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Veröffentlichung mit Sortierungsschlüsseln fortsetzen

Wenn bei der Veröffentlichung mit einem Sortierungsschlüssel ein Fehler auftritt, schlagen in der Warteschlange befindliche Nachrichten desselben Sortierungsschlüssels sowie zukünftige Veröffentlichungsanfragen dieses Sortierungsschlüssels fehl. In diesem Beispiel wird gezeigt, wie die Veröffentlichung mit aktivierten Sortierungsschlüsseln fortgesetzt wird, wenn solche Fehler auftreten.

Dokumentationsseiten mit diesem Codebeispiel

Das Codebeispiel im Kontext finden Sie in der folgenden Dokumentation:

Codebeispiel

C#

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub Schnellstart-Anleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung zur Einrichtung von C#, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub C# API.


using Google.Cloud.PubSub.V1;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

public class ResumePublishSample
{
    public async Task<int> PublishOrderedMessagesAsync(string projectId, string topicId, IEnumerable<(string, string)> keysAndMessages)
    {
        TopicName topicName = TopicName.FromProjectTopic(projectId, topicId);

        var customSettings = new PublisherClient.Settings
        {
            EnableMessageOrdering = true
        };

        PublisherClient publisher = await PublisherClient.CreateAsync(topicName, settings: customSettings);

        int publishedMessageCount = 0;
        var publishTasks = keysAndMessages.Select(async keyAndMessage =>
        {
            try
            {
                string message = await publisher.PublishAsync(keyAndMessage.Item1, keyAndMessage.Item2);
                Console.WriteLine($"Published message {message}");
                Interlocked.Increment(ref publishedMessageCount);
            }
            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"An error occurred when publishing message {keyAndMessage.Item2}: {exception.Message}");
                publisher.ResumePublish(keyAndMessage.Item1);
            }
        });
        await Task.WhenAll(publishTasks);
        return publishedMessageCount;
    }
}

C++

Bevor Sie dieses Beispiel testen, folgen Sie der Einrichtungsanleitung für C++ in der Pub/Sub-Kurzanleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Pub/Sub C++ API-Referenzdokumentation.

namespace pubsub = google::cloud::pubsub;
using google::cloud::future;
using google::cloud::StatusOr;
[](pubsub::Publisher publisher) {
  struct SampleData {
    std::string ordering_key;
    std::string data;
  } data[] = {
      {"key1", "message1"}, {"key2", "message2"}, {"key1", "message3"},
      {"key1", "message4"}, {"key1", "message5"},
  };
  std::vector<future<void>> done;
  for (auto const& datum : data) {
    auto const& da = datum;  // workaround MSVC lambda capture confusion
    auto handler = [da, publisher](future<StatusOr<std::string>> f) mutable {
      auto const msg = da.ordering_key + "#" + da.data;
      auto id = f.get();
      if (!id) {
        std::cout << "An error has occurred publishing " << msg << "\n";
        publisher.ResumePublish(da.ordering_key);
        return;
      }
      std::cout << "Message " << msg << " published as id=" << *id << "\n";
    };
    done.push_back(
        publisher
            .Publish(pubsub::MessageBuilder{}
                         .SetData("Hello World! [" + datum.data + "]")
                         .SetOrderingKey(datum.ordering_key)
                         .Build())
            .then(handler));
  }
  publisher.Flush();
  // Block until all the messages are published (optional)
  for (auto& f : done) f.get();
}

Go

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub Schnellstart-Anleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung zur Einrichtung von Go, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Go API.

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"
	"io"

	"cloud.google.com/go/pubsub"
	"google.golang.org/api/option"
)

func resumePublishWithOrderingKey(w io.Writer, projectID, topicID string) {
	// projectID := "my-project-id"
	// topicID := "my-topic"
	ctx := context.Background()

	// Sending messages to the same region ensures they are received in order
	// even when multiple publishers are used.
	client, err := pubsub.NewClient(ctx, projectID,
		option.WithEndpoint("us-east1-pubsub.googleapis.com:443"))
	if err != nil {
		fmt.Fprintf(w, "pubsub.NewClient: %v", err)
		return
	}
	defer client.Close()

	t := client.Topic(topicID)
	t.EnableMessageOrdering = true
	key := "some-ordering-key"

	res := t.Publish(ctx, &pubsub.Message{
		Data:        []byte("some-message"),
		OrderingKey: key,
	})
	_, err = res.Get(ctx)
	if err != nil {
		// Error handling code can be added here.
		fmt.Printf("Failed to publish: %s\n", err)

		// Resume publish on an ordering key that has had unrecoverable errors.
		// After such an error publishes with this ordering key will fail
		// until this method is called.
		t.ResumePublish(key)
	}

	fmt.Fprint(w, "Published a message with ordering key successfully\n")
}

Java

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub Schnellstart-Anleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung zur Einrichtung von Java, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Java API.

import com.google.api.core.ApiFuture;
import com.google.api.core.ApiFutureCallback;
import com.google.api.core.ApiFutures;
import com.google.api.gax.rpc.ApiException;
import com.google.cloud.pubsub.v1.Publisher;
import com.google.common.util.concurrent.MoreExecutors;
import com.google.protobuf.ByteString;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.PubsubMessage;
import com.google.pubsub.v1.TopicName;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class ResumePublishWithOrderingKeys {
  public static void main(String... args) throws Exception {
    // TODO(developer): Replace these variables before running the sample.
    String projectId = "your-project-id";
    // Choose an existing topic.
    String topicId = "your-topic-id";

    resumePublishWithOrderingKeysExample(projectId, topicId);
  }

  public static void resumePublishWithOrderingKeysExample(String projectId, String topicId)
      throws IOException, InterruptedException {
    TopicName topicName = TopicName.of(projectId, topicId);
    // Create a publisher and set message ordering to true.
    Publisher publisher =
        Publisher.newBuilder(topicName)
            .setEnableMessageOrdering(true)
            .setEndpoint("us-east1-pubsub.googleapis.com:443")
            .build();

    try {
      Map<String, String> messages = new HashMap<String, String>();
      messages.put("message1", "key1");
      messages.put("message2", "key2");
      messages.put("message3", "key1");
      messages.put("message4", "key2");

      for (Map.Entry<String, String> entry : messages.entrySet()) {
        ByteString data = ByteString.copyFromUtf8(entry.getKey());
        PubsubMessage pubsubMessage =
            PubsubMessage.newBuilder().setData(data).setOrderingKey(entry.getValue()).build();
        ApiFuture<String> future = publisher.publish(pubsubMessage);

        // Add an asynchronous callback to handle publish success / failure.
        ApiFutures.addCallback(
            future,
            new ApiFutureCallback<String>() {

              @Override
              public void onFailure(Throwable throwable) {
                if (throwable instanceof ApiException) {
                  ApiException apiException = ((ApiException) throwable);
                  // Details on the API exception.
                  System.out.println(apiException.getStatusCode().getCode());
                  System.out.println(apiException.isRetryable());
                }
                System.out.println("Error publishing message : " + pubsubMessage.getData());
                // (Beta) Must call resumePublish to reset key and continue publishing with order.
                publisher.resumePublish(pubsubMessage.getOrderingKey());
              }

              @Override
              public void onSuccess(String messageId) {
                // Once published, returns server-assigned message ids (unique within the topic).
                System.out.println(pubsubMessage.getData() + " : " + messageId);
              }
            },
            MoreExecutors.directExecutor());
      }
    } finally {
      publisher.shutdown();
      publisher.awaitTermination(1, TimeUnit.MINUTES);
    }
  }
}

Node.js

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub Schnellstart-Anleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung zur Einrichtung von Node.js, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Node.js API.

/**
 * TODO(developer): Uncomment these variables before running the sample.
 */
// const topicName = 'YOUR_TOPIC_NAME';
// const data = JSON.stringify({foo: 'bar'});
// const orderingKey = 'key1';

// Imports the Google Cloud client library
const {PubSub} = require('@google-cloud/pubsub');

// Creates a client; cache this for further use
const pubSubClient = new PubSub();

async function resumePublish() {
  // Publishes the message as a string, e.g. "Hello, world!" or JSON.stringify(someObject)
  const dataBuffer = Buffer.from(data);

  // Publishes the message
  const publisher = pubSubClient.topic(topicName, {
    enableMessageOrdering: true,
  });
  try {
    const message = {
      data: dataBuffer,
      orderingKey: orderingKey,
    };
    const messageId = await publisher.publishMessage(message);
    console.log(`Message ${messageId} published.`);

    return messageId;
  } catch (e) {
    console.log(`Could not publish: ${e}`);
    publisher.resumePublishing(orderingKey);
    return null;
  }
}

return await resumePublish();

Python

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub Schnellstart-Anleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung zur Einrichtung von Python, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Python API.

from google.cloud import pubsub_v1

# TODO(developer): Choose an existing topic.
# project_id = "your-project-id"
# topic_id = "your-topic-id"

publisher_options = pubsub_v1.types.PublisherOptions(enable_message_ordering=True)
# Sending messages to the same region ensures they are received in order
# even when multiple publishers are used.
client_options = {"api_endpoint": "us-east1-pubsub.googleapis.com:443"}
publisher = pubsub_v1.PublisherClient(
    publisher_options=publisher_options, client_options=client_options
)
# The `topic_path` method creates a fully qualified identifier
# in the form `projects/{project_id}/topics/{topic_id}`
topic_path = publisher.topic_path(project_id, topic_id)

for message in [
    ("message1", "key1"),
    ("message2", "key2"),
    ("message3", "key1"),
    ("message4", "key2"),
]:
    # Data must be a bytestring
    data = message[0].encode("utf-8")
    ordering_key = message[1]
    # When you publish a message, the client returns a future.
    future = publisher.publish(topic_path, data=data, ordering_key=ordering_key)
    try:
        print(future.result())
    except RuntimeError:
        # Resume publish on an ordering key that has had unrecoverable errors.
        publisher.resume_publish(topic_path, ordering_key)

print(f"Resumed publishing messages with ordering keys to {topic_path}.")

Ruby

Lesen Sie unter Pub/Sub Schnellstart-Anleitung: Clientbibliotheken verwenden die Anleitung zur Einrichtung von Ruby, bevor Sie dieses Beispiel ausprobieren. Weitere Informationen finden Sie in der Referenzdokumentation zu Pub/Sub Ruby API.

# topic_name = "Your Pubsub topic name"
require "google/cloud/pubsub"

pubsub = Google::Cloud::Pubsub.new

# Start sending messages in one request once the size of all queued messages
# reaches 1 MB or the number of queued messages reaches 20
topic = pubsub.topic topic_name, async: {
  max_bytes:    1_000_000,
  max_messages: 20
}
topic.enable_message_ordering!
10.times do |i|
  topic.publish_async "This is message \##{i}.",
                      ordering_key: "ordering-key" do |result|
    if result.succeeded?
      puts "Message \##{i} successfully published."
    else
      puts "Message \##{i} failed to publish"
      # Allow publishing to continue on "ordering-key" after processing the
      # failure.
      topic.resume_publish "ordering-key"
    end
  end
end

# Stop the async_publisher to send all queued messages immediately.
topic.async_publisher.stop!