Access public data

Some data stored in Cloud Storage is configured so that it's readable by anyone at any time. This public data can be accessed in several ways, depending on how you want to work with the data.

  1. Get the name of the public object and the bucket that stores the object.

  2. Use the following URI to access an object in the bucket:

    https://storage.googleapis.com/BUCKET_NAME/OBJECT_NAME

For example, the Google public bucket gcp-public-data-landsat contains the Landsat public dataset. You can link to the publicly shared object LC08/01/001/003/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2_B3.TIF with the link:

https://storage.googleapis.com/gcp-public-data-landsat/LC08/01/001/003/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2_B3.TIF

Console

  1. Get the name of the public object and the bucket that stores the object.

  2. Using a web browser, access the object with the following URI (you will be asked to sign in if you are not currently signed in):

    https://console.cloud.google.com/storage/browser/_details/BUCKET_NAME/OBJECT_NAME

  3. If the public has permission to list the bucket's contents, you can list all the objects in the bucket with the following URI:

    https://console.cloud.google.com/storage/browser/BUCKET_NAME

For example, the Google public bucket gcp-public-data-landsat contains the Landsat public dataset. You can access the bucket with:

https://console.cloud.google.com/storage/browser/gcp-public-data-landsat

Command line

gcloud

  1. If you don't have the gcloud CLI, follow these instructions to install it.

  2. Get the name of the public object and the bucket that stores the object.

  3. If permission to list the bucket's contents is granted to the public, you can list some or all of the objects contained in the bucket by using the ls command.

    For example, the Google public bucket gcp-public-data-landsat contains the Landsat public dataset. You can list objects with the prefix LC08/01/001/003/LC with the following command:

    gcloud alpha storage ls --recursive gs://gcp-public-data-landsat/LC08/01/001/003/LC*
  4. Download specific public objects contained in the bucket by using the cp command.

    For example, the following command downloads a file from the bucket gcp-public-data-landsat to your local directory:

    gcloud alpha storage cp gs://gcp-public-data-landsat/LC08/01/001/003/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2_B3.TIF .

gsutil

  1. If you don't have gsutil, follow these instructions to install it.

  2. Get the name of the public object and the bucket that stores the object.

  3. If permission to list the bucket's contents is granted to the public, you can list some or all of the objects contained in the bucket by using the ls command.

    For example, the Google public bucket gcp-public-data-landsat contains the Landsat public dataset. You can list objects with the prefix LC08/01/001/003/LC with the following command:

    gsutil ls -r gs://gcp-public-data-landsat/LC08/01/001/003/LC*
  4. Download specific public objects contained in the bucket by using the cp command.

    For example, the following command downloads a file from the bucket gcp-public-data-landsat to your local directory:

    gsutil cp gs://gcp-public-data-landsat/LC08/01/001/003/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2/LC08_L1GT_001003_20140812_20170420_01_T2_B3.TIF .

Code samples

C++

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C++ API reference documentation.

namespace gcs = ::google::cloud::storage;
[](std::string const& bucket_name, std::string const& object_name) {
  // Create a client that does not authenticate with the server.
  auto client = gcs::Client{
      google::cloud::Options{}.set<google::cloud::UnifiedCredentialsOption>(
          google::cloud::MakeInsecureCredentials())};

  // Read an object, the object must have been made public.
  gcs::ObjectReadStream stream = client.ReadObject(bucket_name, object_name);

  int count = 0;
  std::string line;
  while (std::getline(stream, line, '\n')) {
    ++count;
  }
  std::cout << "The object has " << count << " lines\n";
}

C#

For more information, see the Cloud Storage C# API reference documentation.


using Google.Cloud.Storage.V1;
using System;
using System.IO;

public class DownloadPublicFileSample
{
    public string DownloadPublicFile(
        string bucketName = "your-bucket-name",
        string objectName = "your-object-name",
        string localPath = "path/to/download/object/to")
    {
        var storage = StorageClient.CreateUnauthenticated();

        using var outputFile = File.OpenWrite(localPath);
        storage.DownloadObject(bucketName, objectName, outputFile);

        Console.WriteLine($"Downloaded public file {objectName} from bucket {bucketName} to {localPath}.");
        return localPath;
    }
}

Go

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Go API reference documentation.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"io/ioutil"
	"time"

	"cloud.google.com/go/storage"
	"google.golang.org/api/option"
)

// downloadPublicFile downloads a public object.
func downloadPublicFile(w io.Writer, bucket, object string) ([]byte, error) {
	// bucket := "bucket-name"
	// object := "object-name"
	ctx := context.Background()
	// Create a client that does not authenticate with the server.
	client, err := storage.NewClient(ctx, option.WithoutAuthentication())
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("storage.NewClient: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(ctx, time.Second*50)
	defer cancel()

	rc, err := client.Bucket(bucket).Object(object).NewReader(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("Object(%q).NewReader: %v", object, err)
	}
	defer rc.Close()

	data, err := ioutil.ReadAll(rc)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, fmt.Errorf("ioutil.ReadAll: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Blob %v downloaded.\n", object)
	return data, nil
}

Java

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.cloud.storage.Blob;
import com.google.cloud.storage.BlobId;
import com.google.cloud.storage.Storage;
import com.google.cloud.storage.StorageOptions;
import java.nio.file.Path;

public class DownloadPublicObject {
  public static void downloadPublicObject(
      String bucketName, String publicObjectName, Path destFilePath) {
    // The name of the bucket to access
    // String bucketName = "my-bucket";

    // The name of the remote public file to download
    // String publicObjectName = "publicfile.txt";

    // The path to which the file should be downloaded
    // Path destFilePath = Paths.get("/local/path/to/file.txt");

    // Instantiate an anonymous Google Cloud Storage client, which can only access public files
    Storage storage = StorageOptions.getUnauthenticatedInstance().getService();

    Blob blob = storage.get(BlobId.of(bucketName, publicObjectName));
    blob.downloadTo(destFilePath);

    System.out.println(
        "Downloaded public object "
            + publicObjectName
            + " from bucket name "
            + bucketName
            + " to "
            + destFilePath);
  }
}

Node.js

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// The ID of your GCS bucket
// const bucketName = 'your-unique-bucket-name';

// The ID of your GCS file
// const srcFilename = 'your-file-name';

// The path to which the file should be downloaded
// const destFileName = '/local/path/to/file.txt';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Storage} = require('@google-cloud/storage');

// Creates a client
const storage = new Storage();

async function downloadPublicFile() {
  const options = {
    destination: destFileName,
  };

  // Download public file.
  await storage.bucket(bucketName).file(srcFileName).download(options);

  console.log(
    `Downloaded public file ${srcFileName} from bucket name ${bucketName} to ${destFileName}`
  );
}

downloadPublicFile().catch(console.error);

Python

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Python API reference documentation.

from google.cloud import storage


def download_public_file(bucket_name, source_blob_name, destination_file_name):
    """Downloads a public blob from the bucket."""
    # bucket_name = "your-bucket-name"
    # source_blob_name = "storage-object-name"
    # destination_file_name = "local/path/to/file"

    storage_client = storage.Client.create_anonymous_client()

    bucket = storage_client.bucket(bucket_name)
    blob = bucket.blob(source_blob_name)
    blob.download_to_filename(destination_file_name)

    print(
        "Downloaded public blob {} from bucket {} to {}.".format(
            source_blob_name, bucket.name, destination_file_name
        )
    )

Ruby

For more information, see the Cloud Storage Ruby API reference documentation.

def download_public_file bucket_name:, file_name:, local_file_path:
  # The name of the bucket to access
  # bucket_name = "my-bucket"

  # The name of the remote public file to download
  # file_name = "publicfile.txt"

  # The path to which the file should be downloaded
  # local_file_path = "/local/path/to/file.txt"

  require "google/cloud/storage"

  storage = Google::Cloud::Storage.anonymous
  bucket  = storage.bucket bucket_name, skip_lookup: true
  file    = bucket.file file_name

  file.download local_file_path

  puts "Downloaded public object #{file.name} from bucket #{bucket} to #{local_file_path}"
end

What's next