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Connect Container Builder to GitHub through Cloud Functions

Author(s): @cbuchacher ,   Published: 2018-05-14

Contributed by the Google Cloud community. Not official Google documentation.

This tutorial demonstrates how to use Cloud Build as a continuous integration service for GitHub repositories. You will implement a Cloud Function that listens to build events and updates the build status in GitHub using the Status API. The function is implemented in Node.js.


  1. Create a project in the Cloud Console.
  2. Enable billing for your project.
  3. Install the Cloud SDK.

Set up automated builds with a build trigger

You will use Cloud Build and its build triggers to upload your website automatically every time you push a new git commit to the source repository.

If you do not have a repository on GitHub, you can fork this sample repository for this tutorial.

  1. Go to the Cloud Build → [Triggers][p6n-triggers] page.

  2. Click Create trigger.

  3. Enter a name for your trigger (e.g., publish-website).

  4. If you forked the sample repository for this tutorial, select Push to a branch as your repository event.

  5. Select the repository that contains your source code and build configuration file.

  6. Specify the regular expression for the branch that will start your trigger (e.g., ^master$).

  7. Choose Cloud build configuration (yaml or json) as your build configuration file type.

  8. In the Cloud Build configuration file location field, set the file location to cloudbuild.yaml after the /.

  9. Click Create to save your build trigger.

Now, create a cloudbuild.yaml file with the following contents in your repository. Note that you can add files to your repository on the GitHub website, or by cloning the repository on your development machine:

  - name: gcr.io/cloud-builders/git
    args: ["show", "README.md"]

This YAML file declares a build step with the git show command. It prints the contents of the README.md file to the build logs.

After saving the file, commit and push the changes:

$ git add cloudbuild.yaml
$ git commit -m 'Add build configuration'
$ git push

Start the first build

After you push the cloudbuild.yaml file to your repository and create the build trigger, you can start the first build manually. Go to the Cloud Console Triggers section, click Run trigger, and choose the the branch (e.g., master) to build.

Trigger the first build manually

Now click Build history on the left and watch the build job execute and succeed.

Remember that after now, every commit pushed to any branch of your GitHub repository will trigger a new build. If you need to change which git branches or tags you use for publishing, you can update the build trigger configuration.

Preparing the Cloud Function

  1. Run the following commands in a new empty directory.
  2. Create a package.json file by running the following command:

    $ npm init
  3. Run the following command to install the dependencies that the function uses to make REST calls to the GitHub API:

    $ npm install --save --save-exact @octokit/rest@15.2.6

Writing the Function code

Create a file named index.js with the following contents:

'use strict';

const octokit = require('@octokit/rest')();

 * Background Cloud Function to be triggered by cloud-builds Pub/Sub topic.
 * @param {object} event The Cloud Functions event.
exports.gcb_github = (event) => {
  const build = eventToBuild(event.data.data);
  return postBuildStatus(build);

// eventToBuild transforms pubsub event message to a build object.
const eventToBuild = (data) => {
  return JSON.parse(new Buffer(data, 'base64').toString());

function postBuildStatus(build) {
    type: 'token',

  let repo = getRepo(build);
  if (repo === null || repo.site !== 'github') {
    return Promise.resolve();
  let [ state, description ] = buildToGithubStatus(build);
  return octokit.repos.createStatus({
    owner: repo.user,
    repo: repo.name,
    sha: build.sourceProvenance.resolvedRepoSource.commitSha,
    state: state,
    description: description,
    context: 'gcb',
    target_url: build.logUrl

function getRepo(build) {
  let repoNameRe = /^([^-]*)-([^-]*)-(.*)$/;
  let repoName = build.source.repoSource.repoName;
  let match = repoNameRe.exec(repoName);
  if (!match) {
    console.error(`Cannot parse repoName: ${repoName}`);
    return null;
  return {
    site: match[1],
    user: match[2],
    name: match[3]

function buildToGithubStatus(build) {
  let map = {
    QUEUED: ['pending', 'Build is queued'],
    WORKING: ['pending', 'Build is being executed'],
    FAILURE: ['error', 'Build failed'],
    INTERNAL_ERROR: ['failure', 'Internal builder error'],
    CANCELLED: ['failure', 'Build cancelled by user'],
    TIMEOUT: ['failure', 'Build timed out'],
    SUCCESS: ['success', 'Build finished successfully']
  return map[build.status];

The container builder publishes messages in the cloud-builds Pub/Sub topic. Each message triggers the function with the message contents passed as input data. The message contains the build response. Here is an example of a build response, reduced to the most relevant fields:

  "id": "3e3c9152-6ba9-b562-e9c6-a49651c076ce",
  "projectId": "my-google-cloud-project-1234",
  "status": "WORKING",
  "source": {
      "repoSource": {
          "projectId": "my-google-cloud-project-1234",
          "repoName": "github-myowner-myreponame",
          "branchName": "master"
  "sourceProvenance": {
    "resolvedRepoSource": {
      "commitSha": "29d39613fa9958598228f7f162b3f03ab4189ece"
  "logUrl": "https://console.cloud.google.com/gcr/builds/3e3c9152-6ba9-b562-e9c6-a49651c076ce?project=1234567890"

The function then determines the GitHub repository owner and name, maps the build status (WORKING, FAILURE, SUCCESS) to a commit state (pending, error, success), and POST's to the Statuses API.

Generating a GitHub personal access token

  1. Read about Creating a personal access token for the command line.
  2. Select repo:status from the scopes.
  3. Substitute the generated token for [TOKEN] in index.js.

To create statuses, you must have write access to the target repository. POST calls to the Status API will return a NOT FOUND error otherwise.

Deploying the Cloud Function

  1. Read about deploying Cloud Functions.
  2. Run the following command to deploy the function:

    $ gcloud beta functions deploy gcb_github --stage-bucket [YOUR_STAGE_BUCKET] --trigger-topic cloud-builds

    Replace [YOUR_STAGE_BUCKET] with your Cloud Functions staging bucket (e.g., gs://[PROJECT_ID]_cloudbuild).

Testing the integration

Trigger another build manually. The commit status is shown as a check mark or X mark in the commit log in GitHub. More details of the build status are shown in Pull Requests.

GitHub status check

You can check the logs for errors.


Section Set up automated builds is derived from @ahmetb's Automated Static Website Publishing with Cloud Container Builder tutorial.

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