What is Google Cloud Monitoring?

Google Cloud Monitoring provides dashboards and alerts for your cloud-powered applications. You configure Cloud Monitoring using the Cloud Monitoring Console. Review performance metrics for cloud services, virtual machines, and common open source servers such as MongoDB, Apache, Nginx, Elasticsearch, and more. Use the Cloud Monitoring API to retrieve monitoring data and create custom metrics.

Google Cloud Monitoring is simple to set up. Get charting and alerting tools out of the box. Use the smart defaults or define your own custom dashboards.

Receive alerts when issues occur. Receive alerts via email, SMS, PagerDuty, HipChat, and more. Alert on individual metrics and thresholds or on aggregate group performance.

Integrate with common open source software. Cloud Monitoring collects metrics from many common open source servers with minimal configuration. It helps you discover trends unique to your Cassandra clusters or Nginx servers.

To start using the Cloud Monitoring Console right away, see the Getting Started guide.
To start using the Cloud Monitoring API right away, see the API Getting Started guide.

To provide feedback on the beta release of Cloud Monitoring, preferably click Send Feedback on the Help menu in the Cloud Monitoring Console. Alternatively, you may email monitoring-and-logs-feedback@google.com.

Cloud Monitoring concepts

Resources and groups

A resource is an abstract object provided by certain products, platforms, or services within Google Cloud Platform. For example, Google Compute Engine provides a resource called VM instance, Cloud SQL provides a database instance, Cloud Pub/Sub provides topics, and so forth.

A group is a collection of resources, such as "all VM instances in my project that are running Cassandra." Cloud Monitoring can automatically detect resources that are related and group them together. Groups are not presently available in App Engine-only projects.


A metric is a measured value that can be used to assess a system. Examples of metrics in the Google Cloud Platform include CPU utilization, request processing latency, amount of storage consumed, and so forth. Metrics are typically qualified, or labeled, by particular resources. For example, you can measure the CPU utilization of VM instance A, the request processing latency in web server B, the amount of storage used by project C, and so forth. When a metric is measured over time, it produces a time series of data.

A service metric or platform metric is a metric that is provided for you when you use a particular service or platform. For example, Google App Engine provides a set of platform metrics that available to its users.

You can define custom metrics to measure any aspect of your system. Custom metrics might include cart checkouts, user logins, or business KPIs. You are responsible for sending your custom metrics data to Cloud Monitoring using the custom-metrics API.

Charts and dashboards

A chart is a named, visual representation of one or more metrics. You can create a chart that displays the time series data for one or more metrics, or you can aggregate several metrics. For example, you can create a chart named "VM Latency" that shows the average CPU utilization for a group of VMs.

A dashboard is a collection of charts and other information such as event logs and incident lists. Dashboards are organized in a single page view. You can create a dashboard to show a snapshot of your system's overall health or to show specific information about factors influencing that health. You can add or remove charts from dashboards as needed.

Uptime checks and events

Uptime checks is a service of Cloud Monitoring. You configure the service to check your system's health by sending requests to your applications, services, or URLs from various locations around the world. You can use the results of the checks as conditions in your alert policies, so you will be notified if system health is degraded.

An event log is a time-ordered list of system events related to your application and to the platforms and services it uses. Examples of events include downtime of the cloud infrastructure, notifications related to your alert policy, and code deployments. You can also add your own events to the log. Event logs are supported by Cloud Monitoring and are different from the logs supported by Google Cloud Logging.

Alerts, notifications, and incidents

An alert policy is a set of rules that determine whether your resources or groups are operating normally. The rules are logical conditions involving metric thresholds and uptime checks. For example, you can create a rule that your web site's average response latency must not exceed five seconds over a period of two minutes.

An alert occurs when an alert policy's conditions are met, causing an incident to appear in the Incidents section of the Cloud Monitoring Console. Incidents remain open until the alert policy rules are no longer in violation or until the incident is manually closed.

You can associate notifications with alert policies. For example, alerts can send email or SMS notifications to people or services.

Google Cloud Monitoring and Stackdriver

Stackdriver is a company that joined Google in May of 2014. Stackdriver created a popular monitoring service for cloud-powered applications. Aspects of Google Cloud Monitoring rely on systems and technologies from Stackdriver.

Google continues to invest in the Stackdriver product to monitor Amazon Web Services while integrating Stackdriver with Google Cloud Platform.