Datastore mode client libraries

This page shows how to get started with the Cloud Client Libraries for the Datastore API. Client libraries make it easier to access Google Cloud APIs from a supported language. Although you can use Google Cloud APIs directly by making raw requests to the server, client libraries provide simplifications that significantly reduce the amount of code you need to write.

Read more about the Cloud Client Libraries and the older Google API Client Libraries in Client libraries explained.

Install the client library

C#

Install-Package Google.Cloud.Datastore.V1

For more information, see Setting Up a C# Development Environment.

Go

go get cloud.google.com/go/datastore

For more information, see Setting Up a Go Development Environment.

Java

If you are using Maven, add the following to your pom.xml file. For more information about BOMs, see The Google Cloud Platform Libraries BOM.

<dependencyManagement>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
      <artifactId>libraries-bom</artifactId>
      <version>26.32.0</version>
      <type>pom</type>
      <scope>import</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</dependencyManagement>

<dependencies>
  <dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.cloud</groupId>
    <artifactId>google-cloud-datastore</artifactId>
  </dependency>

If you are using Gradle, add the following to your dependencies:

implementation platform('com.google.cloud:libraries-bom:26.32.0')

implementation 'com.google.cloud:google-cloud-datastore'

If you are using sbt, add the following to your dependencies:

libraryDependencies += "com.google.cloud" % "google-cloud-datastore" % "2.18.4"

If you're using Visual Studio Code, IntelliJ, or Eclipse, you can add client libraries to your project using the following IDE plugins:

The plugins provide additional functionality, such as key management for service accounts. Refer to each plugin's documentation for details.

For more information, see Setting Up a Java Development Environment.

Node.js

npm install --save @google-cloud/datastore

For more information, see Setting Up a Node.js Development Environment.

PHP

composer require google/cloud-datastore

For more information, see Using PHP on Google Cloud.

Python

pip install --upgrade google-cloud-datastore

For more information, see Setting Up a Python Development Environment.

Ruby

gem install google-cloud-datastore

For more information, see Setting Up a Ruby Development Environment.

Set up authentication

To authenticate calls to Google Cloud APIs, client libraries support Application Default Credentials (ADC); the libraries look for credentials in a set of defined locations and use those credentials to authenticate requests to the API. With ADC, you can make credentials available to your application in a variety of environments, such as local development or production, without needing to modify your application code.

For production environments, the way you set up ADC depends on the service and context. For more information, see Set up Application Default Credentials.

For a local development environment, you can set up ADC with the credentials that are associated with your Google Account:

  1. Install and initialize the gcloud CLI.

    When you initialize the gcloud CLI, be sure to specify a Google Cloud project in which you have permission to access the resources your application needs.

  2. Create your credential file:

    gcloud auth application-default login

    A sign-in screen appears. After you sign in, your credentials are stored in the local credential file used by ADC.

Use the client library

The following example shows how to use the client library.

C#

using Google.Cloud.Datastore.V1;

namespace GoogleCloudSamples
{
    public class QuickStart
    {
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Your Google Cloud Platform project ID
            string projectId = "YOUR-PROJECT-ID";

            // Instantiates a client
            DatastoreDb db = DatastoreDb.Create(projectId);

            // The kind for the new entity
            string kind = "Task";
            // The name/ID for the new entity
            string name = "sampletask1";
            KeyFactory keyFactory = db.CreateKeyFactory(kind);
            // The Cloud Datastore key for the new entity
            Key key = keyFactory.CreateKey(name);

            var task = new Entity
            {
                Key = key,
                ["description"] = "Buy milk"
            };
            using (DatastoreTransaction transaction = db.BeginTransaction())
            {
                // Saves the task
                transaction.Upsert(task);
                transaction.Commit();

                Console.WriteLine($"Saved {task.Key.Path[0].Name}: {(string)task["description"]}");
            }
        }
    }
}

Go


// Sample datastore-quickstart fetches an entity from Google Cloud Datastore.
package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"log"

	"cloud.google.com/go/datastore"
)

type Task struct {
	Description string
}

func main() {
	ctx := context.Background()

	// Set your Google Cloud Platform project ID.
	projectID := "YOUR_PROJECT_ID"

	// Creates a client.
	client, err := datastore.NewClient(ctx, projectID)
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to create client: %v", err)
	}
	defer client.Close()

	// Sets the kind for the new entity.
	kind := "Task"
	// Sets the name/ID for the new entity.
	name := "sampletask1"
	// Creates a Key instance.
	taskKey := datastore.NameKey(kind, name, nil)

	// Creates a Task instance.
	task := Task{
		Description: "Buy milk",
	}

	// Saves the new entity.
	if _, err := client.Put(ctx, taskKey, &task); err != nil {
		log.Fatalf("Failed to save task: %v", err)
	}

	fmt.Printf("Saved %v: %v\n", taskKey, task.Description)
}

Java

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
import com.google.cloud.datastore.Datastore;
import com.google.cloud.datastore.DatastoreOptions;
import com.google.cloud.datastore.Entity;
import com.google.cloud.datastore.Key;

public class QuickstartSample {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // Instantiates a client
    Datastore datastore = DatastoreOptions.getDefaultInstance().getService();

    // The kind for the new entity
    String kind = "Task";
    // The name/ID for the new entity
    String name = "sampletask1";
    // The Cloud Datastore key for the new entity
    Key taskKey = datastore.newKeyFactory().setKind(kind).newKey(name);

    // Prepares the new entity
    Entity task = Entity.newBuilder(taskKey).set("description", "Buy milk").build();

    // Saves the entity
    datastore.put(task);

    System.out.printf("Saved %s: %s%n", task.getKey().getName(), task.getString("description"));

    // Retrieve entity
    Entity retrieved = datastore.get(taskKey);

    System.out.printf("Retrieved %s: %s%n", taskKey.getName(), retrieved.getString("description"));
  }
}

Node.js

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Datastore} = require('@google-cloud/datastore');

// Creates a client
const datastore = new Datastore();

async function quickstart() {
  // The kind for the new entity
  const kind = 'Task';

  // The name/ID for the new entity
  const name = 'sampletask1';

  // The Cloud Datastore key for the new entity
  const taskKey = datastore.key([kind, name]);

  // Prepares the new entity
  const task = {
    key: taskKey,
    data: {
      description: 'Buy milk',
    },
  };

  // Saves the entity
  await datastore.save(task);
  console.log(`Saved ${task.key.name}: ${task.data.description}`);
}
quickstart();

PHP

# Includes the autoloader for libraries installed with composer
require __DIR__ . '/vendor/autoload.php';

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
use Google\Cloud\Datastore\DatastoreClient;

# Your Google Cloud Platform project ID
$projectId = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';

# Instantiates a client
$datastore = new DatastoreClient([
    'projectId' => $projectId
]);

# The kind for the new entity
$kind = 'Task';

# The name/ID for the new entity
$name = 'sampletask1';

# The Cloud Datastore key for the new entity
$taskKey = $datastore->key($kind, $name);

# Prepares the new entity
$task = $datastore->entity($taskKey, ['description' => 'Buy milk']);

# Saves the entity
$datastore->upsert($task);

echo 'Saved ' . $task->key() . ': ' . $task['description'] . PHP_EOL;

Python

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
from google.cloud import datastore

# Instantiates a client
datastore_client = datastore.Client()

# The kind for the new entity
kind = "Task"
# The name/ID for the new entity
name = "sampletask1"
# The Cloud Datastore key for the new entity
task_key = datastore_client.key(kind, name)

# Prepares the new entity
task = datastore.Entity(key=task_key)
task["description"] = "Buy milk"

# Saves the entity
datastore_client.put(task)

print(f"Saved {task.key.name}: {task['description']}")

Ruby

# Imports the Google Cloud client library
require "google/cloud/datastore"

# Instantiate a client
datastore = Google::Cloud::Datastore.new

# The kind for the new entity
kind = "Task"
# The name/ID for the new entity
# task_name = "sampleTask"
# The Cloud Datastore key for the new entity
task_key = datastore.key kind, task_name

# Prepares the new entity
task = datastore.entity task_key do |t|
  t["description"] = "Buy milk"
end

# Saves the entity
datastore.save task

puts "Saved #{task.key.name}: #{task['description']}"
task_key = datastore.find task_key

Additional resources

C#

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for C#:

Go

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Go:

Java

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Java:

Node.js

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Node.js:

PHP

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for PHP:

Python

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Python:

Ruby

The following list contains links to more resources related to the client library for Ruby:

Dependency on App Engine application

See App Engine Requirement.

Google App Engine Standard Environment Client Libraries

Integrate Firestore in Datastore mode with your App Engine Standard Environment applications by using the App Engine client libraries.

Language Library
Go Google App Engine SDK for Go
Java Google App Engine SDK for Java
Python 3 Google Cloud Datastore client library or the Google Cloud NDB Client Library.
Python 2 Google Cloud NDB Client Library

Third-party Datastore API client libraries

In addition to the Google-supported client libraries listed in the tables above, a set of third-party libraries are available.

Language Library
Java Objectify
PHP Datastore Library for PHP