Daten abfragen und filtern

Firestore bietet leistungsstarke Abfragefunktionen, mit denen sich Dokumente aus einer Sammlung oder Sammlungsgruppe abrufen lassen. Diese Abfragen können Sie auch mit den Methoden get() und addSnapshotListener() verwenden, wie unter Daten abrufen und Echtzeitdaten abrufen erläutert.

Beispieldaten

Schreiben zuerst einige Daten über Städte, damit wir verschiedene Arten betrachten können, wie sie gelesen werden können:

Webversion 9

import { collection, doc, setDoc } from "firebase/firestore"; 

const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "SF"), {
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "LA"), {
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "DC"), {
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "TOK"), {
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
await setDoc(doc(citiesRef, "BJ"), {
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });

Webversion 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.doc("SF").set({
    name: "San Francisco", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 860000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "norcal"] });
citiesRef.doc("LA").set({
    name: "Los Angeles", state: "CA", country: "USA",
    capital: false, population: 3900000,
    regions: ["west_coast", "socal"] });
citiesRef.doc("DC").set({
    name: "Washington, D.C.", state: null, country: "USA",
    capital: true, population: 680000,
    regions: ["east_coast"] });
citiesRef.doc("TOK").set({
    name: "Tokyo", state: null, country: "Japan",
    capital: true, population: 9000000,
    regions: ["kanto", "honshu"] });
citiesRef.doc("BJ").set({
    name: "Beijing", state: null, country: "China",
    capital: true, population: 21500000,
    regions: ["jingjinji", "hebei"] });
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.document("SF").setData([
  "name": "San Francisco",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 860000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
])
citiesRef.document("LA").setData([
  "name": "Los Angeles",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 3900000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"]
])
citiesRef.document("DC").setData([
  "name": "Washington D.C.",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 680000,
  "regions": ["east_coast"]
])
citiesRef.document("TOK").setData([
  "name": "Tokyo",
  "country": "Japan",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 9000000,
  "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
])
citiesRef.document("BJ").setData([
  "name": "Beijing",
  "country": "China",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 21500000,
  "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
])
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"SF"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"San Francisco",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @860000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"norcal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"LA"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Los Angeles",
  @"state": @"CA",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(NO),
  @"population": @3900000,
  @"regions": @[@"west_coast", @"socal"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"DC"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Washington D.C.",
  @"country": @"USA",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @680000,
  @"regions": @[@"east_coast"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"TOK"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Tokyo",
  @"country": @"Japan",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @9000000,
  @"regions": @[@"kanto", @"honshu"]
}];
[[citiesRef documentWithPath:@"BJ"] setData:@{
  @"name": @"Beijing",
  @"country": @"China",
  @"capital": @(YES),
  @"population": @21500000,
  @"regions": @[@"jingjinji", @"hebei"]
}];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val cities = db.collection("cities")

val data1 = hashMapOf(
    "name" to "San Francisco",
    "state" to "CA",
    "country" to "USA",
    "capital" to false,
    "population" to 860000,
    "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "norcal"),
)
cities.document("SF").set(data1)

val data2 = hashMapOf(
    "name" to "Los Angeles",
    "state" to "CA",
    "country" to "USA",
    "capital" to false,
    "population" to 3900000,
    "regions" to listOf("west_coast", "socal"),
)
cities.document("LA").set(data2)

val data3 = hashMapOf(
    "name" to "Washington D.C.",
    "state" to null,
    "country" to "USA",
    "capital" to true,
    "population" to 680000,
    "regions" to listOf("east_coast"),
)
cities.document("DC").set(data3)

val data4 = hashMapOf(
    "name" to "Tokyo",
    "state" to null,
    "country" to "Japan",
    "capital" to true,
    "population" to 9000000,
    "regions" to listOf("kanto", "honshu"),
)
cities.document("TOK").set(data4)

val data5 = hashMapOf(
    "name" to "Beijing",
    "state" to null,
    "country" to "China",
    "capital" to true,
    "population" to 21500000,
    "regions" to listOf("jingjinji", "hebei"),
)
cities.document("BJ").set(data5)
Java
Android
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");

Map<String, Object> data1 = new HashMap<>();
data1.put("name", "San Francisco");
data1.put("state", "CA");
data1.put("country", "USA");
data1.put("capital", false);
data1.put("population", 860000);
data1.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"));
cities.document("SF").set(data1);

Map<String, Object> data2 = new HashMap<>();
data2.put("name", "Los Angeles");
data2.put("state", "CA");
data2.put("country", "USA");
data2.put("capital", false);
data2.put("population", 3900000);
data2.put("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"));
cities.document("LA").set(data2);

Map<String, Object> data3 = new HashMap<>();
data3.put("name", "Washington D.C.");
data3.put("state", null);
data3.put("country", "USA");
data3.put("capital", true);
data3.put("population", 680000);
data3.put("regions", Arrays.asList("east_coast"));
cities.document("DC").set(data3);

Map<String, Object> data4 = new HashMap<>();
data4.put("name", "Tokyo");
data4.put("state", null);
data4.put("country", "Japan");
data4.put("capital", true);
data4.put("population", 9000000);
data4.put("regions", Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"));
cities.document("TOK").set(data4);

Map<String, Object> data5 = new HashMap<>();
data5.put("name", "Beijing");
data5.put("state", null);
data5.put("country", "China");
data5.put("capital", true);
data5.put("population", 21500000);
data5.put("regions", Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"));
cities.document("BJ").set(data5);

Dart

final cities = db.collection("cities");
final data1 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "San Francisco",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 860000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "norcal"]
};
cities.doc("SF").set(data1);

final data2 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Los Angeles",
  "state": "CA",
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": false,
  "population": 3900000,
  "regions": ["west_coast", "socal"],
};
cities.doc("LA").set(data2);

final data3 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Washington D.C.",
  "state": null,
  "country": "USA",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 680000,
  "regions": ["east_coast"]
};
cities.doc("DC").set(data3);

final data4 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Tokyo",
  "state": null,
  "country": "Japan",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 9000000,
  "regions": ["kanto", "honshu"]
};
cities.doc("TOK").set(data4);

final data5 = <String, dynamic>{
  "name": "Beijing",
  "state": null,
  "country": "China",
  "capital": true,
  "population": 21500000,
  "regions": ["jingjinji", "hebei"],
};
cities.doc("BJ").set(data5);
Java
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
List<ApiFuture<WriteResult>> futures = new ArrayList<>();
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("SF")
        .set(
            new City(
                "San Francisco",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                860000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "norcal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("LA")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Los Angeles",
                "CA",
                "USA",
                false,
                3900000L,
                Arrays.asList("west_coast", "socal"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("DC")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Washington D.C.", null, "USA", true, 680000L, Arrays.asList("east_coast"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("TOK")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Tokyo", null, "Japan", true, 9000000L, Arrays.asList("kanto", "honshu"))));
futures.add(
    cities
        .document("BJ")
        .set(
            new City(
                "Beijing",
                null,
                "China",
                true,
                21500000L,
                Arrays.asList("jingjinji", "hebei"))));
// (optional) block on documents successfully added
ApiFutures.allAsList(futures).get();
Python
class City:
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
cities_ref.document("BJ").set(
    City("Beijing", None, "China", True, 21500000, ["hebei"]).to_dict()
)
cities_ref.document("SF").set(
    City(
        "San Francisco", "CA", "USA", False, 860000, ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
cities_ref.document("LA").set(
    City(
        "Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", False, 3900000, ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
cities_ref.document("DC").set(
    City("Washington D.C.", None, "USA", True, 680000, ["east_coast"]).to_dict()
)
cities_ref.document("TOK").set(
    City("Tokyo", None, "Japan", True, 9000000, ["kanto", "honshu"]).to_dict()
)
Python
(Async)
class City:
    def __init__(self, name, state, country, capital=False, population=0, regions=[]):
        self.name = name
        self.state = state
        self.country = country
        self.capital = capital
        self.population = population
        self.regions = regions

    @staticmethod
    def from_dict(source):
        # ...

    def to_dict(self):
        # ...

    def __repr__(self):
        return f"City(\
                name={self.name}, \
                country={self.country}, \
                population={self.population}, \
                capital={self.capital}, \
                regions={self.regions}\
            )"

cities_ref = db.collection("cities")
await cities_ref.document("BJ").set(
    City("Beijing", None, "China", True, 21500000, ["hebei"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("SF").set(
    City(
        "San Francisco", "CA", "USA", False, 860000, ["west_coast", "norcal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("LA").set(
    City(
        "Los Angeles", "CA", "USA", False, 3900000, ["west_coast", "socal"]
    ).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("DC").set(
    City("Washington D.C.", None, "USA", True, 680000, ["east_coast"]).to_dict()
)
await cities_ref.document("TOK").set(
    City("Tokyo", None, "Japan", True, 9000000, ["kanto", "honshu"]).to_dict()
)
C++
CollectionReference cities = db->Collection("cities");

cities.Document("SF").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("San Francisco")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(860000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("norcal")})},
});

cities.Document("LA").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Los Angeles")},
    {"state", FieldValue::String("CA")},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(3900000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
                                   FieldValue::String("socal")})},
});

cities.Document("DC").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Washington D.C.")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("USA")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(680000)},
    {"regions",
     FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("east_coast")})},
});

cities.Document("TOK").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Tokyo")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("Japan")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(9000000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("kanto"),
                                   FieldValue::String("honshu")})},
});

cities.Document("BJ").Set({
    {"name", FieldValue::String("Beijing")},
    {"state", FieldValue::Null()},
    {"country", FieldValue::String("China")},
    {"capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true)},
    {"population", FieldValue::Integer(21500000)},
    {"regions", FieldValue::Array({FieldValue::String("jingjinji"),
                                   FieldValue::String("hebei")})},
});
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

await citiesRef.doc('SF').set({
  name: 'San Francisco', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 860000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'norcal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('LA').set({
  name: 'Los Angeles', state: 'CA', country: 'USA',
  capital: false, population: 3900000,
  regions: ['west_coast', 'socal']
});
await citiesRef.doc('DC').set({
  name: 'Washington, D.C.', state: null, country: 'USA',
  capital: true, population: 680000,
  regions: ['east_coast']
});
await citiesRef.doc('TOK').set({
  name: 'Tokyo', state: null, country: 'Japan',
  capital: true, population: 9000000,
  regions: ['kanto', 'honshu']
});
await citiesRef.doc('BJ').set({
  name: 'Beijing', state: null, country: 'China',
  capital: true, population: 21500000,
  regions: ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
});
Einfach loslegen (Go)
cities := []struct {
	id string
	c  City
}{
	{
		id: "SF",
		c: City{Name: "San Francisco", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 860000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "norcal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "LA",
		c: City{Name: "Los Angeles", State: "CA", Country: "USA",
			Capital: false, Population: 3900000,
			Regions: []string{"west_coast", "socal"}},
	},
	{
		id: "DC",
		c: City{Name: "Washington D.C.", Country: "USA",
			Capital: true, Population: 680000,
			Regions: []string{"east_coast"}},
	},
	{
		id: "TOK",
		c: City{Name: "Tokyo", Country: "Japan",
			Capital: true, Population: 9000000,
			Regions: []string{"kanto", "honshu"}},
	},
	{
		id: "BJ",
		c: City{Name: "Beijing", Country: "China",
			Capital: true, Population: 21500000,
			Regions: []string{"jingjinji", "hebei"}},
	},
}
for _, c := range cities {
	if _, err := client.Collection("cities").Doc(c.id).Set(ctx, c.c); err != nil {
		return err
	}
}
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$citiesRef->document('SF')->set([
    'name' => 'San Francisco',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 860000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'norcal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('LA')->set([
    'name' => 'Los Angeles',
    'state' => 'CA',
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => false,
    'population' => 3900000,
    'regions' => ['west_coast', 'socal']
]);
$citiesRef->document('DC')->set([
    'name' => 'Washington D.C.',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'USA',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 680000,
    'regions' => ['east_coast']
]);
$citiesRef->document('TOK')->set([
    'name' => 'Tokyo',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'Japan',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 9000000,
    'regions' => ['kanto', 'honshu']
]);
$citiesRef->document('BJ')->set([
    'name' => 'Beijing',
    'state' => null,
    'country' => 'China',
    'capital' => true,
    'population' => 21500000,
    'regions' => ['jingjinji', 'hebei']
]);
printf('Added example cities data to the cities collection.' . PHP_EOL);
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
await citiesRef.Document("SF").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "San Francisco" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 860000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "norcal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("LA").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Los Angeles" },
    { "State", "CA" },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", false },
    { "Population", 3900000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"west_coast", "socal"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("DC").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Washington D.C." },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "USA" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 680000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"east_coast"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("TOK").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Tokyo" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "Japan" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 9000000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"kanto", "honshu"} }
});
await citiesRef.Document("BJ").SetAsync(new Dictionary<string, object>(){
    { "Name", "Beijing" },
    { "State", null },
    { "Country", "China" },
    { "Capital", true },
    { "Population", 21500000 },
    { "Regions", new ArrayList{"jingjinji", "hebei"} }
});
Console.WriteLine("Added example cities data to the cities collection.");
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities_ref.doc("SF").set(
  {
    name:       "San Francisco",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 860_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "norcal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("LA").set(
  {
    name:       "Los Angeles",
    state:      "CA",
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    false,
    population: 3_900_000,
    regions:    ["west_coast", "socal"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("DC").set(
  {
    name:       "Washington D.C.",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "USA",
    capital:    true,
    population: 680_000,
    regions:    ["east_coast"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("TOK").set(
  {
    name:       "Tokyo",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "Japan",
    capital:    true,
    population: 9_000_000,
    regions:    ["kanto", "honshu"]
  }
)
cities_ref.doc("BJ").set(
  {
    name:       "Beijing",
    state:      nil,
    country:    "China",
    capital:    true,
    population: 21_500_000,
    regions:    ["jingjinji", "hebei"]
  }
)

Einfache Abfragen

Die folgende Abfrage gibt alle Städte mit dem Bundesstaat CA zurück:

Webversion 9

// Create a reference to the cities collection
import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
const q = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));

Webversion 8

// Create a reference to the cities collection
var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
var query = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
let query = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
// Create a reference to the cities collection
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];
// Create a query against the collection.
FIRQuery *query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
// Create a reference to the cities collection
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

// Create a query against the collection.
val query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
Java
Android
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");

Dart

// Create a reference to the cities collection
final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

// Create a query against the collection.
final query = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CA"))
Python
(Async)
# Create a reference to the cities collection
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

# Create a query against the collection
query_ref = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CA"))
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query_ca =
    cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const queryRef = citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA');
Einfach loslegen (Go)
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("state", "==", "CA")
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query state=CA' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query State=CA", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query state=CA."
end

Die folgende Abfrage gibt alle Hauptstädte zurück:

Webversion 9

import { collection, query, where } from "firebase/firestore";
const citiesRef = collection(db, "cities");

const q = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "==", true));

Webversion 8

var citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

var query = citiesRef.where("capital", "==", true);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
let capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
FIRQuery *capitalCities =
    [[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@YES];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true)
Java
Android
Query capitalCities = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true);

Dart

final capitalcities =
    db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true);
Java
// Create a reference to the cities collection
CollectionReference cities = db.collection("cities");
// Create a query against the collection.
Query query = cities.whereEqualTo("capital", true);
// retrieve  query results asynchronously using query.get()
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> querySnapshot = query.get();

for (DocumentSnapshot document : querySnapshot.get().getDocuments()) {
  System.out.println(document.getId());
}
Python
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("capital", "==", True))
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("capital", "==", True))
C++
Query capital_cities = db->Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo(
    "capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true));
Node.js
// Create a reference to the cities collection
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');

// Create a query against the collection
const allCapitalsRes = citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true);
Einfach loslegen (Go)
query := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true)
PHP
$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$snapshot = $query->documents();
foreach ($snapshot as $document) {
    printf('Document %s returned by query capital=true' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
}
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
query.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread((querySnapshotTask) =>
{
    foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshotTask.Result.Documents)
    {
        Debug.Log(String.Format("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id));
    } 
});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot querySnapshot = await query.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in querySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document {0} returned by query Capital=true", documentSnapshot.Id);
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "Document #{city.document_id} returned by query capital=true."
end

Abfrage ausführen

Nach dem Erstellen eines Abfrageobjekts rufen Sie die Ergebnisse mithilfe der Funktion get() ab:

Webversion 9

import { collection, query, where, getDocs } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(collection(db, "cities"), where("capital", "==", true));

const querySnapshot = await getDocs(q);
querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
  // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
  console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
});

Webversion 8

db.collection("cities").where("capital", "==", true)
    .get()
    .then((querySnapshot) => {
        querySnapshot.forEach((doc) => {
            // doc.data() is never undefined for query doc snapshots
            console.log(doc.id, " => ", doc.data());
        });
    })
    .catch((error) => {
        console.log("Error getting documents: ", error);
    });
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
do {
  let querySnapshot = try await db.collection("cities").whereField("capital", isEqualTo: true)
    .getDocuments()
  for document in querySnapshot.documents {
    print("\(document.documentID) => \(document.data())")
  }
} catch {
  print("Error getting documents: \(error)")
}
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
[[[self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"] queryWhereField:@"capital" isEqualTo:@(YES)]
    getDocumentsWithCompletion:^(FIRQuerySnapshot *snapshot, NSError *error) {
      if (error != nil) {
        NSLog(@"Error getting documents: %@", error);
      } else {
        for (FIRDocumentSnapshot *document in snapshot.documents) {
          NSLog(@"%@ => %@", document.documentID, document.data);
        }
      }
    }];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
db.collection("cities")
    .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
    .get()
    .addOnSuccessListener { documents ->
        for (document in documents) {
            Log.d(TAG, "${document.id} => ${document.data}")
        }
    }
    .addOnFailureListener { exception ->
        Log.w(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", exception)
    }
Java
Android
db.collection("cities")
        .whereEqualTo("capital", true)
        .get()
        .addOnCompleteListener(new OnCompleteListener<QuerySnapshot>() {
            @Override
            public void onComplete(@NonNull Task<QuerySnapshot> task) {
                if (task.isSuccessful()) {
                    for (QueryDocumentSnapshot document : task.getResult()) {
                        Log.d(TAG, document.getId() + " => " + document.getData());
                    }
                } else {
                    Log.d(TAG, "Error getting documents: ", task.getException());
                }
            }
        });

Dart

db.collection("cities").where("capital", isEqualTo: true).get().then(
  (querySnapshot) {
    print("Successfully completed");
    for (var docSnapshot in querySnapshot.docs) {
      print('${docSnapshot.id} => ${docSnapshot.data()}');
    }
  },
  onError: (e) => print("Error completing: $e"),
);
Java
// asynchronously retrieve multiple documents
ApiFuture<QuerySnapshot> future = db.collection("cities").whereEqualTo("capital", true).get();
// future.get() blocks on response
List<QueryDocumentSnapshot> documents = future.get().getDocuments();
for (DocumentSnapshot document : documents) {
  System.out.println(document.getId() + " => " + document.toObject(City.class));
}
Python
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = (
    db.collection("cities")
    .where(filter=FieldFilter("capital", "==", True))
    .stream()
)

for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
Python
(Async)
# Note: Use of CollectionRef stream() is prefered to get()
docs = (
    db.collection("cities")
    .where(filter=FieldFilter("capital", "==", True))
    .stream()
)

async for doc in docs:
    print(f"{doc.id} => {doc.to_dict()}")
C++
db->Collection("cities")
    .WhereEqualTo("capital", FieldValue::Boolean(true))
    .Get()
    .OnCompletion([](const Future<QuerySnapshot>& future) {
      if (future.error() == Error::kErrorOk) {
        for (const DocumentSnapshot& document :
             future.result()->documents()) {
          std::cout << document << std::endl;
        }
      } else {
        std::cout << "Error getting documents: " << future.error_message()
                  << std::endl;
      }
    });
Node.js
const citiesRef = db.collection('cities');
const snapshot = await citiesRef.where('capital', '==', true).get();
if (snapshot.empty) {
  console.log('No matching documents.');
  return;
}  

snapshot.forEach(doc => {
  console.log(doc.id, '=>', doc.data());
});
Einfach loslegen (Go)

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"cloud.google.com/go/firestore"
	"google.golang.org/api/iterator"
)

func multipleDocs(ctx context.Context, client *firestore.Client) error {
	fmt.Println("All capital cities:")
	iter := client.Collection("cities").Where("capital", "==", true).Documents(ctx)
	for {
		doc, err := iter.Next()
		if err == iterator.Done {
			break
		}
		if err != nil {
			return err
		}
		fmt.Println(doc.Data())
	}
	return nil
}
PHP

PHP

Richten Sie Standardanmeldedaten für Anwendungen ein, um sich bei Firestore zu authentifizieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie unter Authentifizierung für eine lokale Entwicklungsumgebung einrichten.

$citiesRef = $db->collection('samples/php/cities');
$query = $citiesRef->where('capital', '=', true);
$documents = $query->documents();
foreach ($documents as $document) {
    if ($document->exists()) {
        printf('Document data for document %s:' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
        print_r($document->data());
        printf(PHP_EOL);
    } else {
        printf('Document %s does not exist!' . PHP_EOL, $document->id());
    }
}
Unity
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync().ContinueWithOnMainThread(task => {
  QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = task.Result;
  foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents) {
    Debug.Log(String.Format("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id));
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city) {
      Debug.Log(String.Format("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value));
    }

    // Newline to separate entries
    Debug.Log("");
  };
});
C#
Query capitalQuery = db.Collection("cities").WhereEqualTo("Capital", true);
QuerySnapshot capitalQuerySnapshot = await capitalQuery.GetSnapshotAsync();
foreach (DocumentSnapshot documentSnapshot in capitalQuerySnapshot.Documents)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Document data for {0} document:", documentSnapshot.Id);
    Dictionary<string, object> city = documentSnapshot.ToDictionary();
    foreach (KeyValuePair<string, object> pair in city)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", pair.Key, pair.Value);
    }
    Console.WriteLine("");
}
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path

query = cities_ref.where "capital", "=", true

query.get do |city|
  puts "#{city.document_id} data: #{city.data}."
end

Weitere Informationen zum Abrufen von Abfrageergebnissen finden Sie unter Daten abrufen. Sie können einer Abfrage auch einen Listener hinzufügen, um die aktuellen Ergebnisse abzurufen und auf zukünftige Aktualisierungen zu überwachen.

Abfrageoperatoren

Die Methode where() benötigt drei Parameter: ein Feld zum Filtern, einen Vergleichs-Operator und einen Wert. Firestore unterstützt die folgenden Vergleichsoperatoren:

Beispiel:

Webversion 9

const stateQuery = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"));
const populationQuery = query(citiesRef, where("population", "<", 100000));
const nameQuery = query(citiesRef, where("name", ">=", "San Francisco"));

Webversion 8

const stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA");
const populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", "<", 100000);
const nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", ">=", "San Francisco");
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
let stateQuery = citiesRef.whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
let populationQuery = citiesRef.whereField("population", isLessThan: 100000)
let nameQuery = citiesRef.whereField("name", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "San Francisco")
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
FIRQuery *stateQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"];
FIRQuery *populationQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@100000];
FIRQuery *nameQuery = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"San Francisco"];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
val populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000)
val nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco")
Java
Android
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.whereLessThan("population", 100000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final stateQuery = citiesRef.where("state", isEqualTo: "CA");
final populationQuery = citiesRef.where("population", isLessThan: 100000);
final nameQuery = citiesRef.where("name", isEqualTo: "San Francisco");
Java
Query stateQuery = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CA");
Query populationQuery = cities.whereLessThan("population", 1000000L);
Query nameQuery = cities.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name", "San Francisco");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CA"))
cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("population", "<", 1000000))
cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("name", ">=", "San Francisco"))
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CA"))
cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("population", "<", 1000000))
cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("name", ">=", "San Francisco"))
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"));
cities_ref.WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(100000));
cities_ref.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("name",
                                     FieldValue::String("San Francisco"));
Node.js
const stateQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').get();
const populationQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('population', '<', 1000000).get();
const nameQueryRes = await citiesRef.where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco').get();
Einfach loslegen (Go)
countryQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA")
popQuery := cities.Where("population", "<", 1000000)
cityQuery := cities.Where("name", ">=", "San Francisco")
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('state', '=', 'CA');
$populationQuery = $citiesRef->where('population', '>', 1000000);
$nameQuery = $citiesRef->where('name', '>=', 'San Francisco');
Unity
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query stateQuery = citiesRef.WhereEqualTo("State", "CA");
Query populationQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThan("Population", 1000000);
Query nameQuery = citiesRef.WhereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Ruby
state_query      = cities_ref.where "state", "=", "CA"
population_query = cities_ref.where "population", ">", 1_000_000
name_query       = cities_ref.where "name", ">=", "San Francisco"

Ungleich (!=)

Mit dem Operator „ungleich“ (!=) werden Dokumente zurückgegeben, in denen das angegebene Feld vorhanden ist und es nicht mit dem Vergleichswert übereinstimmt. Beispiel:

Webversion 9

const notCapitalQuery = query(citiesRef, where("capital", "!=", false));

Webversion 8

citiesRef.where("capital", "!=", false);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
let notEqualQuery = citiesRef.whereField("capital", isNotEqualTo: false)
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
query = [citiesRef queryWhereField:@"capital" isNotEqualTo:@NO];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false)
Java
Android
Query notCapitalQuery = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final notCapitals = citiesRef.where("capital", isNotEqualTo: true);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotEqualTo("capital", false);
Python
// Snippet not yet available
C++
cities_ref.WhereNotEqualTo("capital", FieldValue::Boolean(false));
Node.js
const capitalNotFalseRes = await citiesRef.where('capital', '!=', false).get();
Einfach loslegen (Go)
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where('capital', '!=', false);
Unity
Query query = citiesRef.WhereNotEqualTo("capital", false);
Query query = citiesRef.WhereNotEqualTo("capital", false);
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
query = cities_ref.where "capital", "!=", false

Diese Abfrage gibt alle city-Dokumente zurück, in denen das Feld capital mit einem anderen Wert als false oder null vorhanden ist. Dazu gehören city-Dokumente, deren capital-Feldwert gleich true oder einem beliebigen nicht-boolesche Wert außer null ist.

Diese Abfrage gibt keine city-Dokumente zurück, in denen das Feld capital nicht vorhanden ist. Ungleiche (!=)- und not-in-Abfragen schließen Dokumente aus, bei denen das angegebene Feld nicht vorhanden ist.

Ein Feld ist vorhanden, wenn es auf einen beliebigen Wert gesetzt ist, einschließlich einer leeren Zeichenfolge (""), null und NaN (keine Zahl). Die null-Feldwerte stimmen nicht mit den !=-Klauseln überein, da x != null als undefined ausgewertet wird.

Beschränkungen

Beachten Sie folgende Einschränkungen für !=-Abfragen:

  • Nur Dokumente, in denen das angegebene Feld vorhanden ist, können mit der Abfrage übereinstimmen.
  • not-in und != können nicht in zusammengesetzten Abfragen kombiniert werden.
  • In zusammengesetzten Abfragen müssen alle Bereichs- (<, <=, >, >=) und Ungleich-Vergleiche (!=, not-in) in demselben Feld filtern.

Arraymitgliedschaft

Mit dem Operator array-contains können Sie auf Basis von Arraywerten filtern. Beispiel:

Webversion 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  
const q = query(citiesRef, where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"));

Webversion 8

citiesRef.where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast");
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
citiesRef
  .whereField("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast")
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" arrayContains:@"west_coast"];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast")
Java
Android
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final westCoastcities =
    citiesRef.where("regions", arrayContains: "west_coast");
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
Query westCoastQuery = citiesRef.whereArrayContains("regions", "west_coast");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter("regions", "array_contains", "west_coast")
)
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter("regions", "array_contains", "west_coast")
)
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContains("region", FieldValue::String("west_coast"));
Node.js
const westCoastCities = citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains',
  'west_coast').get();
Einfach loslegen (Go)
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains", "west_coast").Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains', 'west_coast');
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query arrayContainsQuery = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("region", "west_coast");
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContains("Regions", "west_coast");
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains", "west_coast"

Diese Abfrage gibt jedes city-Dokument zurück, in dem das Feld regions ein Array ist, das west_coast enthält. Wenn das Array mehrere Instanzen des abgefragten Werts enthält, wird das Dokument nur einmal in die Ergebnisse aufgenommen.

Sie können höchstens eine array-contains-Klausel pro Disjunktion (or-Gruppe) verwenden. Sie können array-contains nicht in derselben Disjunktion mit array-contains-any kombinieren.

in, not-in und array-contains-any

Mit dem Operator in können Sie bis zu 30 Gleichheitsklauseln (==) für dasselbe Feld mit einem logischen OR kombinieren. Eine in-Abfrage gibt Dokumente zurück, bei denen das angegebene Feld mit einem der Vergleichswerte übereinstimmt. Beispiel:

Webversion 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Webversion 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereField("country", in: ["USA", "Japan"])
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" in:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))
Java
Android
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"]))
return query
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"]))
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
Node.js
const usaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Einfach loslegen (Go)
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("country", "in", []string{"USA", "Japan"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('country', 'in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Unity
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
List countriesList = new List<object>() {"USA", "Japan"};

Query whereInQuery = citiesRef.WhereIn("country", countriesList);
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Country", new[] { "USA", "Japan" });
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Diese Abfrage gibt alle city-Dokumente zurück, bei denen das Feld country auf USA oder Japan gesetzt ist. Aus den Beispieldaten gehören die Dokumente SF, LA, DC und TOK dazu.

not-in

Mit dem Operator not-in können Sie bis zu 10 Nicht-Gleichheitsklauseln (!=) für dasselbe Feld mit einem logischen AND kombinieren. Eine not-in-Abfrage gibt Dokumente zurück, in denen das angegebene Feld vorhanden ist, nicht null ist und keinem der Vergleichswerte entspricht. Beispiel:

Webversion 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";

const q = query(citiesRef, where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']));

Webversion 8

citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
citiesRef.whereField("country", notIn: ["USA", "Japan"])
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"country" notIn:@[@"USA", @"Japan"]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", listOf("USA", "Japan"))
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("country", whereNotIn: ["USA", "Japan"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query = citiesRef.whereNotIn("country", Arrays.asList("USA", "Japan"));
Python
// Snippet not yet available
C++
cities_ref.WhereNotIn("country", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("USA"),
  FieldValue::String("Japan")
});
Node.js
const notUsaOrJapan = await citiesRef.where('country', 'not-in', ['USA', 'Japan']).get();
Einfach loslegen (Go)
// Snippet not yet available
PHP
$stateQuery = $citiesRef->where(
    'country',
    \Google\Cloud\Firestore\V1\StructuredQuery\FieldFilter\Operator::NOT_IN,
    ['USA', 'Japan']
);
Unity
Query query = citiesRef.WhereNotIn(new FieldPath("country"), new List<string>{"USA", "Japan"});
Query query = citiesRef.WhereNotIn("country", new List<object>(){"USA", "Japan"});
C#
// Snippet not yet available
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
usr_or_japan = cities_ref.where "country", "not_in", ["USA", "Japan"]

Diese Abfrage gibt alle city-Dokumente zurück, in denen das Feld country vorhanden und nicht auf USA, Japan oder null festgelegt ist. Aus den Beispieldaten gehören die Dokumente London, Hong Kong und dazu.

not-in-Abfragen schließen Dokumente aus, in denen das angegebene Feld nicht vorhanden ist. Ein Feld ist vorhanden, wenn es auf einen beliebigen Wert gesetzt ist, einschließlich einer leeren Zeichenfolge (""), null und NaN (keine Zahl). x != null ergibt undefined. Eine not-in-Abfrage mit null als einer der Vergleichswerte stimmt mit keinem Dokument überein.

array-contains-any

Mit dem Operator array-contains-any können Sie bis zu 30 array-contains-Klauseln für dasselbe Feld mit einem logischen OR kombinieren. Eine array-contains-any-Abfrage gibt Dokumente zurück, bei denen das angegebene Feld ein Array ist, das einen oder mehrere der Vergleichswerte enthält:

Webversion 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, 
  where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']));

Webversion 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
let citiesRef = db.collection("cities")
citiesRef.whereField("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"])
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
FIRCollectionReference *citiesRef = [self.db collectionWithPath:@"cities"];

[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" arrayContainsAny:@[@"west_coast", @"east_coast"]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
val citiesRef = db.collection("cities")

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", listOf("west_coast", "east_coast"))
Java
Android
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef
    .where("regions", arrayContainsAny: ["west_coast", "east_coast"]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereArrayContainsAny("regions", Arrays.asList("west_coast", "east_coast"));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter(
        "regions", "array_contains_any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]
    )
)
return query
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter(
        "regions", "array_contains_any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]
    )
)
return query
C++
CollectionReference cities_ref = db->Collection("cities");

cities_ref.WhereArrayContainsAny("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
Node.js
const coastalCities = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'array-contains-any',
    ['west_coast', 'east_coast']).get();
Einfach loslegen (Go)
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "array-contains-any", []string{"west_coast", "east_coast"}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$containsQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'array-contains-any', ['west_coast', 'east_coast']);
Unity
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny(
                         "regions",
                         new List<object>()
                         {
                            new List<object>(){"west_coast"},
                            new List<object>(){"east_coast"}});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereArrayContainsAny("Regions", new[] { "west_coast", "east_coast" });
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
costal_cities = cities_ref.where "regions", "array-contains-any", ["west_coast", "east_coast"]

Diese Abfrage gibt jedes "city"-Dokument zurück, in dem das Feld regions ein Array mit west_coast oder east_coast ist. Aus den Beispieldaten gehören die Dokumente SF, LA und DC dazu.

Ergebnisse aus array-contains-any werden entfernt. Auch wenn das Arrayfeld eines Dokuments mit mehreren der Vergleichswerte übereinstimmt, enthält die Ergebnismenge dieses Dokument nur einmal.

array-contains-any filtert immer nach dem Arraydatentyp. Die obige Abfrage würde beispielsweise kein "city"-Dokument zurückgeben, in dem anstelle eines Arrays das Feld regions der String west_coast ist.

Sie können einen Arraywert als Vergleichswert für in verwenden. Im Gegensatz zu array-contains-any stimmt die Klausel aber mit einer genauen Übereinstimmung von Arraylänge, -reihenfolge und -werten überein. Beispiel:

Webversion 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q = query(citiesRef, where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast'], ['east_coast']]));

Webversion 8

citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast'], ['east_coast']]);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
citiesRef.whereField("regions", in: [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]])
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"regions" in:@[@[@"west_coast"], @[@"east_coast"]]];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereIn("regions", listOf(arrayOf("west_coast"), arrayOf("east_coast")))
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereIn("regions", Arrays.asList(new String[]{"west_coast"}, new String[]{"east_coast"}));

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
final cities = citiesRef.where("regions", whereIn: [
  ["west_coast"],
  ["east_coast"]
]);
Java
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.collection("cities");

Query query =
    citiesRef.whereIn(
        "regions", Arrays.asList(Arrays.asList("west_coast"), Arrays.asList("east_coast")));
Python
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter("regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]])
)
return query
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter("regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]])
)
return query
C++
cities_ref.WhereIn("region", std::vector<FieldValue> {
  FieldValue::String("west_coast"),
  FieldValue::String("east_coast")
});
Node.js
const exactlyOneCoast = await citiesRef.where('regions', 'in',
    [['west_coast', 'east_coast']]).get();
Einfach loslegen (Go)
cities := client.Collection("cities")
query := cities.Where("regions", "in", [][]string{{"west_coast"}, {"east_coast"}}).Documents(ctx)
PHP
$rangeQuery = $citiesRef->where('regions', 'in', [['west_coast'], ['east_coast']]);
Unity
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn(new FieldPath("regions"), new List<string>{"west_coast", "east_coast"});
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query query = citiesRef.WhereIn("Regions",
    new[] { new[] { "west_coast" }, new[] { "east_coast" } });
Ruby
cities_ref = firestore.col collection_path
exactly_one_cost = cities_ref.where "regions", "in", [["west_coast"], ["east_coast"]]

Diese Abfrage gibt jedes "city"-Dokument zurück, in dem das Feld regions ein Array ist, das genau ein Element von entweder west_coast oder east_coast enthält. Aus den Beispieldaten entspricht nur das Dokument DC mit dem Feld regions von ["east_coast"] diesen Angaben. Das SF-Dokument stimmt jedoch nicht überein, da das Feld regions den Wert ["west_coast", "norcal"] enthält.

Beschränkungen

Beachten Sie die folgenden Einschränkungen für in, not-in und array-contains-any:

  • Firestore unterstützt logische OR-Abfragen über die Operatoren or, in und array-contains-any. Diese Abfragen sind auf 30 Disjunktionen basierend auf der disjunktiven Normalform der Abfrage beschränkt.
  • Sie können höchstens eine array-contains-Klausel pro Disjunktion (or-Gruppe) verwenden. Sie können array-contains nicht in derselben Disjunktion mit array-contains-any kombinieren.
  • Sie können not-in nicht mit ungleich != kombinieren.
  • not-in unterstützt bis zu 10 Vergleichswerte.

Zusammengesetzte (AND) Abfragen

Sie können Einschränkungen mit einem logischen AND kombinieren, indem Sie mehrere Gleichheitsoperatoren (== oder array-contains) verketten. Sie müssen jedoch einen zusammengesetzten Index erstellen, um Gleichheitsoperatoren mit den Ungleichheitsoperatoren <, <=, > und != zu kombinieren.

Webversion 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CO"), where("name", "==", "Denver"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", "<", 1000000));

Webversion 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CO").where("name", "==", "Denver");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", "<", 1000000);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
citiesRef
  .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
  .whereField("name", isEqualTo: "Denver")
citiesRef
  .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
  .whereField("population", isLessThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CO"]
    queryWhereField:@"name" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"Denver"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isLessThan:@1000000];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA").whereLessThan("population", 1000000);

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CO")
    .where("name", isEqualTo: "Denver");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
    .where("population", isLessThan: 1000000);
Java
Query chainedQuery1 = cities.whereEqualTo("state", "CO").whereEqualTo("name", "Denver");
Python
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

denver_query = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CO")).where(
    filter=FieldFilter("name", "==", "Denver")
)
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CA")
).where(filter=FieldFilter("population", ">", 1000000))
Python
(Async)
cities_ref = db.collection("cities")

denver_query = cities_ref.where(filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CO")).where(
    filter=FieldFilter("name", "==", "Denver")
)
large_us_cities_query = cities_ref.where(
    filter=FieldFilter("state", "==", "CA")
).where(filter=FieldFilter("population", ">", 1000000))
C++
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CO"))
    .WhereEqualTo("name", FieldValue::String("Denver"));
cities_ref.WhereEqualTo("state", FieldValue::String("CA"))
    .WhereLessThan("population", FieldValue::Integer(1000000));
Node.js
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CO').where('name', '==', 'Denver');
citiesRef.where('state', '==', 'CA').where('population', '<', 1000000);
Einfach loslegen (Go)
denverQuery := cities.Where("name", "==", "Denver").Where("state", "==", "CO")
caliQuery := cities.Where("state", "==", "CA").Where("population", "<=", 1000000)
query := cities.Where("country", "==", "USA").Where("population", ">", 5000000)
PHP
$chainedQuery = $citiesRef
    ->where('state', '=', 'CA')
    ->where('name', '=', 'San Francisco');
Unity
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
C#
CollectionReference citiesRef = db.Collection("cities");
Query chainedQuery = citiesRef
    .WhereEqualTo("State", "CA")
    .WhereEqualTo("Name", "San Francisco");
Ruby
chained_query = cities_ref.where("state", "=", "CA").where("name", "=", "San Francisco")

Sie können einen Bereichs- (<, <=, >, >=) oder Nicht-Gleichheitsvergleich (!=) nur auf einem einzelnen Feld ausführen. Es können maximal eine array-contains- oder array-contains-any-Klausel in einer zusammengesetzten Abfrage sein:

Gültig: Bereichsfilter für nur ein Feld

Webversion 9

import { query, where } from "firebase/firestore";  

const q1 = query(citiesRef, where("state", ">=", "CA"), where("state", "<=", "IN"));
const q2 = query(citiesRef, where("state", "==", "CA"), where("population", ">", 1000000));

Webversion 8

const q1 = citiesRef.where("state", ">=", "CA").where("state", "<=", "IN");
const q2 = citiesRef.where("state", "==", "CA").where("population", ">", 1000000);
Swift
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
citiesRef
  .whereField("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "CA")
  .whereField("state", isLessThanOrEqualTo: "IN")
citiesRef
  .whereField("state", isEqualTo: "CA")
  .whereField("population", isGreaterThan: 1000000)
Objective-C
Hinweis: Dieses Produkt nicht ist auf WatchOS- und App Clip-Zielen verfügbar.
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isGreaterThanOrEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"state" isLessThanOrEqualTo:@"IN"];
[[citiesRef queryWhereField:@"state" isEqualTo:@"CA"]
    queryWhereField:@"population" isGreaterThan:@1000000];
Kotlin+KTX
Android
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN")
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
    .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000)
Java
Android
citiesRef.whereGreaterThanOrEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereLessThanOrEqualTo("state", "IN");
citiesRef.whereEqualTo("state", "CA")
        .whereGreaterThan("population", 1000000);

Dart

final citiesRef = db.collection("cities");
citiesRef
    .where("state", isGreaterThanOrEqualTo: "