Apache Kafka

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The Apache Kafka integration collects broker metrics, such as topic requests and failures. It also monitors the partitions on the broker. The integration collects Kafka logs and parses them into a JSON payload. The result includes fields for logger, level, and message.

For more information about Kafka, see kafka.apache.org/.

Prerequisites

To collect and ingest Kafka logs and metrics, you must install Ops Agent version 2.10.0 or higher.

This receiver supports Apache Kafka versions 0.8 through 3.0.0.

Configure your Kafka instance

To expose a JMX endpoint, you must set the com.sun.management.jmxremote.port system property when starting the JVM. We also recommend setting the com.sun.management.jmxremote.rmi.port system property to the same port. To expose a JMX endpoint remotely, you must also set the java.rmi.server.hostname system property.

By default, these properties are set in a Kafka deployment's bin/kafka-run-class.sh file.

To set system properties by using command-line arguments, prepend the property name with -D when starting the JVM. For example, to set com.sun.management.jmxremote.port to port 9999, specify the following when starting the JVM:

-Dcom.sun.management.jmxremote.port=9999

Configure the Ops Agent for Kafka

Following the guide for Configuring the Ops Agent, add the required elements to collect logs and metrics from your Kafka instances, and restart the agent.

Example configuration

The following command creates the configuration file to collect and ingest logs and metrics for Kafka and restarts the Ops Agent on Linux.

sudo tee /etc/google-cloud-ops-agent/config.yaml > /dev/null << EOF
logging:
  receivers:
    kafka:
      type: kafka
  service:
    pipelines:
      kafka:
        receivers:
          - kafka
metrics:
  receivers:
    kafka:
      type: kafka
  service:
    pipelines:
      kafka:
        receivers:
          - kafka
EOF
sudo service google-cloud-ops-agent restart

Configure logs collection

To ingest logs from Kafka, you must create receivers for the logs Kafka produces and then create a pipeline for the new receivers. To configure a receiver for your kafka logs, specify the following fields:

Field Default Description
type The value must be kafka.
include_paths [/var/log/kafka/*.log] A list of filesystem paths to read by tailing each file. A wild card (*) can be used in the paths; for example, /var/log/kafka*/*.log.
exclude_paths A list of filesystem path patterns to exclude from the set matched by include_paths.
record_log_file_path false If set to true, then the path to the specific file from which the log record was obtained appears in the output log entry as the value of the agent.googleapis.com/log_file_path label. When using a wildcard, only the path of the file from which the record was obtained is recorded.
wildcard_refresh_interval 60s The interval at which wildcard file paths in include_paths are refreshed. Given as a time duration, for example 30s or 2m. This property might be useful under high logging throughputs where log files are rotated faster than the default interval. Must be a multiple of 1s.

What is logged

The logName of the kafka logs are derived from the receiver IDs specified in the configuration. Detailed fields inside the LogEntry are as follows.

Field Type Description
jsonPayload.source string Module and/or thread where the log originated.
jsonPayload.logger string Name of the logger where the log originated.
jsonPayload.message string Log message, including detailed stacktrace where provided.
severity string (LogSeverity) Log entry level (translated).
timestamp string (Timestamp) Time the request was received.

Any fields that are blank or missing will not be present in the log entry.

Configure metrics collection

To collect metrics from Kafka, you must create a receiver for Kafka metrics and then create a pipeline for the new receiver. To configure a receiver for your Kafka metrics, specify the following fields:

Field Default Description
type The value must be kafka.
stub_status_url localhost:9999 The JMX Service URL or host and port used to construct the Service URL. Must be in the form of service:jmx:<protocol>:<sap> or host:port. Values in host:port form will be used to create a Service URL of service:jmx:rmi:///jndi/rmi://<host>:<port>/jmxrmi.
collect_jvm_metrics true Configures the receiver to also collect the supported JVM metrics.
username The configured username if JMX is configured to require authentication.
password The configured password if JMX is configured to require authentication.
collection_interval 60s A time.Duration value, such as 30s or 5m.

What is monitored

The following table provides the list of metrics that the Ops Agent collects from the Kafka instance.

Metric type 
Kind, Type
Monitored resources
Labels
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.isr.operation.count
CUMULATIVEINT64
gce_instance
operation
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.message.count
CUMULATIVEINT64
gce_instance
 
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.network.io
CUMULATIVEINT64
gce_instance
state
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.partition.count
GAUGEINT64
gce_instance
 
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.partition.offline
GAUGEINT64
gce_instance
 
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.partition.under_replicated
GAUGEINT64
gce_instance
 
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.purgatory.size
GAUGEINT64
gce_instance
type
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.request.count
CUMULATIVEINT64
gce_instance
type
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.request.failed
CUMULATIVEINT64
gce_instance
type
workload.googleapis.com/kafka.request.time.total
CUMULATIVEINT64
gce_instance
type

Verify the configuration

You can use the Logs Explorer and Metrics Explorer to verify that you correctly configured the Kafka receiver. It might take one or two minutes for the Ops Agent to begin collecting logs and metrics.

To verify the logs are ingested, go to the Logs Explorer and run the following query to view the Kafka logs:

resource.type="gce_instance"
logName=("projects/PROJECT_ID/logs/kafka")


To verify the metrics are ingested, go to Metrics Explorer and run the following query in the MQL tab.

fetch gce_instance
| metric 'workload.googleapis.com/kafka.request.count'
| align rate(1m)
| every 1m

What's next

For a walkthrough on how to use Ansible to install the Ops Agent, configure a third-party application, and install a sample dashboard, see the Install the Ops Agent to troubleshoot third-party applications video.