Get bucket metadata

Concepts

This page shows you how get information on the metadata of your Cloud Storage buckets, excluding IAM policies and ACLs.

To learn how to get the IAM policy of your bucket, see View the IAM policy for a bucket.

Required roles

In order to get the required permissions for getting the metadata of a Cloud Storage bucket, ask your administrator to grant you the Storage Admin (roles/storage.admin) role on the bucket.

This role contains the permissions required to get the metadata of a bucket. To see the exact permissions that are required, expand the Required permissions section:

Required permissions

  • storage.buckets.get
  • storage.buckets.list
    • This permission is only needed if you plan on using the Google Cloud console to perform the task on this page.

You might also be able to get these permissions with other predefined roles or custom roles.

For instructions on granting roles on buckets, see Use IAM with buckets.

Display a bucket's metadata

Console

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Cloud Storage Buckets page.

    Go to Buckets

  2. In the bucket list, click the name of the bucket whose metadata you want to view.

  3. Click the Configuration tab to view bucket details such as the included regions, storage class, permissions, and replication type.

Command line

Use the gcloud storage buckets describe command:

gcloud storage buckets describe gs://BUCKET_NAME

Where:

  • BUCKET_NAME is the name of the bucket whose metadata you want to view. For example, my-awesome-bucket.

If successful, the response looks similar to the following example:

defaultEventBasedHold: false
  etag: CAE=
  iamConfiguration:
    bucketPolicyOnly:
      enabled: true
...

Client libraries

C++

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C++ API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
using ::google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](gcs::Client client, std::string const& bucket_name) {
  StatusOr<gcs::BucketMetadata> bucket_metadata =
      client.GetBucketMetadata(bucket_name);
  if (!bucket_metadata) throw std::move(bucket_metadata).status();

  std::cout << "The metadata for bucket " << bucket_metadata->name() << " is "
            << *bucket_metadata << "\n";
}

C#

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C# API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.


using Google.Apis.Storage.v1.Data;
using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;

public class GetBucketMetadataSample
{
    public Bucket GetBucketMetadata(string bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.Create();
        var bucket = storage.GetBucket(bucketName, new GetBucketOptions { Projection = Projection.Full });
        Console.WriteLine($"Bucket:\t{bucket.Name}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Acl:\t{bucket.Acl}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Billing:\t{bucket.Billing}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Cors:\t{bucket.Cors}");
        Console.WriteLine($"DefaultEventBasedHold:\t{bucket.DefaultEventBasedHold}");
        Console.WriteLine($"DefaultObjectAcl:\t{bucket.DefaultObjectAcl}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Encryption:\t{bucket.Encryption}");
        if (bucket.Encryption != null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"KmsKeyName:\t{bucket.Encryption.DefaultKmsKeyName}");
        }
        Console.WriteLine($"Id:\t{bucket.Id}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Kind:\t{bucket.Kind}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Lifecycle:\t{bucket.Lifecycle}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Location:\t{bucket.Location}");
        Console.WriteLine($"LocationType:\t{bucket.LocationType}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Logging:\t{bucket.Logging}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Metageneration:\t{bucket.Metageneration}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Owner:\t{bucket.Owner}");
        Console.WriteLine($"ProjectNumber:\t{bucket.ProjectNumber}");
        Console.WriteLine($"RetentionPolicy:\t{bucket.RetentionPolicy}");
        Console.WriteLine($"SelfLink:\t{bucket.SelfLink}");
        Console.WriteLine($"StorageClass:\t{bucket.StorageClass}");
        Console.WriteLine($"TimeCreated:\t{bucket.TimeCreated}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Updated:\t{bucket.Updated}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Versioning:\t{bucket.Versioning}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Website:\t{bucket.Website}");
        Console.WriteLine($"TurboReplication:\t{bucket.Rpo}");
        if (bucket.Labels != null)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Labels:");
            foreach (var label in bucket.Labels)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"{label.Key}:\t{label.Value}");
            }
        }
        return bucket;
    }
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Go API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
)

// getBucketMetadata gets the bucket metadata.
func getBucketMetadata(w io.Writer, bucketName string) (*storage.BucketAttrs, error) {
	// bucketName := "bucket-name"
	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %w", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*10)
	defer cancel()
	attrs, err := client.Bucket(bucketName).Attrs(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("Bucket(%q).Attrs: %w", bucketName, err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "BucketName: %v\n", attrs.Name)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Location: %v\n", attrs.Location)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "LocationType: %v\n", attrs.LocationType)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "StorageClass: %v\n", attrs.StorageClass)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Turbo replication (RPO): %v\n", attrs.RPO)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "TimeCreated: %v\n", attrs.Created)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Metageneration: %v\n", attrs.MetaGeneration)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "PredefinedACL: %v\n", attrs.PredefinedACL)
	if attrs.Encryption != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "DefaultKmsKeyName: %v\n", attrs.Encryption.DefaultKMSKeyName)
	}
	if attrs.Website != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "IndexPage: %v\n", attrs.Website.MainPageSuffix)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "NotFoundPage: %v\n", attrs.Website.NotFoundPage)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "DefaultEventBasedHold: %v\n", attrs.DefaultEventBasedHold)
	if attrs.RetentionPolicy != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "RetentionEffectiveTime: %v\n", attrs.RetentionPolicy.EffectiveTime)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "RetentionPeriod: %v\n", attrs.RetentionPolicy.RetentionPeriod)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "RetentionPolicyIsLocked: %v\n", attrs.RetentionPolicy.IsLocked)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "RequesterPays: %v\n", attrs.RequesterPays)
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "VersioningEnabled: %v\n", attrs.VersioningEnabled)
	if attrs.Logging != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "LogBucket: %v\n", attrs.Logging.LogBucket)
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "LogObjectPrefix: %v\n", attrs.Logging.LogObjectPrefix)
	}
	if attrs.CORS != nil {
		fmt.Fprintln(w, "CORS:")
		for _, v := range attrs.CORS {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tMaxAge: %v\n", v.MaxAge)
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tMethods: %v\n", v.Methods)
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tOrigins: %v\n", v.Origins)
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\tResponseHeaders: %v\n", v.ResponseHeaders)
		}
	}
	if attrs.Labels != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "\n\n\nLabels:")
		for key, value := range attrs.Labels {
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "\t%v = %v\n", key, value)
		}
	}
	return attrs, nil
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Java API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.


import com.google.cloud.storage.Bucket;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BucketInfo;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import java.util.Map;

public class GetBucketMetadata {
  public static void getBucketMetadata(String projectId, String bucketName) {
    // The ID of your GCP project
    // String projectId = "your-project-id";

    // The ID of your GCS bucket
    // String bucketName = "your-unique-bucket-name";

    Storage storage = StorageOptions.newBuilder().setProjectId(projectId).build().getService();

    // Select all fields. Fields can be selected individually e.g. Storage.BucketField.NAME
    Bucket bucket =
        storage.get(bucketName, Storage.BucketGetOption.fields(Storage.BucketField.values()));

    // Print bucket metadata
    System.out.println("BucketName: " + bucket.getName());
    System.out.println("DefaultEventBasedHold: " + bucket.getDefaultEventBasedHold());
    System.out.println("DefaultKmsKeyName: " + bucket.getDefaultKmsKeyName());
    System.out.println("Id: " + bucket.getGeneratedId());
    System.out.println("IndexPage: " + bucket.getIndexPage());
    System.out.println("Location: " + bucket.getLocation());
    System.out.println("LocationType: " + bucket.getLocationType());
    System.out.println("Metageneration: " + bucket.getMetageneration());
    System.out.println("NotFoundPage: " + bucket.getNotFoundPage());
    System.out.println("RetentionEffectiveTime: " + bucket.getRetentionEffectiveTime());
    System.out.println("RetentionPeriod: " + bucket.getRetentionPeriod());
    System.out.println("RetentionPolicyIsLocked: " + bucket.retentionPolicyIsLocked());
    System.out.println("RequesterPays: " + bucket.requesterPays());
    System.out.println("SelfLink: " + bucket.getSelfLink());
    System.out.println("StorageClass: " + bucket.getStorageClass().name());
    System.out.println("TimeCreated: " + bucket.getCreateTime());
    System.out.println("VersioningEnabled: " + bucket.versioningEnabled());
    if (bucket.getLabels() != null) {
      System.out.println("\n\n\nLabels:");
      for (Map.Entry<String, String> label : bucket.getLabels().entrySet()) {
        System.out.println(label.getKey() + "=" + label.getValue());
      }
    }
    if (bucket.getLifecycleRules() != null) {
      System.out.println("\n\n\nLifecycle Rules:");
      for (BucketInfo.LifecycleRule rule : bucket.getLifecycleRules()) {
        System.out.println(rule);
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Node.js API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

async function getBucketMetadata() {
  /**
   * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
   */
  // The ID of your GCS bucket
  // const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

  // Get Bucket Metadata
  const [metadata] = await storage.bucket(bucketName).getMetadata();

  console.log(JSON.stringify(metadata, null, 2));
}

PHP

For more information, see the Cloud Storage PHP API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

use Google\Cloud\Storage\StorageClient;

/**
 * Get bucket metadata.
 *
 * @param string $bucketName The name of your Cloud Storage bucket.
 *        (e.g. 'my-bucket')
 */
function get_bucket_metadata(string $bucketName): void
{
    $storage = new StorageClient();
    $bucket = $storage->bucket($bucketName);
    $info = $bucket->info();

    printf('Bucket Metadata: %s' . PHP_EOL, print_r($info));
}

Python

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Python API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.


from google.cloud import storage


def bucket_metadata(bucket_name):
    """Prints out a bucket's metadata."""
    # bucket_name = 'your-bucket-name'

    storage_client = storage.Client()
    bucket = storage_client.get_bucket(bucket_name)

    print(f"ID: {bucket.id}")
    print(f"Name: {bucket.name}")
    print(f"Storage Class: {bucket.storage_class}")
    print(f"Location: {bucket.location}")
    print(f"Location Type: {bucket.location_type}")
    print(f"Cors: {bucket.cors}")
    print(f"Default Event Based Hold: {bucket.default_event_based_hold}")
    print(f"Default KMS Key Name: {bucket.default_kms_key_name}")
    print(f"Metageneration: {bucket.metageneration}")
    print(
        f"Public Access Prevention: {bucket.iam_configuration.public_access_prevention}"
    )
    print(f"Retention Effective Time: {bucket.retention_policy_effective_time}")
    print(f"Retention Period: {bucket.retention_period}")
    print(f"Retention Policy Locked: {bucket.retention_policy_locked}")
    print(f"Requester Pays: {bucket.requester_pays}")
    print(f"Self Link: {bucket.self_link}")
    print(f"Time Created: {bucket.time_created}")
    print(f"Versioning Enabled: {bucket.versioning_enabled}")
    print(f"Labels: {bucket.labels}")

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Ruby API reference documentation.

To authenticate to Cloud Storage, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

def get_bucket_metadata bucket_name:
  # The ID of your GCS bucket
  # bucket_name = "your-unique-bucket-name"

  require "google/cloud/storage"

  storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.new
  bucket  = storage.bucket bucket_name

  puts "ID:                       #{bucket.id}"
  puts "Name:                     #{bucket.name}"
  puts "Storage Class:            #{bucket.storage_class}"
  puts "Location:                 #{bucket.location}"
  puts "Location Type:            #{bucket.location_type}"
  puts "Cors:                     #{bucket.cors}"
  puts "Default Event Based Hold: #{bucket.default_event_based_hold?}"
  puts "Default KMS Key Name:     #{bucket.default_kms_key}"
  puts "Logging Bucket:           #{bucket.logging_bucket}"
  puts "Logging Prefix:           #{bucket.logging_prefix}"
  puts "Metageneration:           #{bucket.metageneration}"
  puts "Retention Effective Time: #{bucket.retention_effective_at}"
  puts "Retention Period:         #{bucket.retention_period}"
  puts "Retention Policy Locked:  #{bucket.retention_policy_locked?}"
  puts "Requester Pays:           #{bucket.requester_pays}"
  puts "Self Link:                #{bucket.api_url}"
  puts "Time Created:             #{bucket.created_at}"
  puts "Versioning Enabled:       #{bucket.versioning?}"
  puts "Index Page:               #{bucket.website_main}"
  puts "Not Found Page:           #{bucket.website_404}"
  puts "Labels:"
  bucket.labels.each do |key, value|
    puts " - #{key} = #{value}"
  end
  puts "Lifecycle Rules:"
  bucket.lifecycle.each do |rule|
    puts "#{rule.action} - #{rule.storage_class} - #{rule.age} - #{rule.matches_storage_class}"
  end
end

Terraform

You can use a Terraform resource to view a bucket's metadata.

# Get bucket metadata
data "google_storage_bucket" "default" {
  name = google_storage_bucket.static.id
}

output "bucket_metadata" {
  value = data.google_storage_bucket.default
}

REST APIs

JSON API

  1. Get an authorization access token from the OAuth 2.0 Playground. Configure the playground to use your own OAuth credentials. For instructions, see API authentication.
  2. Use cURL to call the JSON API with a GET Bucket request:

    curl -X GET \
      -H "Authorization: Bearer OAUTH2_TOKEN" \
      "https://storage.googleapis.com/storage/v1/b/BUCKET_NAME"

    Where:

    • OAUTH2_TOKEN is the name of the access token you generated in Step 1.
    • BUCKET_NAME is the name of the relevant bucket. For example, my-bucket.

    Optionally, you can narrow down the metadata results by using the fields query string parameter. For example:

    curl -X GET \
    -H "Authorization: Bearer OAUTH2_TOKEN" \
    "https://storage.googleapis.com/storage/v1/b/BUCKET_NAME?fields=FIELD1%2CFIELD2"

    Where FIELD# is a bucket property you want to include in the result. For example, location and storageClass.

The response looks like the following example:

{
  "location": "US",
  "storageClass": "STANDARD"
}

XML API

  1. Get an authorization access token from the OAuth 2.0 Playground. Configure the playground to use your own OAuth credentials. For instructions, see API authentication.
  2. Use cURL to call the XML API with a GET Bucket request:

    curl -X GET \
    -H "Authorization: Bearer OAUTH2_TOKEN" \
    "https://storage.googleapis.com/BUCKET_NAME?QUERY_PARAMETER"

    Where:

    • OAUTH2_TOKEN is the name of the access token you generated in Step 1.
    • BUCKET_NAME is the name of the relevant bucket. For example, my-bucket.
    • QUERY_PARAMETER is the metadata field you want to return. For example, location for getting the location of the bucket. You can only use one query parameter at a time with the XML API. For a list of metadata fields supported by the XML API, see the GET Bucket reference page.

    The response looks like the following example: <LocationConstraint>US</LocationConstraint>.

What's next

Try it for yourself

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