This quickstart walks you through the process of:
- Creating a dataset of images with labeled bounding boxes.
- Train a custom model using your dataset.
In this quickstart you use the custom user interface (UI) to interact with the Cloud AutoML API. You can also complete all the steps in this quickstart using the AutoML API. For further directions on using the UI or API, see the how-to guides.
Set up your project
Before you can use Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection, you must create a Google Cloud project (one never used with any other AutoML product) and enable Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection for that project.
Sign in to your Google Account.
If you don't already have one, sign up for a new account.
In the Cloud Console, on the project selector page, select or create a Cloud project.
Make sure that billing is enabled for your Google Cloud project. Learn how to confirm billing is enabled for your project.
- Enable the Cloud AutoML and Storage APIs.
- This Beta requires you to use
us-central1as the specified region.
Preparing a dataset
In this quickstart you use a dataset created from Open Images Dataset V4.
This publicly available Salads dataset is located at
The CSV format is as follows:
TRAIN,gs://cloud-ml-data/img/openimage/3/2520/3916261642_0a504acd60_o.jpg,Salad,0.0,0.0954,,,0.977,0.957,, VALIDATE,gs://cloud-ml-data/img/openimage/3/2520/3916261642_0a504acd60_o.jpg,Seafood,0.0154,0.1538,,,1.0,0.802,, TEST,gs://cloud-ml-data/img/openimage/3/2520/3916261642_0a504acd60_o.jpg,Tomato,0.0,0.655,,,0.231,0.839,,
Each row corresponds to an object localized inside a larger image, with each
object specifically designated as test, train, or validation data. The three
lines included here indicate three distinct objects located inside the same
image available at
gs://cloud-ml-data/img/openimage/3/2520/3916261642_0a504acd60_o.jpg. Each row
has a different label:
Tomato, in addition
to other rows with
Baked goods or
Bounding boxes are specified for each image using the top left and bottom right vertices:
- (0,0) corresponds to the top left-most vertex.
- (1,1) corresponds to the bottom right-most vertex.
For the first row shown above, the (x, y) coordinates for the top left vertex
Salad labeled object are (0.0,0.0954), and the coordinates for the
bottom right vertex of the object are (0.977,0.957).
For more detailed information on how to format your CSV file and the minimum requirements for creating a valid dataset, see Preparing your training data.
Create a dataset and import training images
Open the Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection UI
and select your project from the drop-down list in the title bar.
The first time you open the Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection UI you will need to "Enable AutoML API" if it isn't already enabled.
- Select "Get started" in the pop-up window when prompted.
You will be taken to the datasets list page. Create a new dataset by selecting
Enter a unique name for your dataset.
Enter the location of the training data to import in the window that follows.
In the Select a CSV file on Cloud Storage text box, enter the path for the sample CSV file (the
gs://prefix is added automatically):
Alternatively, you can select Browse and navigate to the CSV file in one of your Google Cloud Storage buckets.
This quickstart uses sample data staged in a public Google Cloud Storage bucket. The training data are sample JPG images annotated with the bounding box and label of the objects you want the model to learn to identify. To import the training data into the dataset, use a CSV file that points to the image (JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP, or ICO) files; see Preparing your training data for information about the format and image specifications.
Your dataset will show a Status of
Running:importing imageswhile your images are being imported. This process takes just a few minutes.
When your training data has been successfully imported, the Status column
Success:Creating dataset and the UI shows the generated ID for the
dataset (used when making AutoML API calls) as well as the number of items imported.
If there are any problems importing images you will see
images as the status. Select the dataset name and Details to see the
errors with specific image import.
Train your model
After you have created your dataset and imported your training data into your dataset, you can train your custom model.
From the Datasets listing page, click the dataset name.
Select the Train tab. This will show you all labels and their division into train, test, and validation sets.
Select Start training to open a side panel with training options.
Enter a name for your custom model or accept the default name. In this panel you can also select model optimization (for latency or accuracy).
Select deploy your model after training before you are able to make predictions.Deploy model to node after training to opt-in to automatic deployment. Otherwise, you will be prompted to manually
Select Start Training.
Training a model can take several hours to complete. Typical training time for the sample is about one hour.
After the model is successfully trained, you will receive a message at the email address you used to sign up for the program.
Evaluate the custom model
After training a model, Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection evaluates the quality and accuracy of the new model. To see the evaluation metrics for your model:
Open the Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection UI and click the Models tab (with lightbulb icon) in the left navigation bar.
Click the name of the model you want to evaluate.
If necessary, click the Evaluate tab just below the title bar.
If training has been completed for the model, Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection shows its evaluation metrics. It provides precision and recall scores for the model as a whole and for each object label at different score and intersection over union (IoU) thresholds. To see the metrics for a particular object label, choose the label from the "Filter labels" list.
Precision and recall measure how well the model is capturing information, and how much it’s leaving out. Precision indicates, from all objects annotated with a specific label, how many actually were supposed to be assigned to that label. Recall indicates, from all the objects that should have been identified as a particular entity, how many were actually assigned to that entity.
Use this data to evaluate your model's readiness:
- Low precision or recall scores can indicate that your model needs additional training data.
- Perfect precision and recall can indicate that the data is too easy and may not generalize well.
Use the custom model
After your model has been successfully trained, you can use it to identify objects in an image with bounding boxes and labels using your custom model. Select the Test and Use tab.
If you didn't opt-in for auto-deploy you will be prompted to deploy your model before you can make predictions.
Manually deploy model
AutoML Vision requires you to deploy your trained model before you can send prediction requests to it.
- In the Test and Use tab manually deploy your model by selecting
the Deploy Model option from the banner beneath your model name.
Selecting Deploy Model opens the model deployment option window
- In the model deployment option window you can select the number of nodes to deploy on and view the available prediction queries per second (QPS).
- Select Deploy to begin model deployment.
- You will receive an email when model deployment has completed.
Make a prediction
After your model has been deployed, indicate the path to your test image on the Test and use page (such as this image, saved locally). Cloud AutoML Vision Object Detection analyzes the image using your model and displays labeled objects and their bounding boxes in the image.
If you no longer need your custom model or dataset, you can delete them.
To avoid unnecessary Google Cloud Platform charges, use the GCP Console to delete your project if you do not need it.
Undeploy your model
Your model incurs charges while it is deployed.
- Select the Test & Use tab just below the title bar.
- Select Remove deployment from the banner beneath your model name to open
the undeploy option window.
- Select Remove deployment to undeploy the model.
- You will receive an email when model undeployment has completed.
Delete your project (optional)
To avoid unnecessary Google Cloud Platform charges, use the Cloud Console to delete your project if you do not need it.