derived_table: customer_order_facts {
  sql_create: {
      SQL statement ;;
Default Value

A SQL statement


sql_create enables custom Data Definition Language (DDL) commands for building persistent derived tables (PDTs). sql_create will issue a statement as is, without Looker's usual error checking. The only requirement is that the statement results in the creation and execution of a PDT. This lets you, for example, create PDTs that support the Google BigQuery ML machine learning models.

For PDTs defined using sql_create, you cannot use any of the following parameters:

  • indexes
  • cluster_keys
  • distribution
  • distribution_style
  • partition_keys
  • sortkeys
  • Examples

    Create a PDT for BigQuery ML queries that predict likelihood of future purchases:

    view: future_purchase_model {
      derived_table: {
        datagroup_trigger: bqml_datagroup
            , labels=['will_purchase_in_future']
            , min_rel_progress = 0.005
            , max_iterations = 40
            ) AS
             * EXCEPT(fullVisitorId, visitId)
          FROM ${training_input.SQL_TABLE_NAME};;

    Things to consider

    ${SQL_TABLE_NAME} substitution operator

    You can use the ${SQL_TABLE_NAME} substitution operator to substitute in the computed name of the PDT being created. This ensures the SQL statement will correctly include the PDT name given in the LookML view parameter.

    sql_create must create a table with the name indicated by the ${SQL_TABLE_NAME} substitution operator, or it will be rebuilt from scratch on every trigger check interval specified in a connection's PDT and Datagroup Maintenance Schedule setting (the default is five minutes). This can cause unexpected query traffic on your database or data warehouse.

    Use create_process to create a PDT in multiple steps

    If your database dialect requires custom DDL commands, and you want to issue multiple commands to create a PDT, you can use create_process to issue multiple custom DDL commands in a specific order.

    Tables defined with sql_create can't be used for incremental PDTs

    To be used as an incremental PDT, a SQL-based PDT must have a query defined using the sql parameter. SQL-based PDTs that are defined with the sql_create parameter or the create_process parameter cannot be incrementally built.

    This is because Looker uses an INSERT or a MERGE command to create the increments for an incremental PDT. The derived table cannot be defined using custom Data Definition Language (DDL) statements, since Looker wouldn't be able to determine which DDL statements would be required to create an accurate increment.