Train a text sentiment analysis model

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This page shows you how to train an AutoML sentiment analysis model from a text dataset using either the Google Cloud console or the Vertex AI API.

Before you begin

Before you can train a text sentiment analysis model, you must complete the following:

Train an AutoML model

Google Cloud console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, in the Vertex AI section, go to the Datasets page.

    Go to the Datasets page

  2. Click the name of the dataset you want to use to train your model to open its details page.

  3. Click Train new model.

  4. For the training method, select AutoML.

  5. Click Continue.

  6. Enter a name for the model.

  7. If you want manually set how your training data is split, expand Advanced options and select a data split option. Learn more.

  8. Click Start Training.

    Model training can take many hours, depending on the size and complexity of your data and your training budget, if you specified one. You can close this tab and return to it later. You will receive an email when your model has completed training.

API

Select a tab for your language or environment:

REST

Create a TrainingPipeline object to train a model.

Before using any of the request data, make the following replacements:

  • LOCATION: The region where the model will be created, such as us-central1
  • PROJECT: Your project ID
  • MODEL_DISPLAY_NAME: Name for the model as it appears in the user interface
  • SENTIMENT_MAX: The max sentiment score in your training dataset
  • DATASET_ID: The ID for the dataset
  • PROJECT_NUMBER: Project number for your project

HTTP method and URL:

POST https://LOCATION-aiplatform.googleapis.com/v1/projects/PROJECT/locations/LOCATION/trainingPipelines

Request JSON body:

{
  "displayName": "MODEL_DISPLAY_NAME",
  "trainingTaskDefinition": "gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/trainingjob/definition/automl_text_sentiment_1.0.0.yaml",
  "trainingTaskInputs": {
    "sentimentMax": SENTIMENT_MAX
  },
  "modelToUpload": {
    "displayName": "MODEL_DISPLAY_NAME"
  },
  "inputDataConfig": {
    "datasetId": "DATASET_ID"
  }
}

To send your request, expand one of these options:

You should receive a JSON response similar to the following:

{
  "name": "projects/PROJECT_NUMBER/locations/us-central1/trainingPipelines/PIPELINE_ID",
  "displayName": "MODEL_DISPLAY_NAME",
  "inputDataConfig": {
    "datasetId": "DATASET_ID"
  },
  "trainingTaskDefinition": "gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/trainingjob/definition/automl_text_sentiment_1.0.0.yaml",
  "trainingTaskInputs": {
    "sentimentMax": SENTIMENT_MAX
  },
  "modelToUpload": {
    "displayName": "MODEL_DISPLAY_NAME"
  },
  "state": "PIPELINE_STATE_PENDING",
  "createTime": "2020-04-18T01:22:57.479336Z",
  "updateTime": "2020-04-18T01:22:57.479336Z"
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Vertex AI, see Vertex AI client libraries. For more information, see the Vertex AI Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.util.ValueConverter;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.DeployedModelRef;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.EnvVar;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.FilterSplit;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.FractionSplit;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.InputDataConfig;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.LocationName;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.Model;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.Model.ExportFormat;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.ModelContainerSpec;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PipelineServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PipelineServiceSettings;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.Port;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredefinedSplit;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredictSchemata;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.TimestampSplit;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.TrainingPipeline;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.trainingjob.definition.AutoMlTextSentimentInputs;
import com.google.rpc.Status;
import java.io.IOException;

public class CreateTrainingPipelineTextSentimentAnalysisSample {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String trainingPipelineDisplayName = "YOUR_TRAINING_PIPELINE_DISPLAY_NAME";
    String project = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";
    String datasetId = "YOUR_DATASET_ID";
    String modelDisplayName = "YOUR_MODEL_DISPLAY_NAME";

    createTrainingPipelineTextSentimentAnalysisSample(
        project, trainingPipelineDisplayName, datasetId, modelDisplayName);
  }

  static void createTrainingPipelineTextSentimentAnalysisSample(
      String project, String trainingPipelineDisplayName, String datasetId, String modelDisplayName)
      throws IOException {
    PipelineServiceSettings pipelineServiceSettings =
        PipelineServiceSettings.newBuilder()
            .setEndpoint("us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com:443")
            .build();

    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (PipelineServiceClient pipelineServiceClient =
        PipelineServiceClient.create(pipelineServiceSettings)) {
      String location = "us-central1";
      String trainingTaskDefinition =
          "gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/trainingjob/definition/"
              + "automl_text_sentiment_1.0.0.yaml";

      LocationName locationName = LocationName.of(project, location);

      AutoMlTextSentimentInputs trainingTaskInputs =
          AutoMlTextSentimentInputs.newBuilder()
              // Sentiment max must be between 1 and 10 inclusive.
              // Higher value means positive sentiment.
              .setSentimentMax(4)
              .build();

      InputDataConfig trainingInputDataConfig =
          InputDataConfig.newBuilder().setDatasetId(datasetId).build();
      Model model = Model.newBuilder().setDisplayName(modelDisplayName).build();
      TrainingPipeline trainingPipeline =
          TrainingPipeline.newBuilder()
              .setDisplayName(trainingPipelineDisplayName)
              .setTrainingTaskDefinition(trainingTaskDefinition)
              .setTrainingTaskInputs(ValueConverter.toValue(trainingTaskInputs))
              .setInputDataConfig(trainingInputDataConfig)
              .setModelToUpload(model)
              .build();

      TrainingPipeline trainingPipelineResponse =
          pipelineServiceClient.createTrainingPipeline(locationName, trainingPipeline);

      System.out.println("Create Training Pipeline Text Sentiment Analysis Response");
      System.out.format("\tName: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getName());
      System.out.format("\tDisplay Name: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getDisplayName());

      System.out.format(
          "\tTraining Task Definition %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getTrainingTaskDefinition());
      System.out.format(
          "\tTraining Task Inputs: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getTrainingTaskInputs());
      System.out.format(
          "\tTraining Task Metadata: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getTrainingTaskMetadata());
      System.out.format("State: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getState());

      System.out.format("\tCreate Time: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getCreateTime());
      System.out.format("\tStartTime %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getStartTime());
      System.out.format("\tEnd Time: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getEndTime());
      System.out.format("\tUpdate Time: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getUpdateTime());
      System.out.format("\tLabels: %s\n", trainingPipelineResponse.getLabelsMap());

      InputDataConfig inputDataConfig = trainingPipelineResponse.getInputDataConfig();
      System.out.println("\tInput Data Config");
      System.out.format("\t\tDataset Id: %s", inputDataConfig.getDatasetId());
      System.out.format("\t\tAnnotations Filter: %s\n", inputDataConfig.getAnnotationsFilter());

      FractionSplit fractionSplit = inputDataConfig.getFractionSplit();
      System.out.println("\t\tFraction Split");
      System.out.format("\t\t\tTraining Fraction: %s\n", fractionSplit.getTrainingFraction());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tValidation Fraction: %s\n", fractionSplit.getValidationFraction());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tTest Fraction: %s\n", fractionSplit.getTestFraction());

      FilterSplit filterSplit = inputDataConfig.getFilterSplit();
      System.out.println("\t\tFilter Split");
      System.out.format("\t\t\tTraining Filter: %s\n", filterSplit.getTrainingFilter());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tValidation Filter: %s\n", filterSplit.getValidationFilter());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tTest Filter: %s\n", filterSplit.getTestFilter());

      PredefinedSplit predefinedSplit = inputDataConfig.getPredefinedSplit();
      System.out.println("\t\tPredefined Split");
      System.out.format("\t\t\tKey: %s\n", predefinedSplit.getKey());

      TimestampSplit timestampSplit = inputDataConfig.getTimestampSplit();
      System.out.println("\t\tTimestamp Split");
      System.out.format("\t\t\tTraining Fraction: %s\n", timestampSplit.getTrainingFraction());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tValidation Fraction: %s\n", timestampSplit.getValidationFraction());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tTest Fraction: %s\n", timestampSplit.getTestFraction());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tKey: %s\n", timestampSplit.getKey());

      Model modelResponse = trainingPipelineResponse.getModelToUpload();
      System.out.println("\tModel To Upload");
      System.out.format("\t\tName: %s\n", modelResponse.getName());
      System.out.format("\t\tDisplay Name: %s\n", modelResponse.getDisplayName());
      System.out.format("\t\tDescription: %s\n", modelResponse.getDescription());

      System.out.format("\t\tMetadata Schema Uri: %s\n", modelResponse.getMetadataSchemaUri());
      System.out.format("\t\tMetadata: %s\n", modelResponse.getMetadata());
      System.out.format("\t\tTraining Pipeline: %s\n", modelResponse.getTrainingPipeline());
      System.out.format("\t\tArtifact Uri: %s\n", modelResponse.getArtifactUri());

      System.out.format(
          "\t\tSupported Deployment Resources Types: %s\n",
          modelResponse.getSupportedDeploymentResourcesTypesList());
      System.out.format(
          "\t\tSupported Input Storage Formats: %s\n",
          modelResponse.getSupportedInputStorageFormatsList());
      System.out.format(
          "\t\tSupported Output Storage Formats: %s\n",
          modelResponse.getSupportedOutputStorageFormatsList());

      System.out.format("\t\tCreate Time: %s\n", modelResponse.getCreateTime());
      System.out.format("\t\tUpdate Time: %s\n", modelResponse.getUpdateTime());
      System.out.format("\t\tLabels: %sn\n", modelResponse.getLabelsMap());

      PredictSchemata predictSchemata = modelResponse.getPredictSchemata();
      System.out.println("\t\tPredict Schemata");
      System.out.format("\t\t\tInstance Schema Uri: %s\n", predictSchemata.getInstanceSchemaUri());
      System.out.format(
          "\t\t\tParameters Schema Uri: %s\n", predictSchemata.getParametersSchemaUri());
      System.out.format(
          "\t\t\tPrediction Schema Uri: %s\n", predictSchemata.getPredictionSchemaUri());

      for (ExportFormat exportFormat : modelResponse.getSupportedExportFormatsList()) {
        System.out.println("\t\tSupported Export Format");
        System.out.format("\t\t\tId: %s\n", exportFormat.getId());
      }

      ModelContainerSpec modelContainerSpec = modelResponse.getContainerSpec();
      System.out.println("\t\tContainer Spec");
      System.out.format("\t\t\tImage Uri: %s\n", modelContainerSpec.getImageUri());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tCommand: %s\n", modelContainerSpec.getCommandList());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tArgs: %s\n", modelContainerSpec.getArgsList());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tPredict Route: %s\n", modelContainerSpec.getPredictRoute());
      System.out.format("\t\t\tHealth Route: %s\n", modelContainerSpec.getHealthRoute());

      for (EnvVar envVar : modelContainerSpec.getEnvList()) {
        System.out.println("\t\t\tEnv");
        System.out.format("\t\t\t\tName: %s\n", envVar.getName());
        System.out.format("\t\t\t\tValue: %s\n", envVar.getValue());
      }

      for (Port port : modelContainerSpec.getPortsList()) {
        System.out.println("\t\t\tPort");
        System.out.format("\t\t\t\tContainer Port: %s\n", port.getContainerPort());
      }

      for (DeployedModelRef deployedModelRef : modelResponse.getDeployedModelsList()) {
        System.out.println("\t\tDeployed Model");
        System.out.format("\t\t\tEndpoint: %s\n", deployedModelRef.getEndpoint());
        System.out.format("\t\t\tDeployed Model Id: %s\n", deployedModelRef.getDeployedModelId());
      }

      Status status = trainingPipelineResponse.getError();
      System.out.println("\tError");
      System.out.format("\t\tCode: %s\n", status.getCode());
      System.out.format("\t\tMessage: %s\n", status.getMessage());
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Vertex AI, see Vertex AI client libraries. For more information, see the Vertex AI Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.\
 * (Not necessary if passing values as arguments)
 */

// const datasetId = 'YOUR_DATASET_ID';
// const modelDisplayName = 'YOUR_MODEL_DISPLAY_NAME';
// const trainingPipelineDisplayName = 'YOUR_TRAINING_PIPELINE_DISPLAY_NAME';
// const project = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const location = 'YOUR_PROJECT_LOCATION';
const aiplatform = require('@google-cloud/aiplatform');
const {definition} =
  aiplatform.protos.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.trainingjob;

// Imports the Google Cloud Pipeline Service Client library
const {PipelineServiceClient} = aiplatform.v1;

// Specifies the location of the api endpoint
const clientOptions = {
  apiEndpoint: 'us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com',
};

// Instantiates a client
const pipelineServiceClient = new PipelineServiceClient(clientOptions);

async function createTrainingPipelineTextSentimentAnalysis() {
  // Configure the parent resource
  const parent = `projects/${project}/locations/${location}`;

  const trainingTaskInputObj = new definition.AutoMlTextSentimentInputs({
    sentimentMax: 4,
  });
  const trainingTaskInputs = trainingTaskInputObj.toValue();

  const modelToUpload = {displayName: modelDisplayName};
  const inputDataConfig = {datasetId: datasetId};
  const trainingPipeline = {
    displayName: trainingPipelineDisplayName,
    trainingTaskDefinition:
      'gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/trainingjob/definition/automl_text_sentiment_1.0.0.yaml',
    trainingTaskInputs,
    inputDataConfig,
    modelToUpload,
  };
  const request = {
    parent,
    trainingPipeline,
  };

  // Create training pipeline request
  const [response] = await pipelineServiceClient.createTrainingPipeline(
    request
  );

  console.log('Create training pipeline text sentiment analysis response :');
  console.log(`Name : ${response.name}`);
  console.log('Raw response:');
  console.log(JSON.stringify(response, null, 2));
}
createTrainingPipelineTextSentimentAnalysis();

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Vertex AI, see Vertex AI client libraries. For more information, see the Vertex AI Python API reference documentation.

def create_training_pipeline_text_sentiment_analysis_sample(
    project: str,
    location: str,
    display_name: str,
    dataset_id: str,
    model_display_name: Optional[str] = None,
    sentiment_max: int = 10,
    training_fraction_split: float = 0.8,
    validation_fraction_split: float = 0.1,
    test_fraction_split: float = 0.1,
    budget_milli_node_hours: int = 8000,
    disable_early_stopping: bool = False,
    sync: bool = True,
):
    aiplatform.init(project=project, location=location)

    job = aiplatform.AutoMLTextTrainingJob(
        display_name=display_name,
        prediction_type="sentiment",
        sentiment_max=sentiment_max,
    )

    text_dataset = aiplatform.TextDataset(dataset_id)

    model = job.run(
        dataset=text_dataset,
        model_display_name=model_display_name,
        training_fraction_split=training_fraction_split,
        validation_fraction_split=validation_fraction_split,
        test_fraction_split=test_fraction_split,
        budget_milli_node_hours=budget_milli_node_hours,
        disable_early_stopping=disable_early_stopping,
        sync=sync,
    )

    model.wait()

    print(model.display_name)
    print(model.resource_name)
    print(model.uri)
    return model

Control the data split using REST

You can control how your training data is split between the training, validation, and test sets. When using the Vertex AI API, use the Split object to determine your data split. The Split object can be included in the InputConfig object as one of several object types, each of which provides a different way to split the training data. You can select one method only.

  • FractionSplit:
    • TRAINING_FRACTION: The fraction of the training data to be used for the training set.
    • VALIDATION_FRACTION: The fraction of the training data to be used for the validation set. Not used for video data.
    • TEST_FRACTION: The fraction of the training data to be used for the test set.

    If any of the fractions are specified, all must be specified. The fractions must add up to 1.0. The default values for the fractions differ depending on your data type. Learn more.

    "fractionSplit": {
      "trainingFraction": TRAINING_FRACTION,
      "validationFraction": VALIDATION_FRACTION,
      "testFraction": TEST_FRACTION
    },
    
  • FilterSplit:
    • TRAINING_FILTER: Data items that match this filter are used for the training set.
    • VALIDATION_FILTER: Data items that match this filter are used for the validation set. Must be "-" for video data.
    • TEST_FILTER: Data items that match this filter are used for the test set.

    These filters can be used with the ml_use label, or with any labels you apply to your data. Learn more about using the ml-use label and other labels to filter your data.

    The following example shows how to use the filterSplit object with the ml_use label, with the validation set included:

    "filterSplit": {
    "trainingFilter": "labels.aiplatform.googleapis.com/ml_use=training",
    "validationFilter": "labels.aiplatform.googleapis.com/ml_use=validation",
    "testFilter": "labels.aiplatform.googleapis.com/ml_use=test"
    }