JDBC set statement for query options

Use the SET statement to specify query options by using JDBC.

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Code sample


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;

class SetQueryOptionsExample {

  static void setQueryOptions() throws SQLException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "my-project";
    String instanceId = "my-instance";
    String databaseId = "my-database";
    setQueryOptions(projectId, instanceId, databaseId);

  static void setQueryOptions(String projectId, String instanceId, String databaseId)
      throws SQLException {
    String connectionUrl =
            projectId, instanceId, databaseId);
    try (Connection connection = DriverManager.getConnection(connectionUrl);
        Statement statement = connection.createStatement()) {
      // Instruct the JDBC connection to use version '1' of the query optimizer.
      statement.execute("SET OPTIMIZER_VERSION='1'");
      // Execute a query using the latest optimizer version.
      try (ResultSet rs =
              "SELECT SingerId, FirstName, LastName FROM Singers ORDER BY LastName")) {
        while (rs.next()) {
          System.out.printf("%d %s %s%n", rs.getLong(1), rs.getString(2), rs.getString(3));
      try (ResultSet rs = statement.executeQuery("SHOW VARIABLE OPTIMIZER_VERSION")) {
        while (rs.next()) {
          System.out.printf("Optimizer version: %s%n", rs.getString(1));

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