Predict for image classification

Gets prediction for image classification using the predict method.

Explore further

For detailed documentation that includes this code sample, see the following:

Code sample

Java

To learn how to install and use the client library for Vertex AI, see Vertex AI client libraries. For more information, see the Vertex AI Java API reference documentation.


import com.google.api.client.util.Base64;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.util.ValueConverter;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.EndpointName;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredictResponse;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredictionServiceClient;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.PredictionServiceSettings;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict.instance.ImageClassificationPredictionInstance;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict.params.ImageClassificationPredictionParams;
import com.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict.prediction.ClassificationPredictionResult;
import com.google.protobuf.Value;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

public class PredictImageClassificationSample {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String project = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";
    String fileName = "YOUR_IMAGE_FILE_PATH";
    String endpointId = "YOUR_ENDPOINT_ID";
    predictImageClassification(project, fileName, endpointId);
  }

  static void predictImageClassification(String project, String fileName, String endpointId)
      throws IOException {
    PredictionServiceSettings settings =
        PredictionServiceSettings.newBuilder()
            .setEndpoint("us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com:443")
            .build();

    // Initialize client that will be used to send requests. This client only needs to be created
    // once, and can be reused for multiple requests. After completing all of your requests, call
    // the "close" method on the client to safely clean up any remaining background resources.
    try (PredictionServiceClient predictionServiceClient =
        PredictionServiceClient.create(settings)) {
      String location = "us-central1";
      EndpointName endpointName = EndpointName.of(project, location, endpointId);

      byte[] contents = Base64.encodeBase64(Files.readAllBytes(Paths.get(fileName)));
      String content = new String(contents, StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

      ImageClassificationPredictionInstance predictionInstance =
          ImageClassificationPredictionInstance.newBuilder().setContent(content).build();

      List<Value> instances = new ArrayList<>();
      instances.add(ValueConverter.toValue(predictionInstance));

      ImageClassificationPredictionParams predictionParams =
          ImageClassificationPredictionParams.newBuilder()
              .setConfidenceThreshold((float) 0.5)
              .setMaxPredictions(5)
              .build();

      PredictResponse predictResponse =
          predictionServiceClient.predict(
              endpointName, instances, ValueConverter.toValue(predictionParams));
      System.out.println("Predict Image Classification Response");
      System.out.format("\tDeployed Model Id: %s\n", predictResponse.getDeployedModelId());

      System.out.println("Predictions");
      for (Value prediction : predictResponse.getPredictionsList()) {

        ClassificationPredictionResult.Builder resultBuilder =
            ClassificationPredictionResult.newBuilder();
        // Display names and confidences values correspond to
        // IDs in the ID list.
        ClassificationPredictionResult result =
            (ClassificationPredictionResult) ValueConverter.fromValue(resultBuilder, prediction);
        int counter = 0;
        for (Long id : result.getIdsList()) {
          System.out.printf("Label ID: %d\n", id);
          System.out.printf("Label: %s\n", result.getDisplayNames(counter));
          System.out.printf("Confidence: %.4f\n", result.getConfidences(counter));
          counter++;
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

Node.js

To learn how to install and use the client library for Vertex AI, see Vertex AI client libraries. For more information, see the Vertex AI Node.js API reference documentation.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.\
 * (Not necessary if passing values as arguments)
 */

// const filename = "YOUR_PREDICTION_FILE_NAME";
// const endpointId = "YOUR_ENDPOINT_ID";
// const project = 'YOUR_PROJECT_ID';
// const location = 'YOUR_PROJECT_LOCATION';
const aiplatform = require('@google-cloud/aiplatform');
const {instance, params, prediction} =
  aiplatform.protos.google.cloud.aiplatform.v1.schema.predict;

// Imports the Google Cloud Prediction Service Client library
const {PredictionServiceClient} = aiplatform.v1;

// Specifies the location of the api endpoint
const clientOptions = {
  apiEndpoint: 'us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com',
};

// Instantiates a client
const predictionServiceClient = new PredictionServiceClient(clientOptions);

async function predictImageClassification() {
  // Configure the endpoint resource
  const endpoint = `projects/${project}/locations/${location}/endpoints/${endpointId}`;

  const parametersObj = new params.ImageClassificationPredictionParams({
    confidenceThreshold: 0.5,
    maxPredictions: 5,
  });
  const parameters = parametersObj.toValue();

  const fs = require('fs');
  const image = fs.readFileSync(filename, 'base64');
  const instanceObj = new instance.ImageClassificationPredictionInstance({
    content: image,
  });
  const instanceValue = instanceObj.toValue();

  const instances = [instanceValue];
  const request = {
    endpoint,
    instances,
    parameters,
  };

  // Predict request
  const [response] = await predictionServiceClient.predict(request);

  console.log('Predict image classification response');
  console.log(`\tDeployed model id : ${response.deployedModelId}`);
  const predictions = response.predictions;
  console.log('\tPredictions :');
  for (const predictionValue of predictions) {
    const predictionResultObj =
      prediction.ClassificationPredictionResult.fromValue(predictionValue);
    for (const [i, label] of predictionResultObj.displayNames.entries()) {
      console.log(`\tDisplay name: ${label}`);
      console.log(`\tConfidences: ${predictionResultObj.confidences[i]}`);
      console.log(`\tIDs: ${predictionResultObj.ids[i]}\n\n`);
    }
  }
}
predictImageClassification();

Python

To learn how to install and use the client library for Vertex AI, see Vertex AI client libraries. For more information, see the Vertex AI Python API reference documentation.

import base64

from google.cloud import aiplatform
from google.cloud.aiplatform.gapic.schema import predict


def predict_image_classification_sample(
    project: str,
    endpoint_id: str,
    filename: str,
    location: str = "us-central1",
    api_endpoint: str = "us-central1-aiplatform.googleapis.com",
):
    # The AI Platform services require regional API endpoints.
    client_options = {"api_endpoint": api_endpoint}
    # Initialize client that will be used to create and send requests.
    # This client only needs to be created once, and can be reused for multiple requests.
    client = aiplatform.gapic.PredictionServiceClient(client_options=client_options)
    with open(filename, "rb") as f:
        file_content = f.read()

    # The format of each instance should conform to the deployed model's prediction input schema.
    encoded_content = base64.b64encode(file_content).decode("utf-8")
    instance = predict.instance.ImageClassificationPredictionInstance(
        content=encoded_content,
    ).to_value()
    instances = [instance]
    # See gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/predict/params/image_classification_1.0.0.yaml for the format of the parameters.
    parameters = predict.params.ImageClassificationPredictionParams(
        confidence_threshold=0.5, max_predictions=5,
    ).to_value()
    endpoint = client.endpoint_path(
        project=project, location=location, endpoint=endpoint_id
    )
    response = client.predict(
        endpoint=endpoint, instances=instances, parameters=parameters
    )
    print("response")
    print(" deployed_model_id:", response.deployed_model_id)
    # See gs://google-cloud-aiplatform/schema/predict/prediction/image_classification_1.0.0.yaml for the format of the predictions.
    predictions = response.predictions
    for prediction in predictions:
        print(" prediction:", dict(prediction))

What's next

To search and filter code samples for other Google Cloud products, see the Google Cloud sample browser.