Cancel backup create operation

Cancel a create backup database operation.

Documentation pages that include this code sample

To view the code sample used in context, see the following documentation:

Code sample


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Admin.Database.V1;
using Google.Cloud.Spanner.Common.V1;
using Google.LongRunning;
using Google.Protobuf.WellKnownTypes;
using System;

public class CancelBackupOperationSample
    public bool CancelBackupOperation(string projectId, string instanceId, string databaseId, string backupId)
        // Create the DatabaseAdminClient instance.
        DatabaseAdminClient databaseAdminClient = DatabaseAdminClient.Create();

        // Initialize backup request parameters.
        Backup backup = new Backup
            DatabaseAsDatabaseName = DatabaseName.FromProjectInstanceDatabase(projectId, instanceId, databaseId),
            ExpireTime = DateTime.UtcNow.AddDays(14).ToTimestamp()
        InstanceName parentAsInstanceName = InstanceName.FromProjectInstance(projectId, instanceId);

        // Make the CreateBackup request.
        Operation<Backup, CreateBackupMetadata> operation = databaseAdminClient.CreateBackup(parentAsInstanceName, backup, backupId);

        // Cancel the operation.

        // Poll until the long-running operation is completed in case the backup was
        // created before the operation was cancelled.
        Console.WriteLine("Waiting for the operation to finish.");
        Operation<Backup, CreateBackupMetadata> completedOperation = operation.PollUntilCompleted();

        if (!completedOperation.IsFaulted)
            Console.WriteLine("The backup was created before the operation was cancelled. Please delete the backup.");
            BackupName backupAsBackupName = BackupName.FromProjectInstanceBackup(projectId, instanceId, backupId);
            Console.WriteLine($"Create backup operation cancelled: {operation.Name}");

        return completedOperation.IsFaulted;


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

void CreateBackupAndCancel(
    google::cloud::spanner_admin::DatabaseAdminClient client,
    std::string const& project_id, std::string const& instance_id,
    std::string const& database_id, std::string const& backup_id,
    google::cloud::spanner::Timestamp expire_time) {
  google::cloud::spanner::Database database(project_id, instance_id,
  google::spanner::admin::database::v1::CreateBackupRequest request;
  *request.mutable_backup()->mutable_expire_time() =
  auto f = client.CreateBackup(request);
  auto backup = f.get();
  if (backup) {
    auto status = client.DeleteBackup(backup->name());
    if (!status.ok()) throw std::runtime_error(status.message());
    std::cout << "Backup " << backup->name() << " was deleted.\n";
  } else {
    std::cout << "CreateBackup operation was cancelled with the message '"
              << backup.status().message() << "'.\n";


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

import (

	database ""
	pbt ""
	adminpb ""

func cancelBackup(ctx context.Context, w io.Writer, db, backupID string) error {
	matches := regexp.MustCompile("^(.+)/databases/(.+)$").FindStringSubmatch(db)
	if matches == nil || len(matches) != 3 {
		return fmt.Errorf("cancelBackup: invalid database id %q", db)

	adminClient, err := database.NewDatabaseAdminClient(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("cancelBackup.NewDatabaseAdminClient: %v", err)
	defer adminClient.Close()

	expireTime := time.Now().AddDate(0, 0, 14)
	// Create a backup.
	req := adminpb.CreateBackupRequest{
		Parent:   matches[1],
		BackupId: backupID,
		Backup: &adminpb.Backup{
			Database:   db,
			ExpireTime: &pbt.Timestamp{Seconds: expireTime.Unix(), Nanos: int32(expireTime.Nanosecond())},
	op, err := adminClient.CreateBackup(ctx, &req)
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("cancelBackup.CreateBackup: %v", err)

	// Cancel backup creation.
	err = adminClient.LROClient.CancelOperation(ctx, &longrunning.CancelOperationRequest{Name: op.Name()})
	if err != nil {
		return fmt.Errorf("cancelBackup.CancelOperation: %v", err)

	// Cancel operations are best effort so either it will complete or be
	// cancelled.
	backup, err := op.Wait(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		if waitStatus, ok := status.FromError(err); !ok || waitStatus.Code() != codes.Canceled {
			return fmt.Errorf("cancelBackup.Wait: %v", err)
	} else {
		// Backup was completed before it could be cancelled so delete the
		// unwanted backup.
		err = adminClient.DeleteBackup(ctx, &adminpb.DeleteBackupRequest{Name: backup.Name})
		if err != nil {
			return fmt.Errorf("cancelBackup.DeleteBackup: %v", err)

	fmt.Fprintf(w, "Backup cancelled.\n")
	return nil


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

static void cancelCreateBackup(
    DatabaseAdminClient dbAdminClient, DatabaseId databaseId, BackupId backupId) {
  // Set expire time to 14 days from now.
  Timestamp expireTime = Timestamp.ofTimeMicroseconds(TimeUnit.MICROSECONDS.convert(
      System.currentTimeMillis() + TimeUnit.DAYS.toMillis(14), TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS));

  // Create a backup instance.
  Backup backup =
  // Start the creation of a backup.
  System.out.println("Creating backup [" + backup.getId() + "]...");
  OperationFuture<Backup, CreateBackupMetadata> op = backup.create();
  try {
    // Try to cancel the backup operation.
    System.out.println("Cancelling create backup operation for [" + backup.getId() + "]...");
    // Get a polling future for the running operation. This future will regularly poll the server
    // for the current status of the backup operation.
    RetryingFuture<OperationSnapshot> pollingFuture = op.getPollingFuture();
    // Wait for the operation to finish.
    // isDone will return true when the operation is complete, regardless of whether it was
    // successful or not.
    while (!pollingFuture.get().isDone()) {
      System.out.println("Waiting for the cancelled backup operation to finish...");
      Thread.sleep(TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS.convert(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS));
    if (pollingFuture.get().getErrorCode() == null) {
      // Backup was created before it could be cancelled. Delete the backup.
      System.out.println("Backup operation for [" + backup.getId()
          + "] successfully finished before it could be cancelled");
    } else if (pollingFuture.get().getErrorCode().getCode() == StatusCode.Code.CANCELLED) {
      System.out.println("Backup operation for [" + backup.getId() + "] successfully cancelled");
  } catch (ExecutionException e) {
    throw SpannerExceptionFactory.newSpannerException(e.getCause());
  } catch (InterruptedException e) {
    throw SpannerExceptionFactory.propagateInterrupt(e);


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

// Imports the Google Cloud client library and precise date library
const {Spanner} = require('@google-cloud/spanner');

 * TODO(developer): Uncomment the following lines before running the sample.
// const projectId = 'my-project-id';
// const instanceId = 'my-instance';
// const databaseId = 'my-database';
// const backupId = 'my-backup';

// Creates a client
const spanner = new Spanner({
  projectId: projectId,

// Gets a reference to a Cloud Spanner instance and database
const instance = spanner.instance(instanceId);
const database = instance.database(databaseId);

const backup = instance.backup(backupId);

// Creates a new backup of the database
try {
  console.log(`Creating backup of database ${database.formattedName_}.`);
  const databasePath = database.formattedName_;
  // Expire backup one day in the future
  const expireTime = + 1000 * 60 * 60 * 24;
  const [, operation] = await backup.create({
    databasePath: databasePath,
    expireTime: expireTime,

  // Cancel the backup
  await operation.cancel();

  console.log('Backup cancelled.');
} catch (err) {
  console.error('ERROR:', err);
} finally {
  // Delete backup in case it got created before the cancel operation
  await backup.delete();

  // Close the database when finished.
  await database.close();


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

use Google\Cloud\Spanner\SpannerClient;

 * Cancel a backup operation.
 * Example:
 * ```
 * cancel_backup($instanceId, $databaseId);
 * ```
 * @param string $instanceId The Spanner instance ID.
 * @param string $databaseId The Spanner database ID.
function cancel_backup($instanceId, $databaseId)
    $spanner = new SpannerClient();
    $instance = $spanner->instance($instanceId);
    $database = $instance->database($databaseId);
    $backupId = uniqid('backup-' . $databaseId . '-cancel');

    $expireTime = new \DateTime('+14 days');
    $backup = $instance->backup($backupId);
    $operation = $backup->create($database->name(), $expireTime);
    print('Waiting for operation to complete ...' . PHP_EOL);

    // Cancel operations are always successful regardless of whether the operation is
    // still in progress or is complete.
    printf('Cancel backup operation complete.' . PHP_EOL);

    // Operation may succeed before cancel() has been called. So we need to clean up created backup.
    if ($backup->exists()) {


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

def cancel_backup(instance_id, database_id, backup_id):
    spanner_client = spanner.Client()
    instance = spanner_client.instance(instance_id)
    database = instance.database(database_id)

    expire_time = datetime.utcnow() + timedelta(days=30)

    # Create a backup.
    backup = instance.backup(backup_id, database=database, expire_time=expire_time)
    operation = backup.create()

    # Cancel backup creation.

    # Cancel operations are best effort so either it will complete or
    # be cancelled.
    while not operation.done():
        time.sleep(300)  # 5 mins

    # Deal with resource if the operation succeeded.
    if backup.exists():
        print("Backup was created before the cancel completed.")
        print("Backup deleted.")
        print("Backup creation was successfully cancelled.")


To learn how to install and use the client library for Cloud Spanner, see Cloud Spanner client libraries.

# project_id  = "Your Google Cloud project ID"
# instance_id = "Your Spanner instance ID"
# database_id = "Your Spanner database ID"
# backup_id = "Your Spanner backup ID"

require "google/cloud/spanner"

spanner  = project: project_id
instance = spanner.instance instance_id
database = instance.database database_id
expire_time = + 14 * 24 * 3600 # 14 days from now

job = database.create_backup backup_id, expire_time

puts "Backup operation in progress"


backup = instance.backup backup_id

backup.delete if backup

puts "#{backup_id} creation job cancelled"

What's next

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