The Cloud Billing Reports page lets you view your Google Cloud usage costs at a glance and discover and analyze trends. The Reports page displays a chart that plots usage costs for all projects linked to a Cloud Billing account. To help you view the cost trends that are important to you, you can select a data range, specify a time range, configure the chart filters, and group by project, product, SKU, or location.
Cloud Billing reports can help you answer questions like these:
- How is my current month's Google Cloud spending trending?
- What Google Cloud project cost the most last month?
- What Google Cloud product (for example, Compute Engine or Cloud Storage) cost me the most?
- What are my forecasted future costs based on historical trends?
- How much am I spending by region?
- What was the cost of resources with label X?
Required permissions to access reports
To view the Cloud Billing reports for your Cloud Billing account, including viewing the cost information for all of the Cloud projects that are linked to the account, you need to be a Billing Account Administrator or Billing Account Viewer on your Cloud Billing account.
Specifically, for full access to this report, you must have the following permission on your Cloud Billing account:
Project Owners, Project Editors, and Project Viewers can view Cloud Billing reports for their specific Cloud projects.
For more information about Cloud Billing permissions, see:
- Overview of access control
- Create custom roles for Cloud Billing
- Cloud Billing API access control
- Understanding predefined Identity and Access Management roles for Cloud Billing
To view the Cloud Billing reports for your Cloud Billing account:
Sign in to the Google Cloud Console.
Open the console Navigation menu (), and then select Billing.
If you have more than one Cloud Billing account, do one of the following:
- To manage Cloud Billing for the current Cloud project, select Go to linked billing account.
- To locate a different Cloud Billing account, select Manage billing accounts and choose the account for which you'd like to see reports.
In the Billing navigation menu, select Reports.
How to read the Cloud Billing report chart
The report chart displays a stacked line chart where each line plots cost over time. The Group by setting determines what each line represents (each grouping gets its own line in the chart and row in the table).
You have a variety of options available to customize your report views, including filters and other settings. Your report view changes depending on the filter selections you choose.
The default view uses the Current month, all projects preset. In the default view:
The report displays the current month's daily usage-specific costs grouped by project (for all Google Cloud products), inclusive of any usage-specific credits applied.
The summary bar above the chart provides a split view of cost: actual cost-to-date for the current month, and the total forecasted cost for the entire current month.
A cost trend line in the chart indicates the direction your forecasted cost is trending.
Each line in the chart (and row in the summary table) corresponds to the project, ranked largest to smallest by cost.
The summary footer, below the table, displays the cost breakdown based on the filter selections chosen.
Changing chart settings
You can specify a different time aggregation using the Daily/Monthly list at the top right of the chart.
You can specify a different chart display style using the Line Chart/Bar Chart selector at the top right of the chart.
The order of the data displayed in the stacked line or bar chart is controlled by the data category you are sorting on, as indicated by an arrow in the column header in the summary table. You can change the sort order of the data by clicking on a different column header. The direction of the arrow indicates if you are sorting largest to smallest (down arrow) or smallest to largest (up arrow ). To reverse the sort order on the selected column, click the column header again.
The following preset views are available:
- Current month, all projects (default): The current calendar month's daily cost for all products and SKUs, grouped by project, inclusive of any usage-specific credits applied.
- Current month, all products: Same as (1), but grouped by products (for example, Compute Engine or Cloud Storage).
- Last month, all projects: The last calendar month's (not the last 30 days') daily cost for all products and SKUs, grouped by project, inclusive of any usage-specific credits applied.
- Last month, all products: Same as (3), but grouped by products.
Grouping and filtering
In addition to the preset views, you can customize your report views using the available grouping and filtering options.
You can select between Usage date or Invoice month.
Usage date returns actual usage and cost data incurred during the date range selected. When you select Usage date, you can choose a preset or custom time range for charting cost data (available back to January 2017).
Note that when you set the report time range by Usage date, the Cost column displays your costs calculated using the prices that are applicable to your Cloud Billing account. If your Cloud Billing account is associated with a negotiated pricing contract, the negotiated savings are included in the Cost calculations.
Invoice month returns usage and charges on the invoice(s) issued for the month(s) selected. If you select Invoice month, you can set a range based on complete months (available back to May 2019).
Note that when you set the report time range by Invoice month, starting with the July 2020 invoice, Cloud Billing accounts associated with a negotiated pricing contract will display Negotiated savings as a credit column, separate from the List cost. List costs are your costs calculated using the list price, prior to applying your negotiated savings or any other discounts.
Costs in the report are summarized by the selected Group by option. The Group by option determines the columns that appear in the table. Each grouping gets its own line (or bar) in the chart and row in the table.
The Group by options include the following:
Subaccount: If you're a reseller with subaccounts, you can select this group by option to summarize your costs by subaccount.
Project (default): When grouped by Project, the table includes columns for Project (this is the project name), Project ID, and Project number. When grouping by Project, costs that don't belong to a project display as [Charges not specific to a project].
Note that the Project number is a Google-assigned, anonymized number automatically generated for each project you create. In your support cases and other customer communication, Google will refer to your projects by the project number. For more information, see Identifying projects.
Product: When grouped by Product, your costs and credits are summarized by Product, such as Compute Engine and BigQuery.
SKU: When grouped by SKU, the table includes columns for SKU, Product, SKU ID, and Usage. Cost and credits are calculated per SKU and SKU pricing tiers. Grouping by SKU is useful when you want to analyze the details and breakdown of your costs and credits.
Location: Region or multi-region*: When grouped by Location, your costs and credits are summarized by the Regions where your applications are located. When grouping by Location, costs that don't belong to a region or multi-region display as [Charges not specific to a location]. Multi-region listings are marked with an asterisk (for example, us*). Learn more about geography and regions.
Label keys: Grouping by Label keys summarizes costs by each label value that is paired with the selected label key (for example, key1:value-A, key1:value-B, key1:value-C). Costs that are not tagged with the selected Label key are summarized as [Charges for other usage]. Learn more about creating and managing resource labels.
No grouping (show total cost only): Summarizes the total cost for the specified time range and selected filters.
- Projects: You can select all Cloud projects under the Cloud Billing account (default) or select a subset of projects by clicking them in the list.
- Products: You can select all products (default) or select a subset of products by clicking them in the list.
- SKUs: You can select all SKUs (default) or select a subset of SKUs by clicking them in the list. To learn more about SKUs, see the pricing table report.
- Locations: By default, all locations are enabled. By clicking the location tiles, you can filter on a subset of locations by geography (such as Europe), multi-region (such as Global), or region (such as us-east1). Specifically, the report is filtered by the regions and multi-regions selected. Use the tiles in geography to quickly select (or deselect) all regions and multi-regions in that geography. Multi-regions tiles are marked with an asterisk (for example, us*). Learn more about geography and regions.
Labels: Labels are key/value pairs you attach to resource usage (for example, Compute Engine or Cloud Storage). To filter usage by label:
- Expand the Labels section.
- Select the label Key.
- Select the Value under that key you want to filter on (the default is all values under the selected key).
To add another label with a different key, click + Add Label, and then select the key and value(s) for the label filter.
To remove a label filter, click the delete icon () to the right of the label fields.
Learn more about creating and managing resource labels.
Subaccounts: If your Cloud Billing account has subaccounts, you can select all subaccounts (default) or select a subset of subaccounts by clicking them in the list.
Credits: You can select all applicable credits (default) to be included in the cost calculations, or you can uncheck some or all of the credit options. Learn more about viewing your credits.
Invoice level charges: If time range is set to Invoice month, you can select all invoice-level charges (default) to be included in the summary cost calculations, or you can uncheck some or all of the invoice-level options. Invoice-level charges display in the summary header above the chart and summary footer below the table. Learn more about viewing your charges by invoice.
Viewing your forecasted costs
You can use the forecast feature to see how your costs are trending and how much you are projected to spend, up to 12 months in the future.
If you are viewing your Cloud Billing report using a date range that ends in a future date, your Cloud Billing report chart displays both actual costs and forecasted costs:
- The summary bar above the chart provides a split view of cost: actual cost-to-date calculated from the starting date, and the total forecasted cost for the entire date range.
- A cost trend line in the chart indicates the direction your forecast is trending.
Forecasts are available for:
- Any combination of filters (except for an Invoice month time range).
Any Usage date time range that ends with a future date. (Forecasts are not available for an Invoice month time range.)
- If you are viewing the report for the current month, the default end date is month end.
If you choose to specify a Time range, select Usage date, and pick a date range with the To: date set for a future date.
You can see your forecasted spend up to 12 months in the future.
The cost trend is determined by:
- Analyzing all of your historical Google Cloud spend for the filters you have currently selected.
- Selecting the most relevant, recent subset of data to use in the predictive model. For example, if a recent application launch caused a sharp increase in usage, the history selection algorithm might only look at data from after the application launch.
- Generating a forecast that accounts for both your long term trend and any consistent monthly cycles such as sustained use discounts.
The total forecasted cost combines:
- The total actual cost to date in the selected time period.
- The predicted cost for each future day in the same time period.
The time range selected for the report does not affect what data is used to generate the cost trend and forecast. For example, if you are viewing a report for the current month, cost data from previous months is still used to fit the trend.
Viewing your credits
You can use the Credits filters to change the view of your cost calculations. You can select all applicable credits (default) to be included in the cost calculations, or you can uncheck some or all of the credit options to exclude credits from the cost calculations.
For Cloud Billing accounts associated with a negotiated pricing contract, when viewing your report by invoice month you can view your Negotiated savings as a credit column, separate from the cost at list price column.
Discount credits are recurring and considered an integral part of the final cost. Discounts reduce the cost of your Google Cloud usage. If applicable to your Cloud Billing account, there are various types of discount credits you might earn, such as the following:
- Free tiers: Some products offer free resource usage up to specified limits. For these products, credits are applied to implement the free tier usage.
- Sustained use discounts: Sustained use discounts are automatic discounts that you get for running specific Compute Engine resources a significant portion of the billing month.
- Committed use discounts: Compute Engine and other Google Cloud products offer the ability to purchase committed use contracts in return for deeply discounted prices. These discounts are known as committed use discounts.
- Spending based discounts: Discounts applied after a contractual spending threshold has been reached.
Viewing the details of your committed use discounts (CUD)
Committed use discounts reduce the usage costs of Compute Engine and certain other Google Cloud products. When analyzing your Google Cloud costs, it is useful to understand how your purchased commitments are impacting your costs.
For example, to understand your ongoing Compute Engine costs, you need to know your VM core and RAM usage costs as well as the sustained use discounts and committed use discounts generated by your core and RAM usage.
Committed use discounts comprise three components using a balance sheet format for your bill:
- Commitment fee is the discounted cost of your covered usage.
- On-demand costs are the costs for the resources that you consume, billed at the standard list price.
- Committed use discount credits are negative costs that offset the eligible on-demand charges covered by the commitment.
The net impact of these three components is that you receive a discount on the usage covered by your commitment. The sum of your commitment fee (1) and committed use discount credits (3) equals the savings from your committed use discounts. For more information, see Understanding your invoice or statement.
To configure the report to display the individual components that comprise your committed use discounts, group your costs by SKU. The default report view (not grouped by SKU) does not break out the CUD components but instead includes the net of the three components.
To view only your ongoing commitment fees, limit the report results to the relevant commitment fee SKUs using the SKUs filter. For example, select the SKUs filter and type
Commitment [YOUR COMMITMENT TYPE].
Promotions and other credits
Promotions and other credits are typically one-time use and reduce the cost of your Google Cloud usage.
- Promotions: Promotions are things like Google Cloud Free Trial and marketing campaign credits, or other grants to use Google Cloud. Promotional credits are typically considered a form of payment. When available, promotional credits are automatically applied to reduce your total bill.
- Other: Any credits that do not fit into the discounts or promotional credits categories.
Tip: To understand your ongoing Google Cloud costs after your Google Cloud free trial expires, clear the Promotions checkbox.
Negotiated savings is a credit type available for Cloud Billing accounts that are associated with a negotiated pricing contract.
Negotiated savings = List price - Negotiated contract price
Depending on how you configure the report, you can include your negotiated savings in a single Cost column, or you can explicitly view the Negotiated savings credits in a separate column from the List cost column. List cost is your costs calculated using list prices, prior to applying negotiated savings or any other discounts or credits.
Prior to your July 2020 invoice month, or when viewing the report using a Usage date time range, your costs are calculated using your negotiated contract price, resulting in a single column for Cost that includes your Negotiated savings:
Starting with your July 2020 invoice, you can configure your report to view the negotiated savings as a credit column, separate from the List cost column. To view separate columns for List cost and Negotiated savings, configure your report by Invoice month. In the Time range section of the Filters panel, select Invoice month, and then set your From and To month range:
If you would like to see an overview of how much your usage-based credits are saving you on your invoice, view the Cost Breakdown report.
Viewing your charges by invoice
You can change the report view to display charges by invoice, including invoice-level charges (for example, taxes, contractual credits, or surcharges). If you want a CSV-downloadable table view of your invoice costs, see the cost table report.
To view invoice charges, in the Time range section of the Filters panel, select Invoice month, then set your From and To month range.
The Invoice level charges section (below the Credits section in the Filters panel) is now available and Tax and Adjustments are enabled by default.
The report summary, above the chart, displays taxes when Invoice month is selected.
- The summary footer, below the table, displays the cost breakdown based on your filter selections. Invoice-level charges (tax and adjustments) are blank (—) when you filter by Usage date, or when you set other report filters (like projects, products, or SKUs).
To view all invoice charges for a single invoice:
- In the Time range section in the right panel, select Invoice month, then set your From and To month range for the same month (for example, May 2019).
- Select your preferred Group by setting (for example, project, product, or SKU).
Ensure no other filters are set. That is, you should view the report for ALL projects, products, SKUs, credits, and so on.
In the summary footer, the cost breakdown displays:
- Subtotal: The sum of the Group by costs, after Promotions and Discounts.
- Adjustments: Reported from the invoice. (Adjustments are rare. You won't see this line item if you have no adjustments on your invoices.)
- Tax: Reported from the invoice.
Total: Includes all credits, adjustments, taxes, and rounding errors.
Tip: Rounding errors are included in the total but are not listed as a separate line item. To view the exact rounding error sum, hover your pointer over the tooltip () next to Total.
- Cost Table report: A detailed, tabular view of your monthly costs for a given invoice or statement (by invoice month), which can be filtered and downloaded.
- Cost Breakdown report: An at-a-glance waterfall view of how much you would have spent at the on-demand price for your Google Cloud usage, and how usage-based credits saved you money on your invoice.
In Cloud Billing reports, usage cost data is available back to January 2017 at the SKU level. Cost data viewed by invoice month is available back to May 2019 at the SKU level. Data at the sub-SKU level (for example, by resource ID) is not currently available.
As of January 2017, the following data is included in Cloud Billing reports:
SKU usage: This is reported in the pricing units shown on the pricing table report, for example, gibibyte month.
SKU cost: The SKU cost is based on the list price or negotiated contract price for that usage, whichever price is applicable to your Cloud Billing account. It is reported in the currency that your Cloud Billing account is charged in.
Usage-specific credits: This includes any credits or discounts that were applied directly to the SKU usage such as sustained use discounts, committed use discounts, or free trial and other promotional credits that were applied.
Location data: This includes costs incurred by region or multi-region.
As of May 2019, the following data is available in the Cloud Billing reports:
Taxes: Taxes that were applied to your invoice are reported by Invoice month(s) selected.
Account-level billing modifications: Sum of credits or surcharges applied at the account level due to Cloud Billing corrections, contractual requirements, and so on. Reported as Adjustments when viewing reports by Invoice month(s). Refer to your invoices for the details of these modifications.
Invoice details: You can graph or group usage by invoice month(s). Note: We do not display the invoice number.
As of July 2020, the following data is available in the Cloud Billing reports:
Negotiated savings: Viewable for Cloud Billing accounts that are associated with a negotiated pricing contract, Negotiated savings shows the difference in cost between your negotiated price compared to the current list price. The Negotiated savings column is displayed when viewing your report by Invoice month, starting with the July 2020 invoice.
Prior to July 2020, or when viewing the report using a Usage date time range, your costs are calculated using your negotiated contract price, resulting in a single column for Cost that includes your Negotiated savings.
How do I see the data behind Cloud Billing reports?
You can configure your Cloud Billing account to export data to BigQuery or to export data to a CSV or JSON file in Cloud Storage, and then use BigQuery or your own tools to analyze the exported cost line items. The Cloud Billing data exported to BigQuery is the same data that your Cloud Billing reports use.
Can I save, share, or bookmark my Cloud Billing report view?
You can bookmark a Cloud Billing report view and your filter settings will be saved to the bookmark. You can also copy and share the URL of your Cloud Billing report, print the Cloud Billing report or recreate it with exported Cloud Billing data.
How do I filter or group costs by zone, region, or multi-region?
Why are my usage date costs different than my invoice month costs?
Sometimes there is a slight delay in usage reporting. At the end of a calendar month, late-reported usage might not be included on that month's invoice and instead might roll over to the next month's invoice. However, that same usage is reported by actual usage date when viewing your online reports. As a result, costs for a usage date month might not map directly to an invoice month.