Cloud Billing access control & permissions

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This topic describes roles and access permissions for Cloud Billing accounts.

A Cloud Billing account is set up in Google Cloud and is used to define who pays for a given set of Google Cloud resources and Google Maps Platform APIs. A Cloud Billing account is connected to a Google payments profile. Your Google payments profile includes a payment instrument to which costs are charged.

Access permissions for Cloud Billing and Google Payments are configured in two different systems depending on what type of access you want to provide.

  • Cloud Billing lets you control which users have administrative and cost viewing permissions for specific resources by setting Identity and Access Management (IAM) policies on the resources.
  • In Google Payments, you can add users to any Google payments business profile you manage and grant different levels of access to your users, depending on what they need to do. You can also configure user email preferences for receiving billing and payments emails.
Cloud Billing Permissions Payments Profile Settings & Permissions
Access permissions to a Cloud Billing account are managed using IAM roles. Billing account permissions can be configured to allow users to do the following:
  • Open, close, and modify a Cloud Billing account.
  • View reports and cost data.
  • View documents (such as invoices and statements).
  • Analyze committed use discounts (CUD) and purchase CUDs.
  • Enable and manage export of billing data.
  • Configure budgets & alerts.
  • Manage billing per project.
  • Manage user permissions for billing.
  • Contact billing support.
Access permissions to a Google payments profile are managed in Google payments settings. Payment permissions can be configured to allow users to do the following:
  • Add, edit, and remove payment methods.
  • Update payments profile info, including mailing addresses.
  • Manage payments users, including contact details, email preferences, and user permissions.

If you want to manage payments-related tasks from within the Billing page of the Google Cloud console, users will also need the Billing Account Viewer role on the Cloud Billing account.

Cloud Billing access

To grant or limit access to Cloud Billing, you can set an IAM policy at the organization level, the Cloud Billing account level, and/or the project level. Google Cloud resources inherit the IAM policies of their parent node, which means you can set a policy at the organization level to apply it to all the Cloud Billing accounts, projects, and resources in the organization.

You can control viewing permissions at different levels for different users or roles by setting access permissions at the Cloud Billing account or project level.

To grant permission to a user to view the costs of all projects under a Cloud Billing account, give the user permission to view the costs for a Cloud Billing account (billing.accounts.getSpendingInformation). To grant permission to a user to view the costs for a specific project, give the user view permissions for individual projects (billing.resourceCosts.get).

Overview of Cloud Billing roles in IAM

You don't directly give users permissions; instead, you grant them roles, which have one or more permissions bundled within them.

You can grant one or more roles to the same user or on the same resource.

The following predefined Cloud Billing IAM roles are designed to allow you to use access control to enforce separation of duties:

Role Purpose Level Use Case
Billing Account Creator
(roles/billing.creator)
Create new self-serve (online) billing accounts. Organization Use this role for initial billing setup or to allow creation of additional billing accounts.
Users must have this role to sign up for Google Cloud with a credit card using their corporate identity.
Tip: Minimize the number of users who have this role to help prevent proliferation of untracked cloud spend in your organization.
Billing Account Administrator
(roles/billing.admin)
Manage billing accounts (but not create them). Organization or billing account. This role is an owner role for a billing account. Use it to manage payment instruments, configure billing exports, view cost information, link and unlink projects and manage other user roles on the billing account. By default, the person who creates the Cloud Billing account is a Billing Account Administrator for the Cloud Billing account.
Billing Account Costs Manager
(roles/billing.costsManager)
Manage budgets and view and export cost information of billing accounts (but not pricing information). Organization or billing account. Create, edit, and delete budgets, view billing account cost information and transactions, and manage the export of billing cost data to BigQuery. Does not confer the right to export pricing data or view custom pricing in the Pricing page. Also, does not allow the linking or unlinking of projects or otherwise managing the properties of the billing account.
Billing Account Viewer
(roles/billing.viewer)
View billing account cost information and transactions. Organization or billing account. Billing Account Viewer access would usually be granted to finance teams, it provides access to spend information, but does not confer the right to link or unlink projects or otherwise manage the properties of the billing account.
Billing Account User
(roles/billing.user)
Link projects to billing accounts. Organization or billing account. This role has very restricted permissions, so you can grant it broadly. When granted in combination with Project Creator, the two roles allow a user to create new projects linked to the billing account on which the Billing Account User role is granted. Or, when granted in combination with the Project Billing Manager role, the two roles allow a user to link and unlink projects on the billing account on which the Billing Account User role is granted.
Project Billing Manager
(roles/billing.projectManager)
Link/unlink the project to/from a billing account. Organization, folder, or project. When granted in combination with the Billing Account User role, the Project Billing Manager role allows a user to attach the project to the billing account, but does not grant any rights over resources. Project Owners can use this role to allow someone else to manage the billing for the project without granting them resource access.

The following table lists the details of the predefined IAM Billing roles, including the permissions bundled within each role.

Role Permissions

(roles/billing.admin)

Provides access to see and manage all aspects of billing accounts.

Lowest-level resources where you can grant this role:

  • Billing Account

Contains 33 owner permissions

billing.accounts.close

billing.accounts.get

billing.accounts.getCarbonInformation

billing.accounts.getIamPolicy

billing.accounts.getPaymentInfo

billing.accounts.getPricing

billing.accounts.getSpendingInformation

billing.accounts.getUsageExportSpec

billing.accounts.list

billing.accounts.move

billing.accounts.redeemPromotion

billing.accounts.removeFromOrganization

billing.accounts.reopen

billing.accounts.setIamPolicy

billing.accounts.update

billing.accounts.updatePaymentInfo

billing.accounts.updateUsageExportSpec

billing.budgets.*

  • billing.budgets.create
  • billing.budgets.delete
  • billing.budgets.get
  • billing.budgets.list
  • billing.budgets.update

billing.credits.list

billing.resourceAssociations.*

  • billing.resourceAssociations.create
  • billing.resourceAssociations.delete
  • billing.resourceAssociations.list

billing.subscriptions.*

  • billing.subscriptions.create
  • billing.subscriptions.get
  • billing.subscriptions.list
  • billing.subscriptions.update

cloudnotifications.activities.list

cloudsupport.properties.get

cloudsupport.techCases.*

  • cloudsupport.techCases.create
  • cloudsupport.techCases.escalate
  • cloudsupport.techCases.get
  • cloudsupport.techCases.list
  • cloudsupport.techCases.update

commerceoffercatalog.*

  • commerceoffercatalog.documents.get
  • commerceoffercatalog.offers.get

compute.commitments.*

  • compute.commitments.create
  • compute.commitments.get
  • compute.commitments.list
  • compute.commitments.update
  • compute.commitments.updateReservations

consumerprocurement.accounts.*

  • consumerprocurement.accounts.create
  • consumerprocurement.accounts.delete
  • consumerprocurement.accounts.get
  • consumerprocurement.accounts.list

consumerprocurement.consents.check

consumerprocurement.consents.grant

consumerprocurement.consents.list

consumerprocurement.consents.revoke

consumerprocurement.orderAttributions.*

  • consumerprocurement.orderAttributions.get
  • consumerprocurement.orderAttributions.list
  • consumerprocurement.orderAttributions.update

consumerprocurement.orders.*

  • consumerprocurement.orders.cancel
  • consumerprocurement.orders.get
  • consumerprocurement.orders.list
  • consumerprocurement.orders.modify
  • consumerprocurement.orders.place

dataprocessing.datasources.get

dataprocessing.datasources.list

dataprocessing.groupcontrols.get

dataprocessing.groupcontrols.list

logging.logEntries.list

logging.logServiceIndexes.list

logging.logServices.list

logging.logs.list

logging.privateLogEntries.list

recommender.commitmentUtilizationInsights.*

  • recommender.commitmentUtilizationInsights.get
  • recommender.commitmentUtilizationInsights.list
  • recommender.commitmentUtilizationInsights.update

recommender.costInsights.*

  • recommender.costInsights.get
  • recommender.costInsights.list
  • recommender.costInsights.update

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentInsights.*

  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentInsights.get
  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentInsights.list
  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentInsights.update

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommendations.*

  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommendations.get
  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommendations.list
  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommendations.update

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommenderConfig.*

  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommenderConfig.get
  • recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommenderConfig.update

recommender.usageCommitmentRecommendations.*

  • recommender.usageCommitmentRecommendations.get
  • recommender.usageCommitmentRecommendations.list
  • recommender.usageCommitmentRecommendations.update

resourcemanager.projects.createBillingAssignment

resourcemanager.projects.deleteBillingAssignment

resourcemanager.projects.get

resourcemanager.projects.list

(roles/billing.costsManager)

Manage budgets for a billing account, and view, analyze, and export cost information of a billing account.

Lowest-level resources where you can grant this role:

  • Billing Account

Contains 12 owner permissions

billing.accounts.get

billing.accounts.getIamPolicy

billing.accounts.getSpendingInformation

billing.accounts.getUsageExportSpec

billing.accounts.list

billing.accounts.updateUsageExportSpec

billing.budgets.*

  • billing.budgets.create
  • billing.budgets.delete
  • billing.budgets.get
  • billing.budgets.list
  • billing.budgets.update

billing.resourceAssociations.list

recommender.costInsights.*

  • recommender.costInsights.get
  • recommender.costInsights.list
  • recommender.costInsights.update

(roles/billing.creator)

Provides access to create billing accounts.

Lowest-level resources where you can grant this role:

  • Organization

Contains 1 owner permission

billing.accounts.create

resourcemanager.organizations.get

(roles/billing.projectManager)

When granted in conjunction with the Billing Account User role, provides access to assign a project's billing account or disable its billing.

Lowest-level resources where you can grant this role:

  • Project

Contains 2 owner permissions

resourcemanager.projects.createBillingAssignment

resourcemanager.projects.deleteBillingAssignment

(roles/billing.user)

When granted in conjunction with the Project Owner role or Project Billing Manager role, provides access to associate projects with billing accounts.

Lowest-level resources where you can grant this role:

  • Billing Account

Contains 6 owner permissions

billing.accounts.get

billing.accounts.getIamPolicy

billing.accounts.list

billing.accounts.redeemPromotion

billing.credits.list

billing.resourceAssociations.create

(roles/billing.viewer)

View billing account cost and pricing information, transactions, and billing and commitment recommendations.

Lowest-level resources where you can grant this role:

  • Billing Account

Contains 14 owner permissions

billing.accounts.get

billing.accounts.getCarbonInformation

billing.accounts.getIamPolicy

billing.accounts.getPaymentInfo

billing.accounts.getPricing

billing.accounts.getSpendingInformation

billing.accounts.getUsageExportSpec

billing.accounts.list

billing.budgets.get

billing.budgets.list

billing.credits.list

billing.resourceAssociations.list

billing.subscriptions.get

billing.subscriptions.list

commerceoffercatalog.*

  • commerceoffercatalog.documents.get
  • commerceoffercatalog.offers.get

consumerprocurement.accounts.get

consumerprocurement.accounts.list

consumerprocurement.consents.check

consumerprocurement.consents.list

consumerprocurement.orderAttributions.get

consumerprocurement.orderAttributions.list

consumerprocurement.orders.get

consumerprocurement.orders.list

dataprocessing.datasources.get

dataprocessing.datasources.list

dataprocessing.groupcontrols.get

dataprocessing.groupcontrols.list

recommender.commitmentUtilizationInsights.get

recommender.commitmentUtilizationInsights.list

recommender.costInsights.get

recommender.costInsights.list

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentInsights.get

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentInsights.list

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommendations.get

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommendations.list

recommender.spendBasedCommitmentRecommenderConfig.get

recommender.usageCommitmentRecommendations.get

recommender.usageCommitmentRecommendations.list

IAM relationships between organizations, projects, Cloud Billing accounts, and payments profiles

Two types of relationships govern the interactions between organizations, Cloud Billing accounts, and projects: ownership and payment linkage.

  • Ownership refers to IAM permission inheritance.
  • Payment linkages define which Cloud Billing account pays for a given project.

The following diagram shows the relationship of ownership and payment linkages for a sample organization.

describes how projects relate to Cloud Billing and your payments profile. One side shows your Cloud-level resources (Cloud Billing account and associated projects) and the other side, divided by a vertical dotted line, shows your Google-level resource (a payments profile). Your projects are paid for by your Cloud Billing account, which is linked to your payments profile.

In the diagram, the organization has ownership over Projects 1, 2, and 3, meaning that it is the IAM permissions parent of the three projects.

The Cloud Billing account is linked to Projects 1, 2, and 3, meaning that it pays for costs incurred by the three projects. The Cloud Billing account can also pay for projects in other organizations, but it inherits IAM permissions from its parent organization.

The Cloud Billing account is also linked to a Google payments profile, which stores information like name, address, and payment methods. Learn how to manage Google payments profile user permissions.

Although you link Cloud Billing accounts to projects, Cloud Billing accounts are not parents of projects in an IAM sense, and therefore projects don't inherit permissions from the Cloud Billing account they are linked to.

In this example, any users who are granted IAM billing roles on the organization also have those roles on the Cloud Billing account or the projects.

Cloud Billing access control examples

Combine IAM roles as follows to meet the needs of a variety of scenarios.

Scenario: Small-to-medium enterprise with a preference for centralized control.
User type Billing IAM roles Billing activities
CEO Billing Account Administrator Manage payment instrument.
View and approve invoices.
CTO Billing Account Administrator
Project Creator
Set budget alerts.
View spend.
Create new billable projects.
Development teams None None
Scenario: Small-to-medium enterprise with a preference for delegated authority.
User type Billing IAM roles Billing activities
CEO Billing Account Administrator Manage payment instrument.
Delegate authority.
CFO Billing Account Administrator Set budget alerts.
View spend.
Accounts payable Billing Account Viewer View and approve invoices.
Development teams Billing Account User
Project Creator
Create new billable projects.
Scenario: Separate financial planning & procurement functions
User type Billing IAM roles Billing activities
Procurement or Central IT Billing Account Administrator Manage payment instrument.
Set budget alerts.
Communicate spend to development teams.
Financial planning Billing Account Viewer View billing reports.
Process exports.
Communicate with CxO.
Accounts payable Billing Account Viewer Approve invoices.
Development teams Billing Account User
Project Creator
Create new billable projects.
Scenario: Development agency
User type Billing IAM roles Billing activities
CEO Billing Account Administrator Manage payment instrument.
Delegate authority.
CFO Billing Account Administrator Set budget alerts.
View spend.
Approve invoices.
Project lead Billing Account User
Project Creator
Create new billable projects.
Project development team None Develop within existing projects.
Client Project Billing Manager Take payment ownership of the project when it is completed.

How to update Cloud Billing permissions

To learn how to review, add, or remove Cloud Billing permissions, follow the guidance on Manage access to Cloud Billing accounts

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