를 추가하고 tcp:80(HTTP) 또는 tcp:443(HTTPS)에서 들어오는 모든 트래픽을 허용하는 인그레스 방화벽 규칙을 만듭니다. 네트워크 태그는 방화벽 규칙을 VM과 연결합니다. 자세한 내용은 Virtual Private Cloud 문서의 방화벽 규칙 개요를 참조하세요.

  7. 네트워킹, 디스크, 보안, 관리, 단독 테넌시 섹션을 펼칩니다.

    1. 네트워킹 섹션을 펼칩니다.
    2. 네트워크 인터페이스에서 네트워크 세부정보를 지정합니다.
      1. 네트워크 필드에서 사용자가 만든 서브넷이 포함된 VPC 네트워크를 선택합니다.
      2. 서브넷 필드에서 사용할 VM의 서브넷을 선택합니다.
      3. 완료를 클릭합니다.
  8. 만들기를 클릭하여 VM을 만들고 시작합니다.

gcloud

Google Cloud CLI를 사용하여 동일한 안내에 따라 이미지 또는 스냅샷을 사용하여 VM을 만들고 gcloud compute instances create 명령어를 실행할 때 --subnet=SUBNET_NAME--zone=ZONE 플래그를 추가합니다.

gcloud compute instances create VM_NAME \
    --network=NETWORK_NAME \
    --subnet=SUBNET_NAME \
    --zone=ZONE

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • VM_NAME: VM 이름
  • NETWORK_NAME: 선택사항: 네트워크 이름
  • SUBNET_NAME: 서브넷의 이름

    네트워크의 서브넷 목록을 보려면 gcloud compute networks subnets list 명령어를 사용합니다.

  • ZONE: VM이 만들어지는 영역(예: europe-west1-b)

    VM의 리전은 영역에서 추론됩니다.

API

API 안내에 따라 이미지 또는 스냅샷에서 VM을 만들지만 요청 본문에 subnet 필드를 지정합니다. 빈 디스크를 추가하려면 소스 이미지를 추가하지 마세요. 필요한 경우 diskSizeGb, diskType, labels 속성을 지정할 수 있습니다.

...
"networkInterfaces": [
{
  "network": "global/networks/NETWORK_NAME",
  "subnetwork": "regions/REGION/subnetworks/SUBNET_NAME",
  "accessConfigs":
    {
      "name": "External NAT",
      "type": "ONE_TO_ONE_NAT"
    }
    {
      "initializeParams": {
         "diskSizeGb": "SIZE_GB",
         "sourceImage": "IMAGE"
    {
      "initializeParams": {
      "diskSizeGb": "SIZE_GB"
     }
 }...]

다음을 바꿉니다.

  • NETWORK_NAME: 선택사항: 네트워크 이름
  • REGION: 지정된 서브넷이 있는 리전
  • SUBNET_NAME: 서브넷의 이름
  • SIZE_GB: 디스크 크기
  • IMAGE: 비부팅 디스크의 소스 이미지

    빈 디스크의 경우 이미지 소스를 지정하지 마세요.

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	compute "cloud.google.com/go/compute/apiv1"
	computepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/cloud/compute/v1"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/proto"
)

// createInstanceWithSubnet creates a new VM instance with Debian 10 operating system in specified network and subnetwork.
func createInstanceWithSubnet(w io.Writer, projectID, zone, instanceName, networkLink, subnetworkLink string) error {
	// projectID := "your_project_id"
	// zone := "europe-central2-b"
	// instanceName := "your_instance_name"
	// networkLink := "global/networks/default"
	// subnetworkLink := "regions/region/subnetworks/subnetwork_name"

	ctx := context.Background()
	instancesClient, err := compute.NewInstancesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewInstancesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer instancesClient.Close()

	imagesClient, err := compute.NewImagesRESTClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("NewImagesRESTClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer imagesClient.Close()

	// List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details.
	newestDebianReq := &computepb.GetFromFamilyImageRequest{
		Project: "debian-cloud",
		Family:  "debian-10",
	}
	newestDebian, err := imagesClient.GetFromFamily(ctx, newestDebianReq)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to get image from family: %v", err)
	}

	req := &computepb.InsertInstanceRequest{
		Project: projectID,
		Zone:    zone,
		InstanceResource: &computepb.Instance{
			Name: proto.String(instanceName),
			Disks: []*computepb.AttachedDisk{
				{
					InitializeParams: &computepb.AttachedDiskInitializeParams{
						DiskSizeGb:  proto.Int64(10),
						SourceImage: newestDebian.SelfLink,
						DiskType:    proto.String(fmt.Sprintf("zones/%s/diskTypes/pd-standard", zone)),
					},
					AutoDelete: proto.Bool(true),
					Boot:       proto.Bool(true),
					Type:       proto.String(computepb.AttachedDisk_PERSISTENT.String()),
				},
			},
			MachineType: proto.String(fmt.Sprintf("zones/%s/machineTypes/n1-standard-1", zone)),
			NetworkInterfaces: []*computepb.NetworkInterface{
				{
					Name:       proto.String(networkLink),
					Subnetwork: proto.String(subnetworkLink),
				},
			},
		},
	}

	op, err := instancesClient.Insert(ctx, req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to create instance: %v", err)
	}

	if err = op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("unable to wait for the operation: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Instance created\n")

	return nil
}

자바


import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDisk.Type;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Image;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.ImagesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InsertInstanceRequest;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Instance;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.InstancesClient;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.NetworkInterface;
import com.google.cloud.compute.v1.Operation;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Vector;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeoutException;

public class CreateInstancesAdvanced {

  /**
   * Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. Uses an image as the source
   * for the new disk.
   *
   * @param diskType the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
   * "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)". For example:
   * "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
   * @param diskSizeGb size of the new disk in gigabytes
   * @param boot boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an
   * instance
   * @param sourceImage source image to use when creating this disk. You must have read access to
   * this disk. This can be one of the publicly available images or an image from one of your
   * projects. This value uses the following format:
   * "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
   * @return AttachedDisk object configured to be created using the specified image.
   */
  private static AttachedDisk diskFromImage(String diskType, int diskSizeGb, boolean boot,
      String sourceImage) {
    AttachedDisk disk =
        AttachedDisk.newBuilder()
            .setBoot(boot)
            // Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when
            // you delete your VM instance.
            .setAutoDelete(true)
            .setType(Type.PERSISTENT.toString())
            .setInitializeParams(
                AttachedDiskInitializeParams.newBuilder()
                    .setSourceImage(sourceImage)
                    .setDiskSizeGb(diskSizeGb)
                    .setDiskType(diskType)
                    .build())
            .build();
    return disk;
  }

  /**
   * Send an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and wait for it to complete.
   *
   * @param project project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
   * @param zone name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
   * @param instanceName name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
   * @param disks a list of compute_v1.AttachedDisk objects describing the disks you want to attach
   * to your new instance.
   * @param machineType machine type of the VM being created. This value uses the following format:
   * "zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}".
   * For example: "zones/europe-west3-c/machineTypes/f1-micro"
   * @param network name of the network you want the new instance to use. For example:
   * "global/networks/default" represents the network named "default", which is created
   * automatically for each project.
   * @param subnetwork name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use. This value uses the
   * following format: "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"
   * @return Instance object.
   */
  private static Instance createWithDisks(String project, String zone, String instanceName,
      Vector<AttachedDisk> disks, String machineType, String network, String subnetwork)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException, ExecutionException, TimeoutException {
    try (InstancesClient instancesClient = InstancesClient.create()) {
      // Use the network interface provided in the networkName argument.
      NetworkInterface networkInterface;
      if (subnetwork != null) {
        networkInterface = NetworkInterface.newBuilder()
            .setName(network).setSubnetwork(subnetwork)
            .build();
      } else {
        networkInterface = NetworkInterface.newBuilder()
            .setName(network).build();
      }

      machineType = String.format("zones/%s/machineTypes/%s", zone, machineType);

      // Bind `instanceName`, `machineType`, `disk`, and `networkInterface` to an instance.
      Instance instanceResource =
          Instance.newBuilder()
              .setName(instanceName)
              .setMachineType(machineType)
              .addAllDisks(disks)
              .addNetworkInterfaces(networkInterface)
              .build();

      System.out.printf("Creating instance: %s at %s ", instanceName, zone);

      // Insert the instance in the specified project and zone.
      InsertInstanceRequest insertInstanceRequest = InsertInstanceRequest.newBuilder()
          .setProject(project)
          .setZone(zone)
          .setInstanceResource(instanceResource).build();

      OperationFuture<Operation, Operation> operation = instancesClient.insertAsync(
          insertInstanceRequest);

      // Wait for the operation to complete.
      Operation response = operation.get(3, TimeUnit.MINUTES);

      if (response.hasError()) {
        System.out.println("Instance creation failed ! ! " + response);
        return null;
      }
      System.out.println("Operation Status: " + response.getStatus());

      return instancesClient.get(project, zone, instanceName);
    }
  }

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment and replace these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const zone = 'europe-central2-b';
// const instanceName = 'YOUR_INSTANCE_NAME';
// const networkLink = 'global/networks/default';
// const subnetworkLink = 'regions/europe-central2/subnetworks/default';

const compute = require('@google-cloud/compute');

// Creates a new VM instance with Debian 10 operating system in specified network and subnetwork.
async function createInstanceWithSubnet() {
  const instancesClient = new compute.InstancesClient();
  const imagesClient = new compute.ImagesClient();

  // List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details.
  const [newestDebian] = await imagesClient.getFromFamily({
    project: 'debian-cloud',
    family: 'debian-10',
  });

  const [response] = await instancesClient.insert({
    project: projectId,
    zone,
    instanceResource: {
      name: instanceName,
      disks: [
        {
          initializeParams: {
            diskSizeGb: '10',
            sourceImage: newestDebian.selfLink,
            diskType: `zones/${zone}/diskTypes/pd-standard`,
          },
          autoDelete: true,
          boot: true,
          type: 'PERSISTENT',
        },
      ],
      machineType: `zones/${zone}/machineTypes/n1-standard-1`,
      networkInterfaces: [
        {
          name: networkLink,
          subnetwork: subnetworkLink,
        },
      ],
    },
  });
  let operation = response.latestResponse;
  const operationsClient = new compute.ZoneOperationsClient();

  // Wait for the create operation to complete.
  while (operation.status !== 'DONE') {
    [operation] = await operationsClient.wait({
      operation: operation.name,
      project: projectId,
      zone: operation.zone.split('/').pop(),
    });
  }

  console.log('Instance created.');
}

createInstanceWithSubnet();

Python

import re
import sys
from typing import Any, List
import warnings

from google.api_core.extended_operation import ExtendedOperation
from google.cloud import compute_v1

def get_image_from_family(project: str, family: str) -> compute_v1.Image:
    """
    Retrieve the newest image that is part of a given family in a project.

    Args:
        project: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to get image from.
        family: name of the image family you want to get image from.

    Returns:
        An Image object.
    """
    image_client = compute_v1.ImagesClient()
    # List of public operating system (OS) images: https://cloud.google.com/compute/docs/images/os-details
    newest_image = image_client.get_from_family(project=project, family=family)
    return newest_image

def disk_from_image(
    disk_type: str,
    disk_size_gb: int,
    boot: bool,
    source_image: str,
    auto_delete: bool = True,
) -> compute_v1.AttachedDisk:
    """
    Create an AttachedDisk object to be used in VM instance creation. Uses an image as the
    source for the new disk.

    Args:
         disk_type: the type of disk you want to create. This value uses the following format:
            "zones/{zone}/diskTypes/(pd-standard|pd-ssd|pd-balanced|pd-extreme)".
            For example: "zones/us-west3-b/diskTypes/pd-ssd"
        disk_size_gb: size of the new disk in gigabytes
        boot: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be used as a boot disk of an instance
        source_image: source image to use when creating this disk. You must have read access to this disk. This can be one
            of the publicly available images or an image from one of your projects.
            This value uses the following format: "projects/{project_name}/global/images/{image_name}"
        auto_delete: boolean flag indicating whether this disk should be deleted with the VM that uses it

    Returns:
        AttachedDisk object configured to be created using the specified image.
    """
    boot_disk = compute_v1.AttachedDisk()
    initialize_params = compute_v1.AttachedDiskInitializeParams()
    initialize_params.source_image = source_image
    initialize_params.disk_size_gb = disk_size_gb
    initialize_params.disk_type = disk_type
    boot_disk.initialize_params = initialize_params
    # Remember to set auto_delete to True if you want the disk to be deleted when you delete
    # your VM instance.
    boot_disk.auto_delete = auto_delete
    boot_disk.boot = boot
    return boot_disk

def wait_for_extended_operation(
    operation: ExtendedOperation, verbose_name: str = "operation", timeout: int = 300
) -> Any:
    """
    This method will wait for the extended (long-running) operation to
    complete. If the operation is successful, it will return its result.
    If the operation ends with an error, an exception will be raised.
    If there were any warnings during the execution of the operation
    they will be printed to sys.stderr.

    Args:
        operation: a long-running operation you want to wait on.
        verbose_name: (optional) a more verbose name of the operation,
            used only during error and warning reporting.
        timeout: how long (in seconds) to wait for operation to finish.
            If None, wait indefinitely.

    Returns:
        Whatever the operation.result() returns.

    Raises:
        This method will raise the exception received from `operation.exception()`
        or RuntimeError if there is no exception set, but there is an `error_code`
        set for the `operation`.

        In case of an operation taking longer than `timeout` seconds to complete,
        a `concurrent.futures.TimeoutError` will be raised.
    """
    result = operation.result(timeout=timeout)

    if operation.error_code:
        print(
            f"Error during {verbose_name}: [Code: {operation.error_code}]: {operation.error_message}",
            file=sys.stderr,
            flush=True,
        )
        print(f"Operation ID: {operation.name}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        raise operation.exception() or RuntimeError(operation.error_message)

    if operation.warnings:
        print(f"Warnings during {verbose_name}:\n", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)
        for warning in operation.warnings:
            print(f" - {warning.code}: {warning.message}", file=sys.stderr, flush=True)

    return result

def create_instance(
    project_id: str,
    zone: str,
    instance_name: str,
    disks: List[compute_v1.AttachedDisk],
    machine_type: str = "n1-standard-1",
    network_link: str = "global/networks/default",
    subnetwork_link: str = None,
    internal_ip: str = None,
    external_access: bool = False,
    external_ipv4: str = None,
    accelerators: List[compute_v1.AcceleratorConfig] = None,
    preemptible: bool = False,
    spot: bool = False,
    instance_termination_action: str = "STOP",
    custom_hostname: str = None,
    delete_protection: bool = False,
) -> compute_v1.Instance:
    """
    Send an instance creation request to the Compute Engine API and wait for it to complete.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        zone: name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
        instance_name: name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
        disks: a list of compute_v1.AttachedDisk objects describing the disks
            you want to attach to your new instance.
        machine_type: machine type of the VM being created. This value uses the
            following format: "zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{type_name}".
            For example: "zones/europe-west3-c/machineTypes/f1-micro"
        network_link: name of the network you want the new instance to use.
            For example: "global/networks/default" represents the network
            named "default", which is created automatically for each project.
        subnetwork_link: name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use.
            This value uses the following format:
            "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"
        internal_ip: internal IP address you want to assign to the new instance.
            By default, a free address from the pool of available internal IP addresses of
            used subnet will be used.
        external_access: boolean flag indicating if the instance should have an external IPv4
            address assigned.
        external_ipv4: external IPv4 address to be assigned to this instance. If you specify
            an external IP address, it must live in the same region as the zone of the instance.
            This setting requires `external_access` to be set to True to work.
        accelerators: a list of AcceleratorConfig objects describing the accelerators that will
            be attached to the new instance.
        preemptible: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be preemptible
            or not. Preemptible VMs have been deprecated and you should now use Spot VMs.
        spot: boolean value indicating if the new instance should be a Spot VM or not.
        instance_termination_action: What action should be taken once a Spot VM is terminated.
            Possible values: "STOP", "DELETE"
        custom_hostname: Custom hostname of the new VM instance.
            Custom hostnames must conform to RFC 1035 requirements for valid hostnames.
        delete_protection: boolean value indicating if the new virtual machine should be
            protected against deletion or not.
    Returns:
        Instance object.
    """
    instance_client = compute_v1.InstancesClient()

    # Use the network interface provided in the network_link argument.
    network_interface = compute_v1.NetworkInterface()
    network_interface.name = network_link
    if subnetwork_link:
        network_interface.subnetwork = subnetwork_link

    if internal_ip:
        network_interface.network_i_p = internal_ip

    if external_access:
        access = compute_v1.AccessConfig()
        access.type_ = compute_v1.AccessConfig.Type.ONE_TO_ONE_NAT.name
        access.name = "External NAT"
        access.network_tier = access.NetworkTier.PREMIUM.name
        if external_ipv4:
            access.nat_i_p = external_ipv4
        network_interface.access_configs = [access]

    # Collect information into the Instance object.
    instance = compute_v1.Instance()
    instance.network_interfaces = [network_interface]
    instance.name = instance_name
    instance.disks = disks
    if re.match(r"^zones/[a-z\d\-]+/machineTypes/[a-z\d\-]+$", machine_type):
        instance.machine_type = machine_type
    else:
        instance.machine_type = f"zones/{zone}/machineTypes/{machine_type}"

    if accelerators:
        instance.guest_accelerators = accelerators

    if preemptible:
        # Set the preemptible setting
        warnings.warn(
            "Preemptible VMs are being replaced by Spot VMs.", DeprecationWarning
        )
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.preemptible = True

    if spot:
        # Set the Spot VM setting
        instance.scheduling = compute_v1.Scheduling()
        instance.scheduling.provisioning_model = (
            compute_v1.Scheduling.ProvisioningModel.SPOT.name
        )
        instance.scheduling.instance_termination_action = instance_termination_action

    if custom_hostname is not None:
        # Set the custom hostname for the instance
        instance.hostname = custom_hostname

    if delete_protection:
        # Set the delete protection bit
        instance.deletion_protection = True

    # Prepare the request to insert an instance.
    request = compute_v1.InsertInstanceRequest()
    request.zone = zone
    request.project = project_id
    request.instance_resource = instance

    # Wait for the create operation to complete.
    print(f"Creating the {instance_name} instance in {zone}...")

    operation = instance_client.insert(request=request)

    wait_for_extended_operation(operation, "instance creation")

    print(f"Instance {instance_name} created.")
    return instance_client.get(project=project_id, zone=zone, instance=instance_name)

def create_with_subnet(
    project_id: str, zone: str, instance_name: str, network_link: str, subnet_link: str
) -> compute_v1.Instance:
    """
    Create a new VM instance with Debian 10 operating system in specified network and subnetwork.

    Args:
        project_id: project ID or project number of the Cloud project you want to use.
        zone: name of the zone to create the instance in. For example: "us-west3-b"
        instance_name: name of the new virtual machine (VM) instance.
        network_link: name of the network you want the new instance to use.
            For example: "global/networks/default" represents the network
            named "default", which is created automatically for each project.
        subnetwork_link: name of the subnetwork you want the new instance to use.
            This value uses the following format:
            "regions/{region}/subnetworks/{subnetwork_name}"

    Returns:
        Instance object.
    """
    newest_debian = get_image_from_family(project="debian-cloud", family="debian-10")
    disk_type = f"zones/{zone}/diskTypes/pd-standard"
    disks = [disk_from_image(disk_type, 10, True, newest_debian.self_link)]
    instance = create_instance(
        project_id,
        zone,
        instance_name,
        disks,
        network_link=network_link,
        subnetwork_link=subnet_link,
    )
    return instance

문제 해결하기

일반적인 VM 생성 오류를 해결하는 방법을 찾으려면 VM 생성 문제 해결을 참조하세요.

다음 단계

직접 사용해 보기

Google Cloud를 처음 사용하는 경우 계정을 만들어 실제 시나리오에서 Compute Engine의 성능을 평가할 수 있습니다. 신규 고객에게는 워크로드를 실행, 테스트, 배포할 수 있는 무료 크레딧 $300가 제공됩니다.

Compute Engine 무료로 사용해 보기