This page provides overview information about using a connection organization policy with your Cloud SQL project. To get started creating connection organization policies, see Configuring connection organization policies.
Connection organization policies provide centralized control of the public IP settings for Cloud SQL, to reduce the security attack surface of Cloud SQL instances from the Internet. An organization policy administrator can use a connection policy to restrict public IP configurations of Cloud SQL at the project, folder, or organization level.
Understanding organization policies
Organization policies let organization administrators set restrictions on how users can configure instances under that organization. Organization policies use rules, called constraints, that the organization administrator places on a project, folder, or organization. Constraints enforce the policy across all instances. If, for example, you try to add an instance to an entity that has an organization policy, the constraint runs a check to ensure the instance configuration follows the requirements of the constraint. If the check fails, Cloud SQL does not create the instance.
As you add projects to an organization or folder that uses an organization policy, the projects inherit the constraints of that policy.
Connection organization policy constraints
For the connection organization policy, there are two types of constraints that enforce access to Cloud SQL instances.
|Restrict public IP access on Cloud SQL instances|| This boolean constraint restricts configuring public IP
on Cloud SQL instances where this constraint is set to
By default, public IP access is allowed to Cloud SQL instances.
|Restrict Authorized Networks on Cloud SQL instances|| This boolean constraint restricts adding Authorized Networks
for unproxied database access to Cloud SQL instances where this
constraint is set to
By default, Authorized Networks can be added to Cloud SQL instances.
Connection organization policy enforcement rules
Cloud SQL enforces the connection organization policy during the following tasks:
- Instance creation
- Replica creation
- Instance reconfiguration
- Instance clone
- Instance restore
Like all Cloud SQL organization policy constraints, policy changes do not apply retroactively to existing instances.
- A new policy has no effect on existing instances.
- An existing instance configuration remains valid, unless a user changes the instance configuration from a compliance to non-compliance state using the Console, gcloud, or RPC.
- A scheduled maintenance update does not cause a policy enforcement, because maintenance does not change the configuration of instances.
When you set the connection organization policy for each project, you need to determine if any one of the following apply to your project:
- Read replicas public IP conflicts
- Incompatibility using gcloud sql connect
- GCP hosted services access
- MySQL failover replica public IP conflicts
Read replicas public IP address conflicts
Cloud SQL read replicas connect to the primary instance over the non-proxied database connection. You use the primary instance Authorized Networks setting to either explicitly or implicitly configure the read replica public IP addresses.
If both the primary and replica instances are within the same region and enable private IP, there is no conflict with connection organization policy constraints.
gcloud sql connect
gcloud sql connect command uses a public IP address to connect to
Cloud SQL instances directly. Therefore, it is
incompatible with the
sql.restrictPublicIp constraint. This is
generally a problem for instances that use private IP.
In addition, the
gcloud sql connect command does not use the proxy, making it
incompatible with the
Instead, use the beta version of the command:
gcloud beta auth login gcloud beta sql connect INSTANCE_ID
This version uses the Cloud SQL Auth proxy. See
gcloud beta sql connect
for reference information.
The first time you run this command, you are prompted to install the gcloud Cloud SQL Auth proxy component. For that, you need to have write permission to the gcloud SDK installation directory on your client machine.
GCP hosted services access
If your application requires access to Cloud SQL instances from other
GCP hosted services, such as App Engine, the application must use public IP
addresses. Don't enforce the
constraint on the project. You can, however, enforce
sql.restrictAuthorizedNetworks, as connections from App Engine go through the secure (proxied) connection.
MySQL failover replica public IP conflicts
A MySQL failover replica acts the same as a read replica for connection organization policies. If both the primary and replica instances are within the same region and enable private IP, there is no conflict with connection organization policy constraints.
Non-RFC 1918 private IP addresses
Connections to a Cloud SQL instance using a private IP address are automatically authorized for RFC 1918 address ranges. This way, all private clients can access the database without going through the proxy. Non-RFC 1918 address ranges must be configured as authorized networks.
To use non-RFC 1918 private IP ranges that are not configured in the authorized networks, you can take one or both of the following actions:
- Do not enforce
sql.restrictAuthorizedNetworks. If the authorized networks also enforce
sql.restrictPublicIp, you cannot configure them in the console. Instead, use the Cloud SQL API or the gcloud.
- Use proxied connections for private IP instances.
Restrict Authorized Networks constraint
For Cloud SQL instances that have a pre-existing Authorized Networks entry, additional Authorized Networks entries are allowed, even when using the Restrict Authorized Networks (sql.restrictAuthorizedNetworks) constraint. This also affects instances that have enabled readonly or failover replicas, because they have an Authorized Networks entry for the replica that is not visible to the user.
This known issue will be removed when the constraint only allows the removal, not the addition, of Authorized Networks entries.
- Configuring organization policies.
- Learn about how private IP works with Cloud SQL.
- Learn how to configure private IP for Cloud SQL.
- Learn about the organization policy service.
- Learn about organization policy constraints.