Create database

Create a database.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C++

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

void CreateDatabase(google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
                    std::string const& project_id,
                    std::string const& instance_id,
                    std::string const& database_id) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Database database(project_id, instance_id,
                                            database_id);
  google::spanner::admin::database::v1::CreateDatabaseRequest request;
  request.set_parent(database.instance().FullName());
  request.set_create_statement("CREATE DATABASE `" + database.database_id() +
                               "`");
  request.add_extra_statements(R"""(
      CREATE TABLE Singers (
          SingerId   INT64 NOT NULL,
          FirstName  STRING(1024),
          LastName   STRING(1024),
          SingerInfo BYTES(MAX),
          FullName   STRING(2049)
              AS (ARRAY_TO_STRING([FirstName, LastName], " ")) STORED
      ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId))""");
  request.add_extra_statements(R"""(
      CREATE TABLE Albums (
          SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
          AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
          AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
      ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
          INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE)""");
  auto db = client.CreateDatabase(request).get();
  if (!db) throw std::move(db).status();
  std::cout << "Database " << db->name() << " created.\n";
}

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Data;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class CreateDatabaseAsyncSample
{
    public async Task CreateDatabaseAsync(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId)
    {
        string connectionString = $"Data Source=projects/{projectId}/instances/{instanceId}";

        using var connection = new SpannerConnection(connectionString);
        var createDatabase = $"CREATE DATABASE `{databaseId}`";
        // Define create table statement for table #1.
        var createSingersTable =
        @"CREATE TABLE Singers (
                     SingerId INT64 NOT NULL,
                     FirstName STRING(1024),
                     LastName STRING(1024),
                     ComposerInfo BYTES(MAX),
                     FullName STRING(2048) AS (ARRAY_TO_STRING([FirstName, LastName], "" "")) STORED
                 ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)";
        // Define create table statement for table #2.
        var createAlbumsTable =
        @"CREATE TABLE Albums (
                     SingerId INT64 NOT NULL,
                     AlbumId INT64 NOT NULL,
                     AlbumTitle STRING(MAX)
                 ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
                 INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE";

        using var createDbCommand = connection.CreateDdlCommand(createDatabase, createSingersTable, createAlbumsTable);
        await createDbCommand.ExecuteNonQueryAsync();
    }
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"regexp"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
)

func createDatabase(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, db string) error {
	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.*)/databases/(.*)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("Invalid database id %s", db)
	}

	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	op, err := adminClient.CreateDatabase(ctx, &adminpb.CreateDatabaseRequest{
		Parent:          matches[1],
		CreateStatement: "CREATE DATABASE `" + matches[2] + "`",
		ExtraStatements: []string{
			`CREATE TABLE Singers (
				SingerId   INT64 NOT NULL,
				FirstName  STRING(1024),
				LastName   STRING(1024),
				SingerInfo BYTES(MAX),
				FullName   STRING(2048) AS (
					ARRAY_TO_STRING([FirstName, LastName], " ")
				) STORED
			) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)`,
			`CREATE TABLE Albums (
				SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
				AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
				AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
			) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
			INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE`,
		},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	if _, err := op.Wait(ctx); err != nil {
		return err
	}
	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Created database [%s]\n", db)
	return nil
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

static void createDatabase(DatabaseAdminClient dbAdminClient, DatabaseId id) {
  OperationFuture<Database, CreateDatabaseMetadata> op =
      dbAdminClient.createDatabase(
          id.getInstanceId().getInstance(),
          id.getDatabase(),
          Arrays.asList(
              "CREATE TABLE Singers ("
                  + "  SingerId   INT64 NOT NULL,"
                  + "  FirstName  STRING(1024),"
                  + "  LastName   STRING(1024),"
                  + "  SingerInfo BYTES(MAX),"
                  + "  FullName STRING(2048) AS "
                  + "  (ARRAY_TO_STRING([FirstName, LastName], \" \")) STORED"
                  + ") PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)",
              "CREATE TABLE Albums ("
                  + "  SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,"
                  + "  AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,"
                  + "  AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)"
                  + ") PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),"
                  + "  INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE"));
  try {
    // Initiate the request which returns an OperationFuture.
    Database db = op.get();
    System.out.println("Created database [" + db.getId() + "]");
  } catch (ExecutionException e) {
    // If the operation failed during execution, expose the cause.
    throw (SpannerException) e.getCause();
  } catch (InterruptedException e) {
    // Throw when a thread is waiting, sleeping, or otherwise occupied,
    // and the thread is interrupted, either before or during the activity.
    throw SpannerExceptionFactory.propagateInterrupt(e);
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const databaseId = 'my-database';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);

// Note: Cloud Spanner interprets Node.js numbers as FLOAT64s, so they
// must be converted to strings before being inserted as INT64s
const request = {
  schema: [
    `CREATE TABLE Singers (
      SingerId    INT64 NOT NULL,
      FirstName   STRING(1024),
      LastName    STRING(1024),
      SingerInfo  BYTES(MAX),
      FullName    STRING(2048) AS (ARRAY_TO_STRING([FirstName, LastName], " ")) STORED,
    ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)`,
    `CREATE TABLE Albums (
      SingerId    INT64 NOT NULL,
      AlbumId     INT64 NOT NULL,
      AlbumTitle  STRING(MAX)
    ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
    INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE`,
  ],
};

// Creates a database
const [database, operation] = await instance.createDatabase(
  databaseId,
  request
);

console.log(`Waiting for operation on ${database.id} to complete...`);
await operation.promise();

console.log(`Created database ${databaseId} on instance ${instanceId}.`);

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

/**
 * Creates a database and tables for sample data.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * create_database($instanceId, $databaseId);
 * ```
 *
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
 */
function create_database(string $instanceId, string $databaseId): void
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);

    if (!$instance->exists()) {
        throw new \LogicException("Instance $instanceId does not exist");
    }

    $operation = $instance->createDatabase($databaseId, ['statements' => [
        'CREATE TABLE Singers (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            FirstName    STRING(1024),
            LastName     STRING(1024),
            SingerInfo   BYTES(MAX),
            FullName     STRING(2048) AS
            (ARRAY_TO_STRING([FirstName, LastName], " ")) STORED
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)',
        'CREATE TABLE Albums (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
        INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE'
    ]]);

    print('Waiting for operation to complete...' . PHP_EOL);
    $operation->pollUntilComplete();

    printf('Created database %s on instance %s' . PHP_EOL,
        $databaseId, $instanceId);
}

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

def create_database(instance_id, database_id):
    """Creates a database and tables for sample data."""
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)

    database = instance.database(
        database_id,
        ddl_statements=[
            """CREATE TABLE Singers (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            FirstName    STRING(1024),
            LastName     STRING(1024),
            SingerInfo   BYTES(MAX),
            FullName   STRING(2048) AS (
                ARRAY_TO_STRING([FirstName, LastName], " ")
            ) STORED
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)""",
            """CREATE TABLE Albums (
            SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
            AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
        ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
        INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE""",
        ],
    )

    operation = database.create()

    print("Waiting for operation to complete...")
    operation.result(OPERATION_TIMEOUT_SECONDS)

    print("Created database {} on instance {}".format(database_id, instance_id))

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Spanner, see Spanner client libraries.

To authenticate to Spanner, set up Application Default Credentials. For more information, see Set up authentication for a local development environment.

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"
require "google/cloud/spanner/admin/database"

database_admin_client = Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Database.database_admin

instance_path = database_admin_client.instance_path project: project_id, instance: instance_id

job = database_admin_client.create_database parent: instance_path,
                                            create_statement: "CREATE DATABASE `#{database_id}`",
                                            extra_statements: [
                                              "CREATE TABLE Singers (
      SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
      FirstName    STRING(1024),
      LastName     STRING(1024),
      SingerInfo   BYTES(MAX)
    ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId)",

                                              "CREATE TABLE Albums (
      SingerId     INT64 NOT NULL,
      AlbumId      INT64 NOT NULL,
      AlbumTitle   STRING(MAX)
    ) PRIMARY KEY (SingerId, AlbumId),
    INTERLEAVE IN PARENT Singers ON DELETE CASCADE"
                                            ]

puts "Waiting for create database operation to complete"

job.wait_until_done!

puts "Created database #{database_id} on instance #{instance_id}"

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