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Daten mit STRUCT abfragen

Daten mit einem STRUCT-Objekt abfragen.

Dokumentationsseiten mit diesem Codebeispiel

Die folgenden Dokumente enthalten das Codebeispiel im Kontext:

Codebeispiel

C#


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class QueryDataWithStructAsyncSample
{
    public async Task<List<int>> QueryDataWithStructAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId)
    {
        var nameStruct = new SpannerStruct
        {
            { "FirstName", SpannerDbType.String, "Elena" },
            { "LastName", SpannerDbType.String, "Campbell" },
        };

        string connectionString = $"Data Source=projects/{projectId}/instances/{instanceId}/databases/{databaseId}";

        var singerIds = new List<int>();
        using var connection = new SpannerConnection(connectionString);
        using var cmd = connection.CreateSelectCommand(
            "SELECT SingerId FROM Singers "
            + "WHERE STRUCT<FirstName STRING, LastName STRING>"
            + "(FirstName, LastName) = @name");

        cmd.Parameters.Add("name", nameStruct.GetSpannerDbType(), nameStruct);
        using var reader = await cmd.ExecuteReaderAsync();
        while (await reader.ReadAsync())
        {
            singerIds.Add(reader.GetFieldValue<int>("SingerId"));
        }
        return singerIds;
    }
}

C++

void QueryDataWithStruct(google::cloud::spanner::Client client) {
  namespace spanner = ::google::cloud::spanner;
  // Cloud Spanner STRUCT<> types are represented by std::tuple<...>. The
  // following represents a STRUCT<> with two unnamed STRING fields.
  using NameType = std::tuple<std::string, std::string>;
  auto singer_info = NameType{"Elena", "Campbell"};
  auto rows = client.ExecuteQuery(spanner::SqlStatement(
      "SELECT SingerId FROM Singers WHERE (FirstName, LastName) = @name",
      {{"name", spanner::Value(singer_info)}}));
  //! [spanner-sql-statement-params]

  for (auto const& row : spanner::StreamOf<std::tuple<std::int64_t>>(rows)) {
    if (!row) throw std::runtime_error(row.status().message());
    std::cout << "SingerId: " << std::get<0>(*row) << "\n";
  }
  std::cout << "Query completed for [spanner_query_data_with_struct]\n";
}

Go


stmt := spanner.Statement{
	SQL: `SELECT SingerId FROM SINGERS
			WHERE (FirstName, LastName) = @singerinfo`,
	Params: map[string]interface{}{"singerinfo": singerInfo},
}
iter := client.Single().Query(ctx, stmt)
defer iter.Stop()
for {
	row, err := iter.Next()
	if err == iterator.Done {
		return nil
	}
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	var singerID int64
	if err := row.Columns(&singerID); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "%d\n", singerID)
}

Java

Statement s =
    Statement.newBuilder(
            "SELECT SingerId FROM Singers "
                + "WHERE STRUCT<FirstName STRING, LastName STRING>(FirstName, LastName) "
                + "= @name")
        .bind("name")
        .to(name)
        .build();
try (ResultSet resultSet = dbClient.singleUse().executeQuery(s)) {
  while (resultSet.next()) {
    System.out.printf("%d\n", resultSet.getLong("SingerId"));
  }
}

Node.js

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const databaseId = 'my-database';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and database
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

const query = {
  sql:
    'SELECT SingerId FROM Singers WHERE ' +
    'STRUCT<FirstName STRING, LastName STRING>(FirstName, LastName) = @name',
  params: {
    name: nameStruct,
  },
};

// Queries rows from the Singers table
try {
  const [rows] = await database.run(query);

  rows.forEach(row => {
    const json = row.toJSON();
    console.log(`SingerId: ${json.SingerId}`);
  });
} catch (err) {
  console.error('ERROR:', err);
} finally {
  // Close the database when finished.
  database.close();
}

PHP

$results = $database->execute(
    'SELECT SingerId FROM Singers ' .
    'WHERE STRUCT<FirstName STRING, LastName STRING>' .
    '(FirstName, LastName) = @name',
    [
        'parameters' => [
            'name' => $nameValue
        ],
        'types' => [
            'name' => $nameType
        ]
    ]
);
foreach ($results as $row) {
    printf('SingerId: %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $row['SingerId']);
}

Python

spanner_client = spanner.Client()
instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)

database = instance.database(database_id)

with database.snapshot() as snapshot:
    results = snapshot.execute_sql(
        "SELECT SingerId FROM Singers WHERE " "(FirstName, LastName) = @name",
        params={"name": record_value},
        param_types={"name": record_type},
    )

for row in results:
    print(u"SingerId: {}".format(*row))

Ruby

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

spanner = Google::Cloud::Spanner.new project: project_id
client  = spanner.client instance_id, database_id
client.execute(
  "SELECT SingerId FROM Singers WHERE " +
  "(FirstName, LastName) = @name",
  params: { name: name_struct }
).rows.each do |row|
  puts row[:SingerId].to_s
end