Managing RPM packages

This page describes adding, viewing, and deleting RPM packages in Yum repositories. Artifact Registry Yum repositories support Yum and DNF.

Before you begin

  1. If the target Yum repository doesn't exist, create a new repository.
  2. Configure VMs to access the repository.
  3. (Optional) Configure defaults for gcloud commands.
  4. Ensure your package names in metadata meet the Fedora package naming guidelines and the Fedora package versioning guidelines.

Adding packages

You must have both read and write permissions for the repository to add packages.

You can upload a package to a repository using the Google Cloud CLI, or you can import a package that is stored in Cloud Storage. If you build packages using Cloud Build, the build can store the packages in Cloud Storage for you to import.

Direct upload

Use the gcloud artifacts yum upload command to upload a package to an Yum repository:

gcloud artifacts yum upload REPOSITORY \
    --location=LOCATION \
    --source=PACKAGES

Replace the following values:

  • REPOSITORY is the Artifact Registry repository name.
  • LOCATION is the regional or multi-regional location of the repository.
  • PACKAGES is the path to the package.

For example, to upload the package my-package.rpm to the Yum repository my-repo in the location us-central1, run:

gcloud artifacts yum upload my-repo \
    --location=us-central1 \
    --source=my-package.rpm

Cloud Storage

  1. Upload the packages to Cloud Storage in one of the following ways:

    • Upload packages directly to a Cloud Storage bucket
    • Build packages with Cloud Build and store it in a bucket
  2. Run the following command:

    gcloud artifacts yum import REPOSITORY \
        --location=LOCATION \
        --gcs-source=PACKAGES
    

    Replace the following values:

    • REPOSITORY is the Artifact Registry repository name.
    • LOCATION is the regional or multi-regional location of the repository.
    • PACKAGES is a comma separated list of packages in Cloud Storage. To upload all packages from a directory, use a directory wildcard (*) or use a recursive directory wildcard (**) to upload all packages in all subdirectories.

    For example, to upload a the package package.rpm and all packages in the directory directory from the bucket my-bucket to the Yum repository my-repo in the location us-central1, run:

    gcloud artifacts yum import my-repo \
        --location=us-central1 \
        --gcs-source=gs://my-bucket/path/to/package.rpm,gs://my-bucket/directory*
    

Viewing packages

To view packages, you must have the permissions in the Artifact Registry Reader role. Artifact Registry does not list files inside packages.

To view packages and package versions using the Google Cloud console or gcloud:

Console

  1. Open the Repositories page in the Google Cloud console.

    Open the Repositories page

  2. In the repository list, click the appropriate repository.

    The Packages page lists the packages in the repository.

  3. Click a package to view versions of the package.

gcloud

To list packages in a repository, run the following command:

gcloud artifacts packages list [--repository=REPOSITORY] [--location=LOCATION]

Where

  • REPOSITORY is the name of the repository. If you configured a default repository, you can omit this flag to use the default.
  • LOCATION is a regional or multi-regional location. Use this flag to view repositories in a specific location. If you configured a default location, you can omit this flag to use the default.

To view versions of a package, run the following command:

gcloud artifacts versions list --package=PACKAGE \
    [--repository=REPOSITORY] [--location=LOCATION]

Where

  • PACKAGE is the ID of the package or fully qualified identifier for the package.
  • REPOSITORY is the name of the repository. If you configured a default repository, you can omit this flag to use the default.
  • LOCATION is a regional or multi-regional location. Use this flag to view repositories in a specific location. If you configured a default location, you can omit this flag to use the default.

Installing packages

Before you install packages, verify that you have configured the package manager and repository correctly.

To install packages:

Install the package, specifying the name of the repository configured in Yum.

sudo yum --enablerepo=REPOSITORY install PACKAGE

Replace the following values:

  • PACKAGE is the package name
  • REPOSITORY is the name of the repository configured in the .repo file.

For example, to install the package my-package from the repository my-repo, run the command:

sudo yum --enablerepo=my-repo install my-package

Deleting packages

Before you delete a package or package version, verify that any you have communicated or addressed any important dependencies on it.

To delete a package:

Console

  1. Open the Repositories page in the Google Cloud console.

    Open the Repositories page

  2. In the repository list, click the appropriate repository.

    The Packages page lists the packages in the repository.

  3. Select the package that you want to delete.

  4. Click DELETE.

  5. In the confirmation dialog box, click DELETE.

gcloud

Run the following command:

gcloud artifacts packages delete PACKAGE \
    [--repository=REPOSITORY] [--location=LOCATION] [--async]

Where

  • PACKAGE is the name of the package in the repository.
  • REPOSITORY is the name of the repository. If you configured a default repository, you can omit this flag to use the default.
  • LOCATION is a regional or multi-regional location. Use this flag to view repositories in a specific location. If you configured a default location, you can omit this flag to use the default.
  • --async Return immediately, without waiting for the operation in progress to complete.

To delete versions of a package:

Console

  1. Open the Repositories page in the Google Cloud console.

    Open the Repositories page

  2. In the repository list, click the appropriate repository.

    The Packages page lists the packages in the repository.

  3. Click a package to view versions of that package.

  4. Select versions that you want to delete.

  5. Click DELETE.

  6. In the confirmation dialog box, click DELETE.

gcloud

Run the following command:

gcloud artifacts versions delete VERSION \
    --package=PACKAGE \
    [--repository=REPOSITORY] [--location=LOCATION] \
    [--async]

Where

  • PACKAGE is the name of the package in the repository.
  • REPOSITORY is the name of the repository. If you configured a default repository, you can omit this flag to use the default.
  • LOCATION is a regional or multi-regional location. Use this flag to view repositories in a specific location. If you configured a default location, you can omit this flag to use the default.
  • --async returns immediately, without waiting for the operation in progress to complete.

What's next