Cloud Storage client libraries

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This page shows how to get started with the Cloud Client Libraries for the Google Cloud Storage API. Read more about the client libraries for Cloud APIs, including the older Google API Client Libraries, in Client Libraries Explained.

Install the client library

C++

See the GitHub README for details about this client library's requirements and install dependencies.

C#

For more information, see Setting Up a C# Development Environment.

If you are using Visual Studio 2017 or higher, open nuget package manager window and type the following:

Install-Package Google.Cloud.Storage.V1

If you are using .NET Core command-line interface tools to install your dependencies, run the following command:

dotnet add package Google.Cloud.Storage.V1

Go

For more information, see Setting Up a Go Development Environment.

go get cloud.google.com/go/storage

Java

For more information, see Setting Up a Java Development Environment.

If you are using Maven, add the following to your pom.xml file. For more information about BOMs, see The Google Cloud Platform Libraries BOM.

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>26.1.5</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-storage</artifactId>
  </dependency>

If you are using Gradle, add the following to your dependencies:

implementation platform('com.google.cloud:libraries-bom:26.1.5')

implementation 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-storage'

If you are using sbt, add the following to your dependencies:

libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-storage" % "2.16.0"

If you're using Visual Studio Code, IntelliJ, or Eclipse, you can add client libraries to your project using the following IDE plugins:

The plugins provide additional functionality, such as key management for service accounts. Refer to each plugin's documentation for details.

Node.js

For more information, see Setting Up a Node.js Development Environment.

npm install --save @google-cloud/storage

PHP

For more information, see Using PHP on Google Cloud.

composer require google/cloud-storage

Python

For more information, see Setting Up a Python Development Environment.

pip install --upgrade google-cloud-storage

Ruby

For more information, see Setting Up a Ruby Development Environment.

gem install google-cloud-storage

Set up authentication

When you use client libraries, you use Application Default Credentials (ADC) to authenticate. For information about setting up ADC, see Provide credentials for Application Default Credentials. For information about using ADC with client libraries, see Authenticate using client libraries.

Use the client library

The following example shows how to use the client library.

C++

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C++ API reference documentation.

#include "google/cloud/storage/client.h"
#include <iostream>
void StorageQuickstart(std::string const& bucket_name) {
  // Create an aliases to make the code easier to read.
  namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;

  // Create a client to communicate with Google Cloud Storage. This client
  // uses the default configuration for authentication and project id.
  auto client = gcs::Client();

  // Create a bucket
  google::cloud::StatusOr<gcs::BucketMetadata> metadata = client.CreateBucket(
      bucket_name, gcs::BucketMetadata().set_location("US").set_storage_class(
                       gcs::storage_class::Standard()));
  if (!metadata) throw std::runtime_error(metadata.status().message());

  std::cout << "Created bucket " << metadata->name() << "\n";
}

C#

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Apis.Storage.v1.Data;
using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;

public class CreateBucketSample
{
    public Bucket CreateBucket(
        string projectId = "your-project-id",
        string bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.Create();
        var bucket = storage.CreateBucket(projectId, bucketName);
        Console.WriteLine($"Created {bucketName}.");
        return bucket;
    }
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Go API reference documentation.


// Sample storage-quickstart creates a Google Cloud Storage bucket.
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"log"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

func main() {
	ctx := context.Background()

	// Sets your Google Cloud Platform project ID.
	projectID := "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"

	// Creates a client.
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to create client: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	// Sets the name for the new bucket.
	bucketName := "my-new-bucket"

	// Creates a Bucket instance.
	bucket := client.Bucket(bucketName)

	// Creates the new bucket.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*10)
	defer cancel()
	if err := bucket.Create(ctx, projectID, nil); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to create bucket: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("Bucket %v created.\n", bucketName)
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Java API reference documentation.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
import com.google.cloud.storage.Bucket;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BucketInfo;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;

public class QuickstartSample {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // Instantiates a client
    Storage storage = StorageOptions.getDefaultInstance().getService();

    // The name for the new bucket
    String bucketName = args[0]; // "my-new-bucket";

    // Creates the new bucket
    Bucket bucket = storage.create(BucketInfo.of(bucketName));

    System.out.printf("Bucket %s created.%n", bucket.getName());
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Node.js API reference documentation.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// For more information on ways to initialize Storage, please see
// https://googleapis.dev/nodejs/storage/latest/Storage.html

// Creates a client using Application Default Credentials
const storage = new Storage();

// Creates a client from a Google service account key
// const storage = new Storage({keyFilename: 'key.json'});

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

async function createBucket() {
  // Creates the new bucket
  await storage.createBucket(bucketName);
  console.log(`Bucket ${bucketName} created.`);
}

createBucket().catch(console.error);

PHP

For more information, see the Cloud Storage PHP API reference documentation.

# Includes the autoloader for libraries installed with composer
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

# Your Google Cloud Platform project ID
$projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

# Instantiates a client
$storage = new StorageClient([
    'projectId' => $projectId
]);

# The name for the new bucket
$bucketName = 'my-new-bucket';

# Creates the new bucket
$bucket = $storage->createBucket($bucketName);

echo 'Bucket ' . $bucket->name() . ' created.';

Python

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Python API reference documentation.

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
from google.cloud import storage

# Instantiates a client
storage_client = storage.Client()

# The name for the new bucket
bucket_name = "my-new-bucket"

# Creates the new bucket
bucket = storage_client.create_bucket(bucket_name)

print(f"Bucket {bucket.name} created.")

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Ruby API reference documentation.

def quickstart bucket_name:
  # Imports the Google Cloud client library
  require "google/cloud/storage"

  # Instantiates a client
  storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new

  # The ID to give your GCS bucket
  # bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

  # Creates the new bucket
  bucket = storage.create_bucket bucket_name

  puts "Bucket #{bucket.name} was created."
end

Using the client library with Cloud Shell Editor

Go


For step-by-step guidance on running a client library in Cloud Shell Editor:

  1. Click Guide me.

  2. You see a panel Learn. Click Start to follow the tutorial.

Guide me

Java


For step-by-step guidance on running a client library in Cloud Shell Editor:

  1. Click Guide me.

  2. You see a panel Learn. Click Start to follow the tutorial.

Guide me

Node.js


For step-by-step guidance on running a client library in Cloud Shell Editor:

  1. Click Guide me.

  2. You see a panel Learn. Click Start to follow the tutorial.

Guide me

Python


For step-by-step guidance on running a client library in Cloud Shell Editor:

  1. Click Guide me.

  2. You see a panel Learn. Click Start to follow the tutorial.

Guide me

More Examples

For more examples of using client libraries with Cloud Storage, see the following guides:

Additional resources

Try it for yourself

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