Update backup

Update a backup by retrieving the expiry time of a backup and extending it.

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For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

C#

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.


using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Database.V1;
using Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes;
using System;

public class UpdateBackupSample
{
    public Backup UpdateBackup(string projectId, string instanceId, string backupId)
    {
        // Create the DatabaseAdminClient instance.
        DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = DatabaseAdminClient.Create();

        // Retrieve existing backup.
        BackupName backupName = BackupName.FromProjectInstanceBackup(projectId, instanceId, backupId);
        Backup backup = databaseAdminClient.GetBackup(backupName);

        // Add 1 hour to the existing ExpireTime.
        backup.ExpireTime = backup.ExpireTime.ToDateTime().AddHours(1).ToTimestamp();

        UpdateBackupRequest backupUpdateRequest = new UpdateBackupRequest
        {
            UpdateMask = new FieldMask
            {
                Paths = { "expire_time" }
            },
            Backup = backup
        };

        // Make the UpdateBackup requests.
        var updatedBackup = databaseAdminClient.UpdateBackup(backupUpdateRequest);

        Console.WriteLine($"Updated Backup ExpireTime: {updatedBackup.ExpireTime}");

        return updatedBackup;
    }
}

C++

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

void UpdateBackup(google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
                  std::string const& project_id, std::string const& instance_id,
                  std::string const& backup_id,
                  absl::Duration expiry_extension) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Backup backup_name(
      google::cloud::spanner::Instance(project_id, instance_id), backup_id);
  auto backup = client.GetBackup(backup_name.FullName());
  if (!backup) throw std::runtime_error(backup.status().message());
  auto expire_time =
      google::cloud::spanner::MakeTimestamp(backup->expire_time())
          .value()
          .get<absl::Time>()
          .value();
  expire_time += expiry_extension;
  auto max_expire_time =
      google::cloud::spanner::MakeTimestamp(backup->max_expire_time())
          .value()
          .get<absl::Time>()
          .value();
  if (expire_time > max_expire_time) expire_time = max_expire_time;
  google::spanner::admin::database::v1::UpdateBackupRequest request;
  request.mutable_backup()->set_name(backup_name.FullName());
  *request.mutable_backup()->mutable_expire_time() =
      google::cloud::spanner::MakeTimestamp(expire_time)
          .value()
          .get<google::protobuf::Timestamp>()
          .value();
  request.mutable_update_mask()->add_paths("expire_time");
  backup = client.UpdateBackup(request);
  if (!backup) throw std::runtime_error(backup.status().message());
  std::cout
      << "Backup " << backup->name() << " updated to expire at "
      << google::cloud::spanner::MakeTimestamp(backup->expire_time()).value()
      << ".\n";
}

Go

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.


import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"regexp"
	"time"

	database "cloud.google.com/go/spanner/admin/database/apiv1"
	adminpb "google.golang.org/genproto/googleapis/spanner/admin/database/v1"
	"google.golang.org/genproto/protobuf/field_mask"
	"google.golang.org/protobuf/types/known/timestamppb"
)

// updateBackup updates the expiration time of a pending or completed backup.
func updateBackup(w io.Writer, db string, backupID string) error {
	// db := "projects/my-project/instances/my-instance/databases/my-database"
	// backupID := "my-backup"

	// Add timeout to context.
	ctx, cancel := context.WithTimeout(context.Background(), time.Hour)
	defer cancel()

	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
	defer adminClient.Close()

	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.*)/databases/(.*)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("invalid database id %s", db)
	}
	backupName := matches[1] + "/backups/" + backupID

	// Get the backup instance.
	backup, err := adminClient.GetBackup(ctx, &adminpb.GetBackupRequest{Name: backupName})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	// Expire time must be within 366 days of the create time of the backup.
	maxExpireTime := time.Unix(backup.MaxExpireTime.Seconds, int64(backup.MaxExpireTime.Nanos))
	expireTime := time.Unix(backup.ExpireTime.Seconds, int64(backup.ExpireTime.Nanos)).AddDate(0, 0, 30)

	// Ensure that new expire time is less than the max expire time.
	if expireTime.After(maxExpireTime) {
		expireTime = maxExpireTime
	}
	expireTimepb := timestamppb.New(expireTime)

	// Make the update backup request.
	_, err = adminClient.UpdateBackup(ctx, &adminpb.UpdateBackupRequest{
		Backup: &adminpb.Backup{
			Name:       backupName,
			ExpireTime: expireTimepb,
		},
		UpdateMask: &field_mask.FieldMask{Paths: []string{"expire_time"}},
	})
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Updated backup %s with expire time %s\n", backupName, expireTime)

	return nil
}

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

static void updateBackup(DatabaseAdminClient dbAdminClient, BackupId backupId) {
  // Get current backup metadata.
  Backup backup = dbAdminClient.newBackupBuilder(backupId).build().reload();
  // Add 30 days to the expire time.
  // Expire time must be within 366 days of the create time of the backup.
  Timestamp expireTime =
      Timestamp.ofTimeMicroseconds(
          TimeUnit.SECONDS.toMicros(backup.getExpireTime().getSeconds())
              + TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS.toMicros(backup.getExpireTime().getNanos())
              + TimeUnit.DAYS.toMicros(30L));
  // New Expire Time must be less than Max Expire Time
  expireTime = expireTime.compareTo(backup.getMaxExpireTime())
          < 0 ? expireTime : backup.getMaxExpireTime();
  int timeDiff = expireTime.compareTo(backup.getExpireTime());
  Timestamp newExpireTime = (timeDiff < 0) ? expireTime : backup.getExpireTime();

  System.out.println(String.format(
      "Updating expire time of backup [%s] to %s...",
      backupId.toString(),
      LocalDateTime.ofEpochSecond(
        expireTime.getSeconds(),
        expireTime.getNanos(),
        OffsetDateTime.now().getOffset()).toString()));

  // Update expire time.
  backup = backup.toBuilder().setExpireTime(expireTime).build();
  backup.updateExpireTime();
  System.out.println("Updated backup [" + backupId + "]");
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library and precise date library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');
const {PreciseDate} = require('@google-cloud/precise-date');

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
 */
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const backupId = 'my-backup';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,
});

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and backup
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const backup = instance.backup(backupId);

// Read backup metadata and update expiry time
try {
  const currentExpireTime = await backup.getExpireTime();
  const maxExpireTime = backup.metadata.maxExpireTime;
  const wantExpireTime = new PreciseDate(currentExpireTime);
  wantExpireTime.setDate(wantExpireTime.getDate() + 1);
  // New expire time should be less than the max expire time
  const min = (currentExpireTime, maxExpireTime) =>
    currentExpireTime < maxExpireTime ? currentExpireTime : maxExpireTime;
  const newExpireTime = new PreciseDate(min(wantExpireTime, maxExpireTime));
  console.log(
    `Backup ${backupId} current expire time: ${currentExpireTime.toISOString()}`
  );
  console.log(`Updating expire time to ${newExpireTime.toISOString()}`);
  await backup.updateExpireTime(newExpireTime);
  console.log('Expire time updated.');
} catch (err) {
  console.error('ERROR:', err);
}

PHP

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;
use DateTime;

/**
 * Update the backup expire time.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * update_backup($instanceId, $backupId);
 * ```
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $backupId The Spanner backup ID.
 */
function update_backup($instanceId, $backupId)
{
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $backup = $instance->backup($backupId);
    $backup->reload();

    $newExpireTime = new DateTime('+30 days');
    $maxExpireTime = new DateTime($backup->info()['maxExpireTime']);
    // The new expire time can't be greater than maxExpireTime for the backup.
    $newExpireTime = min($newExpireTime, $maxExpireTime);

    $backup->updateExpireTime($newExpireTime);

    printf('Backup %s new expire time: %s' . PHP_EOL, $backupId, $backup->info()['expireTime']);
}

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

def update_backup(instance_id, backup_id):
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
    backup = instance.backup(backup_id)
    backup.reload()

    # Expire time must be within 366 days of the create time of the backup.
    old_expire_time = backup.expire_time
    # New expire time should be less than the max expire time
    new_expire_time = min(backup.max_expire_time, old_expire_time + timedelta(days=30))
    backup.update_expire_time(new_expire_time)
    print(
        "Backup {} expire time was updated from {} to {}.".format(
            backup.name, old_expire_time, new_expire_time
        )
    )

Ruby

To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# backup_id = "Your Spanner backup ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"
require "google/cloud/spanner/admin/database"

database_admin_client = Google::Cloud::Spanner::Admin::Database.database_admin
instance_path = database_admin_client.instance_path project: project_id, instance: instance_id
backup_path = database_admin_client.backup_path project: project_id,
                                                instance: instance_id,
                                                backup: backup_id
backup = database_admin_client.get_backup name: backup_path
backup.expire_time = Time.now + 60 * 24 * 3600 # Extending the expiry time by 60 days from now.
database_admin_client.update_backup backup: backup,
                                    update_mask: { paths: ["expire_time"] }

puts "Expiration time updated: #{backup.expire_time}"

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