读取数据

Cloud Bigtable 客户端库提供从表格中读取数据的功能。本页面提供各种类型读取请求多种语言版本的示例。如需查看概览,请参阅读取

读取一行

以下代码示例展示如何使用行键获取单行数据。

Go

func readRow(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	rowkey := "phone#4c410523#20190501"
	row, err := tbl.ReadRow(ctx, rowkey)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Could not read row with key %s: %v", rowkey, err)
	}

	printRow(w, row)

	return nil
}

HBase

public static void readRow() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRow(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRow(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (Connection connection = BigtableConfiguration.connect(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(tableId));

    byte[] rowkey = Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#20190501");

    Result row = table.get(new Get(rowkey));
    printRow(row);

  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Java

public static void readRow() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRow(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRow(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
    String rowkey = "phone#4c410523#20190501";

    Row row = dataClient.readRow(tableId, rowkey);
    printRow(row);

  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Python

def read_row(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)

    row_key = "phone#4c410523#20190501"

    row = table.read_row(row_key)
    print_row(row)

C#


/// <summary>
/// /// Reads one row from an existing table.
///</summary>
/// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
/// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
/// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>
public string readRow(
    string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID", string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID", string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
{
    BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();
    TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
    Row row = bigtableClient.ReadRow(tableName, rowKey: "phone#4c410523#20190501");

    return printRow(row);
}

C++

此代码示例即将推出。

Node.js

const rowkey = 'phone#4c410523#20190501';

const [row] = await table.row(rowkey).get();
printRow(rowkey, row.data);

PHP

$rowkey = "phone#4c410523#20190501";
$row = $table->readRow($rowkey);

print_row($rowkey, $row);

Ruby

  bigtable = Google::Cloud::Bigtable.new project_id: project_id
  table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id

  row = table.read_row "phone#4c410523#20190501"
  print_row row
end

读取部分行

以下代码示例展示如何从行中获取特定列

Go

func readRowPartial(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	rowkey := "phone#4c410523#20190501"
	row, err := tbl.ReadRow(ctx, rowkey, bigtable.RowFilter(bigtable.ColumnFilter("os_build")))
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Could not read row with key %s: %v", rowkey, err)
	}

	printRow(w, row)

	return nil
}

HBase

public static void readRowPartial() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRowPartial(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRowPartial(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (Connection connection = BigtableConfiguration.connect(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(tableId));
    byte[] rowkey = Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#20190501");

    Result row =
        table.get(
            new Get(rowkey).addColumn(Bytes.toBytes("stats_summary"), Bytes.toBytes("os_build")));
    printRow(row);

  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Java

public static void readRowPartial() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRowPartial(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRowPartial(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
    String rowkey = "phone#4c410523#20190501";
    Filters.Filter filter =
        FILTERS
            .chain()
            .filter(FILTERS.family().exactMatch("stats_summary"))
            .filter(FILTERS.qualifier().exactMatch("os_build"));

    Row row = dataClient.readRow(tableId, rowkey, filter);
    printRow(row);

  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Python

def read_row_partial(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)

    row_key = "phone#4c410523#20190501"
    col_filter = row_filters.ColumnQualifierRegexFilter(b'os_build')

    row = table.read_row(row_key, filter_=col_filter)
    print_row(row)

C#


/// <summary>
/// /// Reads part of one row from an existing table.
///</summary>
/// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
/// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
/// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>

public string readRowPartial(string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID", string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID", string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
{
    BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();
    TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
    String rowkey = "phone#4c410523#20190501";
    RowFilter filter = RowFilters.ColumnQualifierExact("os_build");
    Row row = bigtableClient.ReadRow(tableName, rowkey, filter);
    return printRow(row);
}

C++

此代码示例即将推出。

Node.js

const COLUMN_FAMILY = 'stats_summary';
const COLUMN_QUALIFIER = 'os_build';
const rowkey = 'phone#4c410523#20190501';

const [row] = await table
  .row(rowkey)
  .get([`${COLUMN_FAMILY}:${COLUMN_QUALIFIER}`]);

printRow(rowkey, row);

PHP

$rowkey = "phone#4c410523#20190501";
$rowFilter = Filter::qualifier()->exactMatch("os_build");
$row = $table->readRow($rowkey, ['filter' => $rowFilter]);

print_row($rowkey, $row);

Ruby

  bigtable = Google::Cloud::Bigtable.new project_id: project_id
  table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id
  filter = Google::Cloud::Bigtable::RowFilter.qualifier "os_build"

  row = table.read_row "phone#4c410523#20190501", filter: filter
  print_row row
end

读取多行

以下代码示例展示如何使用一组行键获取多行数据。

Go

func readRows(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	err = tbl.ReadRows(ctx, bigtable.RowList{"phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#20190502"},
		func(row bigtable.Row) bool {
			printRow(w, row)
			return true
		})

	if err = client.Close(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.Close(): %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}

HBase

public static void readRows() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRows(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRows(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (Connection connection = BigtableConfiguration.connect(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(tableId));
    List<Get> queryRowList = new ArrayList<Get>();
    queryRowList.add(new Get(Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#20190501")));
    queryRowList.add(new Get(Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#20190502")));

    Result[] rows = table.get(queryRowList);

    for (Result row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Java

public static void readRows() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRows(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRows(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Query query =
        Query.create(tableId).rowKey("phone#4c410523#20190501").rowKey("phone#4c410523#20190502");
    ServerStream<Row> rows = dataClient.readRows(query);
    for (Row row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Python

def read_rows(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)

    row_set = RowSet()
    row_set.add_row_key(b"phone#4c410523#20190501")
    row_set.add_row_key(b"phone#4c410523#20190502")

    rows = table.read_rows(row_set=row_set)
    for row in rows:
        print_row(row)

C#



/// <summary>
/// /// Reads multiple rows from an existing table.
///</summary>
/// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
/// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
/// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>
public string readRows(string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID", string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID", string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
{
    BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();
    TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);

    RowSet rowSet = RowSet.FromRowKeys("phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#20190502");
    ReadRowsStream readRowsStream = bigtableClient.ReadRows(tableName, rowSet);

    string result = "";
    readRowsStream.ForEach(row => result += printRow(row));

    return result;
}

C++

此代码示例即将推出。

Node.js

const rowKeys = ['phone#4c410523#20190501', 'phone#4c410523#20190502'];
const [rows] = await table.getRows({keys: rowKeys});
rows.forEach(row => printRow(row.id, row.data));

PHP

$rows = $table->readRows(
    ["rowKeys" => ["phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#20190502"]]
);

foreach ($rows as $key => $row) {
    print_row($key, $row);
}

Ruby

bigtable = Google::Cloud::Bigtable.new project_id: project_id
table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id

table.read_rows(keys: ["phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#20190502"]).each do |row|
  print_row row
end

读取一个范围内的行

以下代码示例展示如何使用起始键和结束键获取多行数据。

Go

func readRowRange(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	err = tbl.ReadRows(ctx, bigtable.NewRange("phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#201906201"),
		func(row bigtable.Row) bool {
			printRow(w, row)
			return true
		})

	if err = client.Close(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.Close(): %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}

HBase

public static void readRowRange() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRowRange(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRowRange(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (Connection connection = BigtableConfiguration.connect(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(tableId));

    Scan rangeQuery =
        new Scan()
            .withStartRow(Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#20190501"))
            .withStopRow(Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#201906201"));

    ResultScanner rows = table.getScanner(rangeQuery);

    for (Result row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }

  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Java

public static void readRowRange() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRowRange(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRowRange(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  String start = "phone#4c410523#20190501";
  String end = "phone#4c410523#201906201";

  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Query query = Query.create(tableId).range(start, end);
    ServerStream<Row> rows = dataClient.readRows(query);
    for (Row row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Python

def read_row_range(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)

    row_set = RowSet()
    row_set.add_row_range_from_keys(
        start_key=b"phone#4c410523#20190501",
        end_key=b"phone#4c410523#201906201")

    rows = table.read_rows(row_set=row_set)
    for row in rows:
        print_row(row)

C#


/// <summary>
/// /// Reads a range of rows from an existing table.
///</summary>
/// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
/// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
/// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>

public string readRowRange(string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID", string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID", string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
{
    String start = "phone#4c410523#20190501";
    String end = "phone#4c410523#201906201";

    BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();
    TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
    RowSet rowSet = RowSet.FromRowRanges(RowRange.ClosedOpen(start, end));
    ReadRowsStream readRowsStream = bigtableClient.ReadRows(tableName, rowSet);

    string result = "";
    readRowsStream.ForEach(row => result += printRow(row));

    return result;
}

C++

此代码示例即将推出。

Node.js

const start = 'phone#4c410523#20190501';
const end = 'phone#4c410523#201906201';

await table
  .createReadStream({
    start,
    end,
  })
  .on('error', err => {
    // Handle the error.
    console.log(err);
  })
  .on('data', row => printRow(row.id, row.data))
  .on('end', () => {
    // All rows retrieved.
  });

PHP

$rows = $table->readRows([
    'rowRanges' => [
        [
            'startKeyClosed' => 'phone#4c410523#20190501',
            'endKeyOpen' => 'phone#4c410523#201906201'
        ]
    ]
]);

foreach ($rows as $key => $row) {
    print_row($key, $row);
}

Ruby

bigtable = Google::Cloud::Bigtable.new project_id: project_id
table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id

range = table.new_row_range.between "phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#201906201"
table.read_rows(ranges: range).each do |row|
  print_row row
end

读取多个范围内的行

以下代码示例展示如何使用多个开始键和结束键获取多行数据。

Go

func readRowRanges(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	err = tbl.ReadRows(ctx, bigtable.RowRangeList{
		bigtable.NewRange("phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#201906201"),
		bigtable.NewRange("phone#5c10102#20190501", "phone#5c10102#201906201"),
	},
		func(row bigtable.Row) bool {
			printRow(w, row)
			return true
		})

	if err = client.Close(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.Close(): %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}

HBase

public static void readRowRanges() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRowRanges(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRowRanges(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (Connection connection = BigtableConfiguration.connect(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(tableId));
    List<RowRange> ranges = new ArrayList<>();

    ranges.add(
        new RowRange(
            Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#20190501"),
            true,
            Bytes.toBytes("phone#4c410523#20190601"),
            false));
    ranges.add(
        new RowRange(
            Bytes.toBytes("phone#5c10102#20190501"),
            true,
            Bytes.toBytes("phone#5c10102#20190601"),
            false));
    Filter filter = new MultiRowRangeFilter(ranges);
    Scan scan = new Scan().setFilter(filter);

    ResultScanner rows = table.getScanner(scan);

    for (Result row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Java

public static void readRowRanges() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readRowRanges(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readRowRanges(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Query query =
        Query.create(tableId)
            .range("phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#20190601")
            .range("phone#5c10102#20190501", "phone#5c10102#20190601");
    ServerStream<Row> rows = dataClient.readRows(query);
    for (Row row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Python

def read_row_ranges(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)

    row_set = RowSet()
    row_set.add_row_range_from_keys(
        start_key=b"phone#4c410523#20190501",
        end_key=b"phone#4c410523#201906201")
    row_set.add_row_range_from_keys(
        start_key=b"phone#5c10102#20190501",
        end_key=b"phone#5c10102#201906201")

    rows = table.read_rows(row_set=row_set)
    for row in rows:
        print_row(row)

C#


/// <summary>
/// /// Reads multiple ranges of rows from an existing table.
///</summary>
/// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
/// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
/// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>

public string readRowRanges(string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID", string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID", string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
{
    BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();
    TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
    RowSet rowSet = RowSet.FromRowRanges(RowRange.ClosedOpen("phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#20190601"),
    RowRange.ClosedOpen("phone#5c10102#20190501", "phone#5c10102#20190601"));
    ReadRowsStream readRowsStream = bigtableClient.ReadRows(tableName, rowSet);

    string result = "";
    readRowsStream.ForEach(row => result += printRow(row));

    return result;
}

C++

此代码示例即将推出。

Node.js

await table
  .createReadStream({
    ranges: [
      {
        start: 'phone#4c410523#20190501',
        end: 'phone#4c410523#20190601',
      },
      {
        start: 'phone#5c10102#20190501',
        end: 'phone#5c10102#20190601',
      },
    ],
  })
  .on('error', err => {
    // Handle the error.
    console.log(err);
  })
  .on('data', row => printRow(row.id, row.data))
  .on('end', () => {
    // All rows retrieved.
  });

PHP

$rows = $table->readRows([
    'rowRanges' => [
        [
            'startKeyClosed' => 'phone#4c410523#20190501',
            'endKeyOpen' => 'phone#4c410523#201906201'
        ],
        [
            'startKeyClosed' => 'phone#5c10102#20190501',
            'endKeyOpen' => 'phone#5c10102#201906201'
        ]
    ]
]);

foreach ($rows as $key => $row) {
    print_row($key, $row);
}

Ruby

bigtable = Google::Cloud::Bigtable.new project_id: project_id
table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id

ranges = []
ranges <<
  table.new_row_range.between("phone#4c410523#20190501", "phone#4c410523#201906201") <<
  table.new_row_range.between("phone#5c10102#20190501", "phone#5c10102#201906201")
table.read_rows(ranges: ranges).each do |row|
  print_row row
end

使用行键前缀读取多行

以下代码示例展示如何使用行键前缀获取多行数据。

Go

func readPrefix(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	err = tbl.ReadRows(ctx, bigtable.PrefixRange("phone#"),
		func(row bigtable.Row) bool {
			printRow(w, row)
			return true
		})

	if err = client.Close(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.Close(): %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}

HBase

public static void readPrefix() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readPrefix(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readPrefix(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (Connection connection = BigtableConfiguration.connect(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(tableId));
    Scan prefixScan = new Scan().setRowPrefixFilter(Bytes.toBytes("phone"));
    ResultScanner rows = table.getScanner(prefixScan);

    for (Result row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Java

public static void readPrefix() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readPrefix(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readPrefix(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Query query = Query.create(tableId).prefix("phone");
    ServerStream<Row> rows = dataClient.readRows(query);
    for (Row row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Python

def read_prefix(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)
    prefix = "phone#"
    end_key = prefix[:-1] + chr(ord(prefix[-1]) + 1)

    row_set = RowSet()
    row_set.add_row_range_from_keys(prefix.encode("utf-8"),
                                    end_key.encode("utf-8"))

    rows = table.read_rows(row_set=row_set)
    for row in rows:
        print_row(row)

C#


/// <summary>
/// /// Reads rows starting with a prefix from an existing table.
///</summary>
/// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
/// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
/// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>
public string readPrefix(string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID", string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID", string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
{
    BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();
    TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);

    String prefix = "phone";
    Char prefixEndChar = prefix[prefix.Length - 1];
    prefixEndChar++;
    String end = prefix.Substring(0, prefix.Length - 1) + prefixEndChar;
    RowSet rowSet = RowSet.FromRowRanges(RowRange.Closed(prefix, end));
    ReadRowsStream readRowsStream = bigtableClient.ReadRows(tableName, rowSet);

    string result = "";
    readRowsStream.ForEach(row => result += printRow(row));

    return result;
}

C++

此代码示例即将推出。

Node.js

const prefix = 'phone#';

await table
  .createReadStream({
    prefix,
  })
  .on('error', err => {
    // Handle the error.
    console.log(err);
  })
  .on('data', row => printRow(row.id, row.data))
  .on('end', () => {
    // All rows retrieved.
  });

PHP

$prefix = 'phone#';
$end = $prefix;
$end[-1] = chr(
    ord($end[-1]) + 1
);

$rows = $table->readRows([
    'rowRanges' => [
        [
            'startKeyClosed' => $prefix,
            'endKeyClosed' => $end,
        ]
    ]
]);

foreach ($rows as $key => $row) {
    print_row($key, $row);
}

Ruby

bigtable = Google::Cloud::Bigtable.new project_id: project_id
table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id

prefix = "phone#"
range = table.new_row_range.between prefix, prefix.next
table.read_rows(ranges: range).each do |row|
  print_row row
end

借助过滤条件读取

以下代码示例展示如何使用行过滤条件获取多行数据。如需详细了解您可以在读取请求中使用的过滤条件类型,请参阅过滤条件概览。此外,我们还提供了其他代码示例,其中以多种语言展示如何实现各种类型的过滤条件。

Go

func readFilter(w io.Writer, projectID, instanceID string, tableName string) error {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// instanceID := "my-instance-id"
	// tableName := "mobile-time-series"

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := bigtable.NewClient(ctx, projectID, instanceID)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("bigtable.NewAdminClient: %v", err)
	}
	tbl := client.Open(tableName)
	err = tbl.ReadRows(ctx, bigtable.RowRange{},
		func(row bigtable.Row) bool {
			printRow(w, row)
			return true
		}, bigtable.RowFilter(bigtable.ValueFilter("PQ2A.*$")))

	if err = client.Close(); err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("client.Close(): %v", err)
	}

	return nil
}

HBase

public static void readFilter() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readFilter(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readFilter(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (Connection connection = BigtableConfiguration.connect(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Table table = connection.getTable(TableName.valueOf(tableId));

    ValueFilter valueFilter =
        new ValueFilter(CompareOp.EQUAL, new RegexStringComparator("PQ2A.*"));
    Scan scan = new Scan().setFilter(valueFilter);

    ResultScanner rows = table.getScanner(scan);

    for (Result row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Java

public static void readFilter() {
  // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
  String projectId = "my-project-id";
  String instanceId = "my-instance-id";
  String tableId = "mobile-time-series";
  readFilter(projectId, instanceId, tableId);
}

public static void readFilter(String projectId, String instanceId, String tableId) {
  Filters.Filter filter = FILTERS.value().regex("PQ2A.*");

  // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
  // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
  // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
  try (BigtableDataClient dataClient = BigtableDataClient.create(projectId, instanceId)) {
    Query query = Query.create(tableId).filter(filter);
    ServerStream<Row> rows = dataClient.readRows(query);
    for (Row row : rows) {
      printRow(row);
    }
  } catch (IOException e) {
    System.out.println(
        "Unable to initialize service client, as a network error occurred: \n" + e.toString());
  }
}

Python

def read_filter(project_id, instance_id, table_id):
    client = bigtable.Client(project=project_id, admin=True)
    instance = client.instance(instance_id)
    table = instance.table(table_id)

    rows = table.read_rows(filter_=row_filters.ValueRegexFilter(b"PQ2A.*$"))
    for row in rows:
        print_row(row)

C#


/// <summary>
/// /// Reads using a filter from an existing table.
///</summary>
/// <param name="projectId">Your Google Cloud Project ID.</param>
/// <param name="instanceId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable Instance ID.</param>
/// <param name="tableId">Your Google Cloud Bigtable table ID.</param>

public string readFilter(string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID", string instanceId = "YOUR-INSTANCE-ID", string tableId = "YOUR-TABLE-ID")
{
    BigtableClient bigtableClient = BigtableClient.Create();
    TableName tableName = new TableName(projectId, instanceId, tableId);

    RowFilter filter = RowFilters.ValueRegex("PQ2A.*");

    ReadRowsStream readRowsStream = bigtableClient.ReadRows(tableName, filter: filter);
    string result = "";
    readRowsStream.ForEach(row => result += printRow(row));

    return result;
}

C++

此代码示例即将推出。

Node.js

const filter = {
  value: /PQ2A.*$/,
};

await table
  .createReadStream({
    filter,
  })
  .on('error', err => {
    // Handle the error.
    console.log(err);
  })
  .on('data', row => printRow(row.id, row.data))
  .on('end', () => {
    // All rows retrieved.
  });

PHP

$rowFilter = Filter::value()->regex('PQ2A.*$');

$rows = $table->readRows([
    'filter' => $rowFilter
]);

foreach ($rows as $key => $row) {
    print_row($key, $row);
}

Ruby

bigtable = Google::Cloud::Bigtable.new project_id: project_id
table = bigtable.table instance_id, table_id

filter = Google::Cloud::Bigtable::RowFilter.value "PQ2A.*$"
table.read_rows(filter: filter).each do |row|
  print_row row
end

后续步骤