This page explains the concept of bucket location and the different locations where you can create buckets.
To learn how to set the location for your bucket, see Creating Storage Buckets.
To learn how to change a bucket's location, see Moving and Renaming Buckets.
You specify a location for storing your object data when you create a bucket. There are different location types:
A region is a specific geographic place, such as London.
A dual-region is a specific pair of regions, such as Finland and the Netherlands.
A multi-region is a large geographic area, such as the United States, that contains two or more geographic places.
Objects stored in a multi-region or dual-region are geo-redundant.
Cloud Storage stores object data in the selected location in accordance with the Service Specific Terms.
A good location balances latency, availability, and bandwidth costs for data consumers.
Use a region to help optimize latency and network bandwidth for data consumers, such as analytics pipelines, that are grouped in the same region.
Use a dual-region when you want similar performance advantages as regions, but also want the higher availability that comes with being geo-redundant.
Use a multi-region when you want to serve content to data consumers that are outside of the Google network and distributed across large geographic areas, or when you want the higher availability that comes with being geo-redundant.
Generally, you should store your data in a location that is convenient or contains the majority of the users of your data.
See the data storage pricing table for storage costs in each location.
Compute Engine VM notes
- Storing data in the same region as your Compute Engine VM instances can provide better performance. This advantage applies to both regions and dual-regions.
- While you can't specify a Compute Engine zone as a bucket location, all Compute Engine VM instances in zones within a given region have similar performance when accessing buckets in that region.
The following sections list the Cloud Storage locations available for storing your data.
All regions are at least 100 miles apart.
|Continent||Region Name||Region Description|
|Multi-Region Name||Multi-Region Description|
||Data centers in Asia|
||Data centers within member states of the European Union1|
||Data centers in the United States|
1 Object data added to a bucket in the
EU multi-region is not
stored in the
EUROPE-WEST2 (London) or
EUROPE-WEST6 (Zurich) regions.
|Dual-Region Name||Dual-Region Description|
us-central2— Central United States
- Create a bucket.
- Explore the storage classes available in Cloud Storage.
- Learn about Cloud Storage pricing.
- View all the Google Cloud services available in locations worldwide.
- Explore additional location-based concepts, such as zones, that apply to other Google Cloud services.