Google Kubernetes Engine の演算子を使用する

Cloud Composer 1 | Cloud Composer 2

このページでは、Google Kubernetes Engine 演算子を使用して Google Kubernetes Engine でクラスタを作成し、それらのクラスタで Kubernetes Pod を起動する方法について説明します。

Google Kubernetes Engine の演算子は、指定されたクラスタで Kubernetes Pod を実行します。これは、環境に関係のない別のクラスタです。これに対して、KubernetesPodOperator は環境のクラスタ内で Kubernetes Pod を実行します。

このページでは、GKECreateClusterOperator を使用して Google Kubernetes Engine クラスタを作成し、次の構成で GKEStartPodOperator を使用してから、その後 GKEDeleteClusterOperator で削除する DAG の例について説明します。

始める前に

Cloud Composer の最新バージョンを使用することをおすすめします。このバージョンは、少なくとも非推奨とサポート ポリシーの一部としてサポートされている必要があります。

GKE 演算子の構成

この例の操作を行うために、gke_operator.py ファイル全体をご使用の環境の dags/ フォルダに配置するか、DAG に関連するコードをに追加します。

クラスタの作成

ここに示すコードでは、それぞれが 1 つのノードを持つ 2 つのノードプール(pool-0pool-1)を持つ Google Kubernetes Engine クラスタを作成します。必要に応じて、Google Kubernetes Engine API から、body の一部として他のパラメータを設定できます。

Airflow 2

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
CLUSTER = {
    "name": CLUSTER_NAME,
    "node_pools": [
        {"name": "pool-0", "initial_node_count": 1},
        {"name": "pool-1", "initial_node_count": 1},
    ],
}
create_cluster = GKECreateClusterOperator(
    task_id="create_cluster",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    body=CLUSTER,
)

Airflow 1

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
CLUSTER = {"name": CLUSTER_NAME, "initial_node_count": 1}
create_cluster = GKECreateClusterOperator(
    task_id="create_cluster",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    body=CLUSTER,
)
# Using the BashOperator to create node pools is a workaround
# In Airflow 2, because of https://github.com/apache/airflow/pull/17820
# Node pool creation can be done using the GKECreateClusterOperator

create_node_pools = BashOperator(
    task_id="create_node_pools",
    bash_command=f"gcloud container node-pools create pool-0 \
                    --cluster {CLUSTER_NAME} \
                    --num-nodes 1 \
                    --zone {CLUSTER_ZONE} \
                    && gcloud container node-pools create pool-1 \
                    --cluster {CLUSTER_NAME} \
                    --num-nodes 1 \
                    --zone {CLUSTER_ZONE}",
)

クラスタでのワークロードの起動

次のセクションでは、この例のそれぞれの GKEStartPodOperator 構成について説明します。各構成変数について詳しくは、GKE 演算子ーの Airflow リファレンスをご覧ください。

Airflow 2



from airflow import models
from airflow.providers.google.cloud.operators.kubernetes_engine import (
    GKECreateClusterOperator,
    GKEDeleteClusterOperator,
    GKEStartPodOperator,
)

from airflow.utils.dates import days_ago

with models.DAG(
    "example_gcp_gke",
    schedule_interval=None,  # Override to match your needs
    start_date=days_ago(1),
    tags=["example"],
) as dag:

    # TODO(developer): update with your values
    PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
    CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
    CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
    CLUSTER = {
        "name": CLUSTER_NAME,
        "node_pools": [
            {"name": "pool-0", "initial_node_count": 1},
            {"name": "pool-1", "initial_node_count": 1},
        ],
    }
    create_cluster = GKECreateClusterOperator(
        task_id="create_cluster",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        body=CLUSTER,
    )

    kubernetes_min_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
        # The ID specified for the task.
        task_id="pod-ex-minimum",
        # Name of task you want to run, used to generate Pod ID.
        name="pod-ex-minimum",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
        # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
        cmds=["echo"],
        # The namespace to run within Kubernetes, default namespace is
        # `default`. There is the potential for the resource starvation of
        # Airflow workers and scheduler within the Cloud Composer environment,
        # the recommended solution is to increase the amount of nodes in order
        # to satisfy the computing requirements. Alternatively, launching pods
        # into a custom namespace will stop fighting over resources.
        namespace="default",
        # Docker image specified. Defaults to hub.docker.com, but any fully
        # qualified URLs will point to a custom repository. Supports private
        # gcr.io images if the Composer Environment is under the same
        # project-id as the gcr.io images and the service account that Composer
        # uses has permission to access the Google Container Registry
        # (the default service account has permission)
        image="gcr.io/gcp-runtimes/ubuntu_18_0_4",
    )

    kubenetes_template_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
        task_id="ex-kube-templates",
        name="ex-kube-templates",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        namespace="default",
        image="bash",
        # All parameters below are able to be templated with jinja -- cmds,
        # arguments, env_vars, and config_file. For more information visit:
        # https://airflow.apache.org/docs/apache-airflow/stable/macros-ref.html
        # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
        # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
        cmds=["echo"],
        # DS in jinja is the execution date as YYYY-MM-DD, this docker image
        # will echo the execution date. Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker
        # image's CMD is used if this is not provided. The arguments parameter
        # is templated.
        arguments=["{{ ds }}"],
        # The var template variable allows you to access variables defined in
        # Airflow UI. In this case we are getting the value of my_value and
        # setting the environment variable `MY_VALUE`. The pod will fail if
        # `my_value` is not set in the Airflow UI.
        env_vars={"MY_VALUE": "{{ var.value.my_value }}"},
    )

    kubernetes_affinity_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
        task_id="ex-pod-affinity",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        name="ex-pod-affinity",
        namespace="default",
        image="perl",
        cmds=["perl"],
        arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
        # affinity allows you to constrain which nodes your pod is eligible to
        # be scheduled on, based on labels on the node. In this case, if the
        # label 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with value
        # 'nodepool-label-value' or 'nodepool-label-value2' is not found on any
        # nodes, it will fail to schedule.
        affinity={
            "nodeAffinity": {
                # requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution means in order
                # for a pod to be scheduled on a node, the node must have the
                # specified labels. However, if labels on a node change at
                # runtime such that the affinity rules on a pod are no longer
                # met, the pod will still continue to run on the node.
                "requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution": {
                    "nodeSelectorTerms": [
                        {
                            "matchExpressions": [
                                {
                                    # When nodepools are created in Google Kubernetes
                                    # Engine, the nodes inside of that nodepool are
                                    # automatically assigned the label
                                    # 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with the value of
                                    # the nodepool's name.
                                    "key": "cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool",
                                    "operator": "In",
                                    # The label key's value that pods can be scheduled
                                    # on.
                                    "values": [
                                        "pool-1",
                                    ],
                                }
                            ]
                        }
                    ]
                }
            }
        },
    )
    kubernetes_full_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
        task_id="ex-all-configs",
        name="full",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        namespace="default",
        image="perl",
        # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
        # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
        cmds=["perl"],
        # Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker image's CMD is used if this
        # is not provided. The arguments parameter is templated.
        arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
        # The secrets to pass to Pod, the Pod will fail to create if the
        # secrets you specify in a Secret object do not exist in Kubernetes.
        secrets=[],
        # Labels to apply to the Pod.
        labels={"pod-label": "label-name"},
        # Timeout to start up the Pod, default is 120.
        startup_timeout_seconds=120,
        # The environment variables to be initialized in the container
        # env_vars are templated.
        env_vars={"EXAMPLE_VAR": "/example/value"},
        # If true, logs stdout output of container. Defaults to True.
        get_logs=True,
        # Determines when to pull a fresh image, if 'IfNotPresent' will cause
        # the Kubelet to skip pulling an image if it already exists. If you
        # want to always pull a new image, set it to 'Always'.
        image_pull_policy="Always",
        # Annotations are non-identifying metadata you can attach to the Pod.
        # Can be a large range of data, and can include characters that are not
        # permitted by labels.
        annotations={"key1": "value1"},
        # Resource specifications for Pod, this will allow you to set both cpu
        # and memory limits and requirements.
        # Prior to Airflow 1.10.4, resource specifications were
        # passed as a Pod Resources Class object,
        # If using this example on a version of Airflow prior to 1.10.4,
        # import the "pod" package from airflow.contrib.kubernetes and use
        # resources = pod.Resources() instead passing a dict
        # For more info see:
        # https://github.com/apache/airflow/pull/4551
        resources={"limit_memory": "250M", "limit_cpu": "100m"},
        # If true, the content of /airflow/xcom/return.json from container will
        # also be pushed to an XCom when the container ends.
        do_xcom_push=False,
        # List of Volume objects to pass to the Pod.
        volumes=[],
        # List of VolumeMount objects to pass to the Pod.
        volume_mounts=[],
        # Affinity determines which nodes the Pod can run on based on the
        # config. For more information see:
        # https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/assign-pod-node/
        affinity={},
    )
    delete_cluster = GKEDeleteClusterOperator(
        task_id="delete_cluster",
        name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    )

    create_cluster >> kubernetes_min_pod >> delete_cluster
    create_cluster >> kubernetes_full_pod >> delete_cluster
    create_cluster >> kubernetes_affinity_ex >> delete_cluster
    create_cluster >> kubenetes_template_ex >> delete_cluster

Airflow 1



from airflow import models
from airflow.operators.bash_operator import BashOperator
from airflow.providers.google.cloud.operators.kubernetes_engine import (
    GKECreateClusterOperator,
    GKEDeleteClusterOperator,
    GKEStartPodOperator,
)
from airflow.utils.dates import days_ago

with models.DAG(
    "example_gcp_gke",
    schedule_interval=None,  # Override to match your needs
    start_date=days_ago(1),
    tags=["example"],
) as dag:

    # TODO(developer): update with your values
    PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
    CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
    CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
    CLUSTER = {"name": CLUSTER_NAME, "initial_node_count": 1}
    create_cluster = GKECreateClusterOperator(
        task_id="create_cluster",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        body=CLUSTER,
    )
    # Using the BashOperator to create node pools is a workaround
    # In Airflow 2, because of https://github.com/apache/airflow/pull/17820
    # Node pool creation can be done using the GKECreateClusterOperator

    create_node_pools = BashOperator(
        task_id="create_node_pools",
        bash_command=f"gcloud container node-pools create pool-0 \
                        --cluster {CLUSTER_NAME} \
                        --num-nodes 1 \
                        --zone {CLUSTER_ZONE} \
                        && gcloud container node-pools create pool-1 \
                        --cluster {CLUSTER_NAME} \
                        --num-nodes 1 \
                        --zone {CLUSTER_ZONE}",
    )

    kubernetes_min_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
        # The ID specified for the task.
        task_id="pod-ex-minimum",
        # Name of task you want to run, used to generate Pod ID.
        name="pod-ex-minimum",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
        # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
        cmds=["echo"],
        # The namespace to run within Kubernetes, default namespace is
        # `default`. There is the potential for the resource starvation of
        # Airflow workers and scheduler within the Cloud Composer environment,
        # the recommended solution is to increase the amount of nodes in order
        # to satisfy the computing requirements. Alternatively, launching pods
        # into a custom namespace will stop fighting over resources.
        namespace="default",
        # Docker image specified. Defaults to hub.docker.com, but any fully
        # qualified URLs will point to a custom repository. Supports private
        # gcr.io images if the Composer Environment is under the same
        # project-id as the gcr.io images and the service account that Composer
        # uses has permission to access the Google Container Registry
        # (the default service account has permission)
        image="gcr.io/gcp-runtimes/ubuntu_18_0_4",
    )

    kubenetes_template_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
        task_id="ex-kube-templates",
        name="ex-kube-templates",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        namespace="default",
        image="bash",
        # All parameters below are able to be templated with jinja -- cmds,
        # arguments, env_vars, and config_file. For more information visit:
        # https://airflow.apache.org/docs/apache-airflow/stable/macros-ref.html
        # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
        # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
        cmds=["echo"],
        # DS in jinja is the execution date as YYYY-MM-DD, this docker image
        # will echo the execution date. Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker
        # image's CMD is used if this is not provided. The arguments parameter
        # is templated.
        arguments=["{{ ds }}"],
        # The var template variable allows you to access variables defined in
        # Airflow UI. In this case we are getting the value of my_value and
        # setting the environment variable `MY_VALUE`. The pod will fail if
        # `my_value` is not set in the Airflow UI.
        env_vars={"MY_VALUE": "{{ var.value.my_value }}"},
    )

    kubernetes_affinity_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
        task_id="ex-pod-affinity",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        name="ex-pod-affinity",
        namespace="default",
        image="perl",
        cmds=["perl"],
        arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
        # affinity allows you to constrain which nodes your pod is eligible to
        # be scheduled on, based on labels on the node. In this case, if the
        # label 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with value
        # 'nodepool-label-value' or 'nodepool-label-value2' is not found on any
        # nodes, it will fail to schedule.
        affinity={
            "nodeAffinity": {
                # requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution means in order
                # for a pod to be scheduled on a node, the node must have the
                # specified labels. However, if labels on a node change at
                # runtime such that the affinity rules on a pod are no longer
                # met, the pod will still continue to run on the node.
                "requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution": {
                    "nodeSelectorTerms": [
                        {
                            "matchExpressions": [
                                {
                                    # When nodepools are created in Google Kubernetes
                                    # Engine, the nodes inside of that nodepool are
                                    # automatically assigned the label
                                    # 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with the value of
                                    # the nodepool's name.
                                    "key": "cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool",
                                    "operator": "In",
                                    # The label key's value that pods can be scheduled
                                    # on.
                                    "values": [
                                        "pool-1",
                                    ],
                                }
                            ]
                        }
                    ]
                }
            }
        },
    )
    kubernetes_full_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
        task_id="ex-all-configs",
        name="full",
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
        cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        namespace="default",
        image="perl",
        # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
        # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
        cmds=["perl"],
        # Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker image's CMD is used if this
        # is not provided. The arguments parameter is templated.
        arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
        # The secrets to pass to Pod, the Pod will fail to create if the
        # secrets you specify in a Secret object do not exist in Kubernetes.
        secrets=[],
        # Labels to apply to the Pod.
        labels={"pod-label": "label-name"},
        # Timeout to start up the Pod, default is 120.
        startup_timeout_seconds=120,
        # The environment variables to be initialized in the container
        # env_vars are templated.
        env_vars={"EXAMPLE_VAR": "/example/value"},
        # If true, logs stdout output of container. Defaults to True.
        get_logs=True,
        # Determines when to pull a fresh image, if 'IfNotPresent' will cause
        # the Kubelet to skip pulling an image if it already exists. If you
        # want to always pull a new image, set it to 'Always'.
        image_pull_policy="Always",
        # Annotations are non-identifying metadata you can attach to the Pod.
        # Can be a large range of data, and can include characters that are not
        # permitted by labels.
        annotations={"key1": "value1"},
        # Resource specifications for Pod, this will allow you to set both cpu
        # and memory limits and requirements.
        # Prior to Airflow 1.10.4, resource specifications were
        # passed as a Pod Resources Class object,
        # If using this example on a version of Airflow prior to 1.10.4,
        # import the "pod" package from airflow.contrib.kubernetes and use
        # resources = pod.Resources() instead passing a dict
        # For more info see:
        # https://github.com/apache/airflow/pull/4551
        resources={"limit_memory": "250M", "limit_cpu": "100m"},
        # If true, the content of /airflow/xcom/return.json from container will
        # also be pushed to an XCom when the container ends.
        do_xcom_push=False,
        # List of Volume objects to pass to the Pod.
        volumes=[],
        # List of VolumeMount objects to pass to the Pod.
        volume_mounts=[],
        # Affinity determines which nodes the Pod can run on based on the
        # config. For more information see:
        # https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/assign-pod-node/
        affinity={},
    )
    delete_cluster = GKEDeleteClusterOperator(
        task_id="delete_cluster",
        name=CLUSTER_NAME,
        project_id=PROJECT_ID,
        location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    )

    create_cluster >> create_node_pools >> kubernetes_min_pod >> delete_cluster
    create_cluster >> create_node_pools >> kubernetes_full_pod >> delete_cluster
    create_cluster >> create_node_pools >> kubernetes_affinity_ex >> delete_cluster
    create_cluster >> create_node_pools >> kubenetes_template_ex >> delete_cluster

構成を最小限にしたい。

GKE クラスタで GKEStartPodOperator を使用して Pod を起動するには、project_idlocationcluster_namenamenamespaceimagetask_id オプションは必須です。

次のコード スニペットを DAG に配置すると、前述のパラメータが定義済みで有効である限り、pod-ex-minimum タスクは成功します。

Airflow 2

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubernetes_min_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
    # The ID specified for the task.
    task_id="pod-ex-minimum",
    # Name of task you want to run, used to generate Pod ID.
    name="pod-ex-minimum",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
    # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
    cmds=["echo"],
    # The namespace to run within Kubernetes, default namespace is
    # `default`. There is the potential for the resource starvation of
    # Airflow workers and scheduler within the Cloud Composer environment,
    # the recommended solution is to increase the amount of nodes in order
    # to satisfy the computing requirements. Alternatively, launching pods
    # into a custom namespace will stop fighting over resources.
    namespace="default",
    # Docker image specified. Defaults to hub.docker.com, but any fully
    # qualified URLs will point to a custom repository. Supports private
    # gcr.io images if the Composer Environment is under the same
    # project-id as the gcr.io images and the service account that Composer
    # uses has permission to access the Google Container Registry
    # (the default service account has permission)
    image="gcr.io/gcp-runtimes/ubuntu_18_0_4",
)

Airflow 1

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubernetes_min_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
    # The ID specified for the task.
    task_id="pod-ex-minimum",
    # Name of task you want to run, used to generate Pod ID.
    name="pod-ex-minimum",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
    # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
    cmds=["echo"],
    # The namespace to run within Kubernetes, default namespace is
    # `default`. There is the potential for the resource starvation of
    # Airflow workers and scheduler within the Cloud Composer environment,
    # the recommended solution is to increase the amount of nodes in order
    # to satisfy the computing requirements. Alternatively, launching pods
    # into a custom namespace will stop fighting over resources.
    namespace="default",
    # Docker image specified. Defaults to hub.docker.com, but any fully
    # qualified URLs will point to a custom repository. Supports private
    # gcr.io images if the Composer Environment is under the same
    # project-id as the gcr.io images and the service account that Composer
    # uses has permission to access the Google Container Registry
    # (the default service account has permission)
    image="gcr.io/gcp-runtimes/ubuntu_18_0_4",
)

テンプレートの構成

Airflow は Jinja テンプレートの使用をサポートしています。必須変数(task_idnamenamespaceimage など)を演算子を使用して宣言する必要があります。次の例で示すように、Jinja を使用してその他のすべてのパラメータ(cmdsargumentsenv_vars など)をテンプレート化できます。

DAG または環境を変更しないと、ex-kube-templates タスクは失敗します。この DAG を成功させるには、my_value という Airflow 変数を設定します。

my_valuegcloud または Airflow UI を設定するには、次の手順を行います。

gcloud

Airflow 2 の場合は、次のコマンドを入力します。

gcloud composer environments run ENVIRONMENT \
    --location LOCATION \
    variables set -- \
    my_value example_value

Airflow 1 の場合は、次のコマンドを入力します。

gcloud composer environments run ENVIRONMENT \
    --location LOCATION \
    variables -- \
    --set my_value example_value

以下のように置き換えます。

  • ENVIRONMENT を環境の名前にする。
  • LOCATION は、環境が配置される Compute Engine のリージョンに置き換えます。

Airflow 2 UI

  1. ツールバーで、[Admin] > [Variables] を選択します。

  2. [List Variable] ページで、[Add a new record] をクリックします。

  3. [Add Variable] ページで、次の情報を入力します。

    • Key:my_value
    • Val: example_value
  4. [保存] をクリックします。

Airflow 1 UI

  1. ツールバーで、[Admin] > [Variables] を選択します。

  2. [変数] ページで、[作成] タブをクリックします。

  3. [変数] ページで、次の情報を入力します。

    • Key:my_value
    • Val: example_value
  4. [保存] をクリックします。

テンプレートの構成

Airflow 2

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubenetes_template_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
    task_id="ex-kube-templates",
    name="ex-kube-templates",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    namespace="default",
    image="bash",
    # All parameters below are able to be templated with jinja -- cmds,
    # arguments, env_vars, and config_file. For more information visit:
    # https://airflow.apache.org/docs/apache-airflow/stable/macros-ref.html
    # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
    # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
    cmds=["echo"],
    # DS in jinja is the execution date as YYYY-MM-DD, this docker image
    # will echo the execution date. Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker
    # image's CMD is used if this is not provided. The arguments parameter
    # is templated.
    arguments=["{{ ds }}"],
    # The var template variable allows you to access variables defined in
    # Airflow UI. In this case we are getting the value of my_value and
    # setting the environment variable `MY_VALUE`. The pod will fail if
    # `my_value` is not set in the Airflow UI.
    env_vars={"MY_VALUE": "{{ var.value.my_value }}"},
)

Airflow 1

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubenetes_template_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
    task_id="ex-kube-templates",
    name="ex-kube-templates",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    namespace="default",
    image="bash",
    # All parameters below are able to be templated with jinja -- cmds,
    # arguments, env_vars, and config_file. For more information visit:
    # https://airflow.apache.org/docs/apache-airflow/stable/macros-ref.html
    # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
    # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
    cmds=["echo"],
    # DS in jinja is the execution date as YYYY-MM-DD, this docker image
    # will echo the execution date. Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker
    # image's CMD is used if this is not provided. The arguments parameter
    # is templated.
    arguments=["{{ ds }}"],
    # The var template variable allows you to access variables defined in
    # Airflow UI. In this case we are getting the value of my_value and
    # setting the environment variable `MY_VALUE`. The pod will fail if
    # `my_value` is not set in the Airflow UI.
    env_vars={"MY_VALUE": "{{ var.value.my_value }}"},
)

Pod アフィニティの構成

GKEStartPodOperatoraffinity パラメータを構成することにより、Pod をスケジュールするノードの指定を制御します(特定のノードプール内のノードなど)。クラスタを作成したときに、pool-0pool-1 という 2 つのノードプールを作成しました。この演算子を使用する場合、Pod は pool-1 でのみ実行される必要があります。

起動した Pod がプール 1 の一時的 GKE クラスタにあることを示す Cloud Composer の環境矢印。プール 1 が Kubernetes Engine グループ内のプール 0 とは別のボックスであることが示されている。
Cloud Composer Kubernetes の Pod アフィニティがある Pod の起動場所(クリックして拡大)


Airflow 2

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubernetes_affinity_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
    task_id="ex-pod-affinity",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    name="ex-pod-affinity",
    namespace="default",
    image="perl",
    cmds=["perl"],
    arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
    # affinity allows you to constrain which nodes your pod is eligible to
    # be scheduled on, based on labels on the node. In this case, if the
    # label 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with value
    # 'nodepool-label-value' or 'nodepool-label-value2' is not found on any
    # nodes, it will fail to schedule.
    affinity={
        "nodeAffinity": {
            # requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution means in order
            # for a pod to be scheduled on a node, the node must have the
            # specified labels. However, if labels on a node change at
            # runtime such that the affinity rules on a pod are no longer
            # met, the pod will still continue to run on the node.
            "requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution": {
                "nodeSelectorTerms": [
                    {
                        "matchExpressions": [
                            {
                                # When nodepools are created in Google Kubernetes
                                # Engine, the nodes inside of that nodepool are
                                # automatically assigned the label
                                # 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with the value of
                                # the nodepool's name.
                                "key": "cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool",
                                "operator": "In",
                                # The label key's value that pods can be scheduled
                                # on.
                                "values": [
                                    "pool-1",
                                ],
                            }
                        ]
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    },
)

Airflow 1

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubernetes_affinity_ex = GKEStartPodOperator(
    task_id="ex-pod-affinity",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    name="ex-pod-affinity",
    namespace="default",
    image="perl",
    cmds=["perl"],
    arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
    # affinity allows you to constrain which nodes your pod is eligible to
    # be scheduled on, based on labels on the node. In this case, if the
    # label 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with value
    # 'nodepool-label-value' or 'nodepool-label-value2' is not found on any
    # nodes, it will fail to schedule.
    affinity={
        "nodeAffinity": {
            # requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution means in order
            # for a pod to be scheduled on a node, the node must have the
            # specified labels. However, if labels on a node change at
            # runtime such that the affinity rules on a pod are no longer
            # met, the pod will still continue to run on the node.
            "requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution": {
                "nodeSelectorTerms": [
                    {
                        "matchExpressions": [
                            {
                                # When nodepools are created in Google Kubernetes
                                # Engine, the nodes inside of that nodepool are
                                # automatically assigned the label
                                # 'cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool' with the value of
                                # the nodepool's name.
                                "key": "cloud.google.com/gke-nodepool",
                                "operator": "In",
                                # The label key's value that pods can be scheduled
                                # on.
                                "values": [
                                    "pool-1",
                                ],
                            }
                        ]
                    }
                ]
            }
        }
    },
)

すべての構成

この例では、GKEStartPodOperator で構成できるすべての変数が示されます。ex-all-configs タスクを成功させるのに、コードを変更する必要はありません。

各変数について詳しくは、GKE 演算子の Airflow リファレンスをご覧ください。

Airflow 2

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubernetes_full_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
    task_id="ex-all-configs",
    name="full",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    namespace="default",
    image="perl",
    # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
    # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
    cmds=["perl"],
    # Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker image's CMD is used if this
    # is not provided. The arguments parameter is templated.
    arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
    # The secrets to pass to Pod, the Pod will fail to create if the
    # secrets you specify in a Secret object do not exist in Kubernetes.
    secrets=[],
    # Labels to apply to the Pod.
    labels={"pod-label": "label-name"},
    # Timeout to start up the Pod, default is 120.
    startup_timeout_seconds=120,
    # The environment variables to be initialized in the container
    # env_vars are templated.
    env_vars={"EXAMPLE_VAR": "/example/value"},
    # If true, logs stdout output of container. Defaults to True.
    get_logs=True,
    # Determines when to pull a fresh image, if 'IfNotPresent' will cause
    # the Kubelet to skip pulling an image if it already exists. If you
    # want to always pull a new image, set it to 'Always'.
    image_pull_policy="Always",
    # Annotations are non-identifying metadata you can attach to the Pod.
    # Can be a large range of data, and can include characters that are not
    # permitted by labels.
    annotations={"key1": "value1"},
    # Resource specifications for Pod, this will allow you to set both cpu
    # and memory limits and requirements.
    # Prior to Airflow 1.10.4, resource specifications were
    # passed as a Pod Resources Class object,
    # If using this example on a version of Airflow prior to 1.10.4,
    # import the "pod" package from airflow.contrib.kubernetes and use
    # resources = pod.Resources() instead passing a dict
    # For more info see:
    # https://github.com/apache/airflow/pull/4551
    resources={"limit_memory": "250M", "limit_cpu": "100m"},
    # If true, the content of /airflow/xcom/return.json from container will
    # also be pushed to an XCom when the container ends.
    do_xcom_push=False,
    # List of Volume objects to pass to the Pod.
    volumes=[],
    # List of VolumeMount objects to pass to the Pod.
    volume_mounts=[],
    # Affinity determines which nodes the Pod can run on based on the
    # config. For more information see:
    # https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/assign-pod-node/
    affinity={},
)

Airflow 1

# TODO(developer): update with your values
PROJECT_ID = "my-project-id"
CLUSTER_ZONE = "us-west1-a"
CLUSTER_NAME = "example-cluster"
kubernetes_full_pod = GKEStartPodOperator(
    task_id="ex-all-configs",
    name="full",
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
    cluster_name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    namespace="default",
    image="perl",
    # Entrypoint of the container, if not specified the Docker container's
    # entrypoint is used. The cmds parameter is templated.
    cmds=["perl"],
    # Arguments to the entrypoint. The docker image's CMD is used if this
    # is not provided. The arguments parameter is templated.
    arguments=["-Mbignum=bpi", "-wle", "print bpi(2000)"],
    # The secrets to pass to Pod, the Pod will fail to create if the
    # secrets you specify in a Secret object do not exist in Kubernetes.
    secrets=[],
    # Labels to apply to the Pod.
    labels={"pod-label": "label-name"},
    # Timeout to start up the Pod, default is 120.
    startup_timeout_seconds=120,
    # The environment variables to be initialized in the container
    # env_vars are templated.
    env_vars={"EXAMPLE_VAR": "/example/value"},
    # If true, logs stdout output of container. Defaults to True.
    get_logs=True,
    # Determines when to pull a fresh image, if 'IfNotPresent' will cause
    # the Kubelet to skip pulling an image if it already exists. If you
    # want to always pull a new image, set it to 'Always'.
    image_pull_policy="Always",
    # Annotations are non-identifying metadata you can attach to the Pod.
    # Can be a large range of data, and can include characters that are not
    # permitted by labels.
    annotations={"key1": "value1"},
    # Resource specifications for Pod, this will allow you to set both cpu
    # and memory limits and requirements.
    # Prior to Airflow 1.10.4, resource specifications were
    # passed as a Pod Resources Class object,
    # If using this example on a version of Airflow prior to 1.10.4,
    # import the "pod" package from airflow.contrib.kubernetes and use
    # resources = pod.Resources() instead passing a dict
    # For more info see:
    # https://github.com/apache/airflow/pull/4551
    resources={"limit_memory": "250M", "limit_cpu": "100m"},
    # If true, the content of /airflow/xcom/return.json from container will
    # also be pushed to an XCom when the container ends.
    do_xcom_push=False,
    # List of Volume objects to pass to the Pod.
    volumes=[],
    # List of VolumeMount objects to pass to the Pod.
    volume_mounts=[],
    # Affinity determines which nodes the Pod can run on based on the
    # config. For more information see:
    # https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/configuration/assign-pod-node/
    affinity={},
)

クラスタの削除

ここで示すコードにより、ガイドの最初から作成されたクラスタが削除されます。

Airflow 2

delete_cluster = GKEDeleteClusterOperator(
    task_id="delete_cluster",
    name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
)

Airflow 1

delete_cluster = GKEDeleteClusterOperator(
    task_id="delete_cluster",
    name=CLUSTER_NAME,
    project_id=PROJECT_ID,
    location=CLUSTER_ZONE,
)

次のステップ