Configure workforce identity federation

This guide describes how to configure workforce identity federation with an identity provider (IdP) that supports OIDC or SAML 2.0.

For IdP-specific instructions, see the following:

Before you begin

  1. You must have a Google Cloud organization set up.

  2. Enable the Identity and Access Management (IAM) and Resource Manager APIs.

    Enable the APIs

  3. Install the Google Cloud CLI, then initialize it by running the following command:

    gcloud init

  4. For sign-in, your IdP must provide signed authentication information: OIDC IdPs must provide a JWT, and SAML IdP responses must be signed.

  5. To receive important information about changes to your organization or Google Cloud products, you must provide Essential Contacts. For more information, see the workforce identity federation overview.

Required roles

To get the permissions that you need to configure workforce identity federation, ask your administrator to grant you the Workforce Identity Pool Admin (roles/iam.workforcePoolAdmin) IAM role on the organization. For more information about granting roles, see Manage access.

You might also be able to get the required permissions through custom roles or other predefined roles.

Alternatively, the Owner basic role (roles/owner) also includes permissions to configure workforce identity federation. You should not grant basic roles in a production environment, but you can grant them in a development or test environment.

Configure workforce identity federation

To configure workforce identity federation, you create a workforce identity pool and a workforce identity pool provider.

Create a workforce identity pool

To create the pool, execute the following command:

Console

To create the workforce identity pool, do the following:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workforce Identity Pools page:

    Go to Workforce Identity Pools

  2. Click Create pool and do the following:

    1. In Name, enter the name of the pool. Pool ID is automatically derived from the name as you type.

    2. Optional: To update the ID, click Edit.

    3. Optional: In Description, enter a description of the pool.

    4. Session duration is set by default. To enter a custom session duration, click Edit. Session duration determines how long the Google Cloud access tokens, console (federated) sign-in sessions, and gcloud CLI sign-in sessions from this workforce pool are valid. The duration must be greater than 15 minutes (900s) and less than 12 hours (43200s). If session duration is not set, it defaults to a duration of one hour (3600s).

    5. To create the pool in the enabled state, make sure that Enabled Pool is on.

    6. To create the workforce identity pool, click Next.

gcloud

To create the workforce identity pool, run the following command:

gcloud iam workforce-pools create WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
    --organization=ORGANIZATION_ID \
    --description="DESCRIPTION" \
    --session-duration=SESSION_DURATION \
    --location=global

Replace the following:

  • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: an ID that you choose to represent your Google Cloud workforce pool. For information on formatting the ID, see the Query parameters section in the API documentation.
  • ORGANIZATION_ID: the numeric organization ID of your Google Cloud organization.
  • DESCRIPTION: a workforce identity pool description.
  • SESSION_DURATION: the session duration, which determines how long the Google Cloud access tokens, console (federated) sign-in sessions, and gcloud CLI sign-in sessions from this workforce pool are valid. The duration must be greater than 15 minutes (900s) and less than 12 hours (43200s). If session duration is not set, it defaults to a duration of one hour (3600s).

Create a workforce identity pool provider

This section describes how to create a workforce identity pool provider to enable your IdP users to access Google Cloud. You can configure the provider to use either the OIDC or SAML protocol.

Create an OIDC workforce pool provider

To create a workforce identity pool provider using the OIDC protocol, do the following:

  1. In your OIDC IdP, register a new application for Google Cloud workforce identity federation. Note the client ID and issuer URI provided by the IdP. You use them in this document.

  2. If you plan to set up user access to the console, add the following redirect URL to your OIDC IdP:

    https://auth.cloud.google/signin-callback/locations/global/workforcePools/WORKFORCE_POOL_ID/providers/WORKFORCE_PROVIDER_ID
    

    To learn how to configure console (federated) sign-in, see Set up user access to the console (federated).

  3. In Google Cloud, to create the provider, do the following:

    Console

    Code flow

    In the Google Cloud console, to create an OIDC provider that uses authorization code flow, do the following:

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workforce Identity Pools page:

      Go to Workforce Identity Pools

    2. In the Workforce Identity Pools table, select the pool for which you want to create the provider.

    3. In the Providers table, click Add Provider.

    4. In Select a protocol, select Open ID Connect (OIDC).

    5. In Create a pool provider, do the following:

      1. In Name, enter a name for the provider.
      2. In Issuer (URL), enter the issuer URI. The OIDC issuer URI must be in a valid URI format and start with https; for example, https://example.com/oidc.
      3. Enter the Client ID, the OIDC client ID that is registered with your OIDC IdP; the ID must match the aud claim of the JWT that is issued by your IdP.
      4. To create a provider that is enabled, make sure Enabled Provider is on.
      5. Click Continue.
    6. In Response type do the following. Response type is used only for a web-based single-sign-on flow.

      1. In Response type, select Code.
      2. In Client secret, enter the client secret from your IdP.
      3. In Assertion claims behavior, select either of the following:

        • User info and ID token
        • Only ID token
      4. Click Continue.

    7. In Configure provider, you can configure an attribute mapping and an attribute condition. To create an attribute mapping, do the following. You can provide either the IdP field name or a CEL-formatted expression that returns a string.

      1. Required: In OIDC 1, enter the subject from the IdP; for example, assertion.sub.
      2. Optional: To add additional attribute mappings, do the following:

        1. Click Add mapping.
        2. In Google n, where n is a number, enter one of the Google Cloud-supported keys.
        3. In the corresponding OIDC n field, enter the name of the IdP-specific field to map, in CEL format.
      3. To create an attribute condition, do the following:

        1. Click Add condition.
        2. In Attribute Conditions, enter a condition in CEL format; for example, assertion.role == 'gcp-users'. This example condition ensures that only users with the role gcp-users can sign in using this provider.
    8. To create the provider, click Submit.

    Implicit flow

    In the Google Cloud console, to create an OIDC provider that uses implicit flow, do the following:

    1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workforce Identity Pools page:

      Go to Workforce Identity Pools

    2. In the Workforce Identity Pools table, select the pool for which you want to create the provider.

    3. In the Providers table, click Add Provider.

    4. In Select a protocol, select Open ID Connect (OIDC).

    5. In Create a pool provider, do the following:

      1. In Name, enter a name for the provider.
      2. In Issuer (URL), enter the issuer URI. The OIDC issuer URI must be in a valid URI format and start with https; for example, https://example.com/oidc.
      3. Enter the Client ID, the OIDC client ID that is registered with your OIDC IdP; the ID must match the aud claim of the JWT that is issued by your IdP.
      4. To create a provider that is enabled, make sure Enabled Provider is on.
      5. Click Continue.
    6. In Response type do the following. Response type is used only for a web-based single-sign-on flow.

      1. In Response type, select ID token.
      2. Click Continue.
    7. In Configure provider, you can configure an attribute mapping and an attribute condition. To create an attribute mapping, do the following. You can provide either the IdP field name or a CEL-formatted expression that returns a string.

      1. Required: In OIDC 1, enter the subject from the IdP; for example, assertion.sub.

      2. Optional: To add additional attribute mappings, do the following:

        1. Click Add mapping.
        2. In Google n, where n is a number, enter one of the Google Cloud-supported keys.
        3. In the corresponding OIDC n field, enter the name of the IdP-specific field to map, in CEL format.
      3. To create an attribute condition, do the following:

        1. Click Add condition.
        2. In Attribute Conditions, enter a condition in CEL format; for example, assertion.role == 'gcp-users'. This example condition ensures that only users with the role gcp-users can sign in using this provider.
    8. To create the provider, click Submit.

    gcloud

    Code flow

    To create an OIDC provider that uses authorization code flow for web sign-in, run the following command:

    gcloud iam workforce-pools providers create-oidc PROVIDER_ID \
        --workforce-pool=WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
        --display-name="DISPLAY_NAME" \
        --description="DESCRIPTION" \
        --issuer-uri="ISSUER_URI" \
        --client-id="OIDC_CLIENT_ID" \
    --client-secret-value="OIDC_CLIENT_SECRET" \ --web-sso-response-type="code" \ --web-sso-assertion-claims-behavior="merge-user-info-over-id-token-claims" \ --web-sso-additional-scopes="WEB_SSO_ADDITIONAL_SCOPES" \ --attribute-mapping="ATTRIBUTE_MAPPING" \ --attribute-condition="ATTRIBUTE_CONDITION" \ --jwk-json-path="JWK_JSON_PATH" \ --location=global

    Replace the following:

    • PROVIDER_ID: A unique provider ID. The prefix gcp- is reserved and can't be used in a pool or provider ID.
    • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: The workforce identity pool ID to connect your IdP to.
    • DISPLAY_NAME: An optional user-friendly display name for the provider; for example, idp-eu-employees.
    • DESCRIPTION: An optional workforce provider description; for example, IdP for Partner Example Organization employees.
    • ISSUER_URI: The OIDC issuer URI, in a valid URI format, that starts with https; for example, https://example.com/oidc. Note: For security reasons, ISSUER_URI must use the HTTPS scheme.
    • OIDC_CLIENT_ID: The OIDC client ID that is registered with your OIDC IdP; the ID must match the aud claim of the JWT that is issued by your IdP.
    • OIDC_CLIENT_SECRET: The OIDC client secret.
    • WEB_SSO_ADDITIONAL_SCOPES: Optional additional scopes to send to the OIDC IdP for console (federated) or gcloud CLI browser-based sign-in.
    • ATTRIBUTE_MAPPING: An attribute mapping; for example:
      google.subject=assertion.sub,
      google.groups=assertion.group1,
      attribute.costcenter=assertion.costcenter
      This example maps the IdP attributes subject, assertion.group1, and costcenter in the OIDC assertion to google.subject, google.groups, and attribute.costcenter attributes, respectively.
    • ATTRIBUTE_CONDITION: An attribute condition; for example, assertion.role == 'gcp-users'. This example condition ensures that only users with the role gcp-users can sign in using this provider.
    • JWK_JSON_PATH: An optional path to a locally uploaded OIDC JWKs. If this parameter isn't supplied, Google Cloud instead uses your IdP's `/.well-known/openid-configuration` path to source the JWKs containing the public keys. For more information about locally uploaded OIDC JWKs, see manage OIDC JWKs.
    In the command response, POOL_RESOURCE_NAME is the name of the pool; for example, locations/global/workforcePools/enterprise-example-organization-employees.

    Implicit flow

    To create an OIDC provider that uses the implicit flow for web sign-in, run the following command:

    gcloud iam workforce-pools providers create-oidc PROVIDER_ID \
        --workforce-pool=WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
        --display-name="DISPLAY_NAME" \
        --description="DESCRIPTION" \
        --issuer-uri="ISSUER_URI" \
        --client-id="OIDC_CLIENT_ID" \
        --web-sso-response-type="id-token" \
        --web-sso-assertion-claims-behavior="only-id-token-claims" \
        --web-sso-additional-scopes="WEB_SSO_ADDITIONAL_SCOPES" \
        --attribute-mapping="ATTRIBUTE_MAPPING" \
        --attribute-condition="ATTRIBUTE_CONDITION" \
        --jwk-json-path="JWK_JSON_PATH" \
        --location=global
    

    Replace the following:

    • PROVIDER_ID: A unique provider ID. The prefix gcp- is reserved and can't be used in a pool or provider ID.
    • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: The workforce identity pool ID to connect your IdP to.
    • DISPLAY_NAME: An optional user-friendly display name for the provider; for example, idp-eu-employees.
    • DESCRIPTION: An optional workforce provider description; for example, IdP for Partner Example Organization employees.
    • ISSUER_URI: The OIDC issuer URI, in a valid URI format, that starts with https; for example, https://example.com/oidc. Note: For security reasons, ISSUER_URI must use the HTTPS scheme.
    • OIDC_CLIENT_ID: The OIDC client ID that is registered with your OIDC IdP; the ID must match the aud claim of the JWT that is issued by your IdP.
    • WEB_SSO_ADDITIONAL_SCOPES: Optional additional scopes to send to the OIDC IdP for console (federated) or gcloud CLI browser-based sign-in.
    • ATTRIBUTE_MAPPING: An attribute mapping; for example:
      google.subject=assertion.sub,
      google.groups=assertion.group1,
      attribute.costcenter=assertion.costcenter
      This example maps the IdP attributes subject, assertion.group1, and costcenter in the OIDC assertion to google.subject, google.groups, and attribute.costcenter attributes, respectively.
    • ATTRIBUTE_CONDITION: An attribute condition; for example, assertion.role == 'gcp-users'. This example condition ensures that only users with the role gcp-users can sign in using this provider.
    • JWK_JSON_PATH: An optional path to a locally uploaded OIDC JWKs. If this parameter isn't supplied, Google Cloud instead uses your IdP's `/.well-known/openid-configuration` path to source the JWKs containing the public keys. For more information about locally uploaded OIDC JWKs, see manage OIDC JWKs.
    In the command response, POOL_RESOURCE_NAME is the name of the pool; for example, locations/global/workforcePools/enterprise-example-organization-employees.

    The prefix gcp- is reserved and can't be used in a pool or provider ID.

    For OIDC federation, you can use assertion.NAME: a string equal to the value of the like-named claim in the ID token payload.

Create a SAML workforce pool provider

  1. In your SAML IdP, register a new application for Google Cloud workforce identity federation.

  2. Set the audience for SAML assertions. It is usually the SP Entity ID field in your IdP configuration. You must set it to the following URL:

    https://iam.googleapis.com/locations/global/workforcePools/WORKFORCE_POOL_ID/providers/PROVIDER_ID
    
  3. If you plan to set up user access to the console, in your SAML IdP, set the redirect URL or Assertion Consumer Service (ACS) URL field to the following URL:

    https://auth.cloud.google/signin-callback/locations/global/workforcePools/WORKFORCE_POOL_ID/providers/WORKFORCE_PROVIDER_ID
    

    See Set up user access to the console for more details on configuring console sign-in.

  4. In Google Cloud, create a SAML workforce identity pool provider using your IdP's SAML metadata document. You can download the SAML metadata XML document from your IdP. The document must include at least the following:

    • A SAML entity ID for your IdP.
    • The single-sign-on URL for your IdP.
    • At least one signing public key. See Key requirements later in this guide for details on signing keys.

Console

To configure the SAML provider using the Google Cloud console, do the following:

  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Workforce Identity Pools page:

    Go to Workforce Identity Pools

  2. In the Workforce Identity Pools table, select the pool for which you want to create the provider.

  3. In the Providers table, click Add Provider.

  4. In Select a protocol, select SAML.

  5. In Create a pool provider do the following:

    1. In Name, enter a name for the provider.

    2. Optional: In Description, enter a description for the provider.

    3. In IDP metadata file (XML), select the metadata XML file that you generated earlier in this guide.

    4. Ensure that Enabled provider is enabled.

    5. Click Continue.

  6. In Configure provider, do the following:

    1. In Attribute mapping, enter a CEL expression for google.subject.

    2. Optional: To enter other mappings, click Add mapping and enter other mappings—for example:

      google.subject=assertion.subject,
      google.groups=assertion.attributes['https://example.com/aliases'],
      attribute.costcenter=assertion.attributes.costcenter[0]
      This example maps the IdP attributes assertion.subject, assertion.attributes['https://example.com/aliases'], and assertion.attributes.costcenter[0] to the Google Cloud attributes google.subject, google.groups, and google.costcenter, respectively.

    3. Optional: To add an attribute condition, click Add condition and enter a CEL expression representing an attribute condition. For example, to limit the ipaddr attribute to a certain IP range you can set the condition assertion.attributes.ipaddr.startsWith('98.11.12.'). This example condition ensures that only users with an IP address that starts with 98.11.12. can sign in using this workforce provider.

    4. Click Continue.

  7. To create the provider, click Submit.

gcloud

To configure the SAML provider using the gcloud CLI, do the following:

  gcloud iam workforce-pools providers create-saml PROVIDER_ID \
      --workforce-pool=WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
      --display-name="DISPLAY_NAME" \
      --description="DESCRIPTION" \
      --idp-metadata-path=METADATA_FILE_PATH \
      --attribute-mapping="ATTRIBUTE_MAPPING" \
      --attribute-condition="ATTRIBUTE_CONDITION" \
      --location=global

Replace the following:

  • PROVIDER_ID: The provider ID.
  • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: The pool ID.
  • DISPLAY_NAME The display name for the provider; for example, idp-eu-employees.
  • DESCRIPTION: The description for the workforce identity pool provider; for example, IdP for Partner Example Organization EU employees.
  • METADATA_FILE_PATH: The file path of the SAML metadata.
  • ATTRIBUTE_MAPPING: The attribute mapping; for example:

    google.subject=assertion.subject,
    google.groups=assertion.attributes['https://example.com/aliases'],
    attribute.costcenter=assertion.attributes.costcenter[0]
    This example maps the IdP attributes assertion.subject, assertion.attributes['https://example.com/aliases'], and assertion.attributes.costcenter[0] to the Google Cloud attributes google.subject, google.groups, and google.costcenter, respectively.

  • ATTRIBUTE_CONDITION: An attribute condition. For example, to limit the ipaddr attribute to a certain IP range you can set the condition assertion.attributes.ipaddr.startsWith('98.11.12.'). This example condition ensures that only users with an IP address that starts with 98.11.12. can sign in using this workforce provider.

It can take a few minutes for the provider to begin accepting requests.

For SAML federation, you can use the following keywords in attribute mappings and conditions:

  • assertion.subject: a string equal to the NameID attribute in the SAML assertion.
  • assertion.attributes.NAME: a string list equal to the values of the like-named attributes in the SAML assertion.

Optional: Accept encrypted SAML assertions from your IdP

To enable your SAML 2.0 IdP to produce encrypted SAML assertions that can be accepted by workforce identity federation, do the following:

  • In workforce identity federation, do the following:
    • Create an asymmetric key pair for your workforce identity pool provider.
    • Download a certificate file that contains the public key.
    • Configure your SAML IdP to use the public key to encrypt SAML assertions it issues.
  • In your IdP, do the following:
    • Enable assertion encryption, also known as token encryption.
    • Upload the public key that you created in workforce identity federation.
    • Confirm that your IdP produces encrypted SAML assertions.
Note that, even with SAML encryption provider keys configured, workforce identity federation can still process a plaintext assertion.

Create workforce identity federation SAML assertion encryption keys

This section guides you through creating an asymmetric key pair that enables workforce identity federation to accept encrypted SAML assertions.

Google Cloud uses the private key to decrypt the SAML assertions that your IdP issues. To create an asymmetric key pair for use with SAML encryption, run the following command. To learn more, see Supported SAML encryption algorithms.

gcloud iam workforce-pools providers keys create KEY_ID \
    --workforce-pool WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
    --provider PROVIDER_ID \
    --location global \
    --use encryption \
    --spec KEY_SPECIFICATION

Replace the following:

  • KEY_ID: a key name of your choice
  • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: the pool ID
  • PROVIDER_ID: the provider ID
  • KEY_SPECIFICATION: the key specification, which can be one of rsa-2048, rsa-3072, and rsa-4096.

After the key pair is created, to download the public key into a certificate file, execute the following command. Only workforce identity federation has access to the private key.

gcloud iam workforce-pools providers keys describe KEY_ID \
    --workforce-pool WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
    --provider PROVIDER_ID \
    --location global \
    --format "value(keyData.key)" \
    > CERTIFICATE_PATH

Replace the following:

  • KEY_ID: the key name
  • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: the pool ID
  • PROVIDER_ID: the provider ID
  • CERTIFICATE_PATH: the path to write the certificate to—for example, saml-certificate.cer or saml-certificate.pem

Configure your SAML 2.0-compliant IdP to issue encrypted SAML assertions

Configure your SAML IdP to use the public certificate downloaded from the last step to encrypt the SAML assertions that it issues. Consult your IdP team for specific instructions.

After you configure your IdP to encrypt SAML assertions, we recommend that you check to make sure that the assertions it generates are actually encrypted. Even with SAML assertion encryption configured, workforce identity federation can still process plaintext assertions.

Delete workforce identity federation encryption keys

To delete SAML encryption keys run the following command:
  gcloud iam workforce-pools providers keys delete KEY_ID \
      --workforce-pool WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
      --provider PROVIDER_ID \
      --location global

Replace the following:

  • KEY_ID: the key name
  • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: the pool ID
  • PROVIDER_ID: the provider ID

Supported SAML encryption algorithms

Workforce identity federation supports the following key transport algorithms:

Workforce identity federation supports the following block encryption algorithms:

SAML X.509 signing key requirements

The following key specifications apply to SAML X.509 signing keys:

  • An RSA public key that is wrapped in an X.509 v3 certificate.

  • Certificate validity requirements:

    • notBefore: a timestamp that is no more than 7 days in the future
    • notAfter: a timestamp that is no more than 15 years in the future
  • Recommended algorithms:

A workforce identity pool provider can be configured with at most three signing keys at a given time. When multiple keys exist, Google Cloud iterates through them and attempts to use each non-expired key to fulfill a token exchange request.

As a security best practice, we strongly recommend that you don't reuse the same key pair with other services.

Key management

To update your IdP's signing keys, do the following:

  1. Create a new asymmetric key pair and configure the SAML identity provider with the key pair. You initially mark it as inactive before activating it in a later step.

  2. Download a SAML metadata XML document from your IdP.

  3. Update the workforce identity pool provider resource using the SAML metadata document. When multiple keys exist, Google Cloud iterates through each non-expired key and attempts to it to fulfill a token exchange request.

    To update the workforce identity pool provider with the SAML metadata, execute the following command.

    gcloud iam workforce-pools providers update-saml PROVIDER_ID \
        --workforce-pool=WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
        --idp-metadata-path=SAML_METADATA_FILE_PATH \
        --location=global
    

    Replace the following:

    • PROVIDER_ID: the provider ID
    • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: the workforce identity pool ID
    • SAML_METADATA_FILE_PATH: the path to the SAML metadata file
  4. Wait for the operation returned from the previous step to complete (the operation is marked as done), and then in your SAML IdP, activate the new signing key. The old signing key is marked as inactive. Assertions issued by your IdP are signed using the new key.

The following steps are optional, but we recommend you perform them as a best practice:

  1. Delete the old, now inactive, signing key from your IdP.
  2. Download the SAML metadata XML document from your IdP.
  3. Update the workforce identity pool provider resource using the SAML metadata document. Google Cloud refuses assertions that are signed with the expired signing key. To update the document, execute the following command:

    gcloud iam workforce-pools providers update-saml PROVIDER_ID \
        --workforce-pool=WORKFORCE_POOL_ID \
        --idp-metadata-path=SAML_METADATA_FILE_PATH \
        --location=global
    

    Replace the following:

    • PROVIDER_ID: the provider ID
    • WORKFORCE_POOL_ID: the workforce identity pool ID
    • SAML_METADATA_FILE_PATH: the SAML metadata file path

Key deletion constraint

Google Cloud refuses assertions signed with a deleted key.

Represent workforce pool users in IAM policies

The following table shows the principal identifiers that you use to grant roles to a single user, a group of users, users carrying a particular claim, or all users from a workforce pool.

Identities Identifier format
Single identity in a workforce identity pool principal://iam.googleapis.com/locations/global/workforcePools/POOL_ID/subject/SUBJECT_ATTRIBUTE_VALUE
All workforce identities in a group principalSet://iam.googleapis.com/locations/global/workforcePools/POOL_ID/group/GROUP_ID
All workforce identities with a specific attribute value principalSet://iam.googleapis.com/locations/global/workforcePools/POOL_ID/attribute.ATTRIBUTE_NAME/ATTRIBUTE_VALUE
All identities in a workforce identity pool principalSet://iam.googleapis.com/locations/global/workforcePools/POOL_ID/*

Grant IAM roles to principals

You can grant roles to principals, such as single identities, groups of identities, or an entire pool.

To grant a role on a project to a principal, execute the following command:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding PROJECT_ID \
    --role="ROLE" \
    --member="PRINCIPAL"

Replace the following:

In the example that follows, the command grants the Storage Admin (roles/storage.admin) to all identities within the group GROUP_ID:

gcloud projects add-iam-policy-binding my-project \
    --role="roles/storage.admin" \
    --member="principalSet://iam.googleapis.com/locations/global/workforcePools/WORKFORCE_POOL_ID/group/GROUP_ID"

For more information about the principal format, see Represent workforce identity pool users in IAM policies.

Delete users

Workforce identity federation creates user metadata and resources for federated user identities. If you choose to delete users, in your IdP, for example, you must also explicitly delete these resources in Google Cloud. To do so, see Delete workforce identity federation users and their data.

You might see resources continue to be associated with a user that was deleted. This is because deleting user metadata and resources requires a long-running operation. After you initiate a deletion of a user's identity, processes that the user initiated before the deletion can continue to run until the processes complete or are canceled.

What's next