Modifying the leader region of a database

This page explains how to modify the leader region of a database. You can only change the leader region of a Cloud Spanner instance that uses a multi-region configuration. The new leader region must be one of the two read-write regions within the multi-region configuration of your database. For more information about changing the leader region, see Configuring the default leader region.

Changing the leader region of a database

Console

  1. Go to the Spanner Instances page in the Cloud Console.

    Go to the Instances page

  2. Click the name of the instance that contains the database whose leader region you want to change.

  3. Click the database whose leader region you want to change.

  4. Click the pencil icon next to Leader Region.

  5. Modify the DDL statement with your desired leader region as default_leader.

gcloud

  1. To change the leader region of an existing database, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

    gcloud spanner databases ddl update database-name --instance=instance-id --ddl='ALTER DATABASE `database-name` SET OPTIONS ( default_leader = "region" )'
    

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Database.V1;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Data;
using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Common.V1;

public class UpdateDatabaseWithDefaultLeaderAsyncSample
{
    public async Task UpdateDatabaseWithDefaultLeaderAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId, string defaultLeader)
    {
        DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = await DatabaseAdminClient.CreateAsync();

        var alterDatabaseStatement = @$"ALTER DATABASE `{databaseId}` SET OPTIONS
                   (default_leader = '{defaultLeader}')";

        // Create the UpdateDatabaseDdl request and execute it.
        var request = new UpdateDatabaseDdlRequest
        {
            DatabaseAsDatabaseName = DatabaseName.FromProjectInstanceDatabase(projectId, instanceId, databaseId),
            Statements = { alterDatabaseStatement }
        };
        var operation = await databaseAdminClient.UpdateDatabaseDdlAsync(request);

        // Wait until the operation has finished.
        Console.WriteLine("Waiting for the operation to finish.");
        var completedResponse = await operation.PollUntilCompletedAsync();
        if (completedResponse.IsFaulted)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"Error while updating database: {completedResponse.Exception}");
            throw completedResponse.Exception;
        }
        Console.WriteLine("Updated default leader");
    }
}

C++

void UpdateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(
    google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
    std::string const& project_id, std::string const& instance_id,
    std::string const& database_id, std::string const& default_leader) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Database database(project_id, instance_id,
                                            database_id);
  std::vector<std::string> statements;
  statements.push_back("ALTER DATABASE `" + database_id + "` " +
                       "SET OPTIONS (default_leader='" + default_leader + "')");
  auto metadata =
      client.UpdateDatabaseDdl(database.FullName(), std::move(statements))
          .get();
  if (!metadata) throw std::runtime_error(metadata.status().message());
  std::cout << "`default_leader` altered, new DDL metadata:\n"
            << metadata->DebugString();
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"regexp"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
)

// updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader updates the default leader for a given database
func updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(w io.Writer, db string, defaultLeader string) error {
	// db = `projects/<project>/instances/<instance-id>/database/<database-id>`
	// defaultLeader = `nam3`
	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.+)/databases/(.+)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader: invalid database id %q", db)
	}

	ctx := context.Background()
	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	op, err := adminClient.UpdateDatabaseDdl(ctx, &adminpb.UpdateDatabaseDdlRequest{
		Database: db,
		Statements: []string{
			fmt.Sprintf(
				"ALTER DATABASE `%s` SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '%s')",
				matches[2], defaultLeader,
			),
		},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	if err := op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updated the default leader\n")
	return nil
}

Java


import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.DatabaseAdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Spanner;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerException;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerExceptionFactory;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerOptions;
import com.google.spanner.admin.database.v1.UpdateDatabaseDdlMetadata;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class UpdateDatabaseWithDefaultLeaderSample {

  static void updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader() {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    final String projectId = "my-project";
    final String instanceId = "my-instance";
    final String databaseId = "my-database";
    final String defaultLeader = "my-default-leader";
    updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(projectId, instanceId, databaseId, defaultLeader);
  }

  static void updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(
      String projectId, String instanceId, String databaseId, String defaultLeader) {
    try (Spanner spanner = SpannerOptions
        .newBuilder()
        .setProjectId(projectId)
        .build()
        .getService()) {
      final DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = spanner.getDatabaseAdminClient();
      final OperationFuture<Void, UpdateDatabaseDdlMetadata> operation = databaseAdminClient
          .updateDatabaseDdl(
              instanceId,
              databaseId,
              Collections.singletonList(
                  String.format(
                      "ALTER DATABASE `%s` SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '%s')",
                      databaseId,
                      defaultLeader
                  )
              ),
              null
          );
      operation.get();
      System.out.println("Updated default leader to " + defaultLeader);
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      // If the operation failed during execution, expose the cause.
      throw (SpannerException) e.getCause();
    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
      // Throw when a thread is waiting, sleeping, or otherwise occupied,
      // and the thread is interrupted, either before or during the activity.
      throw SpannerExceptionFactory.propagateInterrupt(e);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance-id';
// const databaseId = 'my-database-id';
// const defaultLeader = 'my-default-leader';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});
// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and a database.
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

async function updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader() {
  console.log(`Updating database ${database.formattedName_}.`);
  const setDefaultLeaderStatement = `
    ALTER DATABASE \`${databaseId}\`
    SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '${defaultLeader}')`;
  const [operation] = await database.updateSchema(setDefaultLeaderStatement);

  console.log(`Waiting for updating of ${database.id} to complete...`);
  await operation.promise();
  console.log(
    `Updated database ${databaseId} with default leader ${defaultLeader}.`
  );
}
updateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Updates the default leader of the database.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * update_database_with_default_leader($instanceId, $databaseId, $defaultLeader);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 * @param string $defaultLeader The leader instance configuration used by default.
 */
function update_database_with_default_leader($instanceId, $databaseId, $defaultLeader)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);

    $database->updateDdl(
        "ALTER DATABASE `$databaseId` SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '$defaultLeader')");

    printf('Updated the default leader to %d' . PHP_EOL, $database->info()['defaultLeader']);
}

Python

def update_database_with_default_leader(
    instance_id, database_id, default_leader
):
    """Updates a database with tables with a default leader."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)

    database = instance.database(database_id)

    operation = database.update_ddl(["ALTER DATABASE {}"
                                     " SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '{}')".format(database_id, default_leader)])
    operation.result(OPERATION_TIMEOUT_SECONDS)

    database.reload()

    print(
        "Database {} updated with default leader {}".format(
            database.name, database.default_leader
        )
    )

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"
# default_leader = "Spanner database default leader"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

db_admin_client = \
  Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Database::V1::DatabaseAdmin::Client.new

db_path = db_admin_client.database_path project: project_id,
                                        instance: instance_id,
                                        database: database_id
statements = [
  "ALTER DATABASE `#{database_id}` SET OPTIONS (
    default_leader = '#{default_leader}'
  )"
]

job = db_admin_client.update_database_ddl database: db_path,
                                          statements: statements

job.wait_until_done!
database = job.results

puts "Updated default leader"

Resetting a database leader region to the system default

Console

  1. Go to the Spanner Instances page in the Cloud Console.

    Go to the Instances page

  2. Click the name of the instance that contains the database whose leader region you want to change.

  3. Click the database whose leader region you want to change.

  4. Click the pencil icon next to Leader Region.

  5. Modify the DDL statement with your desired leader region and set default_leader to NULL.

gcloud

  1. To reset the leader region of an existing database to the default leader region, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

    gcloud spanner databases ddl update database-name --instance=instance-id --ddl='ALTER DATABASE `database-name` SET OPTIONS ( default_leader = NULL )'
    

Setting a leader region when creating a database

gcloud

To set the default leader region when creating a database, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

gcloud spanner databases create database --instance=instance --ddl='CREATE TABLE mytable (a INT64, b INT64) PRIMARY KEY(a); ALTER       DATABASE `database-name` SET OPTIONS (default_leader = "region")'

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Database.V1;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Common.V1;
using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class CreateDatabaseWithDefaultLeaderAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<Database> CreateDatabaseWithDefaultLeaderAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId, string defaultLeader)
    {
        DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = await DatabaseAdminClient.CreateAsync();
        // Define create table statement for table #1.
        var createSingersTable =
        @"CREATE TABLE Singers (
                     SingerId INT64 NOT NULL,
                     FirstName STRING(1024),
                     LastName STRING(1024),
                     ComposerInfo BYTES(MAX)
                 ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)";
        // Define create table statement for table #2.
        var createAlbumsTable =
        @"CREATE TABLE Albums (
                     SingerId INT64 NOT NULL,
                     AlbumId INT64 NOT NULL,
                     AlbumTitle STRING(MAX)
                 ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
                 INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE";

        // Define alter database statement to set default leader.
        var alterDatabaseStatement = @$"ALTER DATABASE `{databaseId}` SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '{defaultLeader}')";

        // Create the CreateDatabase request with default leader and execute it.
        var request = new CreateDatabaseRequest
        {
            ParentAsInstanceName = InstanceName.FromProjectInstance(projectId, instanceId),
            CreateStatement = $"CREATE DATABASE `{databaseId}`",
            ExtraStatements = { createSingersTable, createAlbumsTable, alterDatabaseStatement },
        };
        var operation = await databaseAdminClient.CreateDatabaseAsync(request);

        // Wait until the operation has finished.
        Console.WriteLine("Waiting for the operation to finish.");
        var completedResponse = await operation.PollUntilCompletedAsync();
        if (completedResponse.IsFaulted)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"Error while creating database: {completedResponse.Exception}");
            throw completedResponse.Exception;
        }

        var database = completedResponse.Result;
        Console.WriteLine($"Created database [{databaseId}]");
        Console.WriteLine($"\t Default leader: {database.DefaultLeader}");
        return database;
    }
}

C++

void CreateDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(
    google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
    std::string const& project_id, std::string const& instance_id,
    std::string const& database_id, std::string const& default_leader) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Database database(project_id, instance_id,
                                            database_id);
  google::spanner::admin::database::v1::CreateDatabaseRequest request;
  request.set_parent(database.instance().FullName());
  request.set_create_statement("CREATE DATABASE `" + database.database_id() +
                               "`");
  request.add_extra_statements("ALTER DATABASE `" + database_id + "` " +
                               "SET OPTIONS (default_leader='" +
                               default_leader + "')");
  auto db = client.CreateDatabase(request).get();
  if (!db) throw std::runtime_error(db.status().message());
  std::cout << "Database " << db->name() << " created.\n" << db->DebugString();
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"regexp"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
)

// createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader creates a database with a default leader
func createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(w io.Writer, db string, defaultLeader string) error {
	// db = `projects/<project>/instances/<instance-id>/database/<database-id>`
	// defaultLeader = `my-default-leader`
	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.*)/databases/(.*)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader: invalid database id %s", db)
	}

	ctx := context.Background()
	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	alterDatabase := fmt.Sprintf(
		"ALTER DATABASE `%s` SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '%s')",
		matches[2], defaultLeader,
	)

	req := adminpb.CreateDatabaseRequest{
		Parent:          matches[1],
		CreateStatement: "CREATE DATABASE `" + matches[2] + "`",
		ExtraStatements: []string{
			`CREATE TABLE Singers (
				SingerId   INT64 NOT NULL,
				FirstName  STRING(1024),
				LastName   STRING(1024),
				SingerInfo BYTES(MAX)
			) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)`,
			`CREATE TABLE Albums (
				SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
				AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
				AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
			) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
			INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE`,
			alterDatabase,
		},
	}
	op, err := adminClient.CreateDatabase(ctx, &req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader.CreateDatabase: %v", err)
	}
	dbObj, err := op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader.Wait: %v", err)
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created database [%s] with default leader%q\n", dbObj.Name, dbObj.DefaultLeader)
	return nil

}

Java


import com.google.api.gax.longrunning.OperationFuture;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Database;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.DatabaseAdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Spanner;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerException;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerExceptionFactory;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerOptions;
import com.google.spanner.admin.database.v1.CreateDatabaseMetadata;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.concurrent.ExecutionException;

public class CreateDatabaseWithDefaultLeaderSample {

  static void createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader() {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    final String projectId = "my-project";
    final String instanceId = "my-instance";
    final String databaseId = "my-database";
    final String defaultLeader = "my-default-leader";
    createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(projectId, instanceId, databaseId, defaultLeader);
  }

  static void createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader(
      String projectId, String instanceId, String databaseId, String defaultLeader) {
    try (Spanner spanner = SpannerOptions
        .newBuilder()
        .setProjectId(projectId)
        .build()
        .getService()) {
      final DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = spanner.getDatabaseAdminClient();
      final OperationFuture<Database, CreateDatabaseMetadata> operation = databaseAdminClient
          .createDatabase(
              instanceId,
              databaseId,
              Arrays.asList(
                  "CREATE TABLE Singers ("
                      + "  SingerId   INT64 NOT NULL,"
                      + "  FirstName  STRING(1024),"
                      + "  LastName   STRING(1024),"
                      + "  SingerInfo BYTES(MAX)"
                      + ") PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)",
                  "CREATE TABLE Albums ("
                      + "  SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,"
                      + "  AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,"
                      + "  AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)"
                      + ") PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),"
                      + "  INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE",
                  "ALTER DATABASE " + "`" + databaseId + "`"
                      + " SET OPTIONS ( default_leader = '" + defaultLeader + "' )"
              )
          );
      final Database database = operation.get();
      System.out.println("Created database [" + database.getId() + "]");
      System.out.println("\tDefault leader: " + database.getDefaultLeader());
    } catch (ExecutionException e) {
      // If the operation failed during execution, expose the cause.
      throw (SpannerException) e.getCause();
    } catch (InterruptedException e) {
      // Throw when a thread is waiting, sleeping, or otherwise occupied,
      // and the thread is interrupted, either before or during the activity.
      throw SpannerExceptionFactory.propagateInterrupt(e);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance-id';
// const databaseId = 'my-database-id';
// const defaultLeader = 'my-default-leader';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});
// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and a database. The database does not need to exist.
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

async function createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader() {
  // Create a new database with an extra statement which will alter the
  // database after creation to set the default leader.
  console.log(`Creating database ${database.formattedName_}.`);
  const createSingersTableStatement = `
    CREATE TABLE Singers (
      SingerId   INT64 NOT NULL,
      FirstName  STRING(1024),
      LastName   STRING(1024),
      SingerInfo BYTES(MAX)
    ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)`;
  const createAlbumsStatement = `
    CREATE TABLE Albums (
      SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
      AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
      AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
    ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
      INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE`;

  // Default leader is one of the possible values in the leaderOptions field of the
  // instance config of the instance where the database is created.
  const setDefaultLeaderStatement = `
    ALTER DATABASE \`${databaseId}\`
    SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '${defaultLeader}')`;
  const [, operation] = await database.create({
    extraStatements: [
      createSingersTableStatement,
      createAlbumsStatement,
      setDefaultLeaderStatement,
    ],
  });

  console.log(`Waiting for creation of ${database.id} to complete...`);
  await operation.promise();
  console.log(
    `Created database ${databaseId} with default leader ${defaultLeader}.`
  );
}
createDatabaseWithDefaultLeader();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Creates a database with a default leader.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * create_database_with_default_leader($instanceId, $databaseId, $defaultLeader);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 * @param string $defaultLeader The leader instance configuration used by default.
 */
function create_database_with_default_leader($instanceId, $databaseId, $defaultLeader)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);

    if (!$instance->exists()) {
        throw new \LogicException("Instance $instanceId does not exist");
    }

    $operation = $instance->createDatabase($databaseId, ['statements' => [
        'CREATE TABLE Singers (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            FirstName    STRING(1024),
            LastName     STRING(1024),
            SingerInfo   BYTES(MAX)
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)',
        'CREATE TABLE Albums (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
        INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE',
        "ALTER DATABASE `$databaseId` SET OPTIONS (
        default_leader = '$defaultLeader')"
    ]]);

    print('Waiting for operation to complete...' . PHP_EOL);
    $operation->pollUntilComplete();

    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);
    printf('Created database %s on instance %s with default leader %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $databaseId, $instanceId, $database->info()['defaultLeader']);
}

Python

def create_database_with_default_leader(
    instance_id, database_id, default_leader
):
    """Creates a database with tables with a default leader."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)

    database = instance.database(
        database_id,
        ddl_statements=[
            """CREATE TABLE Singers (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            FirstName    STRING(1024),
            LastName     STRING(1024),
            SingerInfo   BYTES(MAX)
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)""",
            """CREATE TABLE Albums (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
        INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE""",
            "ALTER DATABASE {}"
            " SET OPTIONS (default_leader = '{}')".format(database_id, default_leader),
        ],
    )
    operation = database.create()

    print("Waiting for operation to complete...")
    operation.result(OPERATION_TIMEOUT_SECONDS)

    database.reload()

    print(
        "Database {} created with default leader {}".format(
                database.name, database.default_leader
        )
    )

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"
# default_leader = "Spanner database default leader"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

db_admin_client = \
  Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Database::V1::DatabaseAdmin::Client.new

instance_path = \
  db_admin_client.instance_path project: project_id, instance: instance_id
statements = [
  "CREATE TABLE Singers (
    SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
    FirstName    STRING(1024),
    LastName     STRING(1024),
    SingerInfo   BYTES(MAX)
  ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)",

  "CREATE TABLE Albums (
    SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
    AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
    AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
  ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
  INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE",

  "ALTER DATABASE `#{database_id}` SET OPTIONS (
    default_leader = '#{default_leader}'
  )"
]

job = db_admin_client.create_database \
  parent: instance_path,
  create_statement: "CREATE DATABASE `#{database_id}`",
  extra_statements: statements

job.wait_until_done!
database = job.results

puts "Created database [#{database.name}] with default leader: #{database.default_leader}"

Viewing the leader region

Viewing the leader region of a database with the Cloud Console and gcloud

Console

  1. Go to the Spanner Instances page in the Cloud Console.

    Go to the Instances page

  2. The leader region of your database is listed under Leader region.

gcloud describe

To view the leader region of an existing database, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

gcloud spanner databases describe database --instance=instance-id

If a default leader region has been set, it is listed under defaultLeader.

If a default leader has not been set, defaultLeader is not listed. In this case Cloud Spanner uses the leader region for your multi-region configuration listed in Available configurations.

Viewing the leader region in the DDL

gcloud

To view the leader region of an a database in the DDL, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

gcloud spanner databases ddl describe database-name --instance=instance-name

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Database.V1;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Common.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class GetDatabaseDdlAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<List<string>> GetDatabaseDdlAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId)
    {
        DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = await DatabaseAdminClient.CreateAsync();
        DatabaseName databaseName = DatabaseName.FromProjectInstanceDatabase(projectId, instanceId, databaseId);
        var databaseDdl = await databaseAdminClient.GetDatabaseDdlAsync(databaseName);

        var ddlStatements = new List<string>();
        Console.WriteLine($"DDL statements for database {databaseId}:");
        foreach (var statement in databaseDdl.Statements)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(statement);
            ddlStatements.Add(statement);
        }

        return ddlStatements;
    }
}

C++

void GetDatabaseDdl(google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
                    std::string const& project_id,
                    std::string const& instance_id,
                    std::string const& database_id) {
  namespace spanner = ::google::cloud::spanner;
  auto database = client.GetDatabaseDdl(
      spanner::Database(project_id, instance_id, database_id).FullName());
  if (!database) throw std::runtime_error(database.status().message());
  std::cout << "Database metadata is:\n" << database->DebugString();
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"regexp"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
)

// getDatabaseDdl gets the DDL for the database
func getDatabaseDdl(w io.Writer, db string) error {
	// db = `projects/<project>/instances/<instance-id>/database/<database-id>`
	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.*)/databases/(.*)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("getDatabaseDdl: invalid database id %s", db)
	}

	ctx := context.Background()
	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	op, err := adminClient.GetDatabaseDdl(ctx, &adminpb.GetDatabaseDdlRequest{
		Database: db,
	})

	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Database DDL is as follows: \n [%v]", op.GetStatements())

	return nil

}

Java


import com.google.cloud.spanner.DatabaseAdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Spanner;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerOptions;
import java.util.List;

public class GetDatabaseDdlSample {

  static void getDatabaseDdl() {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    final String projectId = "my-project";
    final String instanceId = "my-instance";
    final String databaseId = "my-database";
    getDatabaseDdl(projectId, instanceId, databaseId);
  }

  static void getDatabaseDdl(
      String projectId, String instanceId, String databaseId) {
    try (Spanner spanner = SpannerOptions
        .newBuilder()
        .setProjectId(projectId)
        .build()
        .getService()) {
      final DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = spanner.getDatabaseAdminClient();
      final List<String> ddls = databaseAdminClient.getDatabaseDdl(instanceId, databaseId);
      System.out.println("Retrieved database DDL for " + databaseId);
      for (String ddl : ddls) {
        System.out.println(ddl);
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance-id';
// const databaseId = 'my-database-id';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});
// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and a database.
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

async function getDatabaseDdl() {
  // Get the schema definition of the database.
  const [ddlStatements] = await database.getSchema();

  console.log(`Retrieved database DDL for ${database.formattedName_}:`);
  ddlStatements.forEach(statement => {
    console.log(`${statement};\n`);
  });
}
getDatabaseDdl();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Gets the database DDL statements.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * get_database_ddl($instanceId, $databaseId);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 */
function get_database_ddl($instanceId, $databaseId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);

    printf("Retrieved database DDL for $databaseId" . PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($database->ddl() as $statement) {
        printf('%s' . PHP_EOL, $statement);
    }
}

Python

def get_database_ddl(instance_id, database_id):
    """Gets the database DDL statements."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
    database = instance.database(database_id)
    ddl = spanner_client.database_admin_api.get_database_ddl(database=database.name)
    print("Retrieved database DDL for {}".format(database_id))
    for statement in ddl.statements:
        print(statement)

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

db_admin_client = \
  Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Database::V1::DatabaseAdmin::Client.new

db_path = db_admin_client.database_path project: project_id,
                                        instance: instance_id,
                                        database: database_id
ddl = db_admin_client.get_database_ddl database: db_path

puts ddl.statements

Viewing the leader region in the information schema

gcloud

To view the leader region of an existing database, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

gcloud spanner databases execute-sql database-name --instance=instance-id --sql="SELECT s.OPTION_NAME, s.OPTION_VALUE FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS s WHERE s.OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'"

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Data;
using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class GetDatabaseDefaultLeaderFromInformationSchemaAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<string> GetDatabaseDefaultLeaderFromInformationSchemaAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId)
    {
        string connectionString = $"Data Source=projects/{projectId}/instances/{instanceId}/databases/{databaseId}";

        using var connection = new SpannerConnection(connectionString);
        var cmd =
            connection.CreateSelectCommand(
            @"SELECT 
                s.OPTION_NAME,
                s.OPTION_VALUE
            FROM
                INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS s
            WHERE
                s.OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'");

        var defaultLeader = string.Empty;

        Console.WriteLine($"Default leader for {databaseId}:");
        using var reader = await cmd.ExecuteReaderAsync();
        while (await reader.ReadAsync())
        {
            defaultLeader = reader.GetFieldValue<string>("OPTION_VALUE");
            Console.WriteLine(defaultLeader);
        }

        return defaultLeader;
    }
}

C++

void QueryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptions(
    google::cloud::spanner::Client client) {
  namespace spanner = ::google::cloud::spanner;
  // clang-format misinterprets the namespace alias followed by a block as
  // introducing a sub-namespace and so adds a misleading namespace-closing
  // comment at the end. This separating comment defeats that.
  {
    auto rows = client.ExecuteQuery(spanner::SqlStatement(R"""(
        SELECT s.OPTION_NAME, s.OPTION_VALUE
        FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS s
        WHERE s.OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'
      )"""));
    using RowType = std::tuple<std::string, std::string>;
    for (auto& row : spanner::StreamOf<RowType>(rows)) {
      if (!row) throw std::runtime_error(row.status().message());
      std::cout << std::get<0>(*row) << "=" << std::get<1>(*row) << "\n";
    }
  }
  {
    auto rows = client.ExecuteQuery(spanner::SqlStatement(R"""(
        SELECT s.OPTION_NAME, s.OPTION_VALUE
        FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS s
        WHERE s.OPTION_NAME = 'version_retention_period'
      )"""));
    using RowType = std::tuple<std::string, std::string>;
    for (auto& row : spanner::StreamOf<RowType>(rows)) {
      if (!row) throw std::runtime_error(row.status().message());
      std::cout << std::get<0>(*row) << "=" << std::get<1>(*row) << "\n";
    }
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"regexp"

	"cloud.google.com/go/spanner"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

// queryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptions queries the database options from the
// information schema table.
func queryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptions(w io.Writer, db string) error {
	// db = `projects/<project>/instances/<instance-id>/database/<database-id>`
	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.+)/databases/(.+)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("queryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptions: invalid database id %q", db)
	}
	databaseID := matches[2]

	ctx := context.Background()
	client, err := spanner.NewClient(ctx, db)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer client.Close()

	stmt := spanner.Statement{SQL: `SELECT OPTION_NAME, OPTION_VALUE
	                                FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS 
                                    WHERE OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'`}
	iter := client.Single().Query(ctx, stmt)
	defer iter.Stop()

	for {
		row, err := iter.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			return nil
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		var option_name, option_value string
		if err := row.Columns(&option_name, &option_value); err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "The result of the query to get %s for %s is %s", option_name, databaseID, option_value)
	}
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.spanner.DatabaseClient;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.DatabaseId;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.ResultSet;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Spanner;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerOptions;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Statement;

public class QueryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptionsSample {

  static void queryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptions() {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    final String projectId = "my-project";
    final String instanceId = "my-instance";
    final String databaseId = "my-database";
    queryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptions(projectId, instanceId, databaseId);
  }

  static void queryInformationSchemaDatabaseOptions(
      String projectId, String instanceId, String databaseId) {
    try (Spanner spanner = SpannerOptions
        .newBuilder()
        .setProjectId(projectId)
        .build()
        .getService()) {
      final DatabaseId id = DatabaseId.of(projectId, instanceId, databaseId);
      final DatabaseClient databaseClient = spanner.getDatabaseClient(id);

      try (ResultSet resultSet = databaseClient
          .singleUse()
          .executeQuery(Statement.of(
              "SELECT OPTION_NAME, OPTION_VALUE"
                  + " FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS"
                  + " WHERE OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'")
          )) {
        if (resultSet.next()) {
          final String optionName = resultSet.getString("OPTION_NAME");
          final String optionValue = resultSet.getString("OPTION_VALUE");

          System.out.println("The " + optionName + " for " + id + " is " + optionValue);
        } else {
          System.out.println(
              "Database " + id + " does not have a value for option 'default_leader'"
          );
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance-id';
// const databaseId = 'my-database-id';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});
// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and a database.
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

async function getDatabaseDdl() {
  // Get the default leader option for the database.
  const [rows] = await database.run({
    sql: `
      SELECT s.OPTION_NAME, s.OPTION_VALUE
      FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS s
      WHERE s.OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'`,
    json: true,
  });
  if (rows.length > 0) {
    const option = rows[0];
    console.log(
      `The ${option.OPTION_NAME} for ${databaseId} is ${option.OPTION_VALUE}`
    );
  } else {
    console.log(
      `Database ${databaseId} does not have a value for option 'default_leader'`
    );
  }
}
getDatabaseDdl();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Queries the default leader of a database.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * query_information_schema_database_options($instanceId, $databaseId);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 */
function query_information_schema_database_options($instanceId, $databaseId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);

    $results = $database->execute(
        "SELECT s.OPTION_NAME, s.OPTION_VALUE
        FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS s
        WHERE s.OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'"
    );

    foreach ($results as $row) {
        $optionName = $row['OPTION_NAME'];
        $optionValue = $row['OPTION_VALUE'];
        printf("The $optionName for $databaseId is $optionValue" . PHP_EOL);
    }
    if (!$results->stats()['rowCountExact']) {
        printf("Database $databaseId does not have a value for option 'default_leader'");
    }
}

Python

def query_information_schema_database_options(instance_id, database_id):
    """Queries the default leader of a database."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
    database = instance.database(database_id)
    with database.snapshot() as snapshot:
        results = snapshot.execute_sql(
            "SELECT OPTION_VALUE AS default_leader "
            "FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS "
            "WHERE SCHEMA_NAME = '' AND OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'"
        )
        for result in results:
            print("Database {} has default leader {}".format(
                database_id, result[0]
            ))

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID

require "google/cloud/spanner"

spanner = Google::Cloud::Spanner.new project: project_id
client = spanner.client instance_id, database_id

client.execute(
  "SELECT s.OPTION_NAME, s.OPTION_VALUE " \
  "FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.DATABASE_OPTIONS s" \
  " WHERE s.OPTION_NAME = 'default_leader'"
).rows.each do |row|
  puts row
end

Viewing the leader regions for multiple databases

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Database.V1;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Common.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class ListDatabasesSample
{
    public IEnumerable<Database> ListDatabases(string projectId, string instanceId)
    {
        var databaseAdminClient = DatabaseAdminClient.Create();
        var instanceName = InstanceName.FromProjectInstance(projectId, instanceId);
        var databases = databaseAdminClient.ListDatabases(instanceName);

        foreach (var database in databases)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"Default leader for database {database.DatabaseName.DatabaseId}: {database.DefaultLeader}");
        }

        return databases;
    }
}

C++

void ListDatabases(google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
                   std::string const& project_id,
                   std::string const& instance_id) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Instance in(project_id, instance_id);
  int count = 0;
  for (auto const& database : client.ListDatabases(in.FullName())) {
    if (!database) throw std::runtime_error(database.status().message());
    std::cout << "Database " << database->name() << " full metadata:\n"
              << database->DebugString();
    ++count;
  }
  if (count == 0) {
    std::cout << "No databases found in instance " << instance_id
              << " for project << " << project_id << "\n";
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
)

// listDatabases gets list of all databases for an instance
func listDatabases(w io.Writer, instanceId string) error {
	// instanceId = `projects/<project>/instances/<instance-id>
	ctx := context.Background()
	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	iter := adminClient.ListDatabases(ctx, &adminpb.ListDatabasesRequest{
		Parent: instanceId,
	})

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Databases for instance/[%s]", instanceId)
	for {
		resp, err := iter.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "%s\n", resp.Name)
	}

	return nil

}

Java


import com.google.api.gax.paging.Page;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Database;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.DatabaseAdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Spanner;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerOptions;

public class ListDatabasesSample {

  static void listDatabases() {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    final String projectId = "my-project";
    final String instanceId = "my-instance";
    listDatabases(projectId, instanceId);
  }

  static void listDatabases(String projectId, String instanceId) {
    try (Spanner spanner = SpannerOptions
        .newBuilder()
        .setProjectId(projectId)
        .build()
        .getService()) {
      final DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = spanner.getDatabaseAdminClient();
      Page<Database> page = databaseAdminClient.listDatabases(instanceId);
      System.out.println("Databases for projects/" + projectId + "/instances/" + instanceId);
      while (page != null) {
        for (Database database : page.iterateAll()) {
          final String defaultLeader = database.getDefaultLeader().equals("")
              ? "" : "(default leader = " + database.getDefaultLeader() + ")";
          System.out.println("\t" + database.getId() + " " + defaultLeader);
        }
        page = page.getNextPage();
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance-id';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});
// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);

async function listDatabases() {
  // Lists all databases on the instance.
  const [databases] = await instance.getDatabases();
  console.log(`Databases for projects/${projectId}/instances/${instanceId}:`);
  databases.forEach(database => {
    const defaultLeader = database.metadata.defaultLeader
      ? `(default leader = ${database.metadata.defaultLeader})`
      : '';
    console.log(`\t${database.id} ${defaultLeader}`);
  });
}
listDatabases();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Lists the databases and their leader options.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * list_databases($instanceId);
 * ```
 *
 * @param $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 */
function list_databases($instanceId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    printf('Databases for %s' . PHP_EOL, $instance->name());
    foreach ($instance->databases() as $database) {
        if (isset($database->info()['defaultLeader'])) {
            printf("\t%s (default leader = %s)" . PHP_EOL,
                $database->info()['name'], $database->info()['defaultLeader']);
        } else {
            printf("\t%s" . PHP_EOL, $database->info()['name']);
        }
    }
}

Python

def list_databases(instance_id):
    """Lists databases and their leader options."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)

    databases = list(instance.list_databases())
    for database in databases:
        print(
            "Database {} has default leader {}".format(
                database.name, database.default_leader
            )
        )

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

db_admin_client = \
  Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Database::V1::DatabaseAdmin::Client.new

instance_path = db_admin_client.instance_path project: project_id,
                                              instance: instance_id
databases = db_admin_client.list_databases parent: instance_path

databases.each do |db|
  puts "#{db.name} : default leader #{db.default_leader}"
end

Viewing available leader options

Viewing available leader options for an instance config

gcloud

To view the regions which you can set to be the default leader region, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

gcloud spanner instance-configs describe instance-config

The regions that you can choose are listed under leaderOptions.

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Instance.V1;
using System;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class GetInstanceConfigAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<InstanceConfig> GetInstanceConfigAsync(string projectId, string instanceConfigId)
    {
        var instanceAdminClient = await InstanceAdminClient.CreateAsync();
        var instanceConfigName = InstanceConfigName.FromProjectInstanceConfig(projectId, instanceConfigId);
        var instanceConfig = await instanceAdminClient.GetInstanceConfigAsync(instanceConfigName);

        Console.WriteLine($"Available leader options for instance config {instanceConfigName.InstanceConfigId}:");
        foreach (var leader in instanceConfig.LeaderOptions)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(leader);
        }
        return instanceConfig;
    }
}

C++

void GetInstanceConfig(google::cloud::spanner_admin::InstanceAdminClient client,
                       std::string const& project_id,
                       std::string const& instance_config_name) {
  auto project = google::cloud::Project(project_id);
  auto instance_config = client.GetInstanceConfig(
      project.FullName() + "/instanceConfigs/" + instance_config_name);
  if (!instance_config) {
    throw std::runtime_error(instance_config.status().message());
  }

  std::cout << "The instanceConfig " << instance_config->name()
            << " exists and its metadata is:\n"
            << instance_config->DebugString();
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	instance "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/instance/apiv1"
	instancepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/instance/v1"
)

// getInstanceConfig gets available leader options
func getInstanceConfig(w io.Writer, instanceConfigName string) error {
	// defaultLeader = `nam3`
	ctx := context.Background()
	instanceAdmin, err := instance.NewInstanceAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer instanceAdmin.Close()

	ic, err := instanceAdmin.GetInstanceConfig(ctx, &instancepb.GetInstanceConfigRequest{
		Name: instanceConfigName,
	})

	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("could not get instance config %s: %v", instanceConfigName, err)
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Available leader options for instance config %s: %v", instanceConfigName, ic.LeaderOptions)

	return nil
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.spanner.InstanceAdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.InstanceConfig;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Spanner;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerOptions;

public class GetInstanceConfigSample {

  static void getInstanceConfig() {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    final String projectId = "my-project";
    final String instanceConfigName = "nam6";
    getInstanceConfig(projectId, instanceConfigName);
  }

  static void getInstanceConfig(String projectId, String instanceConfigName) {
    try (Spanner spanner = SpannerOptions
        .newBuilder()
        .setProjectId(projectId)
        .build()
        .getService()) {
      final InstanceAdminClient instanceAdminClient = spanner.getInstanceAdminClient();

      final InstanceConfig instanceConfig = instanceAdminClient
          .getInstanceConfig(instanceConfigName);

      System.out.printf(
          "Available leader options for instance config %s: %s%n",
          instanceConfig.getId(),
          instanceConfig.getLeaderOptions()
      );
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following line before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

async function getInstanceConfig() {
  // Get the instance config for the multi-region North America 6 (NAM6).
  // See https://cloud.google.com/spanner/docs/instance-configurations#configuration for a list of all available
  // configurations.
  const [instanceConfig] = await spanner.getInstanceConfig('nam6');
  console.log(
    `Available leader options for instance config ${instanceConfig.name} ('${
      instanceConfig.displayName
    }'): 
         ${instanceConfig.leaderOptions.join()}`
  );
}
getInstanceConfig();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Gets the leader options for the instance configuration.
 *
 * @param string $instanceConfig The name of the instance configuration.
 */
function get_instance_config($instanceConfig)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $config = $spanner->instanceConfiguration($instanceConfig);
    printf('Available leader options for instance config %s: %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $instanceConfig, $config->info()['leaderOptions']
    );
}

Python

def get_instance_config(instance_config):
    """Gets the leader options for the instance configuration."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    config_name = "{}/instanceConfigs/{}".format(spanner_client.project_name, instance_config)
    config = spanner_client.instance_admin_api.get_instance_config(name=config_name)
    print("Available leader options for instance config {}: {}".format(
        instance_config, config.leader_options))

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_config_id = "Spanner instance config ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

instance_admin_client = \
  Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Instance::V1::InstanceAdmin::Client.new

instance_config_path = instance_admin_client.instance_config_path \
  project: project_id, instance_config: instance_config_id
config = instance_admin_client.get_instance_config name: instance_config_path

puts "Available leader options for instance config #{config.name} : #{config.leader_options}"

Viewing available leader options for all instance configs

gcloud

To view the regions which you can set to be the default leader region for all of the instance configs, run the following command, replacing variables with appropriate values:

gcloud spanner instance-configs list

C#


using Google.Api.Gax.ResourceNames;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Instance.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class ListInstanceConfigsSample
{
    public IEnumerable<InstanceConfig> ListInstanceConfigs(string projectId)
    {
        var instanceAdminClient = InstanceAdminClient.Create();
        var projectName = ProjectName.FromProject(projectId);
        var instanceConfigs = instanceAdminClient.ListInstanceConfigs(projectName);

        foreach (var instanceConfig in instanceConfigs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"Available leader options for instance config {instanceConfig.InstanceConfigName.InstanceConfigId}:");
            foreach (var leader in instanceConfig.LeaderOptions)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(leader);
            }
        }
        return instanceConfigs;
    }
}

C++

void ListInstanceConfigs(
    google::cloud::spanner_admin::InstanceAdminClient client,
    std::string const& project_id) {
  int count = 0;
  auto project = google::cloud::Project(project_id);
  for (auto const& instance_config :
       client.ListInstanceConfigs(project.FullName())) {
    if (!instance_config) {
      throw std::runtime_error(instance_config.status().message());
    }
    ++count;
    std::cout << "Instance config [" << count << "]:\n"
              << instance_config->DebugString();
  }
  if (count == 0) {
    std::cout << "No instance configs found in project " << project_id << "\n";
  }
}

Go

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	instance "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/instance/apiv1"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
	instancepb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/instance/v1"
)

// istInstanceConfigs gets available leader options for all instances
func listInstanceConfigs(w io.Writer, projectName string) error {
	// projectName = `projects/<project>
	ctx := context.Background()
	instanceAdmin, err := instance.NewInstanceAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer instanceAdmin.Close()

	request := &instancepb.ListInstanceConfigsRequest{
		Parent: projectName,
	}
	for {
		iter := instanceAdmin.ListInstanceConfigs(ctx, request)
		for {
			ic, err := iter.Next()
			if err == iterator.Done {
				break
			}
			if err != nil {
				return err
			}
			fmt.Fprintf(w, "Available leader options for instance config %s: %v\n", ic.Name, ic.LeaderOptions)
		}
		pageToken := iter.PageInfo().Token
		if pageToken == "" {
			break
		} else {
			request.PageToken = pageToken
		}
	}

	return nil
}

Java


import com.google.cloud.spanner.InstanceAdminClient;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.InstanceConfig;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.Spanner;
import com.google.cloud.spanner.SpannerOptions;

public class ListInstanceConfigsSample {

  static void listInstanceConfigs() {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    final String projectId = "my-project";
    listInstanceConfigs(projectId);
  }

  static void listInstanceConfigs(String projectId) {
    try (Spanner spanner = SpannerOptions
        .newBuilder()
        .setProjectId(projectId)
        .build()
        .getService()) {
      final InstanceAdminClient instanceAdminClient = spanner.getInstanceAdminClient();

      for (InstanceConfig instanceConfig : instanceAdminClient.listInstanceConfigs().iterateAll()) {
        System.out.printf(
            "Available leader options for instance config %s: %s%n",
            instanceConfig.getId(),
            instanceConfig.getLeaderOptions()
        );
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following line before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

async function listInstanceConfigs() {
  // Lists all available instance configurations in the project.
  // See https://cloud.google.com/spanner/docs/instance-configurations#configuration for a list of all available
  // configurations.
  const [instanceConfigs] = await spanner.getInstanceConfigs();
  console.log(`Available instance configs for project ${projectId}:`);
  instanceConfigs.forEach(instanceConfig => {
    console.log(
      `Available leader options for instance config ${
        instanceConfig.name
      } ('${instanceConfig.displayName}'): 
         ${instanceConfig.leaderOptions.join()}`
    );
  });
}
listInstanceConfigs();

PHP

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Lists the available instance configurations.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * list_instance_configs();
 * ```
 */
function list_instance_configs()
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    foreach ($spanner->instanceConfigurations() as $config) {
        printf('Available leader options for instance config %s: %s' . PHP_EOL,
            $config->info()['displayName'], $config->info()['leaderOptions']
        );
    }
}

Python

def list_instance_config():
    """Lists the available instance configurations."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    configs = spanner_client.list_instance_configs()
    for config in configs:
        print(
            "Available leader options for instance config {}: {}".format(
                config.name, config.leader_options
            )
        )

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

instance_admin_client = \
  Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Instance::V1::InstanceAdmin::Client.new

project_path = instance_admin_client.project_path project: project_id
configs = instance_admin_client.list_instance_configs parent: project_path

configs.each do |c|
  puts "Available leader options for instance config #{c.name} : #{c.leader_options}"
end